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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
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Appendix C
Acronyms


AIS

Automatic Identification System

ALACE

Airborne LIDAR Assessment of Coastal Erosion

AtN

Aids to Navigation

AUV

Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

AVHRR

Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer


BLM

Bureau of Land Management


CASI

Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager

CHARTS

Compact Hydrographic Airborne Raid Total Survey

CMW

Counter Mine Warfare

CSC

Coastal Services Center

CSO

Coastal States Organization

CTM

Coastal Terrain Model


DDM

Digital Depth Model

DEM

Digital Elevation Model

DGPS

Differential Global Positioning System

DMS

Digital Mapping Server


ECDIS

Electronic Chart Display and Information System

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

ENC

Electronic Nautical Chart

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

FEMA

Federal Emergency Management Agency

FGDC

Federal Geographic Data Committee

FIRMS

Flood Insurance Rate Maps

FTE

Full-time Equivalent

FWS

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


GEODAS

Geophysical Data System

GIDB

Geospatial Information Database

GIS

Geographic Information System(s)

GPS

Global Positioning System


HAB

Harmful Algal Bloom

HYSAS

Hydrographic Source and Assessment System


IMO

International Maritime Organization

IMU

Inertial Measurement Unit

ISO

International Organization for Standardization


LIDAR

Light Detection and Ranging

LNM

Local Notice to Mariners


MHHW

Mean Higher High Water

MHW

Mean High Water

MLLW

Mean Lower Low Water

MLW

Mean Low Water

MMS

Minerals Management Service

MSL

Mean Sea Level


NAD

North American Datum

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAVD

North American Vertical Datum

NESDIS

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NGA

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (formerly National Imagery and Mapping Agency)

NGDC

National Geophysical Data Center

NGS

National Geodetic Survey

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOPP

National Ocean Partnership Program

NOS

National Ocean Service

NPDES

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

NPS

National Park Service

NRC

National Research Council

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×

NRL

Naval Research Laboratory

NSDI

National Spatial Data Infrastructure

NSF

National Science Foundation

NTDE

National Tidal Data Epoch


OAR

Office of Ocean and Atmospheric Research

OCS

Office of Coast Survey

OGC

Open GIS Consortium

OMB

Office of Management and Budget

ONR

Office of Naval Research

OPIS

Ocean Planning Information System

ORCA

Oceanographic Remotely Controlled Automaton


ROV

Remotely Operated Vehicle


SAUV

Solar Autonomous Underwater Vehicle

SAV

Submerged Aquatic Vegetation

SHOALS

Scanning Hydrographic Operational Airborne LIDAR Survey

SOLAS

Safety of Life at Sea

SPAWAR

Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command

SRTM

Shuttle Radar Topography Mission


UML

Unified Modeling Language

UNCLOS

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

USACE

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USCG

U.S. Coast Guard

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

UUV

Unmanned Underwater Vehicle


WAAS

Wide Area Augmentation System

WWNWS

World Wide Navigational Warning System


XML

Extensible Markup Language

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 147
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
Page 148
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms." National Research Council. 2004. A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/10947.
×
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A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone: National Needs for Coastal Mapping and Charting Get This Book
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The coastal zone is of enormous importance to the well-being of the nation, as our lives and economy are inextricably linked to the features and activities that occur within this dynamic region. In order to understand and address the effects of natural and anthropogenic forces in the coastal zone, a holistic multidisciplinary framework is required to account for the interconnectivity of processes within the system. The foundation of this framework is accurate geospatial information—information that is depicted on maps and charts.

A Geospatial Framework for the Coastal Zone National Needs identifies and suggests mechanisms for addressing national needs for spatial information in the coastal zone. It identifies high priority needs, evaluates the potential for meeting those needs based on the current level of effort, and suggests steps to increase collaboration and ensure that the nation’s need for spatial information in the coastal zone is met in an efficient and timely manner.

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