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Suggested Citation:"Appendix." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

Appendix

TABLE A-1 Taxonomic Relationships, Genera, and Partial List of Species in Order Primates, Based on Napier and Napier (1985), Oates et al. (1989), and Nowak (1999)a

Suborder Strepsirrhini

Family Daubentoniidae

 

 

Daubentonia

Aye-aye

 

madagascariensis

 

Family Cheirogaleidae

 

 

Allocebus trichotis

Hairy-eared dwarf lemur

 

Cheirogaleus spp.

Dwarf lemurs

 

Mirza coquereli

Coquerel’s dwarf lemur

 

Phaner furcifer

Fork-marked dwarf lemur

Family Indridae

 

 

Avahi laniger

Avahi or wooly lemur

 

Indri indri

Indri

 

Propithecus spp.

Sifakas

Family Lemuridae

 

 

Eulemur coronatus

Crowned lemur

 

Eulemur fulvus

Brown lemur

 

Eulemur macaco

Black lemur

 

Eulemur mongoz

Mongoose lemur

 

Eulemur rubriventer

Red-bellied lemur

 

Hapalemur spp.

Gentle lemurs

 

Lemur catta

Ring-tailed lemur

 

Varecia variegata

Ruffed lemur

Family Megaladapidae

 

 

Lepilemur spp.

Sportive lemurs

Family Loridae

 

Subfamily Lorinae

 

 

Arctocebus calabarensis

Angwantibo

 

Loris tardigradus

Slender loris

 

Nycticebus coucang

Slow loris

 

Nycticebus pygmaeus

Pygmy slow loris

 

Perodicticus potto

Potto

Family Galagonidae

 

 

Euoticus spp.

Needle-clawed bushbabies

 

Galago spp.

Galagos, bushbabies

 

Galagoides spp.

Dwarf galagos

 

Otolemur spp.

Greater bushbabies

Suggested Citation:"Appendix." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

Suborder Haplorrhini

Family Tarsiidae

 

 

Tarsius spp.

Tarsiers

Family Callitrichidae

 

 

Callimico goeldii

Callimico or Goeldi’s monkey

 

Callithrix spp.

Marmosets

 

Cebuella pygmaea

Pygmy marmoset

 

Leontopithecus spp.

Lion tamarins

 

Saguinus spp.

Long-tailed tamarins

Family Cebidae

 

Subfamily Alouattinae

 

 

Alouatta spp.

Howler monkeys

Subfamily Aotinae

 

 

Aotus spp.

Douroucoulis or night monkeys

Subfamily Atelinae

 

 

Ateles spp.

Spider monkeys

 

Brachyteles arachnoides

Wooly spider monkey

 

Lagothrix spp.

Wooly monkeys

Subfamily Callicebinae

 

 

Callicebus spp.

Titi monkeys

Subfamily Cebinae

 

 

Cebus spp.

Capuchins

Subfamily Saimirinae

 

 

Saimiri spp.

Squirrel monkeys

Subfamily Pitheciinae

 

 

Cacajao spp.

Uakaris

 

Chiropotes spp.

Bearded sakis

 

Pithecia spp.

Sakis

Family Cercopithecidae

 

Subfamily Cercopithecinae

 

 

Allenopithecus nigroviridis

Allen’s monkey

 

Cercocebus spp.

Mangabeys

 

Cercopithecus spp.

Guenons

 

Chlorocebus spp.

Savannah guenons

 

Erythrocebus patas

Patas monkey

 

Lophocebus spp.

Black mangabeys

 

Macaca spp.

Macaques

 

Mandrillus spp.

Drill, mandrill

 

Miopithecus talapoin

Talapoin

 

Papio spp.

Baboons

 

Theropithecus gelada

Gelada

Subfamily Colobinae

 

 

Colobus spp.

Black and white colobus monkeys

 

Nasalis larvatus

Proboscis monkey

 

Presbytis spp.

Langurs, leaf monkeys

 

Piliocolobus spp.

Red colobus monkeys

 

Procolobus verus

Olive colobus monkey

 

Pygathrix nemaeus

Douc langur

 

Rhinopithecus spp.

Snub-nosed langurs

 

Semnopithecus entellus

Hanuman langur

 

Simias concolor

Pig-tailed langur

 

Trachypithecus spp.

Brow-ridged langurs

Family Hylobatidae

 

 

Hylobates spp.

Gibbons, siamang

Family Pongidae

 

 

Gorilla gorilla

Gorilla

 

Pan spp.

Chimpanzee, bonobo

 

Pongo pygmaeus

Orangutan

Family Hominidae

 

 

Homo sapiens

Humans

aGroves (2001) has recently proposed revisions in primate taxonomy.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×

TABLE A-2 Weight Equivalents

1lb= 453.6 g = 0.4356 kg = 16 oz

1oz= 28.35 g

1kg= 1,000 g = 2.2046 lb

1g= 1,000 mg

1mg= 1,000 µg = 0.001 g

1 µg = 0.001 mg = 0.000001 g

1 µg·g-1 = 1mg·kg-1 = 1 part per million (ppm)

TABLE A-3 Weight-unit Conversion Factors

Units given

Units wanted

For conversion multiply by

Lb

g

453.6

Lb

kg

0.4536

Oz

g

28.35

Kg

lb

2.2046

Kg

mg

1,000,000.0

Kg

g

1,000.0

G

mg

1,000.0

G

µg

1,000,000.0

Mg

µg

1,000.0

Mg·g-1

mg·lb-1

453.6

Mg·kg-1

mg·lb-1

0.4536

µg·kg-1

µg·lb-1

0.4536

Mcal

kcal

1,000.0

Kcal

kJ

4.184

KJ

kcal

0.239

Kcal·kg-1

kcal·lb-1

0.4536

Kcal·lb-1

kcal·kg-1

2.2046

Ppm

µg·g-1

1.0

Ppm

mg·kg-1

1.0

Ppm

mg·lb-1

0.4536

Mg·kg-1

%

0.0001

Ppm

%

0.0001

Mg·g-1

%

0.1

g·kg-1

%

0.1

REFERENCES

Groves, C. 2001. Primate Taxonomy. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.


Napier, J.R., and P.H. Napier. 1985. The Natural History of the Primates. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Nowak, R.M. 1999. Walker’s Mammals of the World, 6th ed. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press.


Oates, J.F., A.G. Davies, and E. Delson. 1989. The diversity of living colobines. Pp. 45-73 in Colobine Monkeys: Their Ecology, Behaviour, and Evolution, A.G. Davis and J.F. Oates, Eds. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×
Page 266
Suggested Citation:"Appendix." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×
Page 267
Suggested Citation:"Appendix." National Research Council. 2003. Nutrient Requirements of Nonhuman Primates: Second Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9826.
×
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This new release presents the wealth of information gleaned about nonhuman primates nutrition since the previous edition was published in 1978. With expanded coverage of natural dietary habits, gastrointestinal anatomy and physiology, and the nutrient needs of species that have been difficult to maintain in captivity, it explores the impact on nutrition of physiological and life-stage considerations: infancy, weaning, immune function, obesity, aging, and more. The committee also discusses issues of environmental enrichment such as opportunities for foraging.

Based on the world's scientific literature and input from authoritative sources, the book provides best estimates of nutrient requirements. The volume covers requirements for energy: carbohydrates, including the role of dietary fiber; proteins and amino acids; fats and fatty acids; minerals, fat-soluble and water-soluble vitamins; and water. The book also analyzes the composition of important foods and feed ingredients and offers guidelines on feed processing and diet formulation.

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