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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. For the Public's Health: The Role of Measurement in Action and Accountability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13005.
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Appendix A
Acronyms

ACA Affordable Care Act, 2010

AHR America’s Health Rankings

AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

ASTHO Association of State and Territorial Health Officials

BMI body mass index

BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CHCF California HealthCare Foundation

CHDI Community Health Data Initiative

CHIS California Health Interview Survey

CHR county health rankings

CHSI Community Health Status Indicators

CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

CVD cardiovascular disease

DALY disability-adjusted life year

DHEW Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

DOT Department of Transportation

EHR electronic health record

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. For the Public's Health: The Role of Measurement in Action and Accountability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13005.
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GAO Government Accountability Office

GDP gross domestic product

HALE health-adjusted life expectancy

HALY health-adjusted life year

HHS Department of Health and Human Services

HIA health impact assessment

HP 2010 Healthy People 2010

HRQL health-related quality of life

HUD Department of Housing and Urban Development

IOM Institute of Medicine

MATCH Mobilizing Action Toward Community Health

NACCHO National Association of County and City Health Officials

NAS National Academy of Sciences

NCHS National Center for Health Statistics

NCQA National Committee for Quality Assurance

NCVHS National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics

NHANES National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

NHIS National Health Interview Survey

NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

NIH National Institutes of Health

NPHPPHC National Prevention, Health Promotion, and Public Health Council

NQF National Quality Form

OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PHAB Public Health Acceditation Board

QALY quality-adjusted life year

SUSA State of the USA

TFAH Trust for America’s Health

Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. For the Public's Health: The Role of Measurement in Action and Accountability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13005.
×
Page 145
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Acronyms." Institute of Medicine. 2011. For the Public's Health: The Role of Measurement in Action and Accountability. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13005.
×
Page 146
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Despite having the costliest medical care delivery system in the world, Americans are not particularly healthy. Recent international comparisons show that life expectancy in the U.S. ranks 49th among all nations, and infant mortality rates are higher in the U.S. than in many far less affluent nations. While these statistics are alarming, the bigger problem is that we do not know how to reverse this trend. Our lack of knowledge is due in large part to significant inadequacies in the health system for gathering, analyzing, and communicating health information about the population.

To inform the public health community and all other sectors that contribute to population health, For the Public's Health: The Role of Measurement in Action and Accountability reviews current approaches for measuring the health of individuals and communities and creates a roadmap for future development. This book, the first of three in a series, focuses on data and measurement-not as ends in themselves, but rather tools to inform the myriad programs, policies, and processes developed or undertaken by governmental public health agencies and their many partners in the health system.

For the Public's Health seeks to reinstate the proper and evidence-based understanding of health as not merely the result of medical or clinical care but the result of the sum of what we do as a society to create the conditions in which people can be healthy. To achieve this goal, the book suggests changes in the processes, tools, and approaches used to gather information about health outcomes and their determinants. The book also recommends developing an integrated and coordinated system in which all parties-including governmental and private sector partners at all levels-have access to timely and meaningful data to help foster individual and community awareness and action.

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