National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 9. Conclusions and Recommendations
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×

References

Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations 1977 Federal grants: Their effects on state-local expenditures, employment levels, wage rates. The Intergovernmental Grants System: An Assessment and Proposed Policies, Vol. A-61. Washington, DC: Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.


Bradbury, K.L., and H.F. Ladd 1985 Changes in the revenue-raising capacity of U.S. cities, 1970-1982. New England Economic Review (March/April):20-37.

Break, G.F. 1980 Financing Government in a Federal System. Studies in Government Finance, Second Series. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.

Brown, P.S. 2002 Impact of Title I formula factors on school year 2000-01 state allocations. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):441-464.

Burnam, M.A., P. Reuter, J.L. Adams, A.R. Palmer, K.E. Model, J.E. Rolph, J.Z. Heilbrunn, G.N. Marshall, D. McCaffrey, S.L. Wenzel, and R.C. Kessler 1997 Review and Evaluation of the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Block Grant Allotment Formula. RAND Drug Policy Research Center, MR-533-HHS. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.


Czajka, J.L., and T.B. Jabine 2002 Using survey data to allocate federal funds for the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP). Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):409-428.


Derbyshire, M. 2001 Discussion on the paper by Smith, Rice, and Carr-Hill. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 164(2):241.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×

Downes, T.A., and T.F. Pogue 1994 Accounting for fiscal capacity and need in the design of school aid formulas. In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, J.E. Anderson, ed. New York: Praeger Publishers.

2002 How best to hand out money: Issues in the design and structure of intergovernmental aid formulas. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):329-352.

Duncombe, W., and A. Lukemeyer 2002 Estimating the Cost of Educational Adequacy: A Comparison of Approaches. Unpublished paper, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.

Fairley, W.B., A.J. Izenman, and P. Bagchi 1990 Inference for welfare quality control programs. Journal of the American Statistical Association 85(411):874-890.

Fastrup, J.C. 2002 Measuring state performance in equalizing access to educational resources: The case of Rhode Island (1992-1996). Journal of Education Finance, forthcoming.


Gramlich, E.M., and H. Galper 1973 State and local fiscal behavior and federal grant policy. In Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, A.M. Okun and G.L. Perry, eds. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.


Hansen, M.H., and B.J. Tepping 1990 Regression estimates in federal welfare quality control programs. Journal of the American Statistical Association 85(411):856-863.


Kadamus, J.A. 2002 Formula allocation for schools: Historical perspective and lessons from New York state. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):465-480.

Kramer, F.D. 1990 Statistics and policy in welfare quality control: A basis for understanding and assessing competing views. Journal of the American Statistical Association 85(411):850-855.


Ladd, H.F. 1994 Measuring disparities in the fiscal condition of local governments. In Fiscal Equalization for State and Local Government Finance, J.E. Andersen, ed. New York: Praeger Publishers.

Ladd, H.F., and J. Yinger 1994 The case for equalizing aid. National Tax Journal 47(1):221-224.

Lindsey, L., and R. Steinberg 1990 Joint Crowdout: An Empirical Study of the Impact of Federal Grants on State Government Expenditures and Charitable Donations. NBER Working Paper No. 3226. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.


Melnick, D. 2001 Précis for the Legislative Process and the Use of Indicators in Formula Allocations. Unpublished work, Dan Melnick Research, Inc.

2002 The legislative process and the use of indicators in formula allocations. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):353-370.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×

National Research Council 1999a Making Money Matter: Financing America’s Schools. Committee on Education Finance. H.F. Ladd and J.S. Hansen, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

1999b Equity and Adequacy in Education Finance: Issues and Perspectives. Committee on Education Finance. H.F Ladd, R. Chalk, and J.S. Hansen, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

2000 Small-Area Income and Poverty Estimates: Priorities for 2000 and Beyond. Panel on Estimates of Poverty for Small Geographic Areas. C.F. Citro and G. Kalton, eds. Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

2001 Choosing the Right Formula: Initial Report. Panel on Formula Allocations. T. Louis, T. Jabine, and A. Schirm, eds. Committee on National Statistics, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.


Puma, M.J., and D.C. Hoaglin 1990 Food stamp payment error rates: Can state-specific performance standards be developed? Journal of the American Statistical Association 85(411):891-899.


Riddle, W., and P. Osorio-O’Dea 2000 Where the Money Goes in Department of Education K-12 Programs. CRS Report for Congress. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.


Siegel, M. 2001 Community Development Block Grant — Formula Funding. Unpublished paper presented to the Panel on Formula Allocations, Washington, DC, April 2001.

Smith, P.C., N. Rice, and R. Carr-Hill 2001 Capitation funding in the public sector. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 164(2):217-257.

Spencer, B.D. 1985 Optimal data quality. Journal of the American Statistical Association 80:564-573.

State Controller’s Office, State of California 2000 School Districts Annual Report (1997-98 Fiscal Year). Sacramento, CA: State Controller’s Office.

2001 Counties Annual Report (1998-99 Fiscal Year). Sacramento, CA: State Controller’s Office.

2002 Title I in California Programs and Policies web page. [Online]. Available at: http://www.cde.ca.gov/iasa/titleone/programs.html.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 2001 Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant. [Online]. Available at: http://www.samhsa.gov/programs/content/brief2001/01csaptblock.htm [October 11, 2002].

Suzara, F.B. 2002 A study on the formulation of an assessments scale methodology: The United Nations experience in allocating budget expenditures among member states. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):481.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×

Tannenwald, R. 1999 Fiscal disparity among the states revisited. New England Economic Review (July/ August):3-25.

2001 Interstate Fiscal Disparity and Comparisons of Business Tax Climate for FY 1997. Unpublished paper, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.

Taylor, M., S. Keenan, and J. Carbonneau 2002 The Canadian Equalization Program. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):393-408.


U.S. Bureau of the Census 1975 Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Part 2. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Commerce.

U.S. General Accounting Office 1983 Changing Medicaid Formula Can Improve Distribution of Funds to States. GAO/ GGD-83-27. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

1990 Federal Formula Programs: Outdated Population Data Used to Allocate Most Funds. GAO/HRD-90-145. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

1996 Federal Grants: Design Improvements Could Help Federal Resources Go Further. GAO/AIMD-97-7. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

1999 Formula Grants: Effects of the Adjusted Population Counts on Federal Funding to States. GAO/HEHS-99-69. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Weingroff, R.F. 2001 For the common good: The 85th anniversary of a historic partnership. Public Roads 64(5):30-45.


Zaslavsky, A.M., and A.L. Schirm 2002 Interactions between survey estimates and federal funding formulas. Journal of Official Statistics Special Issue (September):371-392.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×
This page in the original is blank.
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×
Page 90
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×
Page 91
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×
Page 92
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×
Page 93
Suggested Citation:"References." National Research Council. 2003. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10580.
×
Page 94
Next: Appendix A: Background Papers »
Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $53.00 Buy Ebook | $42.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

In 2000, the federal government distributed over $260 billion of funding to state and local governments via 180 formula programs. These programs promote a wide spectrum of economic and social objectives, such as improving educational outcomes and increasing accessibility to medical care, and many are designed to compensate for differences in fiscal capacity that affect governments’ abilities to address identified needs. Large amounts of state revenues are also distributed through formula allocation programs to counties, cities, and other jurisdictions. Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula identifies key issues concerning the design and use of these formulas and advances recommendations for improving the process. In addition to the more narrow issues relating to formula design and input data, the book discusses broader issues created by the interaction of the political process and the use of formulas to allocate funds.

Statistical Issues in Allocating Funds by Formula is only up-to-date guide for policymakers who design fund allocation programs. Congress members who are crafting legislation for these programs and federal employees who are in charge of distributing the funds will find this book indispensable.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!