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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
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E

Abbreviations

ACE American Council on Education
AFMC Air Force Materiel Command
AFOSR Air Force Office of Scientific Research
AFRIMS U.S.-Thai Armed Forces Research Institute for Medical Sciences
AFRL Air Force Research Laboratory
AMC Army Materiel Command
AOARD Asian Office of Aerospace Research & Development
ARO Army Research Office
ARL Army Research Laboratory
ASA(AL&T) Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics & Technology
ASAF(AQ) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition
ASD(R&E) Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research & Engineering
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations
ASN(RD&A) Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development & Acquisition
BGST Board on Global Science and Technology
BRIC Brazil, Russia, India, China
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research
COI Communities of Interest
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
DASA(R&T) Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research & Technology
DASAF(ST&E) Deputy Assistant of the Air Force for Science, Technology & Engineering
DDR&E Director of Defense Research for Research and Engineering
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DoD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOI Department of the Interior
DRE Defense Research Enterprise
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
×
DREN Defense Research and Engineering Network
DSB Defense Science Board
DSTO Defence Science and Technology Organisation (Australia)
DTRA Defense Threat Reduction Agency
EC European Commission
EMBL European Molecular Biology Laboratory
EOARD European Office of Aerospace Research & Development
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
ERASMUS European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students
EU European Union
ESTH Environment, Science, Technology and Health
FAST Field Assistance in Science & Technology
FDA Food and Drug Administration
FFRDC Federally Funded Research & Development Center
GSTOC Committee on Globalization of Science and Technology: Opportunities and Challenges for the Department of Defense
ICRI Intel International Collaborative Research Institute
ICUK Innovation China UK Program
IODP Integrated Ocean Drilling Program
IPOC International Point of Contact
ISTCs Intel Science and Technology Centers
ITC International Technology Center
ITRI Industrial Technology Research Institute
JSPS Japan Society for the Promotion of Sciences
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NATO STO North Atlantic Treaty Organization Science & Technology Organization
NICOP Naval International Cooperation Opportunities in S&T Program
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIPO Navy International Programs Office
NIPR Non-classified Internet Protocol
NIST National Institute of Standards & Technology
NOAA National Oceanographic & Atmospheric Agency
NRC National Research Council
NRE Naval Research Enterprise
NRL Naval Research Laboratory
NSB National Science Board
NSF National Science Foundation
OES Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental & Scientific Affairs
ONR Office of Naval Research
ONR-G Office of Naval Research Global
OSD Office of the Secretary of Defense
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
×
OSTP Office of Science & Technology Policy
PIRE Partnerships for International Research & Education
QDR Quadrennial Defense Review Report
RDEC Research, Development & Engineering Center
RDECOM Research, Development & Engineering Command
RFEC RDECOM Forward Element Command
R&D Research and Development
R&E EXCOM Research & Engineering Executive Committee
SKA Square Kiometre Array Project
SOARD Southern Office of Aerospace Research & Development
STI Science, Technology, and Innovation
SWOT Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities & Threats
S&Es Scientists and Engineers
S&T Science & Technology
TRL Technology Readiness Level
TTCP The Technical Cooperation Program
UARC University-Affiliated Research Center
USAID U.S. Agency for International Development
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USMC U.S. Marine Corps
Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix E: Abbreviations." National Research Council. 2014. Strategic Engagement in Global S&T: Opportunities for Defense Research. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/18816.
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According to recent reports, the United States currently accounts for less than one-third of global research and development spending, and it is projected that this fraction will decline to 18% by 2050. These statistics, compounded by the recognition that the United States no longer maintains technological superiority across all research fields, highlight the need for the U.S. research community to stay abreast of emerging science and technology (S&T) around the world, to leverage others' investments, and to seek out collaborations in areas where researchers need to remain at the leading edge.

The United States' Department of Defense (DoD) has long relied on its historical technological superiority to maintain military advantage. However, as the U.S. share of S&T output shrinks and as the U.S. defense research enterprise struggles to keep pace with the expanding challenges of the evolving security environment and the increased speed and cost of global technology development, the DoD must reexamine its strategy for maintaining awareness of emerging S&T developments occurring around the world. To fully leverage these advances and to make strategic research investments, the DoD must assess with whom and in which areas it should collaborate. To delve more deeply into the implications of the globalization of S&T and of international S&T engagement for the DoD, the Office of Naval Research, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research , and the Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research and Technology asked the National Research Council to assess current DoD strategies in the three Services - Army, Air Force, and Navy - for leveraging global S&T and for implementing and coordinating these strategies across the department.

Strategic Engagement in Global S&T assesses the opportunities and challenges stemming from the globalization of S&T and the implications for the DoD and its Services. This report considers DoD strategies in the three Services for leveraging global S&T and implementation and coordination of these strategies across DoD. The report explores models for global S&T engagement utilized by other domestic and foreign organizations.Strategic Engagement in Global S&T assesses how the ongoing globalization of S&T may impact research funding and priorities and workforce needs, as well as issues of building and maintaining trusted relationships and avoiding technology surprises. This report will be of interest to researchers and industry professionals with expertise in the globalization of science and technology, international engagement, the defense research enterprise, program evaluation, and national security.

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