Committee Information Gathering Meetings
The committee and subgroups of it conducted this study in part through meetings and site visits. The preponderance of meetings were for the purpose of gathering information through presentations by and discussions with representatives of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), its contractors, and other invited guests, followed by discussion among the committee members. All of the information gathering meetings were open to the public, and members of the public were given the opportunity to speak to the committee. A few meetings were closed to all but committee members and National Research Council staff; these sessions enabled free and critical discussion of findings and conclusions of the study as the committee prepared its reports. An additional means of communication used by the committee was conference calls among subgroup members (3 to 5 of the committee's 15 members) to plan site visits, clarify information, and coordinate preparation of reports for the full committee. The calls, having been numerous, are not included in the list below, which gives the dates and locations of the meetings, presentations received, and field trips taken.
February 27-28, 1997, Irvine, CA
Work Conducted by Resources for the Future (RFF) on Long-Term Stewardship at DOE Sites—James Werner, Director, Strategic Planning and Analysis, DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM-24)
Institutional Controls at DOE Nuclear Complex Sites—John Pendergrass, Senior Attorney at the Environmental Law Institute (ELI)
May 7-9, 1997, Washington, DC
National Research Council Studies Being Conducted for DOE/EM Concerning Technology Development—K.T. Thomas, National Research Council
Closure Issues at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee —Margaret Wilson and Richard Ketele
Closure Issues at Hanford, Richland, Washington—Rich Holten
Closure Issues at Pinellas, Florida—Craig Scott
Closure Issues at the Nevada Test Site, Mercury, Nevada—Tom Longo
Work Conducted by Resources for the Future (RFF) on Long-Term Stewardship at DOE Sites—Kate Probst, RFF
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Policy on Closure and Institutional Controls—Ken Lovelace and Sharon Frey, EPA
July 28-29, 1997, Woods Hole, MA
Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) Managed for DOE by Oak Ridge National Laboratory—Al Johnson, DOE Office of Environmental Restoration (EM-40)
Closure and Post-Closure of Hazardous Waste Management Units under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)—Travis Wagner, SAIC
Brownfield Cleanup Work in Chicago, Illinois—James Van der Kloot, EPA
Closure of Radioactive Waste Tanks at DOE Sites—Bob Bernero, retired from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and a consultant to the committee
September 10-12, 1997, Las Vegas, NV, and Nevada Test Site, Mercury, NV
Introductions and Site Overviews—Terry Vaeth and Carl Gertz, DOE-Nevada
End State for the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and Soil Contamination and Remediation—Monica Sanchez, DOE-Nevada
Source Terms from Nuclear Test Events—Joe Thompson, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Source Terms from Waste Management Activities—Joseph Ginanni, DOE-Nevada
Environmental Monitoring—George McNeil and Robert Bangerter, DOE-Nevada
Groundwater Model Used at NTS to Predict Migration of Contaminants —Rick Waddell, HSI GeoTrans, Inc.
An Independent Site Risk Assessment—Don Baepler, University of Nevada, Nevada Risk Assessment Management Program (NRAMP)
Comments from the Public—Bob Loux, Executive Director of the Nevada State Nuclear Waste Project Office
The committee visited the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and the proposed high-level waste site at Yucca Mountain, Nevada.
November 4-5, 1997, Hanford Site, Richland, WA
Hanford Environmental Restoration Long-Range Plan—Rich Holten, DOE-Richland
Hanford Geology and Hydrology—Karl Fecht, Bechtel
Land Use Planning—Tom Fen, DOE Richland
Remediation Actions Planned for the Hanford 100 Area—Nancy Werdel, DOE-Richland
Burial Ground Strategy for the Hanford 200 Area—Jeff James and Brian Foley, Bechtel
Groundwater Protection Management Plan and the Monitoring and Analysis Program—Mike Thompson and Ron Smith, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Comments from the Public—Ralph Patt, Oregon State Department of Energy; Barbara Harper, representing Native Americans; and Jack Donnelly, Washington State Department of Ecology
The meeting was followed by a visit to the following facilities on the Hanford Site: 200 Area Hanford Barrier, 200 Area Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF), and N Reactor.
March 4-6, 1998, Tucson, AZ
The committee, working with representatives from DOE and the Waste Management 1998 (WM'98) Program Planning Committee, organized and conducted the Closure and Institutional Controls Workshop at the WM'98.
April 14, 1998, Santa Barbara, CA
Two committee members met with Lorne G. Everett, Chief Research Hydrologist and Vice President, ARCADIS Geraghty & Miller, Inc., and Director of the Vadose Zone Monitoring Laboratory, University of
California at Santa Barbara. Subjects discussed included performance monitoring, performance demonstration, and interface modeling and monitoring for the vadose zone. The subgroup also visited Dr. Everett 's vadose zone laboratory at the university.
April 20-22, 1998, Oak Ridge, TN
Before this meeting, several members participated in a half-day tour hosted by site representatives to observe locations that provide key background into the geological and hydrological features of the site. In addition, the members went on a field trip to several of the reservation facilities having relevance to near-term future uses and stewardship.
Site Closure Plans Such as Residual Hazards, Reindustrialization, the Watershed-Scale Approach to Cleanup Decisions, and Long-Term Water Use Restrictions—Rod Nelson, Bechtel/Jacobs
Near-Term Objectives, Future Land Use, and Long-Term Stewardship Requirements—Robert Sleeman and Charles Spoons, DOE Oak Ridge Operations (ORO)
Reindustrialization of Facilities at the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP; Formerly K-25) Through the Community Reuse Organization of East Tennessee (CROET)—Susan Cange, ORO
Data Available on Soil and Groundwater Contamination and Its Remediation —Ron Kirk, ORO
Burial Grounds at Bear Valley, and Hydrology and Closure and Post Closure Groundwater Monitoring for the Upper East Fork Poplar Creek —Karen Catlett and Margaret Wilson, ORO
Land Restriction—Certified Realty Specialists Mildred Ferve and Shirley Kates, ORO
Environmental Remediation at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) —Ralph Skinner and Kavanough Mims, ORO
Comments from the Public—Bill Pardue, Chair, Site Specific Advisory Board; Al Brooks, Local Oversight Committee; Jim Phelps, Environment News and former employee at ORNL; Doug McCoy, Tennessee State Department of Environment and Conservation; James Hill, Local President, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); Susan Gawarecki, Executive Director of the Local Oversight Committee; and Cheryll Dyer, Coalition for a Healthy Environment
August 24-25, 1998, Grand Junction Project Office, Grand Junction, CO
Introductions—Jack Tillman, Director, Grand Junction Project Office (GJPO)
Grand Junction Project Office Responsibilities and Approach—Russel Edge, DOE GRPO
Records Management, Institutional Controls, and Site Performance Validation—Russel Edge, DOE GJPO
Following the meeting, members of the committee participated in a tour of the Cheney Disposal Cell and the Rifle, CO, closed UMTRA cell.
October 5, 1998, Mound Plant, Miamisburg, OH
The meeting was preceded by a walking and driving tour of the site.
Introductions and Background Information—Oba Vincent, DOE, Dick Neff, DOE Contractor, and Richard Church, Mayor of Miamisburg, OH
Mound 2000—Art Kleinrath, DOE Ohio
Transition Schedule—Sue Smiley, DOE Ohio
Post Remediation Control Systems—Randy Tormy, DOE
Future Plans—Dennis Bird, Miamisburg Mound Community Improvement Corporation (MMCIC)
October 5, 1998, Fernald Environmental Management Project, Ross, OH
Site Overview—Dennis Carr
Site Geology/Hydrogeology/Nature and Extent—Bill Hertel, Fluor Daniel
Remedy Selection/Setting of Cleanup Objectives—Marc Jewett, Fluor Daniel
Final Land Use/Natural Resources—Terry Hagen, Fluor Daniel
Fate and Transport Modeling/Statistics—J.D. Chiou, Fluor Daniel
Long-Term Monitoring—Mark Cherry, Fluor Daniel
The meeting was followed by a walking and driving tour of the site.
November 4-5, 1998, Washington, DC
Environmental Law Institute (ELI) Case Studies—Jim McElfish, ELI
Natural Attenuation/Intrinsic Remediation—Steve Golian, DOE/EM, and Jackie MacDonald, National Research Council
January 8, 1999, Grand Junction Project Office, Grand Junction, CO
A revisit to this office to discuss information management and record keeping.
Records Management, Institutional Controls, and Site Performance Validation—Russel Edge, DOE GJPO
April 28, 1999, Hanford Site, Richland, WA
Tour of the Hanford Site included the 100 Area burial grounds, B Reactor, K Basins, N Springs, old town sites, 200 Area tank farms, Environmental Restoration Disposal Facility (ERDF).
Composite Analysis—Charles Kincaid, Pacific Northwest National Lab
Vadose Zone Project—Mike Graham, Bechtel Hanford Inc., and Mike Thompson, DOE Richland
Hanford Remedial Action Environmental Impact Statement—Bill Edwards
Office of River Protection—Bill Edwards, DOE Richland
Paths to Closure and Stewardship—Jim Dailey, DOE Richland
Comments from the Public—Doug Sherwood, Region 10, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Dib Goswami, Washington State Department of Ecology; Barbara Harper, Yakama Nation
May 11-12, 1999, Augusta, GA, and Savannah River Site, SC
This meeting was preceded by a tour of the Savannah River Site, including stops at M-Area, Old F Seepage Basin, Burial Ground Complex, H Groundwater Treatment Unit, and Rainbow Bay—Jerry Nelson, Dean Hoffman.
Savannah River Operations Office (SROO) Welcome—Frank McCoy, Deputy Manager, SROO
Environmental Perspective—Tom Heenan, SROO
Land Use and Forest Services—Chris Noah, Chuck Borup, and Steve Stine, U.S. Forest Service
Environmental Monitoring—Bob Lorenz
Data Availability—Charles Murphy
Public Involvement—Mary Flora
Tank Closures—Larry Ling
Groundwater Modeling Overview—Mary Harris, Greg Flach
Savannah River Site Composite Analysis—Jim Cook, Elmer Wilhite
Future Missions—Robert Meadors, SROO
June 9, 1999, Washington, DC
Industry Experience in Remediation, Institutional Controls, Regulatory Compliance, etc.—Edmund B. Frost, Attorney at Law, Leonard, Hurt, Frost & Lilly
November 15, 1999, Washington, DC
DOE/EM Long-Term Stewardship Program—James Werner and Andrew Duran, Office of Environmental Management.