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APPENDIX A 202 APPENDIX A MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY ASSOCIATED WITH ACUTE AND CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE IN THE UNITED STATES TABLE A-1 Morbidity (1981) and Mortality (1983) Associated with Acute Respiratory Diseases in the United Statesa Conditions Acute Total Bed Days Days Deaths c Conditions Days Disability Lost Lost (1983) per Restricted Days per from from Personb Activity Person School Work per per per Person Child Person (Age (17 6-16)c and Over)c All acute 2.12 9.59 4.19 4.36 3.37 NA conditions Total acute 1.12 4.03 2.11 2.53 1.41 NA respiratory conditions Pneumonia 0.015 0.238 0.144 NA NA 52,220 Influenza 0.50 1.9 1.15 1.20 0.764 1,370 Bronchitis 0.028 0.172 0.088 NA NA NA Upper 0.56 1.60 0.672 1.14 0.459 NA respiratory conditions a Source: Morbidity data from the National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey: United States, 1981. DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 82-1569. Only conditions that limited activity or required medical care are counted. Mortality data from NCHS Vital Statistics Report 32:19, September 21, 1984. b Children under age 6 averaged 3.80 acute conditions per year, 1.99 of which were respiratory. c NA = not available.
APPENDIX A 203 TABLE A-2 Morbidity (1979-1981) and Mortality (1983) Associated with Chronic Pulmonary Conditions in the United Statesa Chronic Prevalence Persons Days of Bed-Days Deaths Pulmonary (No. with Major Restricted per (1983) Conditions Persons Limitation Activity Condition Affected)b of Activityc per Condition Chronic 7.8 million 0.28 9.5 3.2 3,480 bronchitis million (3.8%) Emphysema 2.2 million 0.98 42.5 13.4 13,250 million (44%) Asthma 6.8 million 0.89 16.3 5.6 3,440 million (13%) Total COPDd NA NA NA NA 66,340 a Source: Unpublished morbidity data from the National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 1979-81. Mortality data from NCHS Vital Statistics Report 32:19, September 21, 1984. b Some persons might be counted as having more than one of these conditions. c Percentages are proportions of affected people who had major limitations of activity. d Including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, asthma, and deaths coded nonspecifically as COPD. NA = not available.