ACRONYMS AND GLOSSARY
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Community Hazards Emergency Response Capability Assurance Program
Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Homeland Security
Emergency Medical Services
Epidemic Assistance Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigations
Federal Emergency Management Agency
General Accounting Office
Health Alert Network
Homeland Security Council
Homeland Security Advisory Council
Health Resources and Services Administration
Homeland Security Exercise Evaluation Program
Incident Command System
Lessons Learned Information Sharing (www.llis.org)
Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism
Office of Domestic Preparedness
Policy Coordination Committee (of the HSC)
Radiological Emergency Preparedness Program
Weapons of Mass Destruction
generally contrasted with “agent-specific,” refers to a broad preparedness and response approach to all possible hazards to population health and safety, whether the complete range of known disasters, or specifically the complete range of public health disasters (from naturally-occurring to deliberately introduced)
phenomena caused by natural, technological, or deliberate causes. Term is sometimes used interchangeably with emergency, although they are not only quantitatively but also qualitatively different. A key difference is that while emergencies call upon largely local resources and response, disasters are sufficient magnitude to require external resources and personnel for response and recovery (Mothershead, 2003).
similar to exercises, but more narrowly focused activities used for training, testing, and refining capacities, and frequently involving a specific area of preparedness within only one agency rather than more complex processes and relationships at an interagency level.
a title used for increasingly professionalized personnel in local or state government who are charged with coordinating or overseeing the jurisdiction’s multi-agency response to an emergency or disaster.
Emergency responder/first responder/traditional emergency responder:
term refers a set of disciplines and responsibilities, including, but not limited to Emergency Medical Services [EMS], fire, law enforcement, hazardous materials specialists, etc. Personnel in such agencies and the practitioners of such disciplines prepare for emergencies and disasters and are responsible for carrying out response when emergencies and disasters occur.
refers to an array of activities conducted by multiple jurisdictions, agencies, and authorities in response to emergencies and disasters. For the sake of simplicity, this report uses the terms “emergency and disaster management” or “emergency and disaster preparedness and response” interchangeably to describe the field of traditional first responders.
describes a range of activities that involve enacting a response to a mock emergency or disaster.