Au, K. H. 1980 Participation structures in a reading lesson with Hawaiian children: Finding a culturally appropriate instructional event. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 11:91-115.
Au, K. H., and J. M. Mason 1981 Social organizational factors in learning to read: The balance of rights hypothesis. Reading Research Quarterly 17:115-152.
August, D., and K. Hakuta 1993 Federal Education Programs for Limited-English-Proficient Students: A Blueprint for the Second Generation. Report of the Stanford Working Group, Stanford University.
Beals, D. B., J. deTemple, and D. K. Dickinson 1994 Talking and listening that support early literacy development of children from low-income families. In D. K. Dickinson, ed., Bridges to Literacy: Approaches to Supporting Child and Family Literacy . Cambridge, Mass.: Basil Blackwell.
Bloom, B. S., A. Davis, and R. Hess 1965 Compensatory Education for Cultural Deprivation. New York: Holt.
Borgas, G. J., and M. Tienda, eds. 1985 Hispanics in the U.S. Economy. New York: Academic Press.
Brayfield, A. A., S. G. Deich, and S. L. Hofferth 1993 Caring for Children in Low-Income Families. A Substudy of the National Child Care Survey, 1990. Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute.
Carter, D. J., and R. Wilson 1991 Minorities in Higher Education: Ninth Annual Status Report. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education.
Case, R., and S. Griffin 1990 Child cognitive development: The role of central conceptual structures in the devel-
opment of scientific and social thought. In C-A. Hauert ed., Developmental Psychology: Cognitive, Perceptuo-Motor and Psychological Perspectives. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Chall, J. 1983 Learning to Read: The Great Debate. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Chang, H. 1993 Affirming Children's Roots: Cultural and Linguistic Diversity in Early Care and Education . San Francisco, Calif.: California Tomorrow.
Cole, M., and J. S. Bruner 1971 Cultural differences and inferences about psychological processes . American Psychologist 26:867-876.
Cole, M. 1992 Culture in development. Pp. 731-789 in M.H. Bornstein and M.E. Lamb, eds., Developmental Psychology: An Advanced Textbook. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Coll, C. 1990 Developmental outcome of minority infants: A process-oriented look into our beginnings. Child Development 61:270-289.
Delpit, L. 1988 The silenced dialogue: Power and pedagogy in educating other people 's children. Harvard Educational Review 58:280-298.
Dickinson, D. K., and D. E. Beals 1994 Not by print alone: Oral language supports for early literacy development . In DeLancy, ed., Emergent Literacy: From Research to Practice. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Dickinson, D. K., and M. W. Smith 1994 Long-term effects of preschool teachers' book readings on low-income children's vocabulary, story comprehension, and print skills. Reading Research Quarterly 29(2): 104-122.
Fillmore, L. W. 1991 When learning a second language means losing the first. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 6:323-346.
Gallimore, R., and C. Goldenberg 1993 Activity settings of early lieracy: Home and school factors in children 's emergent literacy. Pp. 315-335 in E. Forman, N. Minick, and C. A. Stone, eds., Education and Mind: The Integration of Institutional, Social, and Developmental Processes. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Gallimore, R., J. W. Boggs, and C. Jordan 1974 Culture, Behavior, and Education: A Study of Hawaiian-Americans . Beverly Hills, Calif.:Sage.
Goldenberg, C. 1987 Low-income Hispanic parents' contributions to their first-grade children's word-recognition skills. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 18:149-179.
In Press Promoting early literacy development among Spanish-speaking children: Lessons from two studies. In E. Hiebert, ed., Teaching Children to Read: The State of Early Interventions. Boston, Mass.: Allyn & Bacon.
Goldenberg, C., and R. Gallimore 1989 Teaching California's diverse student population: The common ground between educational and cultural research. California Public Schools Forum 3:41-56.
Goldenberg, C., L. Reese, and R. Gallimore 1992 Effects of school literacy materials on Latino children's home experiences and early reading achievement. American Journal of Education 100:497-536.
Greenfield, P. M., and R. R. Cocking, eds. 1994 Cross-Cultural Roots of Minority Child Development. Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.
Griffin, S. A., R. Case, and S. Capodilupo 1995 Teaching for understanding: The importance of central conceptual structures in the elementary school mathematics curriculum. In A. Strauss, ed., Educational Environments. Norwood, N.J.:Ablex.
Griffin, S., R. Case, and R. Sandieson 1992 Synchrony and asynchrony in the acquisition of everyday mathematical knowledge: Towards a representational theory of children's intellectual growth. In R. Case, ed., The Mind's Staircase: Exploring the Central Conceptual Underpinnings of Children 's Theory and Knowledge. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Press.
Griffin, S., R. Case, and R. Siegler 1992 Rightstart: Providing the Central Conceptual Prerequisites for First Formal Learning of Arithmetic to Students at Risk for School Failure . Unpublished manuscript, Department of Education, Clark University.
Hakuta, K. 1986 Mirrors of Language: The Debate on Bilingualism. New York: Basic Books.
Hakuta, K., and D. D'Andrea 1992 Some properties of bilingual maintenance and loss in Mexican background high-school students. Applied Linguistics 13:72-99.
Hale-Benson, J. 1990 Visions for children: African-American early childhood education programs. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 5:199-213.
Head Start Bureau 1991 Information Memorandum: Multicultural Principles for Head Start Programs . Log No. ACYL-IM-91-03, March 5, 1991. Head Start Bureau, Administration for Children, Youth, and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Washington, D.C.
Heath, S. B. 1983 Ways with Words: Language, Life and Work in Communities and Classrooms . Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Hiebert, J. 1986 Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge: The Case of Mathematics. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum Press.
Independent Commission on Chapter 1 1992 Making Schools Work for Children in Poverty: A New Framework Prepared by the Commission on Chapter 1. Washington, D.C.: Independent Commission on Chapter 1.
Jensen, A. 1981 Straight Talk about Mental Tests. New York: Macmillan.
Jipson, J. 1991 Developmentally appropriate practice: Culture, curriculum, connections . Early Education and Development 2:121-136.
Kagan, S. L., and E. Garcia 1991 Educating culturally and linguistically diverse preschoolers: Moving the agenda. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 6:427-443.
Klenk, L., and A. D. Parecki 1993 Preschool Development in Ethnically and Linguistically Diverse Populations: A Review of the Literature. Paper prepared for the Board on Children and Families, National Research Council. School of Education, University of Michigan.
Landale, N. S. 1994 Migration and the Latino family: The union formation behavior of Puerto Rican women. Demography 31: 133-157.
Laosa, L. M. 1978 Maternal teaching strategies in Chicano families of varied educational and socioeconomic levels. Child Development 49:1129-1135.
1980 Maternal teaching strategies in Chicano and Anglo-American families: The influence of culture and education on maternal behavior. Child Development 51:759-765.
LeVine, R. A. 1977 Child rearing as cultural adaptation. In P. H. Leiderman, S. R. Tulkin, and A. Rosenfeld, eds., Culture and Infancy: Variations in the Human Experience. New York: Academic Press.
Matuti-Bianchi, M. 1986 Ethnic identities and patterns of school success and failure among Mexican-descent and Japanese-American students in a California high school: An ethnographic analysis. American Journal of Education 95:233-255.
McLloyd, V. C. 1990 The impact of economic hardship on black famlies and children: Psychological distress, parenting, and socioemotional development. Child Development 61:311-346.
Moll, L. C., and S. Diaz 1985 Ethnographic pedagogy: Promtoing effective bilingual instruction. Pp. 127-149 in E. Garcia and R. V. Padilla, eds., Advances in Bilingual Education Research. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Moll, L. C., C. Amanti, D. Neff, and N. Gonzalez 1992 Funds of knowledge for teaching: Using a qualitative approach to connect homes and classrooms. Theory into Practice 31(2):132-141.
National Association for the Education of Young Children 1989 The Anti-bias Curriculum: Tools for Empowering Young Children. Washington, D.C.: National Association for the Education of Young Children.
National Association for Family Day Care 1990 Helping Children Love Themselves and Others: A Professional Handbook for Family Day Care Providers. Washington, D.C.: National Association for Family Day Care.
National Association of State Boards of Education 1988 Right from the Start: The Report of the NASBE Task Force on Early Childhood Education. Alexandria, Va.: National Association of State Boards of Education.
National Research Council 1992 Assessing Evaluation Studies: The Case of Bilingual Education Strategies . Panel to Review Evaluation Studies of Bilingual Education, Committee on National Statistics. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
O'Connell, M. 1994 Who's Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements, Fall, 1991. Series P-70, No. 36, Bureau of the Census. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce.
Ogbu, J. U. 1978 Minority Education and Caste: The American System in Cross-Cultural Perspective. New York: Academic Press.
1982 Cultural discontinuities and schooling. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 13:290-307.
1993 Differences in cultural frame of reference. International Journal of Behavioral Development 16:483-506.
Obgu, J. U., and M. Matuti-Bianchi 1986 Understanding sociocultural factors: Knowledge, identity, and school adjustment. Pp. 73-142 in Beyond Language: Social and Cultural Factors in Language Minority Students. Los Angeles: Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, California State University.
Owen, V., and T. Shanahan 1993 Validating Success: A Three-Year Evaluation of the Children's Literacy Gains, National Louis University. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Atlanta, Ga.
Pease-Alvarez, L., and K. Hakuta 1992 Enriching our views of bilingualism and bilingual education. Educational Researcher 21:4-6.
Pease-Alvarez, L., E. Garcia, and R. Espinosa 1991 Effective instruction for language-minority students: An early childhood case study. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 6:347-361.
Philips, S. 1972 Participant structures and communictive competence: Warm Springs children in community and classroom. In C. Cazden, V. John, and D. Hymes, eds., Functions of Language in the Classroom. New York: Teachers College Press.
Prince, C. D., and L. A. Lawrence 1993 School Readiness and Language Minority Students: Implications of the First National Education Goal. Focus Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education, No. 7. National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, School of Education and Human Development, George Washington University.
Resnick, L. B. 1983 A developmental theory of number understanding. In H. P. Ginsburg, ed., The Development of Mathematical Understanding. New York: Academic Press.
Rogoff, B., J. Mistry, A. Goncu, and C. Mosier 1993 Guided participation in cultural activity by toddlers and caregivers . Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development Serial No. 236, 58(8).
Schon D. A. 1987 Educating the Reflective Practitioner. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Shanahan, T., and F. Rodriguez-Brown 1993 Project FLAME: The Theory and Structure of a Family Literacy Program for the Latino Community, University of Illinois at Chicago. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Atlanta, Ga.
Siegler, R. S., and M. Robinson 1982 The development of numerical understandings. In H.W. Reese and L.P. Lipsitt, eds., Advances in Child Development and Behavior. New York: Academic Press.
Snow, C. E. 1983 Literacy and language. Harvard Educational Review 53:165-189.
1992 Perspectives on second-language development: Implications for bilingual education. Educational Researcher 21:6-19.
Snow, C. E., and D. K. Dickinson 1991 Skills that aren't basic in a new conception of literacy. In A. Purves and E. Jennings, eds., Literate Systems and Individual Lives. Albany, N.Y.: SUNY Press.
Stanford Working Group 1993 Federal Education Programs for Limited-English-Proficient Students: A Blueprint for the Second Generation. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University.
Stipek, D., S. Milburn, D. Galluzzo, and D. Daniels 1992 Parents' beliefs about appropriate education for young children. Journal of Applied Development Psychology 13(3):293-310.
Teale, W. and E. Sulzby, eds. 1986 Emergent Literacy: Writing and Reading. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.
Tharp, R. G. 1989 Psychocultural variables and constants: Effects on teaching and learning in schools. American Psychologist 44:349-359.
Tharp, R. G., and R. Gallimore 1988 Rousing Minds to Life: Teaching, Learning and Schooling in Social Context. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
U.S. Department of Education 1992 The Condition of Bilingual Education in the Nation: A Report to the Congress and the President. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.
1993 Reinventing Chapter 1: The Current Chapter 1 Program and New Directions . Final Report to the National Assessment of the Chapter 1 Program. Office of Policy and Planning, Planning and Evaluation Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Education.
Vogt, L. A., C. Jordan, and R. G. Tharp 1987 Explaining school failure, producing school success: Two cases. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 18:276-286.
Weisner, T. W., R. Gallimore, and C. Jordan 1989 Unpackaging cultural effects on classroom learning: Native Hawaiian peer assistance and child-generated activity. Anthropology and Education Quarterly 19(4):327-353.
Williams, L. R. 1991 Curriculum making in two voices: Dilemmas of inclusion in early childhood education. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 6:303-311.
Winterton, W. A. 1977 The Effect of Extended Wait-Time on Selected Verbal Response Characteristics of Some Pueblo Indian Children (Doctoral dissertation, University of New Mexico, 1976). Dissertation Abstracts International 38:620-A. (University Microfilms No. 77-16, 130)
White, S., and R. S. Tharp 1988 Questioning and Wait-Time: A Cross-Cultural Analysis. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, La.