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Appendix C Biographical Sketches of Steering Committee Members Alan M. Jette (Chair) directs the Health and Disability Research Institute and is a professor of health policy and management at the School of Pub- lic Health, both at Boston University. He has been active in reviews of the Social Security Administrationâs disability decision process research. His research emphases include late-life exercise; evaluation of treatment outcomes; and the measurement, epidemiology, and prevention of late-life disability. He has published more than 125 articles on these topics in the rehabilitation, geriatrics, and public health literature. He has an M.P.H. degree in health gerontology and a Ph.D. degree in public health behavior, both from the University of Michigan. Vicki A. Freedman is a professor of health systems and policy at the Uni- versity of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jerseyâs School of Public Health. She is a demographer and chronic disease epidemiologist who specializes in the measurement of disabilities in older populations. She has published extensively on the topics of population aging, disability, and long-term care, including several widely publicized articles on trends in late-life functioning. Her current research emphasizes interventions that can be used to prevent late-life disability decline, the socioeconomic and racial disparities in the incidence of late-life disabilities, the causes of late-life disability trends, and the role of assistive technology in ameliorating disability. She has served on more than a dozen national advisory panels for federal agencies, including the National Institute on Aging and the U.S. Department of Health and Hu- man Services. She earned her Ph.D. in epidemiology from Yale University and M.A. in demography from Georgetown University. 163
164 IMPROVING THE MEASUREMENT OF LATE-LIFE DISABILITY Linda P. Fried is dean of the Mailman School of Public Health and senior vice president of Columbia University Medical Center. Her core research interests are prevention and health promotion for older adults, with par- ticular emphasis on the discovery of the causes of frailty and disability and their prevention. She is a board-certified internist and geriatrician, with postdoctoral training at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions in geriatrics, general internal medicine, and epidemiology (cardiovascular and aging). She is a recipient of a National Institute on Aging MERIT Award. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine. She received an M.D. degree from Rush Medical College and an M.P.H. degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Linda G. Martin is a senior fellow at RAND, serving as an advisor on a variety of RAND studies and activities, as well as conducting her own research on the health of older people in the United States and Asia. She is also an adjunct professor in the Department of Population, Family, and Reproductive Health at the Bloomberg School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins University. Previously she served as president of the Population Council; as vice president for research development at RAND; and as direc- tor of the Committee on Population at the National Research Council. She has held other teaching and research appointments at Princeton University, Georgetown University, and the University of Michigan. She has M.P.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Princeton University. Joshua Salomon is an associate professor of international health in the De- partment of Population and International Health at Harvard University. His research focuses on priority setting in global health in three main substan- tive areas: measurement of population health status and health valuations; modeling and forecasting health outcomes and disease burden; and evalu- ation of the potential impact and cost-effectiveness of current and future health interventions. He is an investigator on projects funded by National Institute on Aging and the Gates Foundation relating to summary measures of population health; modeling HIV/AIDS epidemics and interventions for prevention and treatment; modeling disease outcomes for population health monitoring and surveillance; and evaluating the potential impact and cost- effectiveness of new vaccines. He also leads a collaborative project with the Mexican Ministry of Health on priority setting for interventions in the context of health reform. He has a Ph.D. degree from Harvard University. Arthur A. Stone is a distinguished professor of psychiatry and of psychol- ogy, vice chair of the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, and director of the Applied Behavioral Medicine Research Institute at Stony Brook University. His research interests focus on self-reports of medical
APPENDIX C 165 and psychological outcomes, ecological momentary assessment, stress and coping, psychoendocrinology, and behavioral medicine. He has received several awards for his work and held editorial positions on several peer- reviewed journals. He has a Ph.D. degree in psychology (clinical) from the State University of New York at Stony Brook.