Antarctica and the surrounding Southern Ocean remains one of the world's last frontiers. Covering nearly 14 million km² (an area approximately 1.4 times the size of the United States), Antarctica is the coldest, driest, highest, and windiest continent on Earth. While it is challenging to live and work in this extreme environment, this region offers many opportunities for scientific research. Ever since the first humans set foot on Antarctica a little more than a century ago, the discoveries made there have advanced our scientific knowledge of the region, the world, and the Universe--but there is still much more to learn. However, conducting scientific research in the harsh environmental conditions of Antarctica is profoundly challenging. Substantial resources are needed to establish and maintain the infrastructure needed to provide heat, light, transportation, and drinking water, while at the same time minimizing pollution of the environment and ensuring the safety of researchers.
Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean suggests actions for the United States to achieve success for the next generation of Antarctic and Southern Ocean science. The report highlights important areas of research by encapsulating each into a single, overarching question. The questions fall into two broad themes: (1) those related to global change, and (2) those related to fundamental discoveries. In addition, the report identified key science questions that will drive research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean in coming decades, and highlighted opportunities to be leveraged to sustain and improve the U.S. research efforts in the region.
Table of Contents
|2 Fundamental Questions of Global Change||23-74|
|3 Fundamental Questions of Scientific Discovery||75-108|
|4 Opportunities to Enhance Research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean||109-144|
|5 Future Directions in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science||145-150|
|Appendix A: Statement of Task||161-162|
|Appendix B: Summary of Online Questionnaire Results||163-168|
|Appendix C: Promising Technologies for Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science||169-176|
|Appendix D: Icebreaking Polar Research Vessels and Heavy Icebreakers||177-182|
|Appendix E: Components of an Antarctic and Southern Ocean Observing System||183-186|
|Appendix F: Acronyms||187-188|
|Appendix G: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members||189-196|
The National Academies Press and the Transportation Research Board have partnered with Copyright Clearance Center to offer a variety of options for reusing our content. You may request permission to:
For most Academic and Educational uses no royalties will be charged although you are required to obtain a license and comply with the license terms and conditions.
For information on how to request permission to translate our work and for any other rights related query please click here.
For questions about using the Copyright.com service, please contact:
Copyright Clearance Center
22 Rosewood Drive
Danvers, MA 01923
Tel (toll free): 855/239-3415 (select option 1)
Loading stats for Future Science Opportunities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean...