National Academies Press: OpenBook

Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel (2008)

Chapter: Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 2008. Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12095.
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Page 450
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 2008. Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12095.
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Page 451
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 2008. Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12095.
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Page 452
Suggested Citation:"Appendix H: Acronyms and Abbreviations." Institute of Medicine. 2008. Use of Dietary Supplements by Military Personnel. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12095.
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Page 453

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Appendix H Acronyms and Abbreviations AAFES Army and Air Force Exchange Service ADC Average daily consumption ADL Activities of daily living AI Adequate Intake ALS Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis AMDR Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range AMEDD Army Medical Department AMS Acute mountain sickness ANS Autonomic nervous system APFT Army Physical Fitness Test ATP Adenosine-5′-triphosphate AUC Area under the curve BMD Bone mineral density BMI Body mass index BP Blood pressure CAM Complementary and Alternative Medicine CDR Cognitive drug research CFF Critical flicker fusion CGI Clinical Global Impression scale cGMP Current good manufacturing practice CHPPM Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine CK Creatine kinase CNS Central nervous system 450

APPENDIX H 451 CRT Choice reaction time CSFII Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals CVD Cardiovascular disease CYP2D6 Cytochrome P450 2D6 DEXA Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry DFE Dietary Folate Equivalents DHEA Dehydroepiandrosterone DHEA-S the sulfated form of DHEA circulating in the body DoD Department of Defense DRI Dietary Reference Intake DS Dietary supplement DSHEA Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act DSI EC Dietary supplement information executive committee DSID Dietary Supplement Ingredient Database DSNDCPA Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act DSVP Dietary supplement verification program EAR Estimated Average Requirement ECG Electrocardiogram EEG Electroencephalography EMG Electromyography EOG Electrooculography ER Emergency room ERGO Energy rich, glucose optimized ESP E-screener panel FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration FFD&C Act Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act GABA Gamma-aminobutyric acid GAS Ginseng abuse syndrome GI Gastrointestinal GRAS Generally recognized as safe HAS High-altitude sickness HDL High-density lipoprotein HFA Health and Fitness Assessment HMB β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate HMG-CoA 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A HPPI Health Promotion and Prevention Initiative HR Heart rate

452 USE OF DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS BY MILITARY PERSONNEL IARC International Agency for Research on Cancer ICW Intracellular water IGF-1 Insulin-like growth factor IMQ Index of Memory Quality INR International normalized ratio IOM Institute of Medicine LLS Lake Louise Score MAJCOM Major Command (USAF) MAOD Maximal accumulated oxygen deficit MAOI Monoamine oxidase inhibitor MAP Maximal aerobic power MDRI Military Dietary Reference Intake MRCA Market Research Corporation of America MRI Magnetic resonance imaging MV/MM Multivitamins/multiminerals supplements NAS National Academy of Sciences ND Not determined NE Niacin Equivalent NEX Navy Exchange Service NF National Formulary NFCS Nationwide Food Consumption Survey NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey NHIS National Health Interview Survey NSORs Nutritional Standards for Operational Rations OASD(HA) Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Health Affairs) ODS, NIH Office of Dietary Supplements, National Institutes of Health OGTT Oral glucose tolerance test OIG Office of the Inspector General P&T Pharmacy and Therapeutics PA Physical activity PCC Poison control center PGE2 Prostaglandin E2 PIF Proteolysis-inducing factor PKC Protein kinase C PSA Prostate-specific antigen PSG Polysomnography PUFA Polyunsaturated fatty acid

APPENDIX H 453 RAE Retinol Activity Equivalent RDA Recommended Dietary Allowance RE Retinol Equivalent REE Resting energy expenditure RM Reference material RMG Random movement generation test RVIP Rapid visual information processing SBP Systolic blood pressure SF Special Forces sIgA Secretory immunoglobulin A SJS Stevens-Johnson syndrome SRT Selective reminding test TBW Total body water tHcy Total plasma homocysteine TNF-α Tumor necrosis factor-alpha TTCP The Technical Corporation Program UL Tolerable Upper Intake Level URTI Upper respiratory tract infection USACHPPM U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine USAF U.S. Air Force USARIEM U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture USP United States Pharmacopeia USUHS Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences VCO2 Rate of elimination of carbon dioxide V E Pulmonary ventilation during exercise VO2 Oxygen uptake WAIS Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale WHO World Health Organization WMS Wechsler Memory Scale WRAIR Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

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Dietary supplements are widely available through a rapidly expanding market of products commonly advertised as beneficial for health, performance enhancement, and disease prevention. Given the importance and frequent evaluation of physical performance and health as a criteria to join and remain in the military, the use of these products by military personnel has raised concern regarding over-all and long-term efficacy and safety. This evaluation is especially difficult, as many of these supplements contain multiple ingredients, have a changing composition over time, or are used intermittently at doses difficult to measure. This book analyzes the patterns of dietary supplement use among military personnel, examines published reviews of the scientific evidence, and identifies those dietary supplements that are beneficial and/or warrant concern due to risks to health or performance. The book also recommends a system to monitor adverse health effects and a framework to identify the need for active management of dietary supplements by military personnel. Military policy makers, personnel, and recruits will find this book useful, as will nutritionists, athletes, and others working in strenuous environments.

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