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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Glossary." National Research Council. 2004. Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10928.
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APPENDIX C:
GLOSSARY


CRDF

Civilian Research and Development Foundation

CTR

Agreement on the Safe and Secure Transportation, Storage and Destruction of Weapons and the Prevention of Weapons Proliferation, 1991 (Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program)


DOD

United States Department of Defense

DOE

United States Department of Energy

Disarmament

The reduction of military forces and equipment


GIF

Generation IV International Forum


HEU

Highly-Enriched Uranium


IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IBRAE RAS

Nuclear Safety Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences

INF

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, 1988

INPRO

International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (under the aegis of the IAEA)

INSP

International Nuclear Safety Program

IPPE

Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Obninsk)

ISTC

International Science and Technology Center


LEU

Low-Enriched Uranium


MNEPR

Multilateral Nuclear Environmental Program in the Russian Federation, 2003

MOD

Ministry of Defense (refers in this report to the Russian Ministry of Defense)

MPC&A

Nuclear material protection, control, and accounting. This acronym refers in a general sense to the protection, control, and accounting of nuclear materials and in a specific sense to the cooperative program run by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Minatom

Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation


NPT

Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 1970

Nuclear Nonproliferation

Preventing states or non-state actors who do not currently have a nuclear weapon or nuclear weapons capability from acquiring the materials, technology, and information required to obtain a nuclear weapon or nuclear weapon capability.


SOAE

Agreement on Cooperation in the Elimination of Strategic Offensive Arms, 1995

SORT

Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, 2002

SSBN

Strategic Submarine Ballistic Nuclear (nuclear-powered submarine carrying ballistic nuclear missiles).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Glossary." National Research Council. 2004. Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10928.
×

SSGN

Strategic Submarine Guided Nuclear (nuclear-powered submarine carrying nuclear or conventional cruise missiles).

SSN

Strategic Submarine Nuclear (nuclear-powered attack submarine)

START

Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, 1991. Now often referenced as START I. Negotiations began on START II and then START III, but they ended in favor of the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty.


TTBT

Threshold Test Ban Treaty, 1974


USA PATRIOT Act

Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001


VAT

Value-Added Tax

VNIIEF

All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Sarov)

VNIITF

All-Russian Research Institute for Theoretical Physics (Snezhinsk)


WMD

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Glossary." National Research Council. 2004. Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10928.
×
Page 57
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Glossary." National Research Council. 2004. Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Cooperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10928.
×
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The U.S. National Academies and the Russian Academy of Sciences convened a joint workshop to identify methods of overcoming impediments to cooperation between the United States and Russia on nonproliferation. The workshop emphasized approaches and techniques that have already been shown to work in U.S.-Russian programs and that might be applied in other areas. The workshop was intended to facilitate frank discussion between individuals in the United States and Russia who have some responsibility for cooperative nonproliferation programs in the hope of identifying both the impediments to cooperation and potential methods of addressing them. This report summarizes the discussions at the workshop.

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