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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
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APPENDIXES

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Appendix A
Agency Needs and Activities

Summary of the unfulfilled needs and activities identified by those agencies and entities charged with assessment and mapping of coastal areas, and/or the production of coastal mapping data and products.

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Department of Commerce

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NESDIS)

NESDIS

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Data from environmental buoys

  • Wetland characterization

  • Harmful Algal Bloom (HAB) Observing System

  • Satellite-based environmental remote sensing systems for environmental data

  • Coastal Relief Model

  • Bathymetric and geophysical datasets

  • Real-time meteorological data

  • Oceanographic data

  • Tsunami data

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

NESDIS National Coastal Data Development Center

  • Access to restricted data and widely distributed coastal data sources

  • Adequate metadata

  • Consistent boundary definitions

  • Consistent data and mapping standards

  • Development of data transformation tools to facilitate generation of value-added products

  • Provides archive of, and access to, long-term coastal datasets

Department of Commerce

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOAA Fisheries (formerly National Marine Fisheries Service)

NOAA Fisheries

  • Definition of habitat classifications

  • Species use of habitat

  • Habitat maps for managing Essential Fish Habitat (e.g., coral reefs, hard bottom, Submerged Aquatic Vegetation [SAV])

  • Collection of multibeam bathymetric data

Department of Commerce

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Office of Ocean and Atmospheric Research (OAR)

OAR Ocean Exploration Program

  • Maps of the nation’s entire Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), encompassing physical, biological, chemical, archeological, and geological characteristics

  • Maps of more than 3,200 square miles of largely offshore areas of the EEZ using high-resolution multibeam technology

OAR National Undersea Research Program

  • Continuous-coverage seafloor topographic and backscatter map products at regional and local spatial scales

  • Multibeam and sidescan sonar mosaic capabilities for small spatial scale (e.g., 1-km × 1-km) mapping to assess dynamics of seafloor features

  • A standard hierarchical descriptive matrix for classification of sedimentological and biological attributes of seafloor habitats

  • A geo-referenced database of underwater imagery for seafloor characterization

  • Time-series observations of seafloor attributes at sites with ocean-observing system installations

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Department of Commerce

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

National Ocean Service (NOS)

NOS Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services

  • Improved VDatum transformation tools and use of kinematic global positioning systems (GPSs) in all operations

  • Expanded network of tidal stations

  • Collects and distributes tide and water-level predictions, observations, reference datums, and tidal zoning to support nautical charting and shoreline mapping

NOS Coastal Services Center (CSC)

  • Shorelines and elevations that are nationally consistent

  • Uniform standards for coastal mapping

  • Access to restricted data

  • Timely data delivery in readily accessible formats

  • Consistent metadata and standards for coastal information and maps

  • Seamless bathy/topo coverage

  • Environmental Sensitivity Index mapping nationwide

  • Essential Fish Habitat mapping

  • Coastal remote sensing

  • Coastal change analysis

  • Land-cover mapping

  • HAB forecasting

  • Geospatial data and application development

  • Environmental characterizations

  • Watershed modeling

  • Fish and vulnerability assessments of coastal hazards

  • High-accuracy coastal topography

  • Digital shoreline

  • Geospatial training courses

  • Coastal metadata tools and training

  • Data and information access tools

  • NOS Enterprise GIS Initiative

NOS National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science

  • Data available on Internet

  • Consistent standards and data interchange

  • Access to non-federal databases

  • Consistent horizontal datums

  • Consistent collection and display standards and protocols for land-sea data

  • Ship time in remote areas

  • Shallow-water benthic habitat mapping

  • Estimating bathymetry in clear shallow water using satellite imagery

  • Coral reef habitat maps

  • Models of habitat/species associations

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

NOS National Geodetic Survey

  • Web-based shoreline data dissemination

  • Improved data exchange between federal/state/local agencies

  • Updated shorelines for 1,200 nautical charts

  • New technologies for shoreline mapping

  • Improved hydrodynamic models and tidal zoning

  • National Spatial Reference System

  • Seamless digital database of the national shoreline

  • Tidal datums

  • Aerial photographs

  • Geodetic Tool Kit

NOS National Marine Sanctuary Program

  • Detailed high-resolution bathymetry in marine sanctuaries

  • Biogeographic information for key areas

  • Adequate jurisdictional boundary definitions

  • Seamless bathy/topo integration

  • Ensure that each National Marine Sanctuary is accurately characterized (benthic habitat, bathymetry, shoreline, etc.)

  • Publication of a shipwreck database

  • Accurate delineation of sanctuary and adjacent park boundaries

NOS Office of Coast Survey

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Efficient techniques for shallow-water bathymetry

  • Seamless vertical datum

  • Nautical charts

  • Water depth, bottom characteristics, historical data of bathymetry and shoreline

  • Blended bathymetry/ topography, including digital elevation models and consistent “shorelines” for coastal managers

NOS Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management

  • Standardized blended high-resolution bathymetrictopographic digital elevation models and maps

  • Within New England Estuarine Research Society single-habitat classification scheme for coastal zone

  • Administers National Estuarine Research Reserves and state Coastal Zone Management Programs

  • Hydrodynamic analyses, shoreline erosion, nearshore habitat characterization maps

  • Risk analyses for sea level rise

NOS Office of Response and Restoration

  • Reconnaissance aerial photography

  • Bathymetry

  • TopoLIDAR

  • Environmental Sensitivity Maps

  • Identification and inventory of abandoned and submerged vessels and their environmental consequences

  • Assist resource managers in understanding the extent and nature of the threats posed by abandoned vessels

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

NOS Special Products Office

  • Nationally consistent standards for metadata, data content, and models

  • National synoptic coastal mapping capability

  • Datasets for a foundation (bathymetry, topography) and core socioeconomic information (demographics, land use) for national and regional-scale assessments of coastal change

  • NOS Mapfinder Web site

  • NOAA Enterprise GIS

  • Inventory of marine managed areas

  • Coastal Assessment Framework

  • Digital Atlas of West Coast Living Marine Resources

Department of Defense

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)

USACE

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Better access to time-sensitive data

  • Lower cost for data acquisition

  • Standard formats for GIS

  • Consistent standards for content, metadata, transfer, collection, accuracy, improved data use, models, and tools

  • Blended bathymetric/ topographic maps

  • Engineering products from remotely sensed data

  • Topographic Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) and multispectral imagers

  • LIDAR bathymetric systems—SHOALS

  • National Shoreline Management Study to determine extent and causes of shoreline change

  • Regional sediment management GIS

  • Wave and surge modeling

  • Harbor and waterways projects, including hydrographic surveys and dredging

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Department of Defense

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) (formerly National Imagery and Mapping Agency)

NGA

  • Legal resolution to allow distribution of worldwide Digital Nautical Chart

  • Free exchange of coastal geospatial information

  • International standards

  • Consistent boundary definitions

  • Global real-time tidal observations

  • Hydrodynamic models

  • Vertical datum and transformations

  • Long-term and seasonal changes in shoreline

  • More accurate data on tides and tidal currents

  • Accurate definition of coastal geoid

  • Charts non-U.S. waters, including Digital Nautical Charts

Department of Defense

Oceanographer of the Navy

Oceanographer of the Navy

  • Locational definition of the EEZ

  • Surveys of ports

  • Charts for the coastal Artic

  • Ocean observations

  • Integrated bathy/topo data

  • Consistent international standards

  • Outside U.S. waters, collects bathymetry from acoustic and LIDAR, ocean temperature, color, currents, tide heights

  • Maps of integrated hydrographic and oceanographic parameters

Department of Defense

Office of Naval Research (ONR)

ONR

  • Consistent international standards in data management

  • Ocean observations

  • Improvements in data collection, processing, and display

  • Improvements in understanding of coastal processes (tides, waves, sedimentation, water properties)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Department of the Interior

Bureau of Land Management (BLM)

BLM

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Resurvey using modern equipment

  • Primarily onshore databases

  • Waterfowl, shorebirds, and fisheries management

Department of the Interior

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)

FWS

  • Habitat maps for coastal ecosystems

  • Maps of Coastal Barrier Resources System

  • Species Information System

Department of the Interior

Minerals Management Service (MMS)

MMS

  • Nationally consistent interpretation of shoreline

  • Consistent baseline for states

  • Nationally consistent mapping products

  • Consistent standards and formats

  • Offshore cadastral maps

  • Marine boundary maps

  • OCS leasing maps primarily in oil and gas leasing areas

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Department of the Interior

National Park Service (NPS)

NPS

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Benthic habitat characterization (coral reefs, SAV)

  • Shoreline change rates

  • Threats to natural and cultural resources

  • Estuaries/wetlands mapping

  • Anthropogenic alterations

  • Seamless topo/bathy maps

  • Sediment pathways and transport

  • Shoreline change rates

  • Island mapping and geologic framework

  • Forecast and hindcast shoreline configuration

  • Anthropogenic alterations

  • Climate change impacts

  • Vulnerability indices

  • Base mapping (bathymetry, backscatter)

  • Subsidence modeling (e.g., USS Arizona settling)

  • Critical mapping units identified for submerged, anthropogenic, coastalriverine, intertidal, subtidal

  • Baseline geologic data for parks

  • Submerged resources center for archeological projects

  • Shoreline change monitoring

  • Vulnerability maps for parks

  • Survey, identification, inventory, evaluation, protection, and preservation of cultural resources

Department of the Interior

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

USGS Biology Discipline

  • Better benthic habitat characterization of natural and artificial reefs

  • Mapping of risks to resources in hazard-prone areas

  • Coral reef maps

  • Benthic habitat maps

  • Physical habitat maps

  • Nursery and coastal foraging habitat of fishes, birds, and mammals

  • Coastal erosion GIS

  • Storm, coastal erosion, and sea level rise impacts on living resources

  • Modeling of ecosystem response to coastal disturbance

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

USGS Geology Discipline

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Nationwide compilation of reliable shoreline data

  • Standardized methods for tracking shoreline position over time

  • Consistent vertical datum

  • Consistent GIS data standards

  • Nearshore and terrestrial geologic maps

  • National Assessment of Shoreline Change

  • Bathymetric and coastal hydrodynamics maps

  • Surficial geology/benthic habitat maps

  • SHOALS LIDAR mapping

  • Coral reef mapping

  • Surficial and sub-bottom geologic mapping for hazards and resource assessments

  • National and regional coastal hazards vulnerability assessments

USGS Geography Discipline

  • Higher resolution of basic geographic information

  • Consistent scales, update cycles, data classifications, data models, data formats, metadata

  • Online access to geospatial data and products

  • “The National Map,” including surface elevation data, bathymetry, hydrology, land cover

  • Coastal erosion GIS

USGS Water Discipline

  • Accessible archive of remote sensing data and products

  • Time-sensitive storm surges and floods data

  • Bathymetry of estuaries

  • Submerged aquatic vegetation

  • Remotely sensed water quality data

  • Real-time and retrospective coastal flooding data and flood hazard assessment, including flood modeling

Department of State

Office of Ocean Affairs

  • Boundary definition of continental shelf

  • Continental shelf bathymetry and sediment data, especially in the Arctic

  • Consistent shoreline definition

  • Limits of the Seas series, reporting on national ocean claims

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Department of Homeland Security

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

FEMA

  • Nationally consistent shoreline definition

  • Blended bathymetric/ topographic maps

  • Wave and flood models

  • Comprehensive climate and storm data

  • Storm surge models, including bathymetry, topography

  • Environmentally sensitive areas

  • Coastal erosion maps

  • Earthquake, flood, and wind hazard maps

  • Coastal community vulnerability assessments

Department of Homeland Security

U.S. Coast Guard (USCG)

USCG

  • High-resolution imagery and bathymetry to support homeland security

  • Coastal circulation models

  • Positions of Aids to Navigation

  • Updates of navigation charts

  • Aids to Navigation Information System

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

EPA Office of Water, Office of Research and Development, Office of Air and Radiation

  • Location accuracy of data points from various sources

  • Timely access to data sources (water quality, sediment chemistry) from other agencies or academic sources

  • Compatibility between data formats (scale, projections)

  • Adequate storage and hardware

  • National consistency for airshed and watershed maps

  • Monitoring and assessment activities to support water quality, safe drinking water, marine debris, watershed modeling, HAB mapping

  • Environmapper for Water

  • National Environmental Information Exchange Network

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

NASA

  • Long-term geodetically controlled tide gauge system

  • Ability to separate different components of sea level change

  • Coral reef mapping

  • Geodetic imaging, digital data online

  • Global maps of water quality parameters

  • Technology development for coastal hazards development

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

National Science Foundation (NSF)

NSF

  • Centralized online metadata catalog

  • Quality control of data

  • User-friendly Web-based tools for searching and accessing data

  • Standard digital forms for reporting data

  • Marine environmental data collected by principal investigators must be deposited in a designated national data center no later than 2 years after being collected

Office of Management and Budget

Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC)

FGDC

  • Improved interagency coordination

  • Improved collaboration and minimization of duplication between agencies

  • Increased progress on FGDC Framework

  • Increased acceptance of FGDC standards and protocols

  • Quicker approval of spatial data collection and mapping standards

  • Increased private-sector involvement

  • Improved data access

  • Development of the National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI)

  • Support and publicize Geospatial One-Stop

  • Promulgation of standards

  • Support for NSDI Communications Toolkit

States, Tribes, and Territories

Resource Managers, as identified by response to CSC (1999)

  • Enhanced ability to interpret and apply spatial data and imagery for decision making

  • Access to information from other entities

  • Enhanced interagency coordination

  • Habitat and human-use maps and data

  • Nearshore and estuary bathymetry

  • Fish distribution

  • Wetland function

  • Land-use change maps

  • Varies widely by entity

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Coastal Resource Management Departments

  • Consistent scale and format for coastal and marine data

  • Consistent shoreline definition

  • Consistent protocols for data collection, mapping, storage, and reporting

  • More detailed bathymetry, elevation, hydrography

  • Better information about land-sea interface (0 to 50 ft depth)

  • More detailed need for improved spatial data to address hazards

  • Elevation, hydrography seismic profiling, sidescan sonar, coring, diver surveys, paleo reconstructions, etc.

  • Varies widely by entity

Environmental Protection Departments

  • Data and mapping to support water quality permitting, construction/dredging permits

  • Groundwater issues (such as saltwater intrusion)

  • Habitat restoration, urbanization issues

  • Varies widely by entity

Natural Resource Departments

  • Data and mapping to support assessments of coastal hazards, coastal erosion, fisheries management, rare and endangered species

  • Varies widely by entity

Emergency Management Departments

  • Data and mapping to support assessment of flooding and other hazards

  • Varies widely by entity

Geological/ Biological Surveys

  • Data and mapping to support assessment of living and non-living resources, rare and endangered species, biodiversity, basemaps, coastal change

  • Varies widely by entity

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

Agency or Entity

Identified Unfulfilled Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting

Activities Related to Coastal Mapping Data and Products

Archeology/ Cultural Heritage

  • Data and information in support of locating and documenting cultural/ archeological resources

  • Varies widely by entity

SOURCES: Communications and presentations by agency personnel and other interested individuals, Appendix A in NRC (2003a), and NOAA-CSC Coastal Resource Management Customer Surveys (CSC, 1999; 2002).

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 127
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 128
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 129
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 130
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 131
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 132
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 133
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 134
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 135
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 136
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 137
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 138
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 139
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 140
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Agency Needs and Activities." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 141
Next: Appendix B: Committee and Staff Biographies »
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The coastal zone is of enormous importance to the well-being of the nation, as our lives and economy are inextricably linked to the features and activities that occur within this dynamic region. In order to understand and address the effects of natural and anthropogenic forces in the coastal zone, a holistic multidisciplinary framework is required to account for the interconnectivity of processes within the system. The foundation of this framework is accurate geospatial information—information that is depicted on maps and charts.

A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone National Needs identifies and suggests mechanisms for addressing national needs for spatial information in the coastal zone. It identifies high priority needs, evaluates the potential for meeting those needs based on the current level of effort, and suggests steps to increase collaboration and ensure that the nation’s need for spatial information in the coastal zone is met in an efficient and timely manner.

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