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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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Identifying and Reducing
Environmental Health Risks
of Chemicals in Our Society

WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Robert Pool and Erin Rusch, Rapporteurs

Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine

Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS

Washington, D.C.

www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
×

NOTICE: The workshop that is the subject of this workshop summary was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine.

This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (HHSN26300033), The Kresge Foundation, Colgate-Palmolive Company, ExxonMobil Foundation, and Royal Dutch Shell. The views presented in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the organizations or agencies that provided support for the activity.

This summary is based on the proceedings of a workshop that was sponsored by the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine. It is prepared in the form of a workshop summary by and in the name of the rapporteurs as an individually authored document.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-30115-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-30115-7

Additional copies of this report are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

For more information about the Institute of Medicine, visit the IOM home page at: www.iom.edu.

Copyright 2014 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

The serpent has been a symbol of long life, healing, and knowledge among almost all cultures and religions since the beginning of recorded history. The serpent adopted as a logotype by the Institute of Medicine is a relief carving from ancient Greece, now held by the Staatliche Museen in Berlin.

Suggested citation: IOM (Institute of Medicine). 2014. Identifying and reducing environmental health risks of chemicals in our society: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
×

Knowing is not enough; we must apply.
Willing is not enough; we must do.
”      

                                                —Goethe

image

INSTITUTE OF MEDICINE
              OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advising the Nation. Improving Health.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

Advisers to the Nation on Science, Engineering, and Medicine

The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president of the National Academy of Engineering.

The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Harvey V. Fineberg is president of the Institute of Medicine.

The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy’s purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Ralph J. Cicerone and Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., are chair and vice chair, respectively, of the National Research Council.

www.national-academies.org

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON IDENTIFYING AND REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISKS OF CHEMICALS IN OUR SOCIETY1

DENNIS J. DEVLIN, ExxonMobil Corporation, Irving, TX

LYNN R. GOLDMAN, George Washington University, Washington, DC

WILLIAM E. HALPERIN, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ

AL MCGARTLAND, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

SUSAN L. SANTOS, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, NJ

KIMBERLY THIGPEN TART, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC

PATRICIA VERDUIN, Colgate-Palmolive Company, Piscataway, NJ

HAROLD ZENICK, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC

___________________

1 Institute of Medicine planning committees are solely responsible for organizing the workshop, identifying topics, and choosing speakers. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
×

ROUNDTABLE ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH SCIENCES, RESEARCH, AND MEDICINE1

FRANK LOY (Chair), Washington, DC

LYNN R. GOLDMAN (Vice-Chair), George Washington University, Washington, DC

HENRY A. ANDERSON, Wisconsin Division of Public Health, Madison

JOHN M. BALBUS, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD

JAMES K. BARTRAM, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

FAIYAZ BHOJANI, Royal Dutch Shell, The Hague, Netherlands

LINDA S. BIRNBAUM, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC

LUZ CLAUDIO, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY

DENNIS J. DEVLIN, ExxonMobil Corporation, Irving, TX

RICHARD A. FENSKE, University of Washington, Seattle

DAVID D. FUKUZAWA, The Kresge Foundation, Troy, MI

LUIZ A. GALVÃO, Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC

BERNARD D. GOLDSTEIN, University of Pittsburgh, PA

RICHARD J. JACKSON, University of California, Los Angeles

SUZETTE M. KIMBALL, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA

JAY LEMERY, University of Colorado, Denver

ANDREW MAGUIRE, Environmental Defense Fund, Washington, DC

LINDA A. MCCAULEY, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

AL MCGARTLAND, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC

DAVID M. MICHAELS, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Washington, DC

CANICE NOLAN, European Commission, Brussels, Belgium

CHRISTOPHER J. PORTIER, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA

___________________

1 Institute of Medicine forums and roundtables do not issue, review, or approve individual documents. The responsibility for the published workshop summary rests with the workshop rapporteurs and the institution.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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PAUL SANDIFER, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Charleston, SC

SUSAN L. SANTOS, Rutgers School of Public Health, Piscataway, NJ

JOHN D. SPENGLER, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA

G. DAVID TILMAN, University of Minnesota, St. Paul

PATRICIA VERDUIN, Colgate-Palmolive Company, Piscataway, NJ

NSEDU OBOT WITHERSPOON, Children’s Environmental Health Network, Washington, DC

HAROLD ZENICK, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC

IOM Staff

KATHLEEN STRATTON, Study Director (from September 2013)

ERIN RUSCH, Associate Program Officer

HOPE HARE, Administrative Assistant

ROSE MARIE MARTINEZ, Director, Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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Reviewers

This workshop summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published workshop summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the workshop summary meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of this workshop summary:

Johanna T. Dwyer, Tufts Medical Center

Jay Lemery, University of Colorado School of Medicine

Patricia Verduin, Colgate-Palmolive Company

Lauren Zeise, California Environmental Protection Agency

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the workshop summary before its release. The review of this workshop summary was overseen by Mark R. Cullen, Stanford University. Appointed by the Institute of Medicine, he was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this workshop summary was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this workshop summary rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the institution.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." Institute of Medicine. 2014. Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18710.
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On November 7-8, 2013, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine held a workshop to discuss approaches related to identifying and reducing potential environmental public health risks to new and existing industrial chemicals present in society. Industrial chemicals include chemicals used in industrial processes or commercial products, not including those found in food, pesticides, or pharmaceuticals.

Identifying and Reducing Environmental Health Risks of Chemicals in Our Society is a summary and synthesis of the presentations and discussions that took place during the two days of the workshop. The workshop examined successes and areas for improvement within current regulatory programs for assessing industrial chemical safety, frameworks for chemical prioritization to inform targeted testing and risk management strategies, concepts of sustainability and green chemistry that support the design and use of safer alternatives, and efforts to reduce the risk of chemicals in our society.

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