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Suggested Citation:"Photo Credits." National Research Council. 2011. Successful K-12 STEM Education: Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13158.
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PHOTO CREDITS

Front cover: (top row, left to right) ©monkeybusinessimages/BIGSTOCK; ©Kay Ransom/BIGSTOCK; ©STEVECOLEccs/Vetta/iStockphoto; (second row) ©V Leach/BIGSTOCK; ©CEFutcher/iStockphoto; ©lisafx/ BIGSTOCK; (third row) ©JBryson/iStockphoto; ©Hill Street Studios/Getty Images; ©AFP/Stringer/Getty Images; (bottom row) ©Anyka/BIGSTOCK; ©PhotoDisc; Thufir/BIGSTOCK; ©LSOphoto/iStockphoto; Inside cover: ©lenm/BIGSTOCK

page vi: ©Kay Ransom /BIGSTOCK; page 1: ©Hill Street Studios/Getty Images; page 2: ©Zero Creatives/ Cultura/Getty Images; page 3: ©Open Doors; page 4: ©monkeybusinessimages/BIGSTOCK; page 5: ©CEFutcher/iStockphoto; page 6: ©Anyka/BIGSTOCK; page 8: ©Michael Rosenfeld/Stone/Getty Images; page 9: ©AFP/Stringer/Getty Images; page 11: ©STEVECOLEccs/Vetta/iStockphoto; page 13: ©Junko Kimura/ Staff/Getty Images; page 15: ©V Leach/BIGSTOCK; page 18: ©JBryson/iStockphoto; page 20: ©Lara Jo Regan/ Getty Images; page 23: ©LSOphoto/iStockphoto; page 25: ©kali9/iStockphoto; page 26: ©PhotoDisc; page 27: ©STEVECOLEccs/iStockphoto; page 28: ©lisafx/BIGSTOCK; page 30: ©kentoh/BIGSTOCK

Suggested Citation:"Photo Credits." National Research Council. 2011. Successful K-12 STEM Education: Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13158.
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Page 38
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Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) are cultural achievements that reflect our humanity, power our economy, and constitute fundamental aspects of our lives as citizens, consumers, parents, and members of the workforce. Providing all students with access to quality education in the STEM disciplines is important to our nation's competitiveness. However, it is challenging to identify the most successful schools and approaches in the STEM disciplines because success is defined in many ways and can occur in many different types of schools and settings. In addition, it is difficult to determine whether the success of a school's students is caused by actions the school takes or simply related to the population of students in the school.

Successful K-12 STEM Education defines a framework for understanding "success" in K-12 STEM education. The book focuses its analysis on the science and mathematics parts of STEM and outlines criteria for identifying effective STEM schools and programs. Because a school's success should be defined by and measured relative to its goals, the book identifies three important goals that share certain elements, including learning STEM content and practices, developing positive dispositions toward STEM, and preparing students to be lifelong learners. A successful STEM program would increase the number of students who ultimately pursue advanced degrees and careers in STEM fields, enhance the STEM-capable workforce, and boost STEM literacy for all students. It is also critical to broaden the participation of women and minorities in STEM fields.

Successful K-12 STEM Education examines the vast landscape of K-12 STEM education by considering different school models, highlighting research on effective STEM education practices, and identifying some conditions that promote and limit school- and student-level success in STEM. The book also looks at where further work is needed to develop appropriate data sources. The book will serve as a guide to policy makers; decision makers at the school and district levels; local, state, and federal government agencies; curriculum developers; educators; and parent and education advocacy groups.

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