National Academies Press: OpenBook

When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs (2010)

Chapter: Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
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C
Acronyms and Abbreviations

3DVar 3-dimensional variational

4DVar 4-dimensional variational

AHPS Advanced Hydrologic Prediction Service

AMS American Meteorological Society

ARS Agricultural Research Service

BASC Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

CASA Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere

CCSM Community Climate System Model

CFD computational fluid dynamics

CHI Communicating Hurricane Information

CHPS Community Hydrologic Prediction System

CHyMP Community Hydrologic Modeling Platform

CONUS contiguous United States

DHM distributed hydrologic model

DMIP Distributed Model Intercomparison Project

DOD U.S. Department of Defense

DOE U.S. Department of Energy

DOT U.S. Department of Transportation

ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts

EIA U.S. Energy Information Agency

EMC Environmental Modeling Center

EnKF ensemble Kalman filter

ENSO El Niño–Southern Oscillation

EOC emergency operations center

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
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EPiCC Environmental Prediction in Canadian Cities

ESRL Earth Systems Research Laboratory

FAA Federal Aviation Administration

FIM finite-volume horizontal transport

FNMOC Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center

GFS Global Forecast System

GIS geographic information system

GPS Global Positioning System

HMT Hydrometeorological Testbed

HPC high-performance computing

HPC Hydrometeorological Prediction Center

IWRSS Integrated Water Resources Science and Services

LES large eddy simulation

MCS mesoscale convective system

MHEWS Multi-Hazard Early Warning System

MMS Modular Modeling System

MSA metropolitan statistical area

μSA micropolitan statistical area

NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCAR National Center for Atmospheric Research

NCEP National Centers for Environmental Prediction

NEXRAD Next-Generation Radar

NextGen Next Generation Air Transportation System

NICAM Nonhydrostatic ICosahedral Atmospheric Model

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOGAPS Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System

NRC National Research Council

NREL National Renewable Energy Laboratory

NSAB NOAA Science Advisory Board

NSF National Science Foundation

NWP numerical weather prediction

NWS National Weather Service

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
×

O2R operations to research

OHD Office of Hydrologic Development

PBL planetary boundary layer

PDT Prospectus Development Team

PROBCAST Probability Forecast Program

PV photovoltaic

QPE quantitative precipitation estimation

QPF quantitative precipitation forecast

R2O research to operations

RF radio frequency

RFC River Forecast Center

SAC-SMA Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting

SIP Societal Impacts Program

SNOTEL SNOwpack TELemetry

SSWIM Social Science Woven into Meteorology

TIGGE THORPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble

UCAR University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

UHF ultrahigh frequency

USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

USGS U.S. Geological Survey

USWRP U.S. Weather Research Program

VHI very high impact

VORTEX2 Verification of the Origins of Rotation in Tornadoes Experiment

WAS*IS Weather and Society*Integrated Studies

WATERS Water and Environmental Research Systems

WCRP World Climate Research Program

WMO World Meteorological Organization

WRF Weather Research and Forecasting Model

WSR Weather Service Radar

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
×
Page 163
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
×
Page 164
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
×
Page 165
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Acronyms and Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2010. When Weather Matters: Science and Services to Meet Critical Societal Needs. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/12888.
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Page 166
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The past 15 years have seen marked progress in observing, understanding, and predicting weather. At the same time, the United States has failed to match or surpass progress in operational numerical weather prediction achieved by other nations and failed to realize its prediction potential; as a result, the nation is not mitigating weather impacts to the extent possible.

This book represents a sense of the weather community as guided by the discussions of a Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate community workshop held in summer 2009. The book puts forth the committee's judgment on the most pressing high level, weather-focused research challenges and research to operations needs, and makes corresponding recommendations. The book addresses issues including observations, global non-hydrostatic coupled modeling, data assimilation, probabilistic forecasting, and quantitative precipitation and hydrologic forecasting. The book also identifies three important, emerging issues--predictions of very high impact weather, urban meteorology, and renewable energy development--not recognized or emphasized in previous studies. Cutting across all of these challenges is a set of socioeconomic issues, whose importance and emphasis--while increasing--has been undervalued and underemphasized in the past and warrants greater recognition and priority today.

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