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Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts (2014)

Chapter: Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects

« Previous: Appendix A: Major U.S. Coastal Storms Since 1900
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
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Appendix B


USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects

TABLE B-1 USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects

Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
Mobile County—Dauphin Island Sand Pilot AL 2011 Beachfill 20
Gulf Beach, Milford CT 1957 Beachfill 0.23
Prospect Beach, West Haven CT 1957 Beachfill 1.1
Sea Bluff Beach, West Haven CT 1991 Beachfill 0.19
Sherwood Island State Beach, Westport CT 1957 Beachfill 1.5
Southport Beach, Fairfield CT 1958 Beachfill 0.13
Woodmont Beach, Milford CT 1995 Beachfill, Groin 0.38
Stamford Hurricane Barrier CT 1969 Storm Surge Barrier 2
New London Hurricane Barrier CT 1986 Storm Surge Barrier, Levees 0.61
Pawcatuck Hurricane Barrier CT 1964 Storm Surge Barrier, Levees 0.35
Point Beach CT 2004 Nontructural NA
Gulf Street, Milford CT 1987 Revetment 0.03
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
Middle Beach, Madison CT 1957 Revetment 0.13
Bridgeport (Port V) CT 1984 Revetment 0.05
Delaware Bay Coastline: Roosevelt Inlet—Lewes Beach DE 2004 Beachfill 0.3
Delaware Coast, Cape Henlopen to Fenwick Island: Bethany—South Bethany DE 2008 Beachfill 2.8
Delaware Coast, Cape Henlopen to Fenwick Island: Fenwick Island DE 2005 Beachfill 1.2
Delaware Coast, Cape Henlopen to Fenwick Island: Rehoboth Beach—Dewey Beach DE 2006 Beachfill 2.6
Delaware Coast Protection, Indian River Inlet Sand Bypassing DE 1989 Sand Bypassing 0.5
North Shore Indian River Inlet DE 1988 Revetment 0.3
South Shore Indian River Inlet DE 1988 Revetment 0.3
Brevard County—North Reach FL 2000 Beachfill 9
Brevard County—South Reach FL 2002 Beachfill 3
Broward County SPP—Segment II (Ft. Lauderdale) FL 1979 Beachfill 11
Broward County SPP—Segment III (Hollywood/Hallandale) FL 1988 Beachfill 8
Dade County BEC—Bal Harbor FL 1975 Beachfill 11
Dade County BEC—Sunny Isles FL 1988 Beachfill 3
Duval County BEC FL 1978 Beachfill 10
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
Fort Pierce Beach SPP FL 1970 Beachfill 1
Lee County BEC—Captiva FL 1988 Beachfill 5
Lee County BEC—Gasparilla FL 2007 Beachfill 3
Manatee County SPP—Anna Maria Island FL 1992 Beachfill 4
Martin County HSDR FL 1995 Beachfill 4
Nassau County SPP FL 2008 Beachfill 4.3
Palm Beach SPP—Delray Beach FL 1973 Beachfill 3
Palm Beach SPP—Jupiter/Carlin FL 1995 Beachfill 1.1
Palm Beach SPP—North Boca Raton FL 1988 Beachfill 1
Palm Beach SPP—Ocean Ridge FL 1997 Beachfill 1
Panama City Beaches FL 2010 Beachfill 16.3
Pinellas County—Long Key FL 1980 Beachfill 4
Pinellas County—Sand Key FL 1988 Beachfill 8
Pinellas County—Treasure Island FL 1969 Beachfill 4
Sarasota County—Venice Beach FL 1997 Beachfill 3
St. Johns County BEC FL 2001 Beachfill 3
Virginia Key FL 2000 Groins 2
Tybee Island GA 1975 Beachfill 3.5
Grand Isle and Vicinity LA 1985 Dune with geotube core, stone jetty, offshore breakwaters) 7.5
Lake Pontchartrain and Vicinity LA 1965 levees, floodwalls, floodgates, surge barriers 65
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
West Bank and Vicinity—Resilient Features LA 2013 Levees, Floodwalls 15.4
Salisbury Beach MA 2011 Beachfill 0.23
Newburyport Beach MA 2011 Beachfill 0.44
North Scituate Beach, Scituate MA 1967 Beachfill 0.47
Plum Island Beach, Newbury MA 1973 Beachfill 0.17
Revere Beach MA 1991 Beachfill 2.5
Roughans Point, Revere MA 1997 Revetment 0.59
Quincy Shore Beach MA 1959 Beachfill, Bulkheads 1.6
Clark Point Beach, New Bedford MA 1980 Beachfill,Groins 0.3
Oak Bluffs Town Beach MA 1973 Beachfill,Groins 0.23
Town Beach, Plymouth MA 1968 Beachfill,Groins 0.03
Wessagusset Beach, Weymouth MA 1959 Beachfill,Groins 0.49
Winthrop Beach MA 1959 Beachfill,Groins 0.8
Charles River Dam MA 1978 Storm Surge Barrier 0.08
New Bedford Hurricane Barrier MA 1966 Storm Surge Barrier 3.41
Town River Bay, Quincy MA 1992 Revetment 0.05
Bluffs Community Center MA 1994 Revetment 0.06
Island Ave MA 1983 Revetment 0.05
Point Shirley MA 1995 Revetment 0.15
Assateague Island MD 2002 Ecosystem 5
Restoration—Short Term & LTSM     Restoration  
Atlantic Coast MD Storm MD 1990 Beachfill, 8.9
Protection (Ocean City)     Seawall  
Alley Bay, Beals ME 1979 Revetment 0.1
Holmes Bay, Whiting ME 1980 Revetment 0.21
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
Islesboro (The Narrows) ME 1984 Revetment 0.06
Johnson Bay, Lubec ME 1980 Revetment 0.08
Machias Bay, Machiasport ME 1994 Revetment 0.05
Marginal Way, Ogunquit ME 1987 Revetment 0.05
Roosevelt Campobello International Park, Lubec ME 1989 Revetment 0.07
Sand Cove, Gouldsboro ME 1984 Revetment 0.1
Merriconeag Sound, Harpswell ME 1979 Seawall 0.05
Hancock County Beaches MS 2005 Beachfill 5.3
Comprehensive Barrier Island Restoration MS 2011 Ecosystem Restoration 8.3
Harrison County—Deer Island Ecosystem Restoration—I MS 2010 Beachfill, Ecosystem Restoration 4
Harrison County Beach Dunes MS 2010 Beachfill 24
Jackson County—Pascagoula Beach Ecosystem Restoration MS 2009 Beachfill 1.4
Hancock County—Bay St Louis Seawall MS 2010 Beachfill, Seawall 1.6
Hancock County—Bayou MS 2010 Breakwater, 0.4
Caddy Shoreline Protection     Ecosystem Restoration  
Brunswick County Beaches (Ocean Isle Beach) NC 2001 Beachfill 18
CAP—Section 1135 (Sea Turtle Habitat Project, Oak Island) NC 2001 Beachfill 1.7
Carolina Beach and Vicinity, Area South (Kure Beach) NC 1998 Beachfill 3.4
Carolina Beach and Vicinity, Carolina Beach Portion NC 1965 Beachfill 2.7
Wrightsville Beach NC 1965 Beachfill 2.7
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
Fort Macon NC 1834 Groins 1.5
Fort Fisher NC 1996 Revetment 0.6
Hampton Beach, Hampton NH 1955 Beachfill, Groins 1.2
Wallis Sands State Beach, Rye NH 1983 Beachfill, Groins 0.2
Ocean Gate NJ 2002 Beachfill 0.8
Brigantine Island NJ 2005 Beachfill 1.4
Cape May City (Cape May Inlet to Lower Township) NJ 1989 Beachfill 3.6
Keansburg NJ 1968 Beachfill 2.8
Laurence Harbor NJ 1965 Beachfill 1.9
Lower Cape May Meadows—Cape May Point NJ 2004 Beachfill 4.4
Ocean City (Great Egg Harbor Inlet and Peck Beach) NJ 1991 Beachfill 4.5
Sea Bright—Manasquan: Asbury to Avon NJ 1999 Beachfill 3
Sea Bright—Manasquan: Belmar to Manasquan NJ 1997 Beachfill 6
Sea Bright—Manasquan: Long Branch NJ 1997 Beachfill 3
Sea Bright—Manasquan: Monmouth Beach NJ 1994 Beachfill 3
Sea Bright—Manasquan: Sea Bright NJ 1995 Beachfill 3
Absecon Island (Atlantic City and Ventnor) NJ 2004 Beachfill 8.5
Barnegat Inlet to Little Egg Inlet (LBI) NJ 2012 Beachfill 18
Townsends Inlet—Cape May Inlet NJ 2002 Beachfill, Seawalls 4.3
East Point NJ 2012 Revetment 0.1
Coney Island NY 1993 Beachfill 3
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
East Rockaway Inlet to Rockaway Inlet and East Rockaway Inlet to Rockaway Inlet Section 934 NY 1975 Beachfill 6.2
Fire Island Inlet to Shores Westerly NY 1973 Beachfill 2.7
Orchard Beach NY 2010 Beachfill 1
West of Shinnecock Inlet NY 2004 Beachfill 0.8
Westhampton NY 1996 Beachfill 4
Oakwood Beach NY 2000 Levee, storm surge barrier 0.1
Orient Harbor NY 2011 Revetment 0.11
Shelter Island NY 1999 Revetment, Bulkhead 0.19
Village of Northport NY 2004 Revetment, Bulkhead 0.02
Misquamicut Beach, Westerly RI 1960 Beachfill 0.62
Oakland Beach, Warwick RI 1981 Beachfill, Groins, Revetment 0.04
Fox Point Hurricane Barrier, Providence RI 1966 Storm Surge Barrier 0.55
Cliff Walk RI 1972 Revetment, Walkways 3.4
Folly Beach SC 1992 Beachfill 5.3
Hunting Island SC 2002 Beachfill 0.5
Myrtle Beach Reach 1—North Myrtle Beach SC 1997 Beachfill 8.6
Myrtle Beach Reach 2—Myrtle Beach SC 1997 Beachfill 9
Myrtle Beach Reach 3—Garden City/Surfside SC 1998 Beachfill 8
Galveston Seawall TX 1902 Seawall 10
Sargent Beach Revetment TX 1998 Revetment 8
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Project Name Project State Initial Construction Date Project Type Project Length (miles)
Chesapeake Bay Shoreline, Hampton VA 2005 Beachfill 0.7
Virginia Beach Hurricane Protection VA 2001 Beachfill 6
Wallops Island VA 2012 Beachfill 4.5
Sandbridge Beach VA 2002 Beachfill 0.5
Jamestown Island Seawall VA 1969 Seawall 0.3
Cape Charles Shore Protection VA 1992 Seawall 0.1
Norfolk Floodwall VA 1971 Floodwall 0.5
Anderson Park Shore Protection VA 1979 Revetment 0.3
Hampton Institute Shore Protection VA 1976 Revetment 0.3
Tangier Island Shore Protection VA N/A Revetment 1.1
Saxis Island Bulkhead VA 1989 Bulkhead 0.1

SOURCE: Donald Cresitello, USACE, personal communication, 2014.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 179
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 180
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 181
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 182
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 183
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 184
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 185
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: USACE Coastal Storm Damage Reduction Projects." National Research Council. 2014. Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18811.
×
Page 186
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Hurricane- and coastal-storm-related losses have increased substantially during the past century, largely due to increases in population and development in the most susceptible coastal areas. Climate change poses additional threats to coastal communities from sea level rise and possible increases in strength of the largest hurricanes. Several large cities in the United States have extensive assets at risk to coastal storms, along with countless smaller cities and developed areas. The devastation from Superstorm Sandy has heightened the nation's awareness of these vulnerabilities. What can we do to better prepare for and respond to the increasing risks of loss?

Reducing Coastal Risk on the East and Gulf Coasts reviews the coastal risk-reduction strategies and levels of protection that have been used along the United States East and Gulf Coasts to reduce the impacts of coastal flooding associated with storm surges. This report evaluates their effectiveness in terms of economic return, protection of life safety, and minimization of environmental effects. According to this report, the vast majority of the funding for coastal risk-related issues is provided only after a disaster occurs. This report calls for the development of a national vision for coastal risk management that includes a long-term view, regional solutions, and recognition of the full array of economic, social, environmental, and life-safety benefits that come from risk reduction efforts. To support this vision, Reducing Coastal Risk states that a national coastal risk assessment is needed to identify those areas with the greatest risks that are high priorities for risk reduction efforts. The report discusses the implications of expanding the extent and levels of coastal storm surge protection in terms of operation and maintenance costs and the availability of resources.

Reducing Coastal Risk recommends that benefit-cost analysis, constrained by acceptable risk criteria and other important environmental and social factors, be used as a framework for evaluating national investments in coastal risk reduction. The recommendations of this report will assist engineers, planners and policy makers at national, regional, state, and local levels to move from a nation that is primarily reactive to coastal disasters to one that invests wisely in coastal risk reduction and builds resilience among coastal communities.

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