Convocation Program and Speakers Biographies
Welcome to the National Academies’ Convocation on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research.
The purpose of this convocation is to better understand the concerns of funding organizations, university administrators, faculty, researchers, and students regarding interdisciplinary research and to identify effective practices and structural models, policies, and procedures that could help facilitate interdisciplinary research. The convocation consists of four elements:
A series of panel discussions with federal, private, and international funding organizations, researchers, research center directors, and educators.
Poster sessions where attendees can share their experiences.
A public comment session.
A survey of convocation participants.
The discussions during these activities will help the committee respond to its charge. We encourage you to fully participate in the convocation and we look forward to hearing your ideas.
Thank you again for coming!
COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, ENGINEERING, AND PUBLIC POLICY
MAXINE F. SINGER (Chair), President Emeritus, Carnegie Institution of Washington
BRUCE ALBERTS (Ex-officio), President, The National Academies
R. JAMES COOK, R. James Cook Endowed Chair in Wheat Research, Washington State University
HAILE DEBAS, Dean, School of Medicine and Vice Chancellor, Medical Affairs, University of California, San Francisco
GERALD DINNEEN (Ex-officio), Retired Vice President, Science and Technology, Honeywell, Inc.
HARVEY FINEBERG (Ex-officio), President, Institute of Medicine
MARYE ANNE FOX (Ex-officio), Chancellor, University of California, San Diego
ELSA GARMIRE, Sydney E. Junkins Professor of Engineering, Dartmouth College
NANCY HOPKINS, Amgen Professor of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
WILLIAM JOYCE (Ex-officio), Chairman and CEO, Hercules Incorporated
MARY-CLAIRE KING, American Cancer Society Professor of Medicine and Genetics, University of Washington
W. CARL LINEBERGER, Professor of Chemistry, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, University of Colorado
ANNE PETERSEN, Senior Vice President for Programs, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, Michigan
CECIL PICKETT, President, Schering-Plough Research Institute
GERALD RUBIN, Vice President for Biomedical Research, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
HUGO SONNENSCHEIN, Charles L. Hutchinson Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Economics, The University of Chicago
JOHN D. STOBO, President, University of Texas Medical Branch of Galveston
IRVING WEISSMAN, Karel and Avice Beekhuis Professor of Cancer Biology, Stanford University
SHEILA WIDNALL, Abbey Rockefeller Mauze Professor of Aeronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
WM. A. WULF (Ex-officio), President, National Academy of Engineering
MARY LOU ZOBACK, Senior Research Scientist, Earthquake Hazards Team, U.S. Geological Survey
RICHARD BISSELL, Executive Director
DEBORAH D. STINE, Associate Director
LAUREL HAAK, Program Officer
MARION RAMSEY, Administrative Associate
ABOUT THE COMMITTEE ON FACILITATING INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH
As part of the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative, the National Academies—under the aegis of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy—launched a study to examine how funding organizations and academic institutions can best facilitate interdisciplinary research. The study is funded by the W. M. Keck Foundation.
Charge to the Committee
The committee conducting this study will examine the scope of interdisciplinary research and provide findings, conclusions, and recommendations as to how such research can be facilitated by funding organizations and academic institutions. The committee will recognize in its deliberations that the organization of research in academic institutions is driven by teaching and other considerations
The Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research is charged with:
Reviewing proposed definitions of interdisciplinary research, including similarities and differences from research characterized as cross-disciplinary, interdisciplinary, and multi-disciplinary and develop measures to determine whether research is interdisciplinary or not.
Identifying and analyzing current structural models of interdisciplinary research.
Identifying and analyzing the policies and procedures of Congress, funding organizations, and institutions that encourage or discourage interdisciplinary research.
Comparing and contrasting current structural models and policies and procedures in academic and non-academic settings as well as traditional and non-traditional academic settings that encourage or discourage interdisciplinary research.
Identifying measures that can be used to evaluate the impact on research, graduate students and postdoctoral scholars, and researchers expected from their engagement in greater interdisciplinary research and cross-professional opportunities.
Developing findings and conclusions as to the current state of interdisciplinary research and the factors that encourage (or discourage) it in academic, industry, and federal laboratory settings.
Providing recommendations to academic institutions and public and private sponsors of research as to how to better stimulate and support interdisciplinary research.
For More Information
Web site: nationalacademies.org/interdisciplinary
ABOUT THE W. M. KECK FOUNDATION
Based in Los Angeles, California, the W. M. Keck Foundation was established in 1954 by the late W. M. Keck, founder of the Superior Oil Company. The Foundation’s grant making is focused primarily on pioneering efforts in the areas of medical research, science, and engineering. The foundation also maintains a Southern California Grant Program that provides support in the areas of civic and community services with a special emphasis on children.
In May 2003, the National Academies and W. M. Keck Foundation announced a 15-year, $40 million grant from the Keck Foundation to underwrite the “National Academies Keck Futures Initiative,” a new program designed to realize the untapped potential of interdisciplinary research. The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative was created to stimulate new modes of inquiry and break down the conceptual and institutional barriers to interdisciplinary research that could yield significant benefits to science and society.
Questions: We expect over 300 attendees at the convocation. So that everyone has a chance to ask their questions and provide their comments, we ask that you limit your time at the microphone to one minute. A timing device will be used to ensure we are fair to everyone. When you ask a question or make a comment please state your name and affiliation.
Survey: Before you leave we ask you to fill out the survey enclosed in this program and drop it in the box located at the front registration desk. Information from this survey will be used only in aggregate form as part of the committee’s data collection efforts.
Lunch: Box lunches will be available in the Great Hall directly outside the auditorium. Please take your lunch to one of the following meeting rooms to enjoy. See map below.
Floor 1:150, 180, Board Room, and Lecture Room
Floor 2:250 and 280
Committee members and speakers are invited to take meals in the Members’ Room located on the first floor.
Cell phones: Please either turn off cell phones or place on “vibrate” mode. Messages can be left at (202) 334-1613.
The National Academies
Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy
Committee on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
CONVOCATION ON FACILITATING INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH
January 29-30, 2004
National Academy of Sciences Building
2101 Constitution Avenue, NW
Thursday, January 29, 2004
Nancy Andreasen, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Federal Research Funding Agency Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Moderator: Mary Lou Zoback, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Private and International Foundation Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Moderator: Jonathan Cole, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Interdisciplinary Researchers’ Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Moderator: Stan Cohen, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Research Center Directors’ Perspectives on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Moderator: Mario Molina, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Moderator: Nancy Andreasen, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Discussant: Julie Thompson Klein, Professor of Humanities, Wayne State University
Friday, January 30, 2004
Theodore Brown, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Perspectives on Education and Training: Creating a New Generation of Interdisciplinary Researchers
Moderator: Jennifer Chayes, Member, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Moderator: Theodore Brown, Co-Chair, Cmte on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research
Copies of the PowerPoint presentations will be available shortly after the Convocation at
SPEAKERS BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION
ANTHONY ARMSTRONG is the Director of the Indiana 21st Century Research and Technology Fund. Prior to joining the Fund, Dr. Armstrong served in the Office of Technology Transfer with Indiana University’s Advanced Research and Technology Institute (ARTI). Dr. Armstrong’s focus was on the commercialization of innovations from the IU School of Medicine, and with corporate relations on behalf of IU. He was Director of Research with the IU School of Business Johnson Center for Entrepreneurship and Innovation prior to joining ARTI. Dr. Armstrong earned business and law degrees from Indiana University.
RUZENA BAJCSY was appointed Director CITRIS (Center for Information Technology Research in the Interest of Society) at the University of California, Berkeley in 2001, where she is also a faculty member in the EECS Department. Prior to coming to Berkeley, she was Assistant Director of the Computer Information Science and Engineering Directorate (CISE) at NSF from 1998 to 2001. Dr. Bajcsy is a pioneering researcher in machine perception, robotics and artificial intelligence. She is former Director of the University of Pennsylvania’s General Robotics Automation Sensing Perception Laboratory, which she founded in 1978. She received her master’s and Ph.D. degrees in electrical engineering from Slovak Technical University in 1957 and 1967, respectively. She received a Ph.D. in computer science in 1972 from Stanford University. Dr. Bajcsy holds membership in the National Academy of Engineering, the Neuroscience Institute, and the Institute of Medicine. In 2001 she became a recipient of the ACM A. Newell award. She was named to Discover Magazine’s November 2002’s list of the 50 most important women in science. In April of 2003 she received the CRA Distinguished Service Award and in May 2003 she was named to PITAC (the President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee).
WILLIAM BERRY is the Director for Basic Research of the Military Services and Defense Agencies. He provides scientific leadership, management oversight, policy guidance and coordination of the $1.2 billion yearly basic research programs. Dr. Berry began his association with the Department of Defense as a National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow at the Air Force Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory in 1976. Immediately prior
to his current position, Dr. Berry was Associate Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Science Technology and Engineering and Director of the Washington Office of the Air Force Research Laboratory. His research publications are in the fields of environmental toxicology and neuroscience. Dr. Berry earned a B.S. in Biology from Lock Haven University, Lock Haven, PA, a M.A.T. in Zoology from Miami University, Oxford, OH, and a Ph.D. in Zoology/Biochemistry from the University of Vermont, Burlington, VT. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society.
MARY ANNE CARROLL is a professor of atmospheric science and chemistry and director of the Program for Research on Oxidants: Photochemistry, Emissions and Transport (PROPHET) at the University of Michigan. She is also Director of the NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates in Atmospheric Chemistry, Meteorology, and Atmosphere–Forest Exchange and Principal Investigator for the Biosphere–Atmosphere Research and Training (BART) Program, a multi-institutional and multidisciplinary program for doctoral students (NSF IGERT). Dr. Carroll’s research efforts include instrument development and field measurements focusing on the impacts of global change on atmospheric oxidant photochemistry and atmosphere–forest exchange. Dr. Carroll was a Research Chemist at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Aeronomy Laboratory between 1984 and 1992, following a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Colorado’s Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences. She also served as Associate Director of NSF’s Atmospheric Chemistry Program from 1990 to1992 prior to joining the AOSS and Chemistry faculties at UM. During 1997–2000, Dr. Carroll served as Editor of the Journal of Geophysical Research—Atmospheres. Dr. Carroll holds a B.A. in Chemistry from the University of Massachusetts at Boston and a Sc.D. in Atmospheric Chemistry from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
CARMEN CHARETTE first joined the Canada Foundation for Innovation in July 1997 as vice president, programs. A year later, as the Foundation’s scope and influence grew within Canada’s science and innovation community, she was appointed to the position of senior ice president, program and operations. Today, Ms. Charette continues to play a significant role in carrying out the CFI’s mandate and in keeping the Foundation focused on its increasing responsibility to Canada’s research community. Before joining the CFI, Ms. Charette held a variety of Director positions during her 13 years at the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC). She became the first Chair of the NSERC Operations Committee in 1997, and has continued as a member of the NSERC Senior Management com-
mittee to strategic planning. In addition, in 1996, she served as Presidenté de l’Association des administratrices et des administrateurs de recherche universitaire du Québec (ADARUQ). Ms Charette holds a B.S. in Biochemistry and a Bachelor of Business Administration, buth from the University of Ottawa.
UMA CHOWDHRY is vice president of Central Research & Development (CR&D) at DuPont, where she began in 1977 as a research scientist. For her contributions to the science of ceramics, Dr. Chowdhry was elected “Fellow” of the American Ceramics Society in 1989. For work ranging from catalysts to superconductors, she was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1996. Dr. Chowdhry has served on advisory boards of engineering schools at MIT, University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University and the University of Delaware as well as on the program advisory board and election subcommittee for the National Academy of Engineering. She has served on the National Research Council’s study groups that generated assessment reports on various technology topics of national interest. She was recently elected to the board of directors for the Industrial Research Institute, the national Inventors’ Hall of Fame and to a Laboratory Operations Board for the Department of Energy for the US Government. Dr. Chowdhry is a member of the National Committee on Women in Science and Engineering sponsored by both the National Academy of Science and the National Academy of Engineering since 1999. Born and raised in Mumbai, India, she came to the United States in 1968 with a B.S. in physics from Indian Institute of Science, Mumbai University, received an M.S. from Caltech in engineering science in 1970 and a Ph.D. in materials science from MIT in 1976.
HARVEY COHEN is a professor of pediatrics and chief of staff at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital, and has been named the first holder of the Arline and Pete Harman Professorship for the Chair of the Department of Pediatrics in the School of Medicine. Dr. Cohen received both his M.D. and his Ph.D. (biochemistry) in 1970 from Duke University School of Medicine. His postdoctoral work included a pediatrics residency at Children’s Hospital in Boston and a pediatric hematology/oncology fellowship at Children’s and the Dana Farber Cancer Institute. He held faculty posts at Harvard Medical School and at the University of Rochester School of Medicine, where he was James P. Wilmot Associate Professor of Pediatric Oncology and Associate Chair for Research and Development in the Department of Pediatrics. He was recruited to Stanford in 1993 as chair of the pediatrics department. His research interests include clinical trials in leukemia, mechanisms of drug resistance, immune killing of bacteria and tumor cells, free radical biochemistry and cell biology. He serves on the national Steering
Committee of the Pediatric Scientist Development Program and chairs the Interdisciplinary Initiative Program Committee for Bio-X, a new venture into scientific research, education and innovation at Stanford.
JOEL E. COHEN is Professor of Populations at the Rockefeller University and Columbia University, New York. Cohen’s research deals with the demography, ecology, epidemiology and social organization of human and non-human populations and with mathematical concepts useful in these fields. Cohen earned two doctorates, a Ph.D. in Applied Mathematics (1970) and a DrPH in Population Science and Tropical Public Health (1973), from Harvard University. Cohen was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1989 (in evolutionary and population biology and ecology), the American Philosophical Society in 1994 (in the professions, arts, and affairs), and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences in 1997 (in applied mathematical sciences). Cohen serves on the Council of the National Academy of Sciences, the Governing Board of the National Research Council, the worldwide Board of Governors of The Nature Conservancy, and the Council of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, among other boards. He is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, New York, and an Honorary Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Association, New York. In March 1999, Cohen was named co-winner of the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, and in April 1998, co-winner of the Fred L. Soper Prize of the Pan American Health Organization, Washington, D.C., for work on Chagas’ disease.
JAMES P. COLLINS is Virginia M. Ullman Professor of Natural History and the Environment in the School of Life Sciences at Arizona State University. From 1989 to 2002 he was Chairman of the Zoology, then Biology Department. Dr. Collins served as Director of the Population Biology and Physiological Ecology program at the National Science Foundation (NSF) in 1985-86. Dr. Collins’s research centers on understanding the origin, maintenance, and reorganization of morphological variation within species. A special focus of the research is emerging wildlife diseases and their relationship to the global decline of amphibians; Collins heads an international team of 26 investigators studying this issue. Dr. Collins received his B.S. from Manhattan College and his M.S. and Ph.D. from The University of Michigan. He joined the faculty at Arizona State University in 1975. Dr. Collins is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He is currently a member and chair of the Advisory Committee to NSF’s Assistant Director for Biological Sciences and a member of the Advisory Committee for Environmental Research and Education reporting to NSF’s Assistant Director for Geological Sciences.
RITA R. COLWELL is the Director of the National Science Foundation. Since taking office, Dr. Colwell has spearheaded the agency’s emphases in K-12 science and mathematics education, graduate science and engineering education/training and the increased participation of women and minorities in science and engineering. In her capacity as NSF Director, she serves as Co-chair of the Committee on Science of the National Science and Technology Council. Before coming to NSF, Dr. Colwell was President of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute from 1991 to1998, and she remains Professor of Microbiology and Biotechnology (on leave) at the University Maryland. She was a member of the National Science Board from 1984 to 1990. Dr. Colwell previously served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the American Academy of Microbiology and also as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Washington Academy of Sciences, the American Society for Microbiology, the Sigma Xi National Science Honorary Society, and the International Union of Microbiological Societies. Dr. Colwell is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and The American Philosophical Society. Dr. Colwell was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, holds a B.S. in Bacteriology and an M.S. in Genetics, from Purdue University, and a Ph.D. in Oceanography from the University of Washington.
CLIFFORD GABRIEL is currently serving as Deputy to the Associate Director for Science in the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP). In this position, he helps shape federal science policy in the physical, life, and social sciences. Dr. Gabriel handles issues for OSTP related to agricultural biotechnology, animal and plant health, animal welfare, food safety, plant genomics, pesticides, Gulf War veterans’ illnesses, and dioxin. From 1993 to 1996, Dr. Gabriel was Executive Director of the American Institute of Biological Sciences. As Executive Director, he was responsible for all operations of the Institute including publications, contracts and grants, annual meetings, and public policy. Dr. Gabriel received his Ph.D. in plant pathology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1983.
LAURIE R. GARDUQUE is the Director for Research in the MacArthur Foundation’s Program on Human and Community Development. Her primary responsibilities focus on activities in mental health, juvenile justice, education, and child and youth development. Dr. Garduque joined the Foundation in 1991 after serving as Director of the National Forum on the Future of Children and Families, a joint project of the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine. From 1984 to 1987, she was Director in charge of governmental affairs and professional liaison for the American Educational Research Association in Washington, D.C. This position
followed the year she spent, from 1983 to 1984, as a Congressional Science Fellow in the U.S. Senate. From 1980 to 1983, Garduque held a faculty position as an Assistant Professor in human development at Pennsylvania State University. She received her bachelor’s degree in psychology and her M.A. and Ph.D. in educational psychology from the University of California at Los Angeles.
BARRY GOLD is Program Officer for Conservation and Science at the The David and Lucile Packard Foundation and in this role leads the Foundation’s efforts to develop and implement two new strategies. The first is intended to foster the development of the emerging field of sustainability science, while the second will guide scientific activities in support of the Foundation’s Oceans and Coasts program. Before joining the Foundation, Dr. Gold led an effort to understand and protect some of the most highly prized scenic and natural resources in the United States while balancing potentially conflicting social and political interests and demands upon the resource. Dr. Gold has dedicated his career to working at the environmental science and policy interface. In this role he has advised senior officials in Congress, federal and state agencies, the White House, non-governmental organizations and civic groups. Dr. Gold holds a D.Sc. from Washington University, an M.A. from George Washington University, an M.S. from the University of Connecticut, and a B.S. from the University of Miami. He is a member of AAAS, the Ecological Society of America, and Sigma Xi.
ALICE GOTTLIEB has spent the majority of her professional career treating and researching immunology and inflammatory diseases and disorders. Her own passion for research, coupled with a desperate need for clinical research into these conditions, prompted her to develop a research fellowship program for promising physicians. She is currently a Professor of Medicine, director of the Clinical Research Center at UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and holds the W. H. Conzen Chair in Clinical Pharmacology at UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. Dr. Gottlieb received her medical degree from Cornell University Medical College in 1980, her Ph.D. in Immunology from the Rockefeller University in 1977 and completed her residency at New York Hospital and was certified by the American Board of Dermatology in 1993. She is also board certified in Rheumatology (1984) having trained at the Hospital for Special Surgery and board certified in Internal Medicine (1982) having trained at the New York Hospital.
ROBERT GRANGER is President of the William T. Grant Foundation. Since joining the Foundation in 2000, Dr. Granger has been responsible for leading the Foundation’s grantmaking, including refinements that would
improve its impact on youth policy and practice. He came to the Foundation from the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC), where he was senior vice president and director of MDRC’s education, children, and youth department. Prior to that he was executive vice president at the Bank Street College of Education, and executive director of the Child Development Associate National Credentialing Program. Dr. Granger’s research specialties include the study of social programs and policies that affect low-income children, youth, and families. He earned his doctorate in education from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
VICTORIA INTERRANTE is Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of Minnesota. Her research focuses on the application of insights from visual perception, art and illustration to the design of more effective techniques for conveying data through images. Her research involves active collaborations with colleagues across the University from the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Mechanics to the Department of Architecture. Her present projects include: the study of texture’s effect on shape perception and the design and synthesis of texture patterns to facilitate accurate shape representation; the study of texture perception and the development of methods for effectively using texture in visualizing multivariate data and representing data uncertainty; the development of algorithms for the effective detection, tracking and visualization of vortical structures in turbulent boundary layer flows; and the study of spatial perception in immersive virtual environments and the use of VR technology in the development of tools to enhance the process of conceptual design in architecture. She received her B.A. in computer science from the University of Massachusetts at Boston in 1984, her M.S. from UCLA in 1986, and her Ph.D. in 1996 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, where she studied under the joint direction of Dr. Henry Fuchs and Dr. Stephen Pizer. From 1996-1998 she worked as a staff scientist at ICASE, a non-profit research center operated by the Universities Space Research Association at NASA Langley. In 1999 she received a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, and she was awarded a 2001-2003 McKnight Land-Grant Professorship from the University of Minnesota.
JULIE THOMPSON KLEIN is an internationally recognized scholar in the field of interdisciplinary history, theory, and methodology. Dr. Klein arrived at Wayne State in 1970 and has been with what is now the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies in the College of Lifelong Learning since 1976. A past president of the Association for Integrative Studies, she lectures and consults throughout the world for universities developing interdisciplinary programs. Professor Klein currently is a member of the Association of
American Colleges and Universities national task force on Integrative Learning.
LINDA J. (LEE) MAGID is a Professor of Chemistry at the University of Tennessee. Her research focuses on physiochemical investigations of micelles and polyelectrolytes in aqueous solutions; techniques used include light scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, neutron spin-echo spectroscopy and NMR spectroscopy. She has served as Vice-President for Research and Graduate Studies at the University of Kentucky and is currently UT’s ORNL/SNS Liaison for Science & Technology and the Acting Director of the UT/ORNL Joint Institute for Neutron Sciences. She has a B.S. in chemistry from Rice University and a Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of Tennessee. She is a Fellow of AAAS. Currently she is a member of the NRC Board on Physics and Astronomy and serves as vice-chair of the Solid State Sciences Committee. In addition, she serves on the Board on Assessment of NIST Programs’ subpanel on the NIST Center for Neutron Research, and on the U.S. National Committee to the IUPAC. She also served on the Committee on Developing a Federal Materials Strategy.
EDWARD L. MILES is the author of many studies on international organizations, international science and technology policy, and marine policy and ocean management. He has served as chairman of the Ocean Policy Committee, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (1974-79); member of the Executive Board, Law of the Sea Institute, 1972-81 and 1985-89 and President 1989-93; Chairman of the Legal and Institutional Task Group on the Implications of Disposal of High-Level Radioactive Waste into the Seabed and Advisor to the Executive Committee, Seabed Working Group, Nuclear Energy Agency, OCED, 1981-1987; and Chairman of the Advisory Committee on International Programs of the National Science Foundation, 1990-92. He has also served as consultant to the United Nations, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of Unesco, Dept. of Fisheries of FAO, and the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency. In April 1993 he served as the UN-designated expert on GESAMP, the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection and in 1994 he was appointed Lead Author for Marine Policy in WG II-B (Oceans and Large Lakes) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1995, Re-assessment of the Global Climate Change Problem. Within the University of Washington, he has served as Director of the School of Marine Affairs (1982-1993), Chairman of the University Committee on Interdisciplinary Research and Graduate Education (1991-1992), and a member of the University’s Steering Committee on Global Change (since 1992), and chairman of the President’s Task Force on Environmental Education, 1995-1996. He was elected to membership in the NAS on April 29, 2003.
RAYMOND L. ORBACH is the Director of the Office of Science at the Department of Energy (DOE). As Director of the Office of Science (SC), Dr. Orbach manages an organization that is the third largest Federal sponsor of basic research in the United States which is viewed as one of the premier science organizations in the world. Prior to his appointment, Dr. Orbach served as Chancellor of the University of California at Riverside from April 1992 through March 2002; he now holds the title Chancellor Emeritus. Dr. Orbach began his academic career as a postdoctoral fellow at Oxford University in 1960 and became an assistant professor of applied physics at Harvard University in 1961. He joined the faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) two years later as an associate professor, and became a full professor in 1966. From 1982 to 1992, he served as the Provost of the College of Letters and Science at UCLA. Dr. Orbach has received numerous honors as a scholar including two Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowships, a National Science Foundation Senior Postdoctoral Fellowship, a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, the Joliot Curie Professorship at the Ecole Superieure de Physique et Chimie Industrielle de la Ville de Paris, the Lorentz Professorship at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands, and the 1991-1992 Andrew Lawson Memorial Lecturer at UC Riverside. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the AAAS. Dr. Orbach received his B.S. degree in Physics from the California Institute of Technology in 1956. He received his Ph.D. degree in Physics from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1960 and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.
JULIO DE PAULA is Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Marian E. Koshland Integrated Natural Sciences Center at Haverford. He is the recipient of the Henry Dreyfus Teacher-Scholar Award, a national honor bestowed on chemists who have excelled at both teaching and research. Funding for his research comes from the National Science Foundation. He has focused his years of research on the molecular interactions responsible for plant photosynthesis and on novel laser-based tumor treatments. He obtained his B.A. degree in Chemistry from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey in 1982, and received a Ph.D. in Chemistry from Yale University in 1987. He was a recipient of an NIH Postdoctoral Fellowship in 1988 to conduct research at Michigan State University. He joined the Haverford faculty in 1989. Dr. Paula is the co-author of the Seventh Edition of “Physical Chemistry” with Peter Atkins, Oxford University.
MARIA PELLEGRINI joined the W. M. Keck Foundation as Program Director for Science, Engineering and Liberal Arts in February of 1998. She was Dean of Research in the College of Letters, Arts and Sciences at the University of Southern California from 1994 to 1998. Dr. Pellegrini was
Professor of Biological Sciences at USC from 1977 to 1998, serving as department chair from 1988 to 1993. She has taught a variety of courses in molecular biology and biochemistry at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Her research interests included studies of the structure-function relationships within ribosomes, the regulation of ribosomal gene expression, and, recently, work on genes that are important in human production. She has co-authored over 50 scientific journal articles and review chapters including an Institute for Scientific Information “citation classic.” Dr. Pellegrini was the recipient of an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Fellowship and a Dreyfus Foundation Teacher-Scholar Award. She has received numerous research and training grants from the National Institutes of Health. She has served on National Institutes of Health, California Breast Cancer Research Council and American Cancer Society grant review panels. She received her B.A. degree in chemistry from Connecticut College in 1969 and her Ph.D. in chemistry from Columbia University in 1974 followed by postdoctoral fellowships at Caltech and UC Irvine.
FENIOSKY PEÑA-MORA is currently an O’Neil Faculty Scholar and Associate Professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Peña-Mora was previously an Associate Professor of Information Technology and Project Management in the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department’s Intelligent Engineering Systems Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His current research interests are in information technology support for collaboration, change management, conflict resolution, and process integration during design and development of large-scale civil engineering systems. He is the author of publications on computer-supported design, computer-supported engineering design and construction, project control and management of large-scale engineering systems. One of his publications received the 1995 award for best paper published in the ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. Another of his publications is the textbook entitled “Introduction to Construction Dispute Resolution.” He is also holder of a 1999 NSF CAREER Award and a 2000 White House PECASE (Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers) Award. He is an Associate Editor for the ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering and the ASCE Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.
DIANA RHOTEN is a program office for the Social Science Research Council. She has a Ph.D. in Social Sciences, Policy, and Educational Practice and an M.A. in Organizational Sociology from Stanford University, as well as an M.Ed. in International Development Education from Harvard University. From 2001 to 2003, Dr. Rhoten served as an assistant professor
at the Stanford University School of Education where she taught courses in international education development and interdisciplinary research methods. At this time, Dr. Rhoten was also the research director of the Hybrid Vigor Institute and the principal investigator of the Institute’s NSF-funded study on interdisciplinary research networks and methods. In addition to analyzing interdisciplinary research organizations, Dr. Rhoten also studies cross-programmatic strategies in philanthropy.
CATHERINE ROSS is the Georgia Tech College of Architecture’s first endowed faculty member—the Harry West Chair for Quality Growth and Regional Development. In this role, Dr. Ross directs a center that examines key issues of land use, community design, transportation and air quality throughout the Atlanta region and beyond. She grew up in Ohio, graduated from Kent State University, and received her Ph.D. in Urban and Regional Planning at Cornell University. She did post-doctorate work at the University of California at Berkeley. In addition, Ross founded a consulting company that has conducted research for numerous government transportation agencies, and has been published extensively in the fields of urban planning, transportation planning and public participation. Dr. Ross has served as senior policy advisor at the National Academy of Sciences Transportation Research Board and vice provost for academic affairs at Georgia Tech. She is past president of the National Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning and was recently appointed to the national advisory board of the Women’s Transportation Seminar. She also serves as vice chair of the Atlanta Development Authority.
F. SHERWOOD ROWLAND is a specialist in atmospheric chemistry and radiochemistry, and was, with colleague Mario Molina, the first scientist to warn that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) released into the atmosphere were depleting the earth’s critical ozone layer. Dr. Rowland arrived at the University of California, Irvine, in 1964 as the first chair of the Department of Chemistry. He previously held faculty positions at Princeton University and the University of Kansas. He holds a bachelor’s degree from Ohio Wesleyan University, a master’s and a doctorate from the University of Chicago, and a number of honorary degrees from universities in the United States and the United Kingdom. Rowland is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. During 1991–1993, he served successive one-year terms as President-Elect, President, and Chairman of the Board of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Dr. Rowland was awarded the American Chemical Society 1993 Peter Debye Medal in Physical Chemistry, and the 1994 Roger Revelle Medal from the American Geophysical Union. In 1995, he shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Mario Molina and Paul Crutzen.
LAWRENCE A. TABAK is the director of the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR). The former director of the Center for Oral Biology, Aab Institute, at the University of Rochester in New York, Dr. Tabak also served as senior associate dean for research at the School of Medicine and Dentistry. While at Rochester, he oversaw a number of interdisciplinary research groups studying the molecular and genetic aspects of craniofacial-oral-dental conditions. He also directed graduate research training programs at the university and held professorships in dentistry and biochemistry and biophysics. Dr. Tabak has also served in various official capacities in a number of professional organizations, including the International/American Association for Dental Research, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Society for Glycobiology. He has received numerous honors and awards for his work, including being named a fellow of the AAAS and most recently, his election to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. A native of Brooklyn, New York, Dr. Tabak received his undergraduate degree from City College of the City University of New York, his D.D.S. from Columbia University, and both a Ph.D. and certificate of proficiency in endodontics from the State University of New York at Buffalo.
JEFFREY WADSWORTH is the director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the largest multipurpose laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), with 3,800 staff members and an annual budget of $1 billion. He is also a corporate officer of Battelle Memorial Institute, in Columbus, Ohio, where he is senior vice president for DOE Science Programs. He joined Battelle in August 2002 and was a member of the White House Transition Planning Office for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. He previously served as Deputy Director for Science and Technology at DOE’s Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, as well as Associate Director for Chemistry and Materials Science at that laboratory. Dr. Wadsworth holds B.S., Ph.D., and D. Met. degrees in metallurgy from the University of Sheffield in England. He is a Fellow of the American Society for Metals and the Minerals, Metals, and Materials Society. In 2003, he was elected a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in recognition of “distinguished contributions in developing advanced materials and superplasticity, and in determining the history and origins of Damascus and other steels, and for broad scientific leadership supporting national security.”
PIERRE WILTZIUS is director of the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology; a professor in both the Department of Materials Science and Engineering and the Department of Physics; and a full-time Beckman Institute faculty member in the Nanoelectronics and Biophotonics
Group. His fields of professional interest are soft-condensed matter, colloidal self-assembly, photonic crystals and microphotonics. Pierre Wiltzius received his Ph.D. in physics from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ), Zurich, Switzerland in 1981. He was at Bell Laboratories (Lucent Technologies, formerly AT&T) between 1984 and 2001, where he was most recently the Director of Semiconductor Physics Research. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society; a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a Senior Member of the IEEE; and a recipient of a NATO Fellowship. Interdisciplinary research has been central to his professional career. His Ph.D. thesis was on aspects of blood coagulation and was the result of a collaboration between physicists and clinical physicians.
The following organizations are represented at the Convocation on Facilitating Interdisciplinary Research.
Abt Associates, Inc.
Alliance for Academic Internal Medicine
American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy
American Chemical Society
American College of Radiology
American Health Information Management Association
American Institute of Biological Sciences
American Institute of Physics
American Mathematical Society
American Museum of Natural History
American Psychological Association
American Psychological Society
American Society of Cell Biology
American Society of Plant Biologists
American Sociological Association
Arizona State University
Arnold & Porter
ASHP Research & Education Foundation
Association of American Geographers
Atlantic Philanthropies (USA)
Baltimore City Public Schools
BART IGERT: Biosphere-Atmosphere Research and Training Program
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Buffalo State College
Burroughs Wellcome Fund
California State University Program for Education and Research in Biotechnology
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education
Contemporary Communications, Inc.
Council on Undergraduate Research
Des Moines University
Duke Center for Environmental Solutions
Ecological Society of America
Embassy of France
Embassy of Switzerland
EnTech Strategies, LLC
Experimental Program to Stimulate Experimental Research Foundation
Faculty Career and Diversity Consultant
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Flattau Associates, LLC
Florida A & M University
Food and Drug Administration
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
George Washington University
Georgia Institute of Technology
Graduate Partnerships Program
Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh
Gulf Coast Consortia
Health Resources and Services Administration
House Resources Committee
Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Industry-University Cooperative Research Program
Institute for Prevention Research
James Madison University
John Templeton Foundation
Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health
Land Information and Computer Graphics Facility
Lincoln University of Pennsylvania
Louisiana Tech University
Mathematical Association of America
McGeary and Smith
Medical College of Georgia
Michigan State University
Montclair State University
Mouvement Burkinabè d’Ecologie
National Aeronautics Space Administration Marshall Space Flight Center
National Cancer Institute
National Education Knowledge Industry Association
National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering
National Institute of Mental Health
National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Institute on Drug Abuse
National Institutes of Health
National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
National Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering/National Institutes of Health
National Institute of General Medical Sciences
National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, & Blood Institute
National Institute of Mental Health
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/OAR
Northern Arizona University
National Science Foundation
Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center/Ohio State University
Ohio State University
Office of Management and Budget
Office of Naval Research Global
Office of Science & Technology Policy
Office of the Director, NIH
Office of Translational Research & Scientific Technology
Oklahoma State University
Orthotic and Prosthetic Assistance Fund, Inc.
Paralyzed Veterans of America
Pennsylvania State University
Research for Better Schools
Sandia National Laboratories
Social Science Research Council
Society for Women’s Health Research
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Stony Brook University
Technology Policy and Assessment Center
Texas Tech University
Thomas Jefferson University
University of Maryland—Baltimore Campus
UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
Uniformed Services University
University of Nebraska Medical Center
University at Buffalo
University of California
University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, Davis
University of California, Irvine
University of Cincinnati
University of Colorado
University of Florida
University of Georgia
University of Kansas
University of Massachusetts, Lowell
University of Michigan
University of Nebraska, Lincoln
University of New Mexico
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina at Greensboro
University of North Dakota
University of Oklahoma, Tulsa Graduate College
University of Oregon
University of Pittsburgh
University of the Philippines Baguio
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
U.S. Department of Agriculture—Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
U.S. Department of Commerce
U.S. Department of Energy
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
U.S. State Department
Utah Addiction Center
University of Texas at Dallas
University of Texas Medical Branch
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University