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Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods (2006)

Chapter: Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2006. Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11616.
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Page 143
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2006. Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11616.
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Page 144
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2006. Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11616.
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Page 145
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee and Staff Biographies." National Research Council. 2006. Review of Recreational Fisheries Survey Methods. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/11616.
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Page 146

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Appendix A Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE Patrick J. Sullivan (Chair) is an associate professor in the Department of Natural Resources at Cornell University. Dr. Sullivan earned a Ph.D. in biostatistics in 1988 from the University of Washington. His research focuses on the assessment and management of fisheries resources and the statistical modeling of biological systems. F. Jay Breidt is a professor of statistics at Colorado State University. Dr. Breidt earned a Ph.D. in statistics in 1991 from Colorado State Univer- sity. His research focuses on non-Gaussian linear time series models, environmental monitoring, and nonparametric regression in surveys. Robert B. Ditton is a professor of wildlife and fisheries sciences at Texas A&M University. Dr. Ditton earned a Ph.D. in recreation and park administration in 1969 from the University of Illinois. His research focuses on the sociology of natural resources with special attention to the human dimensions of fisheries. He is a previous member of the Ocean Studies Board. Barbara A. Knuth is the Chair of the Department of Natural Resources at Cornell University. Dr. Knuth earned a Ph.D. in fisheries and wildlife sciences in 1986 from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State Univer- sity. Her research focuses on risk perception, communication, and man- agement of fisheries affected by chemical contaminants. 143

144 APPENDIX A Bruce M. Leaman is the Executive Director of the International Pacific Halibut Commission and an affiliate professor in the School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences at the University of Washington. Dr. Leaman earned a Ph.D. from the University of British Columbia. His research focuses on reproductive and evolutionary biology of long-lived fishes; stock assessment; and fisheries governance, management, and harvest policy. Victoria M. O'Connell is the Groundfish Project Leader for the Southeast Region of the Alaska Department of Fish and Game. Ms. O'Connell earned a B.S. in fisheries from the University of Washington. Her research focuses on the management of southeast Alaskan com- mercial groundfish fisheries, including longline and pot fisheries for sablefish, longline fisheries for rockfish, and jig and troll fisheries for lingcod. George R. Parsons is a professor in the Graduate College of Marine Studies and Department of Economics at the University of Delaware. Dr. Parsons earned a Ph.D. in economics in 1985 from University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research focuses on the application of random utility models to recreational fishing and hunting in Delaware; beach use on the Mid-Atlantic, Texas, and New England coasts; and diving in the Caribbean. Kenneth H. Pollock is a professor of zoology, biomathematics, and statistics at North Carolina State University. Dr. Pollock earned a Ph.D. in biometry from Cornell University. His research focuses on sampling methods used in wildlife and fisheries science and management, includ- ing the design and analysis of recreational angler surveys. Stephen J. Smith is a research scientist with the Bedford Institute of Oceanography. Mr. Smith earned his B.Sc. degree in marine biology and M.Sc. in statistics from the University of Guelph. His research focuses on the application and design of surveys for marine populations, pop- ulation dynamics models, and spatial analysis of species distributions in conjunction with data on geology and oceanographic conditions. S. Lynne Stokes is a professor of statistical science at Southern Methodist University. Dr. Stokes earned a Ph.D. in statistics in 1976 from the University of North Carolina. Her research focuses on sampling

APPENDIX A 145 methods, modeling of non-sampling errors in surveys, and disclosure limitation methods. STAFF Christine Blackburn was a program officer with the Ocean Studies Board until early 2006. She earned a Ph.D. in oceanography from the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Since receiving her doctorate, Dr. Blackburn has been working in science policy. In 2003, she became a policy associate for the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy, where she helped prepare the Commission's report. Dr. Blackburn is currently an ocean program analyst with the California Coastal Conservancy. David Policansky is a scholar and the director of the Program in Applied Ecology and Natural Resources in the Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology. Dr. Policansky earned a Ph.D. in biology from the Uni- versity of Oregon. His areas of expertise include genetics; evolution; and ecology, including the effects of fishing on fish populations, ecological risk assessment, natural resource management, and how science is used in informing policy. Susan Park is an associate program officer with the Ocean Studies Board. She earned a Ph.D. in oceanography in 2004 from the University of Delaware. Her dissertation focused on the range expansion of the nonnative Asian shore crab Hemigrapsus sanguineus. In the summer of 2002, she participated in the Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Graduate Policy Fellowship with the Ocean Studies Board. Prior to joining the Ocean Studies Board in 2006, Dr. Park worked on aquatic invasive species management with the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and the Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel. Jodi Bostrom is a research associate with the Ocean Studies Board. She earned a B.S. in zoology in 1998 from the University of Wisconsin- Madison. Since starting with the Ocean Studies Board in May 1999, Ms. Bostrom has worked on several studies pertaining to fisheries, marine mammals, nutrient over-enrichment, and ocean exploration. She will earn an M.S. in environmental science from American University in December 2006.

146 APPENDIX A Phillip Long was a program assistant for the Ocean Studies Board and recently became a senior program assistant with the Board on Physics and Astronomy. He earned a B.S. in chemistry and a B.A. in history from the University of Portland. Before coming to the National Academies, Mr. Long worked as a medical research assistant at the Oregon Health Sciences University. Carrie Wall is a graduate research assistant with the Institute for Marine Remote Sensing at the University of South Florida. She earned an M.S. in biological oceanography in 2006 from the University of South Florida. Ms. Wall has worked on research projects pertaining to marine mam- mals, environmental education, wetlands restoration, sea turtles, fish- eries, ocean policy, and remote sensing.

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Recreational fishing in the United States is an important social and economic component of many marine fisheries, with an estimated 14 million anglers making almost 82 million fishing trips in 2004. Although each individual angler typically harvests a small number of fish, collectively these sport fisheries can take a significant fraction of the yearly catch--in some cases more than commercial fisheries. For example, in 1999, recreational fishing accounted for 94% of the total catch of spotted sea trout, 76% of striped bass and sheephead, and 60 percent of king mackerel. It is important that systems used to monitor fishing catch are adequate for timely management of recreational fisheries. However, the large number of anglers and access points makes monitoring recreational fishing much more difficult than monitoring commercial fishing. This report reviews the types of survey methods used to estimate catch in recreational fisheries, including state/federal cooperative programs. The report finds that both telephone survey and onsite access components of the current monitoring systems have serious flaws in design or implementation. There are also several areas of miscommunication and mismatched criteria among designers of surveys, data collectors, and recreational fisheries. The report recommends that a comprehensive, universal sampling frame with national coverage should be established, and that improvements should be made in statistical analysis of the data collected and in the ways the data are communicated. A permanent and independent research group should be established and funded to evaluate the statistical design and adequacy of recreational fishery surveys and to guide necessary modifications or new initiatives.

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