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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
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Appendix A
Biographical Information on the Subcommittee on Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels For Selected Submarine Contaminants

ERNEST McCONNELL (Chair) is president of ToxPath, Inc., a consulting firm in Raleigh, NC, that specializes in experimental toxicology and pathology. Before becoming a consultant, Dr. McConnell was director of the Division of Toxicological Research and Testing Program, National Toxicology Program at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS). He has served two terms as a member of the NRC Committee on Toxicology and on several NRC committees, including the Subcommittee on Manufactured Vitreous Fibers. He received his D.V.M. from Ohio State University and his M.S. in pathology from Michigan State University. He completed his residency in comparative pathology at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Walter-Reed Army Medical Center.


RAKESH DIXIT is a study director–compound manager and biochemical toxicologist for Merck Research Laboratories, where he conducts safety assessment studies. His research interests include safety-toxicity biomarkers, safety assessment of pharmaceutical agents, biochemical mechanisms of toxicity, and toxicokinetics. He is the editor-in-chief of Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods and associate editor for Toxicology Applied

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
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Pharmacology and Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health and Methods. Dr. Dixit served on the NRC Subcommittee on Jet Propulsion Fuel 8. He received his Ph.D. in toxicology and biochemistry from Case Western Reserve University. He is board-certified in toxicology by the American Board of Toxicology.


DAVID DORMAN is director of the Division of Biological Sciences at CIIT Centers for Health Research. The primary objective of his research is to provide a refined understanding of chemically induced neurotoxicity in laboratory animals that will lead to improved assessments of potential neurotoxicity in humans. Dr. Dorman's research interests include evaluation of the effects of neurotoxic chemicals on potentially sensitive subpopulations; examination of chemical-induced effects on behavior and cognitive development; and the application of pharmacokinetic methods to the risk assessment of neurotoxicants. He received his D.V.M. from Colorado State University. He completed a combined Ph.D. and residency program in toxicology at the University of Illinois Champaign-Urbana and is a Diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Toxicology and the American Board of Toxicology.


MAUREEN FEUSTON is senior director of toxicology at Sanofi--Synthelabo Research, a Division of Sanofi-Synthelabo Pharmaceuticals, Inc. At Sanofi-Synthelabo, she manages the toxicology program and serves as the company’s primary source of information and guidance for developmental and reproductive toxicology issues. Prior to joining Sanofi-Synthelabo, she was responsible for general and reproductive toxicology at Mobil Oil Corporation’s Environmental Health and Safety Laboratory. Dr. Feuston has held a number of elected positions in scientific societies, including president of the Middle Atlantic Reproductive and Teratology Association and council member of the Society of Toxicology’s Reproductive and Developmental Specialty Section, and has served on numerous committees within the Teratology Society. She has also served on the NRC Subcommittee on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicants. She received her Ph.D. in developmental biology from the University of Cincinnati.


JACK HARKEMA is University Distinguished Professor in the College of Veterinary Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU). He is also the director of the Laboratory for Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology in the National Food Safety and Toxicology Center and the director of the Mobile Air Research Laboratory at MSU. Dr. Harkema's research is designed to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
×

pathogenesis of airway injury caused by the inhalation of airborne pollutants. Dr. Harkema received his D.V.M. from Michigan State University and his Ph.D. in comparative pathology from the University of California, Davis.


HOWARD KIPEN is a professor and director of the Clinical Research and Occupational Medicine Division in the Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicine at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. His research focuses on controlled-exposure studies of the effects of environmental agents, such as particulate air pollution, diesel exhaust, and solvents, and epidemiologic studies of medically unexplained symptoms. He has served as a member or chair of several IOM committees, including the Committee on the Persian Gulf Syndrome Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program. He received his M.D. from University of California at San Francisco and his M.P.H. from Columbia University School of Public Health. He is board-certified in internal medicine and occupational medicine.


LOREN KOLLER is an independent consultant and former professor and dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Oregon State University. His research interests include toxicologic, pathologic, and immunologic effects of toxic substances and the effect of environmental contaminants on tumor growth and immunity. He is a former member of the NRC Committee on Toxicology and participated on several of its subcommittees, including the Subcommittee on Immunotoxicity and the Subcommittee on Zinc Cadmium Sulfide. He is currently serving on the IOM Committee on the Assessment of Health Effects of Vietnam Veterans. He received his D.V.M. from Washington State University and his Ph.D. in pathology from the University of Wisconsin.


JOHN O’DONOGHUE is director of the Health and Environment Laboratories of Eastman Kodak Company. He also holds an appointment as adjunct associate professor of environmental medicine at the University of Rochester, School of Medicine and Dentistry. His research interests include neurotoxicology and toxicologic pathology. Dr. O’Donoghue has served on several NRC committees including the Committee on Toxicology and the Subcommittee on Toxicological Hazard and Risk Assessment. He received his V.M.D and Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania and is a Diplomate of the American Board of Toxicology.


JOYCE TSUJI is a principal scientist in the toxicology and health risk practice of Exponent, Inc. She is a board-certified toxicologist with experi-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
×

ence in risk assessment and risk communication on projects in the United States and internationally. Her specific expertise includes exposure assessment, environmental health education, and biomonitoring for exposure to chemicals in the environment. She is currently serving on the NRC Subcommittee on Spacecraft Exposure Guidelines (SEGs) and served on the NRC Subcommittee on Submarine Escape Action Levels and the Subcommittee on Copper in Drinking Water. She received her Ph.D. in physiology and ecology from the Department of Zoology at the University of Washington.


ANNETTA WATSON is a senior research staff scientist in the Life Sciences Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). She has been involved with the development of reference doses, acute exposure guideline levels (AEGLs), and other decision criteria for chemical warfare agents. Dr. Watson has also interpreted and applied toxicological information on hazardous materials to meet community emergency preparedness planning and training needs. She has served on numerous NRC committees, including the Committee on Toxicology, the Subcommittee on Toxicological Hazard and Risk Assessment, the Subcommittee on Guidelines for Military Field Drinking Water Quality, and the IOM Committee to Survey the Health Effects of Mustard Gas and Lewisite. She received a Ph.D. from the School of Agriculture at the University of Kentucky and an undergraduate degree in entomology from Purdue University.


CALVIN WILLHITE is a toxicologist employed by the California Department of Toxic Substances Control. Dr. Willhite was a member of the Chemical Substances Threshold Limit Values (TLV) Committee of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists for ten years. Dr. Willhite currently serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part B, Critical Reviews; Toxicology; Reproductive Toxicology; and Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. He served on the NRC Committee on Toxicology and is a member of the NRC Subcommittee on Acute Exposure Guideline Levels, the NSF Health Advisory Board, and the National Toxicology Program Scientific Advisory Committee. He received his M.S. in toxicology from Utah State University and his Ph.D. in pharmacology from Dartmouth Medical School.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
×
Page 279
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
×
Page 280
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
×
Page 281
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A Biographical Information." National Research Council. 2007. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11170.
×
Page 282
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Emergency and Continuous Exposure Guidance Levels for Selected Submarine Contaminants: Volume 1 Get This Book
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U.S. Navy personnel who work on submarines are in an enclosed and isolated environment for days or weeks at a time when at sea. Unlike a typical work environment, they are potentially exposed to air contaminants 24 hours a day. To protect workers from potential adverse health effects due to those conditions, the U.S. Navy has established exposure guidance levels for a number of contaminants. The Navy asked a subcommittee of the National Research Council (NRC) to review, and develop when necessary, exposure guidance levels for 10 contaminants.

Overall, the subcommittee found the values proposed by the Navy to be suitable for protecting human health. For a few chemicals, the committee proposed levels that were lower than those proposed by the Navy. In conducting its evaluation, the subcommittee found that there is little exposure data available on the submarine environment and echoed a previous recommendation from an earlier NRC report to conduct monitoring that would provide a complete analysis of submarine air and data on exposure of personnel to contaminants.

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