National Academies Press: OpenBook

Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report (2013)

Chapter: Appendix A--Committee Biographical Information

« Previous: 4 The Electric Grid
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A--Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2013. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18320.
Page 57
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A--Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2013. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18320.
Page 58
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A--Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2013. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18320.
Page 59
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A--Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2013. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18320.
Page 60
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A--Committee Biographical Information." Transportation Research Board and National Research Council. 2013. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18320.
Page 61

Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Appendix A Committee Biographical Information JOHN G. KASSAKIAN, Chair, is a professor of electrical engineering and former director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Laboratory for Electromagnetic and Electronic Systems. His expertise is in the use of electronics for the control and conversion of electric energy, industrial and utility applications of power electronics, electronic manufacturing technologies, and automotive electric and electronic systems. Before joining the MIT faculty, he served in the U.S. Navy. Dr. Kassakian is on the boards of directors of a number of companies and has held numerous positions with the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), including founding president of the IEEE Power Electronics Society. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a fellow of IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE William E. Newell Award for Outstanding Achievements in Power Electronics (1987), the IEEE Centennial Medal (1984), and the IEEE Power Electronics Society’s Distinguished Service Award (1998). He is a coauthor of the textbook Principles of Power Electronics and has served on a number of National Research Council (NRC) committees, including the Electric Power/Energy Systems Engineering Peer Committee, the Committee on Assessment of Solid State Lighting, the Committee on Review of the 21st Century Truck Partnership Phase 2, the Committee on Review of the Research Program of the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, and the Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program. He has an Sc.D. in electrical engineering from MIT. DAVID L. BODDE is an engineering professor and senior fellow in Clemson University’s International Center for Automotive Research. Before joining Clemson University, Dr. Bodde held the Charles N. Kimball Chair in Technology and Innovation at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. He serves on the boards of directors of several energy and technology companies, including Great Plains Energy and the Commerce Funds. His executive experience includes being vice president of Midwest Research Institute and president of MRI Ventures, assistant director of the Congressional Budget Office, and deputy assistant secretary in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Dr. Bodde often testifies before congressional committees. He holds a doctorate in business administration from Harvard University, M.S. degrees in nuclear engineering and management from MIT, and a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy. He served in the Army in Vietnam. JEFF DOYLE has been director of public-private partnerships for the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) since July 2005. He oversees a program that develops partnerships with the private sector to advance transportation projects, programs, and policies. His office implemented the West Coast Electric Highway, a partnership project that provided the United States with its first border-to- border network of fast-charging stations for electric vehicles. Mr. Doyle also serves as co-chair of Washington’s Plug-In Vehicle Task Force, as a member of the Puget Sound Regional Council Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Advisory Committee, and as a member of the National Cooperative Highway Research Program Project Panel on “Effects of Changing Transportation Energy Supplies and Alternative Fuel Sources on Transportation.” Other current public-private partnership projects include redeveloping public ferry terminals, providing transit-oriented development with advanced traveler-information systems at state-owned park-and-ride facilities, and implementing alternative finance and funding mechanisms for transportation infrastructure development and maintenance. Before joining WSDOT, Mr. 57

Doyle served as staff director and senior legal counsel to the Transportation Committee in the Washington legislature, where his work focused on transportation policy, finance, and freight-mobility. He is a member of the Washington State Bar Association and serves on the Supervisory Committee of a state-chartered credit union in Washington. Mr. Doyle earned a B.A. in political science from Western Washington University and a J.D. from Seattle University. GERALD GABRIELSE is the Leverett Professor of Physics at Harvard University. His previous positions include assistant and associate professor, University of Washington, and chair of Harvard University’s Department of Physics. His research focuses on making accurate measurements of the electron magnetic moment and the fine structure constant and on the precise laser spectroscopy of helium. Dr. Gabrielse also leads the International Antihydrogen TRAP (ATRAP) Collaboration, whose goal is accurate laser spectroscopy with trapped antihydrogen atoms. His many awards and prizes include fellowship of the American Physical Society (APS), the Davisson-Germer prize of the APS, the Humboldt Research Award (Germany, 2005), and the Tomassoni Award (Italy, 2008). Harvard awarded him its George Ledlie Research Prize and its Levenson Teaching Prize. His hundreds of outside lectures include a Källén Lecture (Sweden), a Poincaré Lecture (France), a Faraday Lecture (Cambridge, U.K.), a Schrödinger Lecture (Austria), a Zachariasen Lecture (University of Chicago), and a Rosenthal Lecture (Yale University). He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and has participated on many NRC committees, including the Committee on Review of the U.S. DRIVE Research Program, Phase 4, and the Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, Phase 3. He has a B.S. from Calvin College and an M.S. and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of Chicago. KELLY SIMS GALLAGHER is an associate professor of energy and environmental policy of the Fletcher School, Tufts University. She directs the Energy, Climate, and Innovation Research Program of the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy. She is also a senior associate and a member of the board of directors of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs of Harvard University, where she previously directed the Energy Technology Innovation Policy Research Group. Broadly, she focuses on energy and climate policy in the United States and China. She is particularly interested in the role of policy in spurring the development and deployment of cleaner and more efficient energy technologies domestically and internationally. She speaks Spanish and basic Mandarin Chinese and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She is the author of China Shifts Gears: Automakers, Oil, Pollution, and Development (2006), editor of Acting in Time on Energy Policy (2009), and author of numerous academic articles and policy reports. A Truman Scholar, she has a M.A. in law and diplomacy and a Ph.D. in international affairs from the Fletcher School and an A.B. from Occidental College. ROLAND HWANG is the transportation program director for the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and works on sustainable transportation policies. He is an expert on clean vehicles and clean fuel technologies and was a member of the Technology Assessment and Economic Panel of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change that won the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize. Mr. Hwang serves or has served on numerous advisory panels, including the California Plug-in Electric Vehicle Collaborative, the NRC Committee on Fuel Economy, the U.S. EPA Mobile Source Technical Review Subcommittee, the California Air Resources Board’s Alternative and Renewable Fuels and Vehicles program, the California Hydrogen Highway Network Advisory Panel, the Automotive X Prize, and the Western Governors’ Association Transportation Fuels for the Future Initiative. Before joining NRDC, he was the director of the Union of Concerned Scientists transportation program. He has also worked for DOE at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the California Air Resources Board as an air-pollution engineer and was involved in forecasting residential and industrial energy demand, permitting of hazardous-waste incinerators, and evaluating toxic air emissions from landfills. He is currently on the NRC Committee on Fuel Economy of Light-Duty Vehicles, Phase 2. Mr. Hwang has an M.S. in 58

mechanical engineering from the University of California, Davis, and a master’s degree in public policy from the University of California, Berkeley. PETER ISARD is a consultant on economic policy issues and has held various managerial positions with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) during 1985-2008, primarily in the Research Department. Dr. Isard played a lead role in helping Lithuania design an economic transformation program during 1991- 1992 and spent the 2002-2003 academic year at the University of Maryland. He retired in 2008 as deputy director of the IMF Institute, the department that provides training on economic policy-making for member-country officials. Before joining the IMF in 1985, he spent 1970 in the Research Department of the IMF, taught at Washington University in St. Louis during 1971-1972, held research and management positions at the Federal Reserve Board during 1972-1985, and spent a year during 1979-1980 at the Bank for International Settlements. Dr. Isard is the author of numerous articles in academic journals, primarily on exchange rates and monetary policy strategies. He is also the author of two books—Exchange Rate Economics (1995) and Globalization and the International Financial System (2005)—and editor of several others. He has an undergraduate degree in mathematics from MIT and a Ph.D. in economics from Stanford University. LINOS JACOVIDES is the President of Paphos Consulting and an adjunct professor of electrical and computer engineering at Michigan State University (MSU). He retired as director of Delphi Research Laboratories, a position he held from 1998 to 2007. Dr. Jacovides joined General Motors Research and Development in 1967 and became the department head of electrical engineering at MSU in 1985. His research was in the interactions between power electronics and electric machines in electric vehicles and locomotives. He later transitioned to Delphi with a group of researchers from General Motors to set up the Delphi Research Laboratories. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on numerous NRC committees, including the National Cooperative Highway Research Program Project Panel on Effects of Changing Transportation Energy Supplies and Alternative Fuel Sources on State Departments of Transportation, the Committee on Assessment of Technologies for Improving Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy (both Phase 1 and 2), the Committee on Review of the U.S. Drive Research Program Phase 4, the Committee on Electric Vehicle Controls and Unintended Acceleration, and the Committee on Review of the FreedomCAR and Fuel Research Program, Phase 3. Dr. Jacovides is a fellow of IEEE and SAE International and served as president of the Industry Applications Society of IEEE in 1990. He received a B.S. in electrical engineering and an M.S. in machine theory from the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and his Ph.D. in generator control systems from the Imperial College, University of London. ULRIC KWAN is the manager of electric vehicles at Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E). He oversees policy, strategy, and engagement in this field. Mr. Kwan is also one of the leaders for PG&E in demand- side management, the use of the demand side in wholesale markets, and transmission and distribution applications. Before PG&E, he worked at Siemens as an energy engineer and with LCG Consulting as a wholesale-market consultant. Mr. Kwan has a bachelor’s and master’s degrees in mechanical engineering from the University of Calgary and Stanford University, respectively. REBECCA LINDLAND is a private consultant. She was formerly the director of research for IHS Automotive, where she was responsible for evaluating and assessing automobile manufacturers that participate in U.S. and Canadian marketplaces. She has a particular interest in how manufacturers’ decisions reflect consumer values. While at IHS Automotive, she was often quoted in the news media— including the New York Times, Business Week, Reuters, Bloomberg News, the Los Angeles Times, the Detroit News, the Detroit Free Press, the Wall Street Journal, and National Public Radio—for her coverage of new-product launches and the balance-sheet conditions of manufacturers and brands. Before her work at IHS, Ms. Lindland worked at AlliedSignal in Rumford, Rhode Island, where she forecasted such products as Bendix brakes. A life-long automotive enthusiast, she began her career as a staff 59

accountant with Mercedes-Benz Credit Corporation in Norwalk, Connecticut. She is a former board member of the Society of Automotive Analysts, the International Motor Press Association, and the Motor Press Guild and was accepted into Strathmore’s 2001 Who’s Who in American Business. She is on the NRC Committee on Fuel Economy of Light-Duty Vehicles, Phase 2. Ms. Lindland holds a double major in accounting and business administration from Gordon College, Wenham, Massachusetts. RALPH D. MASIELLO is the senior vice president and innovation director of KEMA, Inc. In recent years, his focus has been on electric market and transmission operator business models and systems, including cost-benefit analyses of paradigms for models, systems, and operations. He has also developed technology and strategic plans for market operators and automation and smart grid roadmaps for several independent system operators. His current interests include the market and utility applications of advanced storage devices for ancillary markets, reliability, and energy economics; the grid integration of electric vehicles; and the development of advanced building-to-grid concepts. He has provided expert testimony before Congress on metering systems and market operations and cosigned a Supreme Court amicus curiae brief on transmission access and native load service. He was recently appointed to the DOE Electricity Advisory Council. Dr. Masiello is a fellow of the IEEE and has served as chairman of Power System Engineering, as chairman of Power Industry Computing Applications, on the editorial board of IEEE Proceedings and on the advisory board of IEEE Spectrum magazine. He is the winner of the 2009 IEEE PES Concordia award for power system analysis and is a member of the National Academy of Engineers. He received his Ph.D. from MIT in electrical engineering. JAKKI MOHR is the Regents Professor of Marketing at the University of Montana, Missoula (UM). An international expert and innovator in marketing of high-technology products and services, she has achieved international acclaim for Marketing of High-Technology Products and Innovations (coauthor with S. Sengupta and S. Slater, with European and India/SE Asia editions and translations in Chinese, Portuguese, and Korean). Motivated by the desire to apply the promise of new technologies to solve social and global problems, Dr. Mohr has provided training to companies and universities worldwide in strategic market planning to commercialize innovation. She has received numerous teaching awards— including the Outstanding Marketing Teacher Award (presented by the Academy of Marketing Science), the Carnegie Foundation CASE Professor of the Year, and the Most Inspirational Teacher of the Year Award at the University of Montana—and the Distinguished Scholar Award, the John Ruffatto Memorial Award, and the Dennison Presidential Faculty Award for Distinguished Accomplishment. Dr. Mohr served as a Fulbright senior specialist in Montevideo, Uruguay. Her research has received national awards and has been published in the Journal of Marketing, the Strategic Management Journal, the Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, the Journal of Public Policy and Marketing, and others. In research sponsored by the Marketing Science Institute, she studies how companies use biomimicry (innovations inspired by nature that are based on underlying biologic mechanisms) to solve technical and engineering challenges, the basis of her TEDxSanDiego talk in 2011. Before joining UM in fall 1997, Dr. Mohr was an assistant professor at the University of Colorado Boulder (1989-1997). Before beginning her academic career, she worked in Silicon Valley in advertising for Hewlett-Packard’s Personal Computer Group and TeleVideo Systems. Dr. Mohr received her Ph.D. from University of Wisconsin, Madison. MELISSA SCHILLING is a professor of management and organizations at the New York University Stern School of Business. Dr. Schilling teaches strategic management, corporate strategy, and technology and innovation management. She is widely recognized as an expert in innovation and strategy in high- technology industries. Her textbook, Strategic Management of Technological Innovation (now in its fourth edition), is the top innovation-strategy text in the world and is available in seven languages. Her research in innovation and strategy has earned her such awards as the National Science Foundation’s CAREER Award and the Best Paper in Management Science and Organization Science for 2007 Award. Her research has appeared in leading academic journals, such as the Academy of Management Journal, the Academy of Management Review, Management Science, Organization Science, the Strategic 60

Management Journal, and the Journal of Economics and Management Strategy and Research Policy. She sits on the editorial review boards of Organization Science and Strategic Organization. Dr. Schilling received her B.S. in business administration from the University of Colorado, Boulder, and her Ph.D. in strategic management from the University of Washington. RICHARD TABORS is president of Across the Charles and is director of the Utility of the Future Project at the MIT Energy Initiative. Until July 2012, he was vice president of Charles River Associates (CRA) in the Energy & Environment Practice. He founded the engineering-economics consulting firm of Tabors Caramanis & Associates (TCA) in 1989 to provide economic, regulatory, and financial analytic support to the restructuring of the U.S. and international electric-power industry. TCA was sold to CRA in 2004. He was a researcher and member of the faculty at Harvard University from 1970 to 1976 and was at MIT as a senior lecturer in technology management and policy and a research director in power systems from 1976 to 2004. He is a visiting professor of electrical engineering at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland. His research and development activities at MIT led to his being the author or a coauthor of more than 80 articles and books, including Spot Pricing of Electricity, on which the economic restructuring of the electric-utility wholesale and retail markets is based. Dr. Tabors continues his work directing and consulting activities in regulation, litigation, and asset evaluation in the power industry with a focus on development of future platforms and pricing structure of the “smart grid.” He received a B.A. in biology from Dartmouth College and an M.S. and a Ph.D. from the Maxwell School of Syracuse University in geography and economics. THOMAS TURRENTINE is director of the California Energy Commission’s Plug-in Hybrid and Electric Vehicle Research Center at the Institute of Transportation Studies, University of California, Davis. For the past 20 years, Dr. Turrentine has been researching consumer response to alternative fuels, vehicle technologies, road systems, and policies that have environmental benefits. His most recent work includes multiyear projects to study consumer use of plug-in electric vehicles, including the BMW Mini E, Prius plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) conversions, the Nissan Leaf, GM Volt, PHEV pickups, and specially designed energy-feedback displays in vehicles. He and his researchers are studying travel patterns of electric vehicle and PHEV drivers and use of infrastructure and are developing planning tools to advise on deployment of infrastructure and optimal ways to integrate plug-in vehicles into California’s grid. He and his team wrote “Taking Charge,” a plan for California to develop a PEV market, which is the blueprint for the California PEV Collaborative. He holds a Ph.D. in anthropology. 61

Next: Appendix B--Statement of Task »
Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment: Interim Report Get This Book
Buy Paperback | $36.00 Buy Ebook | $28.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

The electric vehicle offers many promises—increasing U.S. energy security by reducing petroleum dependence, contributing to climate-change initiatives by decreasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, stimulating long-term economic growth through the development of new technologies and industries, and improving public health by improving local air quality. There are, however, substantial technical, social, and economic barriers to widespread adoption of electric vehicles, including vehicle cost, small driving range, long charging times, and the need for a charging infrastructure. In addition, people are unfamiliar with electric vehicles, are uncertain about their costs and benefits, and have diverse needs that current electric vehicles might not meet. Although a person might derive some personal benefits from ownership, the costs of achieving the social benefits, such as reduced GHG emissions, are borne largely by the people who purchase the vehicles. Given the recognized barriers to electric-vehicle adoption, Congress asked the Department of Energy (DOE) to commission a study by the National Academies to address market barriers that are slowing the purchase of electric vehicles and hindering the deployment of supporting infrastructure. As a result of the request, the National Research Council (NRC)—a part of the National Academies—appointed the Committee on Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment.

This committee documented their findings in two reports—a short interim report focused on near-term options, and a final comprehensive report. Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment fulfills the request for the short interim report that addresses specifically the following issues: infrastructure needs for electric vehicles, barriers to deploying the infrastructure, and possible roles of the federal government in overcoming the barriers. This report also includes an initial discussion of the pros and cons of the possible roles. This interim report does not address the committee's full statement of task and does not offer any recommendations because the committee is still in its early stages of data-gathering. The committee will continue to gather and review information and conduct analyses through late spring 2014 and will issue its final report in late summer 2014.

Overcoming Barriers to Electric-Vehicle Deployment focuses on the light-duty vehicle sector in the United States and restricts its discussion of electric vehicles to plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). The common feature of these vehicles is that their batteries are charged by being plugged into the electric grid. BEVs differ from PHEVs because they operate solely on electricity stored in a battery (that is, there is no other power source); PHEVs have internal combustion engines that can supplement the electric power train. Although this report considers PEVs generally, the committee recognizes that there are fundamental differences between PHEVs and BEVs.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook,'s online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!