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Suggested Citation:"Photo Credits." National Research Council. 2012. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13165.
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PHOTO CREDITS

Special thanks to the students and teachers of the following schools and school districts for inviting photographers and videographers into their science classrooms and for allowing the images of students’ investigations to be included in this volume. We also acknowledge the diligent efforts of the schools’ partner organizations as they seek to improve the quality of K-12 science education, both locally and nationally.

School/School District Partner Organization Pages
Hillside Public Schools (NJ)
Linden Public Schools (NJ)
North Penn School District (PA)
Merck Institute for Science Education
(photos by Merck Photography Services)
32, 61, 126, 146, 238,
314, 323
Parkview School (IL) Northwestern University’s School of
Education and Social Policy (photos by Jim Ziv)
133, 134, 249

Front cover (clockwise from top left): Sun and Earth, © 1999 PhotoDisc Inc., InterNetwork Media, Inc.; students of Japan’s Osaka University operate spider shaped robots “Asterisk” AFP/Stringer/Getty Images; young explorers, © iStockphoto; female scientist working with lasers while doing research in a quantum optics lab ©1996 PhotoDisc, Inc. All rights reserved. Images provided by ©1996 PhotoDisc, Inc./Keith Brofsky; test tubes holding colored liquid, ©2003 Comstock Inc.

Pages: 1 (bottom right) iStockphoto; 9 TERC (all TERC images are video stills from the Talk Science Project); 24 Bigstock; 29 American Images Inc.; 47 Bigstock; 57 Science Museum of Minnesota; 64 iStockphoto; 68 TERC; 72 TERC; 85 Getty Images, photo by Fred Widall; 92 Fotosearch; 97 iStockphoto; 107 Bigstock; 114 iStockphoto; 117 iStockphoto; 122 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Solar Dynamics Observatory, image AIA 304; 129 iStockphoto; 131 Fotosearch; 136 iStockphoto; 143 iStockphoto; 151 iStockphoto; 156 iStockphoto; 159 Fotosearch; 163 iStockphoto; 167 PhotoAlto; 172 NASA/JPL-Caltech; 174 NASA; 177 Tom Keller; 181 iStockphoto; 185 iStockphoto; 187 PhotoDisc; 189 iStockphoto; 194 iStockphoto; 206 iStockphoto; 208 iStockphoto; 213 Fotosearch; 229 TERC; 234 iStockphoto; 244 TERC; 253 TERC; 260 TERC; 263 TERC; 281 TERC; 284 Getty Images, photo by Susan Woog-Wagner; 288 Getty Images; 318 TERC.

Suggested Citation:"Photo Credits." National Research Council. 2012. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13165.
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Suggested Citation:"Photo Credits." National Research Council. 2012. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13165.
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Page 385
Suggested Citation:"Photo Credits." National Research Council. 2012. A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/13165.
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Page 386
A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas Get This Book
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Science, engineering, and technology permeate nearly every facet of modern life and hold the key to solving many of humanity's most pressing current and future challenges. The United States' position in the global economy is declining, in part because U.S. workers lack fundamental knowledge in these fields. To address the critical issues of U.S. competitiveness and to better prepare the workforce, A Framework for K-12 Science Education proposes a new approach to K-12 science education that will capture students' interest and provide them with the necessary foundational knowledge in the field.

A Framework for K-12 Science Education outlines a broad set of expectations for students in science and engineering in grades K-12. These expectations will inform the development of new standards for K-12 science education and, subsequently, revisions to curriculum, instruction, assessment, and professional development for educators. This book identifies three dimensions that convey the core ideas and practices around which science and engineering education in these grades should be built. These three dimensions are: crosscutting concepts that unify the study of science through their common application across science and engineering; scientific and engineering practices; and disciplinary core ideas in the physical sciences, life sciences, and earth and space sciences and for engineering, technology, and the applications of science. The overarching goal is for all high school graduates to have sufficient knowledge of science and engineering to engage in public discussions on science-related issues, be careful consumers of scientific and technical information, and enter the careers of their choice.

A Framework for K-12 Science Education is the first step in a process that can inform state-level decisions and achieve a research-grounded basis for improving science instruction and learning across the country. The book will guide standards developers, teachers, curriculum designers, assessment developers, state and district science administrators, and educators who teach science in informal environments.

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