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Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
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Index

A

Actuarial information, 285

Adolescents

   abuse reporting requirements, 296

   health care services, 234, 308

   juvenile delinquency, 13, 108, 264, 269-270

   placement services, 106, 107

Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System, 84

Adult protective services

   domestic violence, see Shelters

   elder abuse, 2, 38, 115-116, 184, 232

   risk severity, 285

   see also Protective orders

Advocacy programs, 2, 15, 16-17, 65, 66, 206, 264, 277

   child maltreatment, 2, 160, 164, 171, 233-234, 262, 265, 266

   child witnesses, 164, 170

   domestic violence, 113-114, 120, 152-153, 182-183, 224, 228, 229, 231, 233-234

   elder abuse, 117, 156, 184

Age factors

   child maltreatment, 41, 49, 106, 107, 108, 168, 169, 170

   child placement services, 106, 107, 108

   child witnessing, 169, 170

   domestic violence, 41-42

   perpetrators, 41-42

   prevention efforts, 207, 208-209

Alcohol and drug abuse, 270-271, 278, 309, 313

   child maltreatment, 95, 126, 276, 302

   placement services, 107, 108

   domestic violence, 46, 47, 182, 230-231, 268-269

   elder abuse, 47

Arrest procedures, 30

   definitional issues, 177

   domestic violence, 159, 172, 174-178, 183, 188-189, 194-197, 280, 281, 300-301

   elder abuse, 184, 187

B

Battered women, see Domestic violence

Batterer treatment, see Offender-oriented interventions

Best practice models, 17

Birth-related risk factors, 48, 314

Black persons, 44

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

C

Canada, treatment/enforcement costs, 2

Child Abuse Potential Inventory, 99

Child deaths, 13, 278

   fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

   gender factors, 42

Child maltreatment, 2, 12, 66

   advocacy programs, 2, 160, 164, 171, 233-234, 262, 265, 266

   age factors, 41, 49, 106, 107, 108, 168, 169, 170

   alcohol abuse, 95, 126, 276, 302

placement services, 107, 108

   community-based approaches, 212-213, 215-216, 264, 266, 267-268

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 234, 265-266, 267-268, 302

   controlled study designs,

legal interventions, 161, 167, 168

mental health interventions, 217, 220-221

social services, 97-98, 108, 110

   corporal punishment, 36, 314

   costs, 2, 56, 58

   databases, 21(n.2), 84

   defined, 19, 32, 33-34, 36-37, 97

   ecological models, 95, 275-276

   educational interventions,

professional training, 39, 44

social skills training, 97, 98, 100

   family-oriented interventions, 96-102, 104-106, 122-129, 148, 190, 215-216, 220-223, 234, 267-268, 301-302

   health care interventions, 210, 211-223, 233-235

community-based approaches, 212-213, 215-216

expert witnessing, 213-214

hospitals, 106

multidisciplinary teams, 212, 213-214, 232

identification and screening, 206, 211-213, 214, 238-239

outcome analysis, 215-217, 221, 222

see also Mental health interventions infra

   health care professionals, 212

education, 212-213, 214

expert witnessing, 213-214

fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

multidisciplinary teams, 212, 213-214, 265-266

   home visitation, 97, 148, 212, 220-223, 233, 235, 248-251, 267-268, 301-303

   housing, 276

   identification and screening, 2, 11, 206, 211-213, 214, 238-239, 265-266, 291, 302, 307

   individualized interventions, 98, 109-110, 118, 148-149, 166, 220, 234

   legal interventions, 159, 160-171, 188-193

child witnessing, 167-171

child witnessing, child advocates, 164, 170

child witnessing, guardians ad litem, 171

controlled study design, 161, 167, 168

court interventions, 160, 163-165, 171, 190-191

criminal prosecution, 168-169

deterrence, 168, 291

elder abuse interventions and, 184

evidence, 170-171, 213-214;

see Child witnessing supra

expert witnesses, 213-214

fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

guardians, 164, 171

incest, 166, 167, 168, 169, 192

mandatory offender treatment, 165-166, 168, 280

minor/false cases, 162-163

nonexperimental studies, 161-162

outcome analysis, 160-162, 165, 167-168

police, 171, 189

procedural issues, 160, 168, 170, 171

quasi-experimental studies, 190-193

reporting requirements, 126, 160-163, 166, 168, 170-171, 188, 208, 212, 269, 294, 296, 302

   sexual abuse, 164, 166-169, 192-193

social workers' resistance to, 160, 161-162

   mental health interventions, 9, 212, 214-220, 233, 308

adult survivors of abuse, 212, 219-220, 246-247

child witnesses of domestic violence, 111, 217-219, 234-235, 246247, 274-275, 312, 313

cognitive-behavioral approaches, 128, 166, 167-168, 215-216, 234

controlled study design, 217, 220-221

costs, 56

physically abused/neglected, 212, 214-216

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

sexually abused, 166, 167, 212, 219-220, 242-245, 246

sexual abusers, 166, 167

   mental health status of abused, 44-45, 95, 100

adult survivors of abuse, 212, 219-220, 246-247

child witnesses of domestic violence, 111, 217-219, 234-235, 246247, 274-275, 312, 313

intergenerational impacts, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

resilient children, 219

   models of, 95, 275-278

   nonexperimental studies

legal interventions, 161-162

mental health interventions, 217

   offender-oriented interventions, 95, 165-168

   outcome analysis

health care interventions, 215-217, 221, 222

legal interventions, 160-162, 165, 167-168

social service interventions, 95-97, 99-101, 104, 107-108

   peer support/group therapy, 215, 220, 234, 246, 268

   preventive measures, 119, 291

parenting programs, 97, 98-100, 118, 264, 267, 268, 276-277, 302

sexual abuse, 102-103, 118-119

social support, 95, 97, 98-99, 100-101, 110, 118

   quasi-experimental studies

health care interventions, 238-251

legal interventions, 190-193

social services interventions, 98-101, 104-105, 107-108, 122-149

   referral services, 126, 166, 208, 212, 215, 269, 302

   risk factors, 48-49, 215, 276-277

age, 41, 49, 106, 107, 108, 168, 169, 170

alcohol abuse, 95, 107, 108, 126, 276, 302

birth-related, 48, 314

intergenerational impacts, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

personality traits, 44-45

prediction instrument, 99, 286-287

socioeconomic status, 43, 45, 95

stress, 45, 99-101, 119, 214-215

   sampling issues, 97, 108

   social service interventions, 95-110, 118-119, 122-149

controlled study design, 97-98, 108, 110

family-oriented interventions, 96-102, 104-106, 122-129, 148, 190, 215-216, 220-223, 234, 267-268, 301-302

fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

hospital multidisciplinary teams, 213

individualized services, 109-110

outcome analysis, 95-97, 99-101, 104, 107-108

parenting skills, 97, 98-100, 118, 264, 267, 268, 276-277, 302

reporting requirements, 160, 161-163

residential care, 106, 109, 146

school-based services, 102-103, 118-119, 130-137

sexual abuse, 102-103, 118-119, 130-137

social support, 95, 97, 98-99, 100-101, 110, 118, 124, 215, 302

   socioeconomic status, 43, 45, 95

   statistics, 2, 12, 160, 265

   see also Child deaths;

   Child placement;

   Child protective services;

   Child sexual abuse

Child neglect, 308

   child protective services, 103

   costs, 58

   databases, 84

   definitional issues, 19, 32, 33-34, 36-37, 97

   gender factors, 42

   intentionality, 36-37

   proverty and, 43

   social service interventions, 96-100 (passim), 103

Child placement, 66, 104-109, 146-147, 163-165, 285, 303-304

   adolescents, 106, 107

   age factors, 106, 107, 108

   alcohol and drug abuse, 107, 108

   foster care, 84, 106, 108-109, 146, 148

   residential care, 106, 109, 146

Child protective services, 2, 38, 103-104

   funding, 54, 160

   risk severity, 285

   see also Child placement

Child sexual abuse

   child protective services, 103

   defined, 19, 32

   drug treatment, 166, 167

   family-oriented interventions, 166

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   films, 134, 136

   incest, 166, 167, 168, 169, 192

   integration of services, 262, 266

   intergenerational effects, 47, 219-220

   legal interventions, 164, 166-169, 192-193

   mental health services, 166, 167, 212, 219-220, 242-245, 246

   preventive measures, 102-103, 118-119

   risk prediction instrument, 286

   social service interventions, 102-103, 118-119, 130-137

   study design, 64, 68, 76

Child witnessing, 167-171

   child advocates, 164, 170

   impact on child, 14, 32, 48, 111, 159, 170, 217-219, 234-235, 246-247, 274-275, 312, 313

Cognitive-behavioral approaches, 297, 315

   child maltreatment, 128, 166, 167-168, 215-216, 234

   domestic violence, 200, 202

Cohort studies, general, 60, 120

Community-based approaches, 9, 14, 15, 50, 59-60, 66, 84-85, 89-91, 260-261, 263-264, 271-272, 274, 284-285, 288, 308-310

   child maltreatment, 212-213, 215-216, 264, 266, 267-268

   defined, 20, 263-264

   domestic violence, 114, 182, 268-269

   ecological model, 95, 275-278

   health care interventions, 207-208

child maltreatment, 212-213, 215-216

   see also Advocacy programs;

   Hospitals;

   Public health interventions;

   Shelters

Comprehensive and collaborative interventions, 7, 20, 30, 66, 235, 260-275, 288, 293, 308-310

   child maltreatment, 234, 265-266, 267-268, 302

   defined, 260, 261

   degrees of cooperation, 261, 262

   elder abuse, 5-6, 234

   domestic violence, 182-183, 204-205, 266-267, 268-269, 270, 300-301

   health care providers, 206-207, 234

   legal interventions, 7, 274-275, 280, 299-301

   methodological issues, 10, 29, 60, 78-79, 85-91

   referral services, 79, 116, 166, 208, 212

   researcher involvement, 8, 10, 14, 16, 18, 29, 30, 59, 60-61, 65-67, 77-91, 94, 282, 284, 286, 315-318

   resource-sharing, 261, 262, 264

   substance abuse, 268-269, 270-271

   traditional approaches versus, 261, 310

   see also Integration and coordination of services

Confidentiality, see Privacy and confidentiality

Conservators, see Guardians and conservators

Controlled studies, 14-15, 16, 21, 60, 61, 64, 68, 76-85 (passim), 90, 297, 317

   child maltreatment

legal interventions, 161, 167, 168

mental health interventions, 217, 220-221

social services, 97-98, 108, 110

   community-based interventions, 265

   domestic violence, 112, 174-175, 178, 179, 227-228

   elder abuse, 117

   see also Quasi-experimental studies

Coordination of services, see Advocacy programs;

   Comprehensive and

   collaborative interventions;

   Integration and coordination of services

Corporal punishment, 36, 314

Cost factors, 7, 9, 11, 13, 29, 54-58, 64, 66, 235, 314-315

   Canadian programs, 2

   child maltreatment, 56, 58

   indirect, 54, 57-58

   problem identification/screening, 307

   social service/public health interventions, 16-17

   treatment, 2, 16-17, 54, 228, 232

   see also Funding

Couples counseling, 230-231

Courts, 15, 189, 297

   child maltreatment, 160, 163-165, 171, 190-191

   court-mandated interventions, general, 165-166, 180, 189, 280, 297 -299

   domestic violence, 111, 178-182, 189, 198-203, 280

litigation against police, 172

   early warning systems, 6, 298

   elder abuse, 117, 120, 184, 187

   methodological issues

mandated treatment, 179, 280

special courts, 182

   offender-oriented interventions, 165-166,

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   189, 280, 297;

   see also Criminal prosecution;

   Protective orders;

   Punishment

   specialized courts, 163-165, 181-182, 189

   see also Child placement;

   Evidence standards;

   Protective orders

Criminal prosecution, 158, 188, 279, 299, 301

   child abuse, 168-169

   domestic violence, 172, 180-181, 182-182, 188, 204, 266-267, 301

restraining orders and, 174

   education of personnel, 9, 183-184, 305-306

   elder abuse, 187

   special prosecution units, 2, 160, 171, 172, 189

Crime, extrafamilial, 47, 108, 178, 182, 269-270, 313

   juvenile delinquency, 13, 108, 264, 269-270

Cross-problem interventions, 5, 9, 260, 261, 262, 273, 275-278, 293 -294, 313

   see also Alcohol and drug abuse

Cultural factors, 87-88, 281-282, 283-285, 288, 309, 317

   definitional issues, 33, 36-37

   ecological approach, 95, 277

   home visitation, 7-8, 303

   personality traits, 45

   sex roles, 47-48, 277, 297, 314

   transitional model, 95

   see also Racial and ethnic factors

D

Databases, 21(n.2), 84

   child maltreatment, 21(n.2), 84

   domestic violence, 159, 218

Definitional issues, 18-20, 31, 32-38, 317

   administrative data, 39

   arrest procedures, 177

   child maltreatment, 19, 32, 33-34, 36-37, 97

   child sexual abuse, 19, 32

   community-based approaches, 20, 263-264

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 260, 261

   cultural factors, 33, 36-37

   domestic violence, 19, 32, 33

   elder abuse, 33, 36, 37, 38

   family-oriented interventions, 18-19, 20

   intentionality, 36-37

   legal interventions, 38, 158

   racial/ethnic factors, 33, 36

   social service interventions, 32, 38

Delinquency, see Juvenile delinquency

Demographic factors, 12, 40, 41

   surveillance and, 39, 162

   see also Age factors;

   Racial and ethnic factors;

   Socioeconomic status

Detection, see Problem identification and screening

Deterrence, 7, 9, 24-27, 280-281, 288, 300, 315

child maltreatment, 168, 291

domestic violence, 172, 175-177, 181, 188-189, 266-267, 291

elder abuse, 291

Developmental disabilities, 49

Documentation, 6-7, 82, 92, 298-299, 305

   see also Reporting requirements

Domestic violence, 17, 49, 86

   advocacy services, 113-114, 120, 152-153, 182-183, 224, 228, 229, 231, 233-234

   against husbands, 32, 42

''battered woman" defense, 172

   alcohol and drug abuse, 46, 47, 182, 230-231, 268-269

   child abuse related to, 226

   children, impact on, 14, 32, 48, 111, 159, 212, 217-219, 234-235, 246-247, 274-275, 312, 313

   community-based interventions, 114, 182, 268-269

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 182-183, 204-205, 266-267, 268-269, 270, 300-301

   controlled study designs, 112, 174-175, 178, 179, 227-228

   costs, 54-58

   databases, 159, 218

   definitional issues, 19, 32, 33

   early warning systems, 6

   ecological approach, 277

   educational interventions, 183-184, 225, 226, 227-228, 230, 310

   elder abuse and, 50

   federal government role, 52-54

   health care interventions, 223-231, 233, 235

female practitioner identification with client, 225

hospitals, 224, 227-229, 230, 252, 254, 256

hospitals, emergency rooms, 226, 227, 228, 252, 254, 256

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

identification/screening/referral, 225-229

mental health interventions, see also Mental health interventions infra

outcome analysis, 227-228

pregnancy, 225-226

quasi-experimental studies, 246-247, 252-259

   health care professionals

education, 225, 226-227

female practitioner identification with client, 225

multidisciplinary teams, 267

   housing, 117, 120

   intergenerational effects, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

   legal interventions, 159, 171-184, 204-205, 300

arrest procedures, 159, 172, 174-178, 183, 188-189, 194-197, 280, 281, 300-301

"battered woman" defense, 172

court interventions, 111, 178-182, 189, 198-203, 280

court interventions, litigation against police, 172

court interventions, protective orders, 55, 173-174, 280, 310-311

criminal prosecution, 172, 180-181, 182-182, 188, 204, 266-267, 301

criminal prosecution, restraining orders and, 174

deterrence, 172, 175-177, 181, 188-189, 266-267, 291

police, 172, 174, 182, 183, 188, 189;

see also Arrest procedures supra

procedural issues, 172, 175, 281;

see also Arrest procedures supra

reporting requirements, 5-6, 172-173, 295, 296

systemic approaches, 182-183, 204-205

victim resistance, 282-283

   marital rape, 1, 19, 32, 42

   mental health interventions, 9, 111, 212, 217-219, 224, 229-231, 233, 256-259, 308

cognitive-behavioral approaches, 200, 202

   preventive measures, 114-115, 154-155, 291

   private-sector services, 17

   referral, 225-229, 269

   risk factors, 41, 223, 277

age, 41-42

alcohol and drug abuse, 46, 47, 182, 268-269, 230-231, 268-269

cultural, 283

gender, 37-48, 277, 297, 314

intergenerational effects, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

prediction instruments, 286-287

race/ethnicity, 44

socioeconomic status, 44, 112, 176, 177

   sampling issues, 181, 230

   social service interventions, 110-115, 119-120, 182, 183

advocacy services, 113-114

court-mandated, 178, 280

home visitation, 183, 204

hospital settings, 228

peer support, 113, 120, 198, 202, 230, 231, 256, 310

preventive interventions, 114-115

school-based, 114-115, 154-155

social isolation/support, 46, 176-177

   statistics, 1-2, 12-13

   systemic interventions, 182-183, 204-205, 266-267

   transitional programs, 113

   see also Shelters

Drug abuse, see Alcohol and drug abuse

Drug treatment interventions, 166, 167

E

Ecological models, 95, 275-278

Economic factors, see Cost factors;

   Financial exploitation of elderly persons;

   Funding

Educational attainment

   developmental disabilities, 49

   foster children, 108

Education and training, 11

   arrest policies, 300

   child maltreatment

professional training, 39, 44

social skills training, 97, 98, 100

   costs, 56

   criminal justice personnel, 9, 183-184, 305-306

   domestic violence, 183-184, 225, 226, 227-228, 230, 310

   elder abuse, 116-117, 186, 232

   foster children, 108

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   health care professionals, 9, 212-213, 214, 225, 226-228, 230, 232 , 305-306

child maltreatment, 212-213, 214

domestic violence, 225, 226-227

guidelines and protocols, 2, 206, 212, 226-228, 230, 232, 238, 306 -307

   parenting, 97, 98-100, 118, 142, 264, 267, 268, 276-277, 302

   social service professionals, 9, 116-117, 120, 305-306

   see also School-based interventions

Elder abuse/neglect, 312

   adult protective services, 2, 38, 115-116, 184, 232

   advocacy services, 117, 156, 184

   age factors, 42

   alcohol and drug abuse, 47

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 5-6, 234

   controlled study designs, 117

   definitional issues, 33, 36, 37, 38

   ecological approach, 277

   educational interventions, 116-117, 186, 232

   family-oriented interventions, 233

   financial exploitation, 184-185, 186, 187

   funding, 233

   guardians and conservators, 186-187

   health care interventions, 231-233,

training for caregivers, 116-117

   identification/screening, 5-6, 232, 291

   legal interventions, 116, 184-187, 189, 233

arrest procedures, 184, 187

competence issues, 186, 187, 231, 281

courts, 117, 120, 184-187

criminal prosecution, 187

deterrence, 291

guardians and conservators, 115, 116, 186-187

police, 117;

see also Arrest procedures supra

protective orders, 185-186

reporting requirements, 5-6, 184, 185, 188, 295, 296

witnessing by elderly, 184

   offender-oriented interventions, 116

   outcome measures, 86, 185, 186

   preventive measures, 115, 291

   privacy/confidentiality, 186

   referral services, 116, 231-232

   residential care, 116

   risk factors, 42, 45, 49-50, 115, 277, 287

child abuse as, 184

domestic violence as, 50

   sampling design, 117

   social service interventions, 115-117, 120, 156-157, 312

   state government role, general, 115-116, 117, 185

   statistics, 2, 13, 40

   volunteer programs, 117, 156

Electronic monitoring devices, 174

Emergency housing, see Shelters

Emergency rooms, 226, 227, 228, 252, 254, 256

Emotional abuse, 33, 43, 179

Employment status, 45-46, 84, 176, 178, 268

Ethical issues, 88, 288

   autonomy versus competence, 281-283

   controlled studies, 16, 80-81

   dangerousness/degree of risk, 285-287

   elderly persons, competence, 186, 187, 231, 281

   punishment versus treatment, 280

   see also Privacy and confidentiality

Ethnicity, see Racial and ethnic factors;

   specific groups

Evaluation issues, 60-92

   see also Methodological issues;

   Nonexperimental studies;

   Outcome

   measures;

   Quasi-experimental studies;

   Sampling

Evidence standards

   legal, 158, 164, 168, 169, 170-171, 214, 280, 291

   research methodology, 14, 59, 60, 62, 64, 67, 91, 291

   see Child witnessing;

   Witnesses

F

Family-oriented interventions, 264

   child maltreatment, 96-102, 104-106, 122-129, 148, 190, 215-216, 220-223, 234, 267-268, 301-302

   child sexual abuse, 166

   cost-effectiveness, 314

   couples counseling, 230-231

   definitional issues, 18-19, 20

   ecological approach, 277

   elder abuse, 233

   definitional issues, 18-19, 20

   risk factors, 97

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   see also Family preservation services;

   Home visitation

Family preservation services, 8, 64, 66, 68, 78-79, 97, 104, 105, 118, 138-145, 229, 294, 303-304

   cost-effectiveness, 314

   outcome analysis, 104

   out-of-home interventions and, 8, 64, 66, 68, 78-79

   see also Home visitation

Fatalities, see Child deaths

Fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

Fathers

   home visitation, 7-8, 302-303

   stress, 99

   see also Incest

Feminism, 37

Financial exploitation of elderly persons, 184-185, 186, 187

First-time parents, 7-8, 315

Foster care, 84, 106, 108-109, 146, 148

Funding, 18, 50, 54, 290, 304-305

   child protective services, 54, 160

   elder abuse, 233

G

Gender factors, 42-43, 47-48, 49

   child deaths, 42

   disclosure of violence, 42-43

   domestic violence, 37-48, 277, 297, 314

   intergenerational effects, 218

   prevention efforts, 207

   see also Fathers;

   Women

Group counseling, see Peer support/group therapy

Guardians and conservators

   for children, 164, 171

   for elderly persons, 115, 116, 186-187

   guardians ad litem, 171

H

Health care interventions, 2, 15, 206-259, 279, 280

   adolescents, 234, 308

   costs, 55, 56, 57, 83

   child maltreatment, 210, 211-223, 233-235

community-based approaches, 212-213, 215-216

expert witnessing, 213-214

identification and screening, 206, 211-213, 214, 238-239

outcome analysis, 215-217, 221, 222

quasi-experimental studies, 238-251

   community-based interventions, 207-208

child maltreatment, 212-213, 215-216

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 206-207, 234

   domestic violence, 223-231, 233, 235

female practitioner identification with client, 225

identification/screening/referral, 225-229

outcome analysis, 227-228

pregnancy, 225-226

quasi-experimental studies, 246-247, 252-259

   elder abuse, 231-233

training for caregivers, 116-117

   federal programs, 53

   outcome analysis,

child maltreatment, 215-217, 221, 222

domestic violence, 227-228

   preventive interventions, general, 207, 208-211

   problem identification/screening, 11, 211-212, 306-307

guidelines and protocols, 2, 206, 212, 226-227, 228, 230, 232, 238 , 306-307

   social isolation/support, 206

   statistics on use, 206

   types of, 23, 51

   see also Comprehensive and collaborative interventions;

   Health care professionals;

   Hospitals;

   Mental health interventions;

   Public health interventions

Health care professionals

   child maltreatment, 212

education, 212-213, 214

expert witnessing, 213-214

fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

multidisciplinary teams, 212, 213-214, 265-266

   documentation of abuse, 6-7, 298-299

   domestic violence,

education, 225, 226-227

female practitioner identification with client, 225

multidisciplinary teams, 267

   education, 9, 212-213, 214, 225, 226-228, 230, 232, 305-306

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   elder abuse, 232

   home visitation, 20, 302

   identification of abuse, 11, 211-212, 232, 306-307

guidelines and protocols, 2, 206, 212, 226-227, 228, 230, 232, 238 , 306-307

reporting requirements, 212

   multidisciplinary teams, 212, 213-214, 232, 265-266, 267

Healthy Families America, 223

Healthy People 2000, 210

Healthy Start, 222-223

Hispanics, 44

Home-based services, see Family preservation services;

Home visitation

Home visitation, 2, 5, 20, 66, 211, 294

   child maltreatment, 97, 148, 212, 220-223, 233, 235, 248-251, 267-268, 301-303

   cultural factors, 7-8, 303

   domestic violence, 183, 204

   duration/intensity, 5, 7, 97, 292, 302

   fathers, 7-8, 302-303

   first-time parents, 7-8

   health care professionals, 20, 302

   racial/ethnic factors, 7-8, 303

   risk factors and, 7, 20

   see also Family preservation services

Hospitals

   child maltreatment, 106

multidisciplinary teams, 212, 213-214, 232

   domestic violence, 224, 227-229, 230, 252, 254, 256

emergency rooms, 226, 227, 228, 252, 254, 256

   elder abuse, 231-232, 233

   multidisciplinary teams, 212, 213-214, 232

   statistics on use, 206

Housing, 84

   child maltreatment, 276

   domestic violence victims, 117, 120

   see also Shelters

I

Identification, see Problem identification and screening

Incest, 166, 167, 168, 169, 192

Income, see Socioeconomic status

Independent Living program, 108

Individualized interventions, 66, 82-83

   child maltreatment, 98, 109-110, 118, 148-149, 166, 220, 234

Informed consent, 282

   children, competence, 281

   elderly persons, competence, 186, 187, 231, 281

Integration and coordination of services, 2, 5, 13-14, 260, 261-262, 265-267, 269, 272, 274-278, 289-290, 292, 293-294

   documentation and, 6-7, 298-299

   research policy, 317

   see also Advocacy programs;

   Comprehensive and collaborative interventions;

   Referral services

Intensive family preservation services, see Family preservation services

Intentionality, 36-37

Intergenerational effects

   child maltreatment, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

   child sexual abuse, 47, 219-220

   domestic abuse, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

J

Jurisprudence, see Courts

Juvenile delinquency, 13, 108, 264, 269-270

L

Legal interventions, 12, 16, 158-205

   child maltreatment, 159, 160-171, 188-193

child witnessing, 167-171

child witnessing, child advocates, 164, 170

child witnessing, guardians ad litem, 171

controlled study design, 161, 167, 168

court interventions, 160, 163-165, 171, 190-191

criminal prosecution, 168-169

deterrence, 168, 291

elder abuse interventions and, 184

evidence, 170-171, 214;

see Child witnessing supra

expert witnesses, 213-214

fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

guardians, 164, 171

incest, 166, 167, 168, 169, 192

mandatory offender treatment, 165-166, 168, 280

minor/false cases, 162-163

nonexperimental studies, 161-162

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

outcome analysis, 160-162, 165, 167-168

procedural issues, 160, 168, 170, 171

quasi-experimental studies, 190-193

reporting laws, 126, 160-163, 166, 168, 170-171, 188, 208, 212, 269 , 294, 296, 302

sexual abuse, 164, 166-169, 192-193

social workers' resistance to, 160, 161-162

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 7, 274-275, 280, 299-301

   costs, 2, 55, 300

   definitional issues, 38, 158

   domestic violence, 159, 171-184, 204-205, 300

arrest procedures, 159, 172, 174-178, 183, 188-189, 194-197, 280, 281, 300-301

"battered woman" defense, 172

court interventions, 111, 178-182, 189, 198-203, 280

court interventions, litigation against police, 172

court interventions, protective orders, 55, 173-174, 280, 310-311

criminal prosecution, 172, 180-181, 182-182, 188, 204, 266-267, 301

criminal prosecution, restraining orders and, 174

deterrence, 172, 175-177, 181, 188-189, 266-267, 291

procedural issues, 172, 175, 281;

see Arrest procedures supra

quasi-experimental studies, 178-179, 180, 194-205

reporting requirements, 5-6, 172-173, 295, 296

systemic approaches, 182-183, 204-205

victim resistance, 282-283

   due process, 13-14, 164, 170, 311

   ecological approach, 277

   elder abuse, 116, 184-187, 189, 233

arrest procedures, 184, 187

competence issues, 186, 187, 231, 281

courts, 117, 120, 184-187

criminal prosecution, 187

deterrence, 291

guardians and conservators, 115, 116, 186-187

police, 117

protective orders, 185-186

reporting laws, 5-6, 184, 185, 188, 295

witnessing by elderly, 184

   evidence, standards, 158, 164, 168, 169, 170-171, 214, 280, 291

   integration of services, 262

   local factors, 175, 176-177, 188

   outcome analysis, 159

child maltreatment, 160-162, 165, 167-168

domestic violence, 172, 175-177, 179-180, 181, 183

elder abuse, 185, 186

   procedural issues, 158-159

child maltreatment, 160, 168, 170, 171

domestic violence, 172, 175, 281

see also Arrest procedures

   quasi-experimental studies,

child maltreatment, 190-193

domestic violence, 178-179, 180, 194-205

   racial/ethnic factors, 162

   risk, degree of, 285-286

   social services integration, 7, 274-275

mandatory offender treatment, 165-166, 168, 280

reporting requirements, 160, 161-163, 280

resistance, 160, 161-162

   types of, 22-23, 51, 158, 159, 190-205

   see also Child placement;

   Comprehensive and collaborative interventions;

   Courts;

   Deterrence;

   Legislation;

   Police;

   Punishment;

   Recidivism

Legislation, 11, 50

   domestic violence, 171-172, 173

   elder abuse, 184, 233

   see also Reporting requirements

Local factors, 2, 52, 89, 290

   budgetary issues, 2

   domestic violence policies, 175, 176-177

   legal interventions, 175, 176-177, 188

   see also Community-based approaches

M

Mandatory reporting, see Reporting requirements

Marital conflict, 45-46

Marital rape, 1, 19, 32, 42

Medical interventions, see Health care interventions

Mental health interventions, 207, 307-308

   child maltreatment, 9, 212, 214-220, 233, 308

adult survivors of abuse, 212, 219-220, 246-247

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

child witnesses of domestic violence, 111, 217-219, 234-235, 246247, 274-275, 312, 313

cognitive-behavioral approaches, 128, 166, 167-168, 215-216, 234

controlled study design, 217, 220-221

costs, 56

physically abused/neglected, 212, 214-216

sexual abusers, 166, 167

sexually abused children, 166, 167, 212, 219-220, 242-245, 246

   domestic violence, 9, 111, 212, 217-219, 224, 229-231, 233, 256-259, 308

cognitive-behavioral approaches, 200, 202

   duration and intensity, 5, 7, 97, 292, 296

Mental health status, 44-45, 48, 49

   child maltreatment, 44-45, 95, 100

adult survivors of abuse, 212, 219-220, 246-247

child witnesses of domestic violence, 111, 217-219, 234-235, 24247, 274-275, 312, 313

intergenerational impacts, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

resilient children, 219

   domestic violence, 45, 224, 229-230, 256-259

battered child/wife syndromes, 37-38

"battered woman" defense, 172

   elderly persons, competence, 186, 187, 231, 281

   victims, general, 48, 49, 95

Methodological issues, 14-16, 18, 66-77, 290, 291, 293, 304-305, 317

   administrative data, 39

   arrest procedures, impacts, 177-178

   clinical studies, 38-39

   cohort studies, general, 60, 120

   collaborative efforts, 10, 29, 60, 78-79, 85-91

   community change interventions, 272-273

   court interventions

mandated treatment, 179, 280

special courts, 182

   developmental stages, 64-65

   documentation of services, 6-7, 82, 92, 298-299

   evidence standards, 59, 60, 62, 64, 67

   family preservation services, 8, 64, 66, 68, 78-79, 294, 303-304

   health care interventions, 211, 217

   home visitation, 222

   measurement, 38-40, 60, 62, 286, 305, 318

   multisite evaluations, 77, 317

   personality studies, 48

   risk factors, 41, 285-287

   study designs, 60-92

   time-series analyses, general, 61, 226-227

   triangulation, 84-85

   see also Controlled studies;

   Non-experimental studies;

   Outcome measures;

   Quasi-experimental studies;

   Sampling

Minority groups, see Racial and ethnic factors

Multiple approaches, see Comprehensive and collaborative interventions

N

National Center on Elder Abuse, 40

National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System, 84

National Crime Victimization Survey, 12, 40, 42, 44

National Family Violence Surveys, 13

   age factors, 40, 41-42

   race/ethnicity, 44

National Incidence Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect, 39, 161

Nonexperimental studies, 60, 62, 64-65, 77

   child maltreatment

legal interventions, 161-162

   mental health interventions, 217

   see also Quasi-experimental studies

O

Offender-oriented interventions, 6, 7, 20, 84, 114, 296-298, 301

   child maltreatment, 95, 165-168

   court-mandated, 165-166, 189, 280, 297;

   see also Criminal prosecution;

   Protective orders

   domestic violence, 111, 172, 189, 265, 291

   drug treatment, 166, 167

   elder abuse, 116

   risk factors for perpetrators, 41-48

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   see also Arrest procedures;

   Deterrence;

   Punishment;

   Recidivism

Older Americans Act, 233

Outcome measures, 8, 11-12, 83-86, 91, 314, 317, 308, 318

   community change interventions, 272

   ecological approach, 278

   family preservation services, 104

   health care interventions

child maltreatment, 215-217, 221, 222, 238-251

domestic violence, 111, 227-228, 252-259

   legal interventions, 159

child maltreatment, 160-162, 165, 167-168, 190-193

domestic violence, 172, 175-177, 179-180, 181, 183, 194-205

elder abuse, 185, 186

   social services, 94, 97, 215

child maltreatment services, 95-97, 99-101, 104, 107-108, 122-149

domestic violence, 111-114, 150-155

elderly abuse, 156-157

   see also Deterrence;

   Recidivism

Out-of-home interventions

   family preservation services and, 8, 64, 66, 68, 78-79

   see Child placement;

   Foster care

P

Parenting practices, 96-97, 122-129

   education on, 97, 98-100, 118, 142, 264, 267, 268, 276-277, 302

   first-time parents, 7-8, 315

   outcome measures, 99-100

Peer support/group therapy, 287

   child maltreatment, 215, 220, 234, 246, 268

   domestic violence, 113, 120, 198, 202, 230, 231, 256, 310

   ethical issues, 283

Penalties, see Punishment

Personality traits, see Mental health status

Police, 2

   child abuse teams, 171, 189

   domestic violence, 172, 174, 182, 183, 188, 189

   education, 9

   elder abuse, 117

   see also Arrest procedures

Poverty, see Socioeconomic status

Pregnancy, abuse during, 225-226, 238, 313

Preventive measures, 4-5, 9, 13-14, 17, 274

   age factors, 207, 208-209

   child maltreatment, 119, 291

parenting programs, 97, 98-100, 118, 264, 267, 268, 276-277, 302

sexual abuse, 102-103, 118-119

social support, 95, 97, 98-99, 100-101, 110, 118

   community interventions, 269-270

   courts, early warning systems, 6, 298

   definitional issues, 33

   domestic violence, 114-115, 154-155, 291

   elder abuse, 115, 291

   gender factors, 207

   health care interventions, general, 207, 208-211

   secondary, 292-293

   types of, 24-27, 51

   see also Deterrence;

   Family preservation services;

   Home visitation;

   Offender-oriented interventions;

   Punishment;

   Recidivism

Privacy and confidentiality, 6, 88, 274, 282-283, 295

   domestic violence, 224

   elder abuse, 186

Problem identification and screening, 4-6, 9, 12-13, 79-81, 233, 234

   child maltreatment, 2, 11, 206, 211-213, 214, 238-239, 265-266, 291 , 302, 307, 311

   domestic violence, 224, 225-230, 231, 252-255

   elder abuse, 5-6, 232, 291

   fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

   health care personnel, 11, 211-212, 306-307

guidelines and protocols, 2, 206, 212, 226-227, 228, 230, 232, 238 , 306-307

   scope of problem, 34-35, 38-40, 54, 57-58

child maltreatment, 2, 55, 56, 58, 300

databases, 21(n.2), 84, 159, 218

domestic violence, 1-2, 12-13, 54-58

elder abuse, 2, 13, 40

   types of, 24-27, 51

   see also Referral services;

   Reporting requirements;

   Risk factors

Protective orders, 9

   domestic violence, 55, 173-174, 280, 310-311

   elder abuse, 185-186

   electronic monitoring, 174

Public health interventions, 207-211, 224, 235, 269

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   cost factors, 16-17

   see also Home visitation;

   terms beginning "Family…"

Punishment, 2, 11, 13, 16, 278-281, 288, 297-298

   child maltreatment, 168-169

   domestic violence, 172, 176, 180, 181-182, 204

   elder abuse, 184

   risk severity, 285

   see also Deterrence; Recidivism

Punishment of children, see Corporal punishment

Q

Quasi-experimental studies, 62, 68

   child maltreatment

health care interventions, 238-251

legal interventions, 190-193

social services interventions, 98-101, 104-105, 107-108, 122-149

   domestic violence

health care interventions, 246-247, 252-259

legal interventions, 178-179, 180, 194-205

social services interventions, 111, 112-113, 150-155

   elder abuse

social services interventions, 156-157

R

Racial and ethnic factors, 87-88, 283, 284

   definitional issues, 33, 36

   domestic violence, 112, 178

   home visitation, 7-8, 303

   legal interventions, 162

   researchers, minority, 284, 288

   risk factor data, 39, 44

   spousal abuse, 44

   see also Cultural factors;

   specific groups

Rape, see Incest;

   Marital rape;

   Sexual abuse

Recidivism, 158-159, 166-168, 176, 178, 179, 183, 188, 198, 296, 297

Referral services, 79, 262, 269, 283

   child maltreatment, 126, 166, 208, 212, 215, 269, 302

   comprehensive/collaborative interventions, 79, 116, 166, 208, 212

   domestic violence, 225-229, 269

   elder abuse, 116, 231-232

   informed consent, 282

Reporting requirements, 5-6, 15, 294-296, 315

   child maltreatment, 126, 160-163, 166, 168, 170-171, 188, 208, 212 , 269, 294, 296, 302

adolescents, 296

   domestic violence, 5-6, 172-173, 295, 296

   elder abuse, 5-6, 184, 185, 188, 295, 296

Residential care

   child maltreatment, 106, 109, 146

   elder abuse, 116

Restraining orders, see Protective orders

Risk factors, 13, 19, 31, 39, 41-50, 208, 260, 269, 273, 292

   arrest policies and, 300

   child maltreatment, 48-49, 215, 276-277

age, 41, 49, 106, 107, 108, 168, 169, 170

alcohol/drug abuse, 95, 107, 108, 126, 276, 302

birth-related, 48, 314

intergenerational impacts, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

personality traits, 44-45

prediction instruments, 99, 286-287

socioeconomic status, 43, 45, 95

stress, 45, 99-101, 119, 214-215

   cross-problem interventions, 5, 9, 260, 261, 262, 273, 275-278, 293 -294, 313

   dangerousness/degree of risk, 285-287

   domestic violence, 41, 223, 277

age, 41-42

alcohol and drug abuse, 46, 47, 182, 268-269, 230-231, 268-269

cultural, 283

gender, 37-48, 277, 297, 314

intergenerational effects, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

prediction instruments, 286-287

race/ethnicity, 44

socioeconomic status, 44, 112, 176, 177

   ecological model, 95, 275-278

   elder abuse, 42, 45, 49-50, 115, 277, 287

child abuse as, 184

domestic violence as, 50

   family social support interventions, 97

   home visitation, 7, 20

   intergenerational effects of violence, 18, 46-47, 178, 217-220

   methodological issues, 41, 285-287

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
×

   see also Problem identification and screening;

   specific risk factors

S

Sampling, 14-15, 18, 34, 39, 40, 61, 64, 68

   baseline data, 2, 40, 59, 79

   child maltreatment, 97, 108

   clinical studies, 39

   domestic violence, 181, 230

   effect size, 76-77, 92, 272

   elder abuse, 117

   quasi-experimental studies, 68, 108

   risk, degree of, 285

School-based interventions

   child sexual abuse, 102-103, 118-119, 130-137

   domestic violence, 114-115, 154-155

Screening, see Problem identification and screening;

   Referral services

Sentences and penalties, see Punishment

Sexual abuse

   adult victims, 18, 32, 42-43;

   see also Marital rape

   intergenerational effects, 47, 219-220

   see also Child sexual abuse

Shelters, 2, 9, 30, 66, 83, 110, 112-113, 119-120, 150-151, 264, 270, 310

Sibling violence, 48

Single mothers, 126

Social isolation/support, 46, 268, 283

   child maltreatment, 95, 97, 98-99, 100-101, 110, 118, 124, 215, 302

   domestic violence, 46, 176-177

   health care agencies, role, 206

Social network models, 98, 118, 124, 264, 309

Social service interventions, 93-157, 279, 280

   child maltreatment, 95-110, 118-119, 122-149

controlled study design, 97-98, 108, 110

family-oriented interventions, 96-102, 104-106, 122-129, 148, 190, 215-216, 220-223, 234, 267-268, 301-302

fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

hospital multidisciplinary teams, 213

individualized services, 109-110

outcome analysis, 95-97, 99-101, 104, 107-108

parenting skills, 97, 98-100, 118, 264, 267, 268, 276-277, 302

reporting requirements, 160, 161-163

residential case, 106, 109, 146

school-based services, 102-103, 118-119, 130-137

sexual abuse, 102-103, 118-119, 130-137

social isolation/support, 95, 97, 98-99, 100-101, 110, 118, 124, 215, 302

   child neglect, 96-100 (passim), 103

   cost factors, 16-17

   definitional issues, 32, 38

   documentation of abuse, 6-7, 298-299

   domestic violence, 110-115, 119-120, 182, 183

advocacy services, 113-114

court-mandated, 178, 280

home visitation, 183, 204

hospital settings, 228

peer support, 113, 120, 198, 202, 230, 231, 256, 310

preventive interventions, 114-115

school-based, 114-115, 154-155

social isolation/support, 46, 176-177

   duration and intensity, 5, 7, 97, 292, 296, 302

   elder abuse, 115-117, 120, 156-157, 312

   federal programs, 53

   health services integration, 274

   legal services integration, 7, 274-275

mandatory offender treatment, 165-166, 168, 280

reporting requirements, 160, 161-163, 280

   researchers, collaboration with, 8, 10, 16, 18, 29, 30, 59, 60-61, 65-67, 77-89, 94, 282, 284, 286, 315-318

   risk, degree of, 286

   types of, 22, 51, 69, 93

   see Child placement;

   Comprehensive and collaborative interventions;

   Family-oriented interventions;

   Family preservation services;

   Home

   visitation;

   Shelters;

   Social isolation/support

Social service professionals

   education, 9, 116-117, 120, 305-306

   fatality review teams, 265-266, 311

   legal interventions, antagonism for, 160, 161-162

Social skills training, 97, 98, 100

Socioeconomic status, 36, 39, 43-44, 45, 272, 276, 284

   child maltreatment, 43, 45, 95

   domestic violence, 44, 112, 176, 177

   elder abuse, financial exploitation, 184-185, 186, 187

Spousal abuse, see Domestic violence;

   Marital rape;

   Shelters

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
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Statewide Automated Child Welfare Information Systems, 84

Stress, general, 45-46, 313-314

   child maltreatment, 45, 99-101, 119, 214-215

   elder abuse, 115

   natural helpers, 101

   poverty, 43

   relaxation techniques, 99

Substance abuse, see Alcohol and drug abuse

Symptoms, see Problem identification and screening

Systemic approaches, see Comprehensive and collaborative interventions;

Public health interventions

T

Theoretical issues, 15, 31, 83, 90, 92, 189, 297

   ecological, 95, 275-278

   feminism, 37

   social services, 94, 95

   transactional and transitional models, 95

Time-series analyses, general, 61, 226-227

Training, see Education and training

Transactional model, 95

Transitional model, 95

U

Unemployment, see Employment status

Urban areas, 107

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 52-54, 84

V

Verbal abuse, 179

Volunteer programs, elder abuse, 117, 156

W

White persons, 44

Wife beating, see Domestic violence

Witnesses

   elderly victims, 184

   expert, child maltreatment, 213-214

   see also Child witnessing

Women, 40

   clinical studies, 39

   ecological approach, 277

   feminism, 37

   sexual abuse of, 43;

   see also Marital rape

   single mothers, 126

   see also Domestic violence;

   Gender factors

Suggested Citation:"INDEX." Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. 1998. Violence in Families: Assessing Prevention and Treatment Programs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/5285.
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Reports of mistreated children, domestic violence, and abuse of elderly persons continue to strain the capacity of police, courts, social services agencies, and medical centers. At the same time, myriad treatment and prevention programs are providing services to victims and offenders. Although limited research knowledge exists regarding the effectiveness of these programs, such information is often scattered, inaccessible, and difficult to obtain.

Violence in Families takes the first hard look at the successes and failures of family violence interventions. It offers recommendations to guide services, programs, policy, and research on victim support and assistance, treatments and penalties for offenders, and law enforcement. Included is an analysis of more than 100 evaluation studies on the outcomes of different kinds of programs and services.

Violence in Families provides the most comprehensive review on the topic to date. It explores the scope and complexity of family violence, including identification of the multiple types of victims and offenders, who require different approaches to intervention. The book outlines new strategies that offer promising approaches for service providers and researchers and for improving the evaluation of prevention and treatment services. Violence in Families discusses issues that underlie all types of family violence, such as the tension between family support and the protection of children, risk factors that contribute to violent behavior in families, and the balance between family privacy and community interventions.

The core of the book is a research-based review of interventions used in three institutional sectors--social services, health, and law enforcement settings--and how to measure their effectiveness in combating maltreatment of children, domestic violence, and abuse of the elderly. Among the questions explored by the committee: Does the child protective services system work? Does the threat of arrest deter batterers? The volume discusses the strength of the evidence and highlights emerging links among interventions in different institutional settings.

Thorough, readable, and well organized, Violence in Families synthesizes what is known and outlines what needs to be discovered. This volume will be of great interest to policymakers, social services providers, health care professionals, police and court officials, victim advocates, researchers, and concerned individuals.

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