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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
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Acronyms


3R2N

Three Rivers Second Nature

3RWW

Three Rivers Wet Weather Demonstration Program

ABAG

Association of Bay Area Governments

ACCD

Allegheny Conference on Community Development

ACHD

Allegheny County Health Department

AGI

Acute gastrointestinal illness

ALCOSAN

Allegheny County Sanitary Authority

AMD

Acid mine drainage

AML

Abandoned mine land

ATSDR

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry

AWQS

Ambient water quality standards


BMP

Best management practices

BOD

Biological oxygen demand


CAA

Clean Air Act

CATS

Chicago Area Transit Study

CDC

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CMOM

Capacity, Management, Operations, and Maintenance

CMU

Carnegie Mellon University

CSO

Combined sewer overflow

CVMP

Citizens’ Volunteer Monitoring Program

CW

Chicago Wilderness

CWA

Clean Water Act

CWARP

Comprehensive Watershed Assessment and Response Plan


DDT

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane

DHHS

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


EBMUD

East Bay Municipal Utility District

EMAP

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program

EPA

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

ERC

Extended reactive control

EWGCC

East-West Gateway Coordinating Council


FBM

Flow balancing method

FDA

U.S. Food and Drug Administration


GIS

Geographic information system

GWR

Ground Water Rule (proposed)


HUC

Hydrologic unit code


IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

IAWPR

International Association on Water Pollution Research and Control

IAWQ

International Association on Water Quality

IBI

Index of Biotic Integrity

ICR

Information Collection Rule

I/I

Infiltration and inflow

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
×

ISTEA

Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act


JLA

Joint local agency


KIPDA

Kentuckyiana Regional Planning and Development Agency


LRC

Local reactive control

LTCP

Long-term wet weather control plan


MCL

Maximum contaminant level

MFA

Major financial activity

MMSD

Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewer District

MOU

Memorandum of understanding

MPN

Most probable number

MPO

Metropolitan planning organization

MSA

Metropolitan statistical area

MSD

Metropolitan sewer district

MWRD

Metropolitan Water Reclamation District


NAPRA

National agricultural pesticide risk assessment

NAWQA

National Water Quality Assessment Program

NGO

Nongovernmental organization

NIPC

Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission

NMR

Nine Mile Run

NMR-GP

Nine Mile Run Greenway Project

NODP

National Onsite Demonstration Project

NPDES

National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

NPS

Nonpoint source

NRC

National Research Council

NRDC

Natural Resources Defense Council


OGP

Optimal global predictive

ORSANCO

Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission

OSM

Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation, and Enforcement

OSTDS

On-site sewage treatment and disposal system


PABS

Pennsylvania Biological Survey

PADEP

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection

PADER

Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Resources

PADOH

Pennsylvania Department of Health

PASEO

Pennsylvania Association of Sewage Enforcement Officers

PCB

Polychlorinated biphenyl

PEC

Pennsylvania Environmental Council

PEL

Probable effect level

PENNVEST

Pennsylvania Infrastructure Investment Authority

PFBC

Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission

PFU

Plaque forming unit

POWR

Pennsylvania Organization for Watersheds and Rivers

PRWA

Pennsylvania Rural Water Association

PWSA

Pittsburgh Water and Sewer Authority


RBP

Rapid Bioassessment Protocol

RCAP

Rural Community Assistance Program

RMO

Regional Maintenance Organization

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
×

RTA

Regional Transportation Authority

RTC

Real-time control

RUS

Rural Utility Service

RWRC

Regional Water Resources Council


SDWA

Safe Drinking Water Act

SEWRPC

Southeastern Wisconsin Regional Planning Commission

SLMSD

Saint Louis Metropolitan Sewer District

SMCL

Secondary Maximum Contaminant level

SMCRA

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

SPC

Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission

SSO

Sanitary sewer overflow

STEP

Septic tank effluent pump

SWAP

Source Water Assessment and Protection

SWRC

Statewide Water Resources Committee


TCMC

Twin Cities Metro Council

TDS

Total dissolved solids

TMDL

Total maximum daily load

TPR

Third party review

TPRC

Third Party Review Committee

TSS

Total suspended solids


USACE

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USDA

U.S. Department of Agriculture

USGS

U.S. Geological Survey

USPHS

U.S. Public Health Service


VOC

Volatile organic compound


WATRR

Watershed Alliance for the Three Rivers Region

WPC

Western Pennsylvania Conservancy

WQIF

Water Quality Improvement Fund

WQS

Water quality standard

WRAS

Watershed Restoration Action Strategy

WRPA

Water Resources Planning Act

WSIP

Southwestern Pennsylvania Water and Sewer Infrastructure Project

WSTB

Water Science and Technology Board

WWTP

Wastewater treatment plant

Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
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Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
×
Page 260
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
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Page 261
Suggested Citation:"Acronyms." National Research Council. 2005. Regional Cooperation for Water Quality Improvement in Southwestern Pennsylvania. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11196.
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Page 262
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The city of Pittsburgh and surrounding area of southwestern Pennsylvania face complex water quality problems, due in large part to aging wastewater infrastructures that cannot handle sewer overflows and stormwater runoff, especially during wet weather. Other problems such as acid mine drainage are a legacy of the region’s past coal mining, heavy industry, and manufacturing economy. Currently, water planning and management in southwestern Pennsylvania is highly fragmented; federal and state governments, 11 counties, hundreds of municipalities, and other entities all play roles, but with little coordination or cooperation. The report finds that a comprehensive, watershed-based approach is needed to effectively meet water quality standards throughout the region in the most cost-effective manner. The report outlines both technical and institutional alternatives to consider in the development and implementation of such an approach.

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