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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Index

A

Academic research, 5, 27, 28, 130, 145

Division of Statistics and, 33

Food and Agriculture Policy Research Institute, 108-109, 117-118, 119

historical perspectives, 33, 34-35, 63, 64, 117-118, 132

land grant colleges, 34, 38, 64, 65, 132

Extension Service, 10, 38, 47, 132, 143

publications of individual ERS researchers, 104, 112, 113, 123

Accounting and accountability, general, 4, 109, 110

see also Evaluation issues

Administration and administrators, 5-9, 10, 14, 16, 46, 56, 73-77, 87-88, 105, 106, 116-146

evaluation, general, 2, 3-5, 8, 91-115

evaluation instruments, 110

evaluation of staff, 110-114

farm management, 33, 34, 36, 40, 61

principles of, 125-132

task analysis and management, 56, 108, 111-112, 113, 114, 123

see also Organization factors;

Procurement

Agency for International Development, 50-51, 62, 65, 109

Agricultural Act, 71

Agricultural Adjustment Act, 43

Agricultural Adjustment Administration, 38, 41, 43

Agricultural Marketing Service, 40

Agricultural Outlook, 41, 95

Agricultural production, see Production indicators and controls

Agricultural Research Service, 6, 10, 21, 40, 131, 132, 143

Agricultural Resource Management Study, 140

Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, 99

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, 38

Agriculture and Food Act, 60-61

American Agricultural Economics Association, 83

American Economic Association, 35

American Farm Bureau Federation, 40

Animal health, 33

Antitrust, see Monopolies

Assistant Secretary for Economics, 11, 145

Auctions, 22-23, 26, 27-29, 112, 132

Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 118-119

B

Biotechnology, 20, 77-78, 80

intellectual property, 22

Budget, see Funding

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

Budget and Program Analysis Office, 108

Bureau of Agricultural Economics, 1, 2, 13, 14-15, 16, 17, 30, 34-54 (passism), 66, 68, 81, 87, 89, 117-118, 142, 144

Bureau of Census, 18, 94, 140

Bureau of Crop Estimates, 33

Bureau of Labor/Bureau of Labor Statistics, 46

Bureau of Markets and Crop Estimates, 33, 34

Bureau of Plant Industry, 33

Bureau of Statistics, 33

see also Bureau of Crop Estimates

Bush administration, 63

C

Carter administration, 56

Census Bureau, see Bureau of Census

Climate change, see Global warming

Colleges and universities, see Academic research; Educational attainment; Education and training

Commodity Credit Corporation, 38, 59

Competition

Competition in Contracting Act, 5, 125

monopolies, 18, 25, 26, 27-28

sole-source contract awards, 5-6, 125, 127, 128, 132

vertical/horizontal market integration, 78, 103

see also Global economy

Competition in Contracting Act, 5, 125

Computational general equilibrium model, 112, 114

Confidentiality, 126-127

Congressional Budget Office, 108

Conversation, see Environmental protection; Natural resources

Conservation Reserve Program, 3, 25, 102, 112

Contract procurement, see Procurement

Cooperatives, 37

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, 10, 38, 47, 132, 143

Cost and cost-benefit factors

commodity price projections, 109

conservation tillage, 3

data collection, 4, 22

evaluation of services, 93, 100

food assistance, 100

GATT/WTO, 31

information dissemination, 20, 109

policy, general, 37

production and, 18

research, 4, 22, 106, 109, 126, 135

social experimentation, 30

staff evaluation, 109, 114

subsides, cost of production indicators, 55

transaction costs, 126

Council of Economic Advisers, 2

Credibility of research, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 12, 16, 30, 68, 107, 112, 121, 124-125, 132, 133-134, 136, 137, 139, 144, 145, 146

Crop data and estimates, 33, 36

D

Data collection, 22-23

historical perspectives, 22, 32-69

mission statement of ERS, 107

see also Secondary data preparation and analysis

Demand, see Supply and demand

Department of Defense, 27, 120, 144

Department of Health and Human Services, 62, 120, 144

Department of Labor, 46, 120, 144

Department of State, 62

Department of the Interior, 62, 80

Depression and recession

see also Economic cycles;

Great Depression

Developing countries, 52, 55, 58, 60, 100

Agency for International Development, 50-51, 62, 65, 109

food aid, 3, 47, 50, 62, 65, 100

Diet and nutrition, see Food safety; Food supply; Nutrition

Division of Foreign Markets, 33, 47

Division of Land Economics, 53

Division of Market Trade and Economics, 100

Division of Statistics, 32-33

E

Economic cycles, 51, 58-59, 70, 71

inflation, 51, 58-59, 70, 71

see also Great Depression

Economic Indicators of the Farm Sector, 99

Economics, Statistics and Cooperatives Service, 46, 49, 56

Economists Position Classification System, 111, 113

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

Educational attainment

farmers, 36

researcher staff, 65-66, 67, 85

Education and training

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, 10, 38, 47, 132, 143

Division of Statistics, 33

historical perspectives, 33, 38

market forces, 92-93

staff, 3, 65-66, 67, 123

Eisenhower administration, 40

Electric power, 21

pricing, 25, 26, 27-29

Embargoes, 51-52, 55, 63

Employment issues, see Staffing and staff analysis

Energy resources

see also Electric power

Environmental protection, 8, 20, 26, 73, 90, 102, 105, 135, 141

Conservation Reserve Program, 3, 25, 102, 112

electric power, pollution, 25

global warming, 73, 103, 132

historical perspectives, 47, 49, 52-53, 54, 60, 61, 62

market externalities, 19, 24-25

National Environmental Policy Act, 52

see also Natural resources

Environmental Protection Agency, 62

Equity issues, 21, 24, 25, 105

Evaluation issues, 3, 9, 16

accounting and accountability, 4, 109, 110

client, 15, 92, 93, 106, 109, 110, 112

formal/informal, 109-110

instrument development and administration, 110

management framework, 2, 3-5, 8, 91-115

mission statements, 107

peer review, 7, 28, 111, 113, 123, 136, 137

program-level, 105-107, 120

publications of individual ERS researchers, 112, 113, 123

research, general, 2, 11, 14, 29, 31, 44, 91-115 (passism), 136-137

research credibility, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 12, 16, 30, 68, 107, 112, 121 , 124-125, 132, 133-134, 136, 137, 139, 144, 145, 146

research relevance, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 27, 29, 30, 51, 62, 63, 83, 106, 107, 109, 120, 122-123, 124, 130, 131, 133-134, 136, 137, 140, 143, 145, 146

research timeliness, 1-2, 4, 5, 9, 16, 30, 106, 107, 109, 121-122, 123, 126, 133-134

secondary data, 94, 95, 107, 134-136

task analysis and management, 56, 108, 111-112, 113, 114, 123

see also Procurement;

Standards

Exports and imports, see Foreign trade

Externalities, 19, 24-25, 40

Extramural research, general, 2, 5, 7, 123, 130-131, 141-142, 145

see also Private sector;

Procurement

F

Farm Business Economics, 99

Farmer Cooperative Service, 56

Farmer's Home Administration, 38

Farm income, 8, 21, 33, 34, 40, 41, 119, 135

historical perspectives, 33, 34, 40, 41, 52, 55, 59, 60, 117

subsidies, 43, 52, 55, 59, 60, 71, 93

see also Prices and price supports technological innovations, 78

Farm management, 33, 34, 36, 40, 61

Farm Security Act, 59, 60

Farm Security Administration, 38

Farm Service Agency, 38

Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act, 71-72

Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, 38, 65

Federal Energy Administration, 28

Federal government, not USDA, 5, 17, 29, 32, 117-118, 120

market intervention, general, 1, 13, 14, 24-25

mission statement of ERS, 107

policy analysis defined, 29

private sector services overlap, 93-94

see also Funding;

Legislation;

Procurement;

specific departments and agencies

Federally funded research and development centers, 5, 117, 120, 126 , 127, 129, 130

Federal Reserve Board, 58

Fiber products, 3

Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act, 61, 71

Food and Agricultural Act, 53, 55

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

Food and Agriculture Policy Research Institute, 108-109, 117-118, 119

Food assistance programs, 3, 47, 50, 62, 65, 100

see also Food stamps

Food safety, 8, 33, 47, 49, 62, 73, 90, 100, 101, 105

Food Security Act, 61

Food stamps, 47, 49-50, 53, 55, 62, 63, 72

Food supply, 3, 16, 60, 100-101, 105

global, 78

historical perspectives, 35, 54, 60

see also Food assistance programs;

Food safety;

Food stamps;

Nutrition;

Supply and demand

Ford administration, 55

Foreign Agricultural Analysis Division, 47

Foreign Agricultural Service, 38, 47, 66

Foreign countries, see Developing countries; International perspectives; specific countries

Foreign trade, 3, 70, 71, 100, 102, 119

commodity price projections, 108-109

Division of Foreign Markets, 33

dumping, 37

embargoes, 51-52, 55, 63

food standards harmonization, 101

Foreign Agricultural Service, 38, 47, 66

GATT/WTO, 26, 31, 50, 52, 55, 59, 72, 100, 105, 107

globalization, other than GATT/WTO, 13, 24, 33, 46, 51-52, 70, 72, 78, 79-80, 90, 105-106, 108

treaties, 79, 112, 114

historical perspectives, 33, 37, 41, 46, 47, 48-49, 50, 51-52, 55, 58, 59-60, 62, 66, 70

GATT, 31, 50, 52, 55, 59

NAFTA, 105, 107

secondary data preparation, 41, 95

tariffs, 3

treaties, other than GATT and NAFTA, 79, 112, 114

Forest Service, 22-23, 53, 72

Funding, 2, 3, 5, 18, 21, 74-76, 83-84, 102, 141

Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 118-119

budget deficits, 58

Department of Defense, 120

federally funded research and development centers, 5, 117, 120, 126 , 127, 129, 130

Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute, 119

food programs, other, 63

food stamps, 53, 55, 63, 72

historical perspectives, 50-51, 54, 56, 57, 60, 62, 64-68

interagency transfers, 50-51, 57, 64-65, 109, 143

outlays by category, 1962-1996, 54, 72-73

price projections and, 108

see also Procurement

G

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization, 26, 31, 50, 52, 55, 59, 72, 100, 105, 107

Genetic engineering, see Biotechnology

Global economy, 13, 24, 33, 46, 51-52, 70, 72, 78, 79-80, 90, 105-106, 108

GATT/WTO, 26, 31, 50, 52, 55, 59, 72, 100, 105, 107

NAFTA, 105, 107

treaties, other than GATT and NAFTA, 79, 112, 114

Global warming, 73, 103, 132

Government Performance and Results Act, 4, 15, 105, 110, 115

Great Depression, 33, 35, 42-43, 53, 59, 79, 80

New Deal, 37

Great Society, 47-48

H

Health issues, see Biotechnology; Environmental protection; Food safety

Historical perspectives, 2-3, 11, 12, 14, 16, 17-18, 30, 32-69, 71 -72, 117-118, 144

academic research, 33, 34-35, 63, 64, 117-118, 132

biotechnology, intellectual property, 22

committee methodology, 2

credibility of research, 7, 16, 30

education and training, 33, 38

environmental issues, 47, 49, 52-53, 54, 60, 61, 62

farm income, 33, 34, 40, 41, 52, 55, 59, 60, 117

food assistance programs, 47, 50, 62, 65

food safety, 33, 47, 49, 62

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

food stamps, 47, 49-50, 53, 55, 62, 63, 72

food supply, 35, 54, 60

foreign trade, 33, 37, 41, 46, 47, 48-49, 50, 51-52, 55, 58, 59-60, 62, 66, 70

funding, 50-51, 54, 56, 57, 60, 62, 64-68

GATT, 31, 50, 52, 55, 59

information dissemination, 22, 33, 41, 44

nutrition, 35, 47, 49-50, 53, 54, 55, 60, 62

see also subheads beginning ''food" supra

organizational factors, 32-34, 37-40, 45-46, 48-51, 56, 61-62

political factors, 32, 35-47 (passim), 51-53, 55, 60-64

prices and price supports, 33, 35, 36, 37, 40, 41, 43, 47, 51, 52-53, 55, 56, 58, 59, 132

production indicators and controls, 41, 43, 45, 53, 63, 71-72, 117

rural development, 37, 45, 47, 49, 50, 52, 61, 117

secondary data, 41, 46, 51, 55, 68

Situation and Outlook, 36, 46, 55, 61-62

staffing, 2, 41, 42, 46, 56, 58, 64, 66

educational attainment, 65-66, 67, 85

supply and demand, 52, 53, 56, 58-59, 60, 62

see also "food supply" supra

see also Bureau of Agricultural Economics

Hoover administration, 36

I

Imports and exports, see Foreign trade

Incentives, general, 3, 14, 26, 28, 56

sole-source awards, 5-6, 125, 127, 128, 132

staff, 111-112

taxes, 23(n.5)

Income, 60

distribution of, government intervention, 21, 24, 25

equity issues, 21, 24, 25, 105

see also Farm income;

Poverty

Inflation, 51, 58-59, 70, 71

Information dissemination, 134-136, 139-142

evaluation criteria, 106, 108

historical perspectives, 22, 33, 41, 44

Internet, 21, 128

market forces, 8, 19-20, 24, 33, 41

publications, 2, 41, 73, 86, 95, 99, 104, 112, 123

see also Situation and Outlook

public good, information as, 19, 22, 28

technological innovation, 23

see also Secondary data preparation and analysis

Innovation, see Technological innovation

Institutional factors, 24, 79, 83

historical perspectives, 24

see also Organizational factors;

Political factors

Intellectual property, 19, 20, 22

public good, information as, 19, 22, 28

Intermediate research, 7, 16, 81, 95, 112, 113, 136-137

International perspectives, 3, 118-119

food standards harmonization, 101

foreign ownership of U.S. farmland, 53, 61

see also Developing countries;

Food assistance programs;

Foreign trade;

Treaties;

specific countries

Internet, 21, 128

Interstate Commerce Commission, 18

Intramural research, general, 5, 116, 118, 123, 129, 141-142, 145

see also Staffing and staff analysis

J

Johnson administration, 47-48, 50

K

Kennedy administration, 44, 46, 47, 50

L

Land grant colleges, 34, 38, 64, 65, 132

Extension Service, 10, 38, 47, 132, 143

Legislation, 5, 8, 17, 47, 52, 53, 55, 59, 60, 64, 71, 79, 107, 135

Agricultural Act, 71

Agricultural Adjustment Act, 43

Agricultural and Food Act, 60-61

Competition in Contracting Act, 5, 125

Farm Security Act, 59, 60

Federal Agricultural Improvement and Reform Act, 71-72

Food, Agriculture, Conservation and Trade Act, 61, 71

Food and Agricultural Act, 53, 55

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

Food Security Act, 61

Government Performance and Results Act, 4, 15, 105, 110, 115

historical patterns, 36, 43, 47, 52, 53, 55, 59, 60, 61, 71-72, 86 -87

National Environmental Policy Act, 52

National Recovery Act, 43

price forecast, 36, 52, 59

Livestock, 33

Long-term research, 4, 7, 8, 16, 41, 51, 81, 95, 112, 113, 136-137, 140

Low-income, see Developing countries; Poverty; Welfare

M

Marketing and market forces, 1, 13, 100, 117, 141

academic research, 28, 33, 34

education, postgraduate, 92-93

environmental issues, 19, 24-25

evaluation of services and, 92-93

externalities, 19, 24-25, 40

government intervention rationale, 1, 13, 14, 18-21, 36-37, 72

historical perspectives, 33, 34, 36-37, 45, 48-49, 55

information dissemination, 8, 19-20, 24, 33, 41

monopolies, 18, 25, 26, 27-28

research, market for, 3-4, 14, 25-26, 33, 34, 40, 45, 94, 125-126

see also Procurement

sole-source contract awards, 5-6, 125, 127, 128, 132

vertical/horizontal market integration, 78, 103

see also Competition;

Foreign trade;

Global economy;

Prices and price supports;

Property rights;

Supply and demand

Mass media, 106

Internet, 21, 128

Monopolies, 18

electric power pricing, 25, 26, 27-28

N

National Agricultural Statistical Service, 10, 11, 44, 81, 89, 140 , 143

National Environmental Policy Act, 52

National Institutes of Health, 6, 117, 131-132

National Recovery Act, 43

National Research Initiative, 6, 132

National Science Foundation, 6, 21, 117, 131

Natural Resource Conservation Service, see Soil Conservation Service/National Resource Conservation Service

Natural resources, 3, 16, 54, 90

see also Environmental protection;

Forest Service

New Deal, 37-38, 40, 42-43

Nixon administration, 52-53, 55

North American Free Trade Agreement, 105, 107

Nutrition, 8, 73, 100, 105, 132

food safety, 8, 33, 47, 49, 62, 73, 90, 100, 101, 105

food stamps, 47, 49-50, 53, 55, 62, 63, 72

funding, 63

historical perspectives, 35, 47, 49-50, 53, 54, 55, 60, 62

see also Food supply

O

Office of Budget and Program Analysis, 108

Office of Chief Economist, 9, 10, 11, 88-89, 95, 143, 144, 145

Office of Farm Management and Farm Economics, 33-34, 36

Office of Management and Budget, 2, 67, 72-73, 74, 83, 108

Office of Personnel Management, 110-111, 113

Office of Program Analysis and Evaluation, 120

Organizational factors, 7, 9-11, 14, 15, 16, 77, 82-84, 87-89, 118 -119, 132-137, 141-146

culture of organization, 32, 82

evaluation framework, 106-107

historical perspectives, 32-34, 37-40, 45-46, 48-51, 56, 61-62

mission statements, 107

organizational charts, 39, 45, 76, 88-89

vertical/horizontal market integration, 78, 103

see also Administration and administrators;

Political factors

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, 51, 58

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

P

Patent Office, 22

Peer review, 7, 28, 111, 113, 123, 136, 137

Personnel, see Staffing and staff analysis

Political factors, 3, 7, 8, 9, 12, 72, 73, 82-83, 84, 86-87, 119, 136

GATT/WTO, 26

government intervention in markets, 20

historical perspectives, 32, 35-47 (passim), 51-53, 55, 60-64

long-term research, 81

timeliness of research, 1-2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 16, 30, 106, 107, 109, 121 -122, 123, 126, 133-134

Poverty, 101

historical perspective, 34, 35, 47, 49

see also Developing countries;

Food assistance programs;

Food stamps;

Welfare

Prices and price supports, 8, 18, 27, 71, 78, 79, 101, 102, 103, 119, 135, 141

auctions, 22-23, 26, 27-29, 112, 132

commodity price projections, 108-109

cooperatives, 37

electric power, 25, 26, 27-29

equity issues, 21

ERS services, 4

historical perspectives, 33, 35, 36, 37, 40, 41, 43, 47, 51, 52-53, 55, 56, 58, 59, 132

monopolies, 18, 25, 26, 27-28

see also Auctions;

Inflation;

Subsidies

Private sector, 4, 5, 15, 18, 25-26, 68, 79, 83, 85, 118, 119, 120 , 128-129, 145

evaluation process, 109, 114

government services overlap, 93-94

secondary data, 8, 83, 94, 119, 134-135, 140

see also Extramural research;

Procurement;

Property rights

Procurement, general, 4, 5-6, 7, 8, 123, 126-128, 130-132, 143, 144

Competition in Contracting Act, 5, 125

sole-source awards, 5-6, 125, 126, 127, 128, 132

Production indicators and controls, 8, 71-72, 79, 80, 119, 132-133

historical perspectives, 41, 43, 45, 53, 63, 71-72, 117

see also Crop data and estimates

Property rights, 1, 13, 20, 24, 25, 79

foreign ownership of U.S. farmland, 53, 61

intellectual property, 19, 20

Publications, 41, 73, 86, 95, 99, 104

Internet, 21, 128

staff of ERS, 104, 112, 113, 123

see also Secondary data preparation and analysis;

Situation and Outlook

Public goods, 19, 22, 28, 94

R

Reagan administration, 56, 63, 65

Recession and depression, see Economic cycles

Regional factors, 47, 49, 55, 119, 133

substate, 14

Relevance of research, 2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 27, 29, 30, 83, 106, 107, 109, 120, 122-123, 124, 130, 131, 133, 134, 136, 137 , 140, 143, 145, 146

historical perspectives, 51, 62, 63

Roosevelt administration, 37-38, 40, 42-43

Rural development, 21, 23(n.5), 80, 81, 90, 100-102, 105

electric power, 38, 102

historical perspectives, 37, 45, 47, 49, 50, 52, 61, 117

Rural Electrification Administration/Rural Utilities Service, 38

Rural Housing and Community Development Service, 38

S

Secondary data preparation and analysis, 2, 8, 81, 90, 95, 134-136, 139-141, 142

costs of, 128-129

evaluation issues, 94, 95, 107, 134-136

foreign trade, 41, 95

historical perspectives, 41, 46, 51, 55, 68

mission statements, 107

private sector, 8, 83, 94, 119, 134-135, 140

public good, information as, 20, 94

see also Situation and Outlook

Situation and Outlook, 2, 23, 55, 61, 77, 81, 95, 117, 121, 128, 134, 140

historical perspectives, 36, 46, 55, 61-62

Soil Conservation Service/Natural Resource Conservation Service, 37, 50-51, 53, 65, 66

Sole-source contract awards, 5-6, 125, 126, 127, 128, 132

Soviet Union, 51

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
×

Staffing and staff analysis, 6, 8-9, 16, 73-75, 84-86, 95, 96-98, 104, 117, 119, 120, 122, 134, 141-142, 143, 144-145

administrator's role in staff evaluation, 110-114

budget cuts and, 74-77, 84

costs, 109, 114

educational attainment, 65-66, 67, 85

education and training, 3, 65-66, 67, 123

evaluation of staff, 110-114

Forest Service, 72

historical perspectives, 2, 41, 42, 46, 56, 58, 64, 66

requests received, January, 1997, 96-97

salaries, 85

social scientists in ERS, by grade and job series, 98

standards, 110-114, 120, 123-124

task analysis and management, 56, 108, 111-112, 113, 114, 123

time factors, 2, 4, 9, 109, 112, 140

see also Administration and administrators

Standard of living, 23

Standards, 79, 123-124

data access, 84

Economists Position Classification System, 111, 113

international food standards harmonization, 101

management evaluation framework, 92, 101, 110-114

peer review, 7, 28, 111, 113, 123, 136, 137

research, 2, 4, 14, 29-30, 36, 61, 92, 101, 110-114, 120, 121, 123 -124

staff evaluation, 110-114, 120, 123-124

State-level actions, 31, 38, 133

Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service, 10, 38, 47, 132, 143

Federal Crop Insurance Corporation, 38, 65

land grant colleges, 34, 38, 64, 65, 132

substate regions, 14

Statistical Reporting Service, 44, 56

Subsidies

farm, 43, 52, 55, 59, 60, 71

services, 93

see also Prices and price supports

Supply and demand, 8, 27, 60, 101

demand modeling, 26

global, 52, 53, 56, 58-59, 70

historical perspectives, 52, 53, 56, 58-59, 60, 62

research, 2, 35, 79, 94, 116

see also Food supply

T

Tariffs, 3

Task analysis and management, 56, 108, 111-112, 113, 114, 123

Taxes, 79, 112, 114

ethanol exemption, 103

incentives, 23(n.5)

Technological innovation, 14, 23-24, 80, 102, 128

biotechnology, 20, 22, 77-78, 80

historical perspectives, 34, 65

Time factors

research timeliness, 1-2, 4, 5, 7, 9, 16, 30, 106, 107, 109, 121-122, 123, 126, 133-134

staff analysis, 2, 4, 9, 109, 112, 140

see also Long-term research

Trade, see Foreign trade Marketing and market forces

Training, see Education and training

Treaties, 79, 112, 114

GATT/WTO, 26, 31, 50, 52, 55, 59, 72, 100, 105, 107

NAFTA, 105, 107

Truman administration, 40

U

Universities, see Academic research; Educational attainment; Education and training

W

Welfare, 47, 90, 101-102, 117, 141

see also Food stamps

World Agricultural Outlook Board, 61, 95

World Trade Organization, see General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade/World Trade Organization

Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Page 163
Suggested Citation:"Index." National Research Council. 1999. Sowing Seeds of Change: Informing Public Policy in the Economic Research Service of USDA. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/6320.
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Page 164
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Every day economic decisions are made in the public and private sectors, based on limited information and analysis. The analysis and information needed for successful public policy has changed rapidly with the growth of the global economy, and so have the means for acquiring them. In the public sector, decision makers rely on information gathered within government agencies, as well as the work of academics and private firms.

Sowing the Seeds provides a case study of the need for analysis and information in support of public policy. It combines lessons learned from one of the first government agencies devoted primarily to this function with modern economic theory of organizations. The panel provides analysis and insight on:

How and why public economic policy evolves with technological advances.

The nature of information and analysis in support of economic policy produced in a government agency.

The characteristics of successful information and analysis programs.

Evaluating the work of a government agency providing information and analysis.

Effective administration and organization of research and information programs in a government agency.

Findings and recommendations in this volume will be of interest to managers and executives of research and consulting organizations in the public and private sectors, as well as to economists and policy makers.

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