National Academies Press: OpenBook

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change (2010)

Chapter: Appendix D: State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and Baselines

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and Baselines." National Research Council. 2010. Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12784.
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APPENDIX D
State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and Baselines

State

Target Reductions

Baseline Year

WA

1990 levels by 2020, 25% below 1990 levels by 2035, and 50% below 1990 levels by 2050

1990

MT

1990 emission levels by 2020

1990

OR

10% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 75% below 1990 levels by 2050

1990

CA

1990 levels by 2020, and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050

1990

UT

2005 levels by 2020

2005

CO

20% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 80% below 2005 levels by 2050

2005

AZ

2000 levels by 2020, and 50% below 2000 levels by 2040

2000

NM

2000 emission levels by 2012, 10% below 2000 levels by 2020, and 75% below 2000 emission levels by 2050

2000

HI

Reduced to 1990 levels by 2020

1990

MN

15% by 2015, 30% by 2025, and 80% by 2050, based on 2005 levels

2005

MI

20% below 2005 levels by 2025 and 80% below 2005 by 2050

2005

IL

1990 levels by 2020 and 60% below 1990 levels by 2050

1990

FL

2000 levels by 2017, 1990 levels by 2025, and 80% below 1990 levels by 2050

2000, 1990

VA

30% below business as usual by 2025

Below BAU

MD

25% below 2006 levels by 2020

2006

NJ

1990 levels by 2020 and to 80% below 2006 levels by 2050

1990, 2006

NY

5% below 1990 levels by 2010, and 10% below 1990 levels by 2020

1990

CT

10% below 1990 levels by 2020

1990

RI

1990 levels by 2010, 10% below 1990 levels by 2020, and 75-85% below 2001 levels in the long term

1990, 2001

MA

10% and 25% below 1990 levels by 2020, as well as targets for 2030 and 2040

1990

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and Baselines." National Research Council. 2010. Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12784.
×

State

Target Reductions

Baseline Year

MH

1990 levels by 2010, 10% below 1990 levels by 2020, and 75%-85% below 2001 levels in the long term

1990, 2001

VT

1990 levels by 2010, 10% below 1990 levels by 2020, and 75%-85% below 2001 levels in the long term

1990, 2001

ME

1990 levels by 2010, 10% below 1990 levels by 2020, and 75%-80% below 2003 levels in the long term

1990, 2003

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and Baselines." National Research Council. 2010. Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12784.
×
Page 313
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets and Baselines." National Research Council. 2010. Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12784.
×
Page 314
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Global climate change is one of America's most significant long-term policy challenges. Human activity--especially the use of fossil fuels, industrial processes, livestock production, waste disposal, and land use change--is affecting global average temperatures, snow and ice cover, sea-level, ocean acidity, growing seasons and precipitation patterns, ecosystems, and human health. Climate-related decisions are being carried out by almost every agency of the federal government, as well as many state and local government leaders and agencies, businesses and individual citizens. Decision makers must contend with the availability and quality of information, the efficacy of proposed solutions, the unanticipated consequences resulting from decisions, the challenge of implementing chosen actions, and must consider how to sustain the action over time and respond to new information.

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change, a volume in the America's Climate Choices series, describes and assesses different activities, products, strategies, and tools for informing decision makers about climate change and helping them plan and execute effective, integrated responses. It discusses who is making decisions (on the local, state, and national levels), who should be providing information to make decisions, and how that information should be provided. It covers all levels of decision making, including international, state, and individual decision making. While most existing research has focused on the physical aspect of climate change, Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change employs theory and case study to describe the efforts undertaken so far, and to guide the development of future decision-making resources.

Informing an Effective Response to Climate Change offers much-needed guidance to those creating public policy and assists in implementing that policy. The information presented in this book will be invaluable to the research community, especially social scientists studying climate change; practitioners of decision-making assistance, including advocacy organizations, non-profits, and government agencies; and college-level teachers and students.

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