National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Impact of Selling the Federal Helium Reserve (2000)

Chapter: D: List of Acronyms and Definitions

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Suggested Citation:"D: List of Acronyms and Definitions." National Research Council. 2000. The Impact of Selling the Federal Helium Reserve. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9860.
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D List of Acronyms and Definitions


BLM

Bureau of Land Management

BOM

Bureau of Mines

boule

a paraboloid single crystal


cryogen

a substance used for cooling


LNG

liquified natural gas


MCVD

modified chemical vapor deposition

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging


Nd:YAG laser

a solid-state laser based on a neodymium-substituted yttrium aluminum garnet crystal

NMR

nuclear magnetic resonance


scf

standard cubic foot (1 scf at 14.7 psi and 60 °F (non-BLM figures) or 70 °F (BLM figures))

scm

standard cubic meter (1 scm at 101.3 kp absolute and 15 °C; 1 scm = 36.053 scf)

SQUID

superconducting quantum interference device

Suggested Citation:"D: List of Acronyms and Definitions." National Research Council. 2000. The Impact of Selling the Federal Helium Reserve. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/9860.
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The Helium Privatization Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-273) directs the Department of the Interior to begin liquidating the U.S. Federal Helium Reserve by 2005 in a manner consistent with �minimum market disruption� and at a price given by a formula specified in the act. It also mandates that the Department of the Interior �enter into appropriate arrangements with the National Academy of Sciences to study and report on whether such disposal of helium reserves will have a substantial adverse effect on U.S. scientific, technical, biomedical, or national security interests.�

This report is the product of that mandate. To provide context, the committee has examined the helium market and the helium industry as a whole to determine how helium users would be affected under various scenarios for selling the reserve within the act�s constraints.

The Federal Helium Reserve, the Bush Dome reservoir, and the Cliffside facility are mentioned throughout this report. It is important to recognize that they are distinct entities. The Federal Helium Reserve is federally owned crude helium gas that currently resides in the Bush Dome reservoir. The Cliffside facility includes the storage facility on the Bush Dome reservoir and the associated buildings pipeline.

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