Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.
âThe Nobel Prize in Physics 2000,â Nobel Media âThe Emergence of the Compact Disc,â Ray W. Clough and Edward L. Wilson, âEarly Finite REFERENCES AB 2014, http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ physics/laureates/2000/. Communications Magazine, IEEE, no.Â 48 (January 2010), 10â17, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login. Element Research at Berkeley,â Fifth U.S. National Conference on Computational Mechanics, August jsp?tp=&arnumber=5394021. 4â6, 1999, http://www.ce.memphis.edu/7111/notes/ âThe Integrated Circuit: 1961âPresent,â Chips Etc., class_notes/papers/fe-history.pdf. http://www.chipsetc.com/the-integrated-circuit.html. Lasers in Ophthalmology: Basic, Diagnostic, and Surgical Aspects: A Review, ed. Franz Fankhauser and â707 Family,â Boeing, http://www.boeing.com/boeing/ Brian Bergstein, âFortran Creator John Backus Dies,â 1964: Dawn of the Digital Age Associated Press, March 20, 2007, http://www. Sylwia Kwasniewska (The Hague: Kugler Publications, 2003), 115. commercial/707family/index.page. Introduction nbcnews.com/id/17704662/#.U46i65RdUY0. âBoeing 727-223,â Museum of Flight, http://www. âA History of the Laser,â National Laser Company, museumofflight.org/aircraft/boeing-727-223. George Constable and Bob Somerville, A Century of âScientific Computingâs Future: Can Any Coding http://www.national-laser.com/laser-history.htm. Innovation: Twenty Engineering Achievements That Language Top a 1950s Behemoth?â Ars Technica, âTable 1-40: U.S. Passenger Miles (Millions),â Bureau Transformed Our Lives (Washington, DC: National May 7, 2014, http://arstechnica.com/science/2014/05/ âCharles H. TownesâBiographical,â Nobel Media of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department Academy of Engineering and Joseph Henry Press, scientific-computings-future-can-any-coding- AB 2014, http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/ of Transportation, http://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/ 2003), 10. language-top-a-1950s-behemoth/. physics/laureates/1964/townes-bio.html. sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_ transportation_statistics/html/table_01_40.html. âGrace Murray Hopper,â http://www.cs.yale.edu/ http://www.laserfest.org/lasers/history/early.cfm. homes/tap/Files/hopper-story.html. Electronics: Smaller, Faster, Cheaper âA History of the Laser,â National Laser Company. âCOBOL: Introduction,â National Museum of American The World at Home: âENIAC: Celebrating Penn Engineering History,â Penn âArgon Laser Photocoagulation in the Management of History, http://americanhistory.si.edu/cobol/ The Environmental Challenge Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, http://www.seas. introduction. Retinal Detachment and Predisposing Lesions,â Lasers upenn.edu/about-seas/eniac/operation.php. in Surgery and Medicine (1984), http://www.ncbi.nlm. âPaul MullerâBiographical,â Nobel Media AB 2014, Time-Life Books, Software (Alexandria, VA: 1990), nih.gov/pubmed/6542963. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/ Time-Life Books, Computer Basics (Alexandria, VA: 1985), 27â28. laureates/1948/muller-bio.html. 59â60. âThe Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-8, Frequently âHow Important Was Rachel Carsonâs Silent Spring in âProgramming the ENIAC,â Columbia University The World Above and Beyond: Asked Questions,â The PDP-8 Collection by Douglas the Recovery of Bald Eagles and Other Bird Species?â Computing History, http://www.columbia.edu/cu/ Space Exploration W. Jones, The University of Iowa, Department of Scientific American, August 21, 2012, http://www. computinghistory/eniac.html 2/6. Computer Science, http://homepage.cs.uiowa. Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, scientificamerican.com/article/rachel-carson-silent- edu/~jones/pdp8/faqs/. 134â41. spring-1972-ddt-ban-birds-thrive/. âJohn Bardeen, William Shockley,Walter Brattain: Invention of the TransistorâBell Laboratories,â American âPDP-1 Restoration Project,â Computer History Paul Dickson, âSputnikâs Impact on America,â âThe Pine River Statement: Human Health Physical Society, 2008, http://www.aps.org/programs/ Museum, http://pdp-1.computerhistory.org/pdp-1/ excerpted from Sputnik: The Shock of the Century Consequences of DDT Use,â Environmental Health outreach/history/historicsites/transistor.cfm. index.php?f=theme&s=1. (Walker and Company: 2001), http://www.pbs.org/ Perspectives (2009), http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ wgbh/nova/space/sputnik-impact-on-america.html. pmc/articles/PMC2737010/. âThe Nobel Prize in Physics 1956,â Nobel Media AB âDECâs Blockbuster: The PDP-8,â Computer History 2013, http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/ Museum, http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/ âRocket Principles,â NASA, http://exploration.grc.nasa. âDDTâA Brief History and Status,â U.S. Environmental laureates/1956/. minicomputers/11/331. gov/education/rocket/TRCRocket/rocket_principles. Protection Agency, http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/ html. factsheets/chemicals/ddt-brief-history-status.htm. âCDC 6600âs Five-Year Reign,â Computer History âDEC PDP-11: Benchmark for the First 16/32-Bit Museum, http://www.computerhistory.org/revolution/ Generation,â CPUShack.com, http://www.cpushack. Paul E. Ceruzzi, Beyond the Limits: Flight Enters the âClean Air Act, United States,â The Encyclopedia of supercomputers/10/33. com/CPU/cpu3.html. Computer Age (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press: 1989), Earth, http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/151129/. âThe History of Supercomputers,â ExtremeTech, April 10, 94â105. âPDP-7 Definition,â Linux Information Project (20005â Sharon Bertsch McGrayne, Prometheans in the Lab: 2012, http://www.extremetech.com/extreme/125271-the- 2007), http://www.linfo.org/pdp-7.html. âSyncom 3,â NASA, http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/ Chemistry and the Making of the Modern World (New history-of-supercomputers. spacecraftDisplay.do?id=1964-047A. York: McGraw-Hill, 2001), 79â105. Digital at Work: Snapshots from the First Thirty- âThe Genius: Meet Seymour Cray, Father of the Five Years, ed. Jamie Parker Pearson (Burlington, âHistory of the NOAA Satellite Program,â National George R. Tilton, Clair Cameron Patterson, 1922â1995, Supercomputer,â Businessweek, 1990 (updated 1997), MA: Digital Press, 1992), http://www.soemtron.org/ Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (updated A Biographical Memoir (Washington, DC: National http://www.businessweek.com/1989-94/pre88/b31571. downloads/decinfo/decdigitalatwork1992-102630350. June 2011), http://www.osd.noaa.gov/download/ Academy of Sciences and National Academy Press, htm. pdf. JRS012504-GD.pdf. 1998), http://www.nasonline.org/publications/ biographical-memoirs/memoir-pdfs/patterson-clair-c. âHeavyweights of the Supercomputing World,â Rick W. Sturdevant, âNAVSTAR, the Global Positioning pdf. TechRadar, February 1, 2009, http://www.techradar.com/ System: A Sampling of Its Military, Civil, and news/computing/heavyweights-of-the-supercomputing- Harnessing Light: Commercial Impact,â in Societal Impact of Spaceflight, Patterson, Clair. Interview by Shirley K. Cohen. world-515223. The Power of Lasers and Fiber Optics ed. Steven J. Dick and Roger D. Launius (Washington, Pasadena, California, March 5, 6 and 9, 1995. Oral Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, DC: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, History Project, California Institute of Technology Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, 206â13. 2009). Archives, http://oralhistories.library.caltech.edu/32/1/ 54â57. OH_Patterson.pdf. Paul E. Ceruzzi, Computing: A Concise History âEinstein Predicts Stimulated Emission,â This Month in Physics History, American Physical Society, http:// â1995 Tyler Laureate Clair C. Patterson,â Tyler Prize (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012), 86â90. Up, Up, and Away www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/200508/history. for Environmental Achievement, http://www.usc.edu/ NAE Awards, Draper Prize 1989, http://www.nae. cfm. NAE Awards, Draper Prize 1991, http://www.nae. dept/LAS/tylerprize/laureates/tyler1995.html. edu/Projects/Awards/DraperPrize/DraperWinners/ edu/Projects/Awards/DraperPrize/DraperWinners/ Charles H. Townes, âThe First Laser,â in A Century of âLead Air Quality Standards,â U.S. Environmental page19898887/55087.aspx. page1991/55077.aspx. Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science Protection Agency, http://www.epa.gov/oar/lead/ âRobert Noyce: Statesman of Silicon Valley,â History, Intel and the World, ed. Laura Garwin and Tim Lincoln âOrigins of the Finite Element Method,â Center for standards.html. Museum, http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/ (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003), http:// Aerospace Structures, University of Colorado Boulder, âLeaded Gas Phaseout, Air Quality Fact Sheet, history/museum-robert-noyce.html. www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/284158_ http://www.colorado.edu/engineering/cas/courses.d/ June 1995,â U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, townes.html. IFEM.d/IFEM.AppO.d/IFEM.AppO.pdf. http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/airpage.nsf/webpage/ Leaded+Gas+Phaseout. 56 MAKING A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE
âCPSC Announces Final Ban on Lead-containing Paint,â U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission 1989: The Shrinking Globe âThe History of Email,â http://www.nethistory.info/ History%20of%20the%20Internet/email.html. âCarl D. Keith, a Father of the Catalytic Converter, Dies at 88,â New York Times, November 15, 2008, (September 2, 1977), http://www.cpsc.gov/en/ Introduction http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/15/us/15keith.html. âBatch processing,â Startup, New Mexico Museum Recalls/1977/CPSC-Announces-Final-Ban-On-Lead- Jarle Simensen, âDemocracy and Globalization: 1989 of Natural History and Sciences, http://startup. âHistorical Evolution of Powered Vehicles and Catalytic Containing-Paint/. and âThe Third Wave,ââ Journal of World History 10, no. nmnaturalhistory.org/gallery/story.php?ii=39. Converter,â National Science Teachers Association, Michael Rotman, âCuyahoga River Fire,â Cleveland 2 (Fall 1999), 391â412. http://dev.nsta.org/evwebs/3368/History/History.htm. âTime-Sharing System Evolution,â http://en.wikipedia. Historical, http://clevelandhistorical.org/items/ âFall of the Berlin Wall and Reunification 1989â1990,â org/wiki/Time-sharing_system_evolution. âDriving to 54.5 MPG: The History of Fuel Economy,â show/63#.Up5c7CfB-So. http://www.dw.de/fall-of-the-berlin-wall-and- Clean Energy Project, Pew Project on National reunification-1989-1990/a-16762692. âTimesharing,â Startup, New Mexico Museum Michael Scott, âCuyahoga River Fire 40 Years Ago Security, Energy, and Climate (April 20, 2011), http:// of Natural History and Sciences, http://startup. Ignited an Ongoing Campaign,â The Plain Dealer (June www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/fact- âGlobalization and the Collapse of the Soviet Union,â nmnaturalhistory.org/gallery/story.php?ii=43&sid=3. 22, 2009), http://www.cleveland.com/science/index. sheets/2011/04/20/driving-to-545-mpg-the-history- http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/83534248/ ssf/2009/06/cuyahoga_river_fire_40_years_a.html. of-fuel-economy. globalization-collapse-soviet-union. âAmericaâs Sewage System and the Price of Birth of the World Wide Web âMilestones in Mobile Source Air Pollution Control and Engineering and Human Welfare: Proceedings of the Optimism,â Time, August 1, 1969, http://content.time. Regulation,â U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 25th Annual Meeting of the National Academy of âLunch with the FT: Tim Berners-Lee,â September 7, com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,901182,00.html. Office of Transportation and Air Quality, http://www. Engineering, ed. Hedy E. Sladovich (Washington, DC: 2012, http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/2/b022ff6c-f673- epa.gov/otaq/consumer/milestones.htm. âClean Water Act, United States,â The Encyclopedia of National Academy of Engineering, 1990), 10â11. 11e1-9fff-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2wr33vI9P. Earth, http://www.eoearth.org/view/article/51cbed3c7 âCatalytic Converters,â UCDavis ChemWiki, http:// 896bb431f690bc0/. âWhere the Web Was Born,â http://home.web.cern.ch/ chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Physical_Chemistry/Kinetics/ Building the Digital Highway about/topics/birth-web/where-web-was-born. Case_Studies/Catalytic_Converters. âEarth Day and EPA History,â U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, http://www.epa.gov/earthday/ Ceruzzi, Computing, 121â32. âBerners-Lee: World Finally Realizes Web Belongs to âTop 10 Improvements in Engine Design,â http://auto. history.htm. No One,â Wired, June 6, 2012, http://www.wired.com/ howstuffworks.com/10-improvements-in-engine- âA Brief History of the Internet,â Internet Society, wiredenterprise/2012/06/sir-tim-berners-lee/. design.htm. http://www.internetsociety.org/internet/what- internet/history-internet/brief-history-internet. âHistory of the Web,â World Wide Web Foundation, âMotor Vehicle Traffic Fatalities, 1900â2008,â To Your Health: The Engineering http://www.webfoundation.org/vision/history-of-the- http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/ of Medical Imaging and Therapies âInternet Historyâ1980s,â Computer History Museum, web/. statistics/2011/pdf/fi200.pdf. http://www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/ âGeneral Nuclear Medicine,â Radiological Society of âInformation Management: A Proposal,â Tim Berners- internet_history_80s.html. âAir Quality Trends,â U.S. Environmental Protection North America, http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info. Lee, CERN, March 1989, May 1990, http://www.w3.org/ Agency, http://www.epa.gov/airtrends/aqtrends.html. cfm?pg=gennuclear#part_five. âThe Launch of NSFNET,â Americaâs Investment in the History/1989/proposal.html. Future, http://www.nsf.gov/about/history/nsf0050/ âCleaning Up Coal: Knocking the NOx Out of Coal,â Gordon L. Brownell, âA History of Positron Imaging,â âThe World Wide Web Browser,â http://www.w3.org/ internet/launch.htm. U.S. Department of Energy, http://www.fossil.energy. October 15, 1999, http://neurosurgery.mgh.harvard. People/Berners-Lee/WorldWideWeb.html. gov/education/energylessons/coal/coal_cct3.html. edu/docs/PEThistory.pdf. âNetworking: Vision and Packet-Switching 1959â1968, Intergalactic Vision to Arpanet,â in James Pelkey, âMarc Andreessen, Internet Evangelist,â Entrepreneur, âClimate Change and Greenhouse Gases,â in Changing âHal Anger: Nuclear Medicineâs Quiet Genius,â Journal October 10, 2008, http://www.entrepreneur.com/ Entrepreneurial Capitalism and Innovation: A History by Degrees: Steps to Reduce Greenhouse Gases, U.S. of Nuclear Medicine (vol. 44, no. 11 November 2003), article/197600. (Marc Andreessen) of Computer Communications 1968â1988 (2007), Office of Technology Assessment, 1991, http://www. http://interactive.snm.org/docs/hist_corner_11_03.pdf. http://www.historyofcomputercommunications.info/ âAmazon Talks Strategy, International Growth,â ciesin.org/docs/003-078/003-078.html. Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, Book/2/2.1-IntergalacticNetwork_1962-1964.html. December 10, 2008, http://blog.seattlepi.com/ âOverview of Greenhouse Gases,â U.S. Environmental 158â161, 166â67. amazon/2008/12/10/amazon-talks-strategy- âMemorandum For: Members and Affiliates of the Protection Agency, http://www.epa.gov/ Intergalactic Computer Network,â http://worrydream. international-growth/. climatechange/ghgemissions/gases/co2.html. âTests and Procedures: MRI,â Mayo Clinic, http:// www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/mri/basics/ com/refs/Licklider-IntergalacticNetwork.pdf. âHistory and Timeline of the ISS,â Center for the âConcentrating Solar Power: Energy from Mirrors,â definition/prc-20012903. Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS), Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, March 2001, 146â53. http://www.iss-casis.org/About/ISSTimeline.aspx. http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy01osti/28751.pdf. âWhat is a PET Scan?â Medical News Today, http:// www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/154877.php. âSpace Shuttle Program: Spanning 30 Years of Dr. Lawrence G. Roberts, âInternet Chronology 1960â âConcentrating Solar Power (CSP) Technologies,â 2001,â http://www.packet.cc/internet.html. Discovery,â NASA, http://www.nasa.gov/mission_ Solar Energy Development Programmatic EIS, Constable and Somerville, A Century of Innovation, pages/shuttle/main/index.html. http://solareis.anl.gov/guide/solar/csp/. 182â89. âTCP (Transmission Control Protocol),â TechTarget, http://searchnetworking.techtarget.com/definition/ â6 Coolest Space Shuttle Science Experiments,â Space. âHuge Thermal Plant Near Primm Opens as Solar John Adam, âMaking Hearts Beat,â Innovative Lives, TCP. com July 1, 2011, http://www.space.com/12150-6- Industry Grows,â Las Vegas Sun February 13, 2014, http://invention.smithsonian.org/centerpieces/ilives/ coolest-space-shuttle-science-experiments.html. http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2014/feb/13/huge- lecture09.html. âIntroduction to TCP/IP,â http://www.yale.edu/pclt/ Hubble Space Telescope, Science, NASA, http://www. thermal-plant-opens-solar-industry-grows. W.J. Kolff, âArtificial Organs, 40 Years and Beyond,â COMM/TCPIP.HTM. nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/science/index.html#. âInteresting Wind Energy Facts,â Wind Energy http://www.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/transplant/html/ âIP Address (Internet Protocol Address,â http:// U9YG5oBdUY2. kolff.html. Foundation http://www.windenergyfoundation.org/ searchunifiedcommunications.techtarget.com/ interesting-wind-energy-facts. âWillem Kolff, Doctor Who Invented Kidney and Heart definition/Internet-Protocol. Machines, Dies at 97,â New York Times, February Clean and Efficient Energy âWindPACT,â National Renewable Energy Laboratory, âA Brief History of the NSF and the Internetâ Fact 12, 2009, http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/13/ Wind Research, http://www.nrel.gov/wind/windpact. Sheet,â August 13, 2003, http://www.nsf.gov/news/ âOPEC,â in Chapter 5 of Modern Industrial health/13kolff.html?pagewanted=all. html. news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=103050. Organization, 4th ed., Dennis W. Carlton and Jeffrey âRobert Jarvik on the Jarvik 7,â http://www.jarvikheart. M. Perloff (Prentiss Hall, 2004), http://wps.aw.com/ âThe History of Nuclear Energy,â U.S. Department Ray Tomlinson, âThe First Network Email,â http:// com/basic.asp?id=69. aw_carltonper_modernio_4/21/5566/1424964.cw/ of Energy, Office of Nuclear Energy, Science and openmap.bbn.com/~tomlinso/ray/firstemailframe.html. content/index.html. Technology, http://energy.gov/sites/prod/files/The%20 History%20of%20Nuclear%20Energy_0.pdf. ENGINEERING IDEAS INTO REALITY 57
âU.S. Nuclear Generating Statistics,â Nuclear Energy Knowing Ourselves: âSequencing Human Genome: The Contributions of âFast Internet Is Chattanoogaâs New Locomotive,â New Institute (updated April 2014), http://www.nei.org/ Biomedical Engineering Francis Collins and Craig Venter,â Nature Education York Times, February 4, 2014, http://www.nytimes. Knowledge-Center/Nuclear-Statistics/US-Nuclear- 1(1):133, http://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/ com/2014/02/04/technology/fast-internet-service- Power-Plants/US-Nuclear-Generating-Statistics. âPaul Berg Creates First Recombinant DNA Molecules,â speeds-business-development-in-chattanooga. sequencing-human-genome-the-contributions-of- Genetics and Genomics Timeline, Genome News html?ref=todayspaper&_r=0. francis-686. Network, http://www.genomenewsnetwork.org/ resources/timeline/1972_Berg.php. J. Craig Venter Biography, http://www.jcvi.org/cms/ âNew Study Quantifies Use of Social Media in Arab Building for Safety about/bios/jcventer/. Spring,â University of Washington, September 2011, âMilestones in Biotechnology,â Genetic Engineering & http://www.washington.edu/news/2011/09/12/new- âHistoric Earthquakes,â U.S. Geological Service, 1993, Biotechnology News, http://www.genengnews.com/ âInternational Human Genome Sequencing Consortium study-quantifies-use-of-social-media-in-arab-spring/. http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/states/ timeline/#null. Describes Finished Human Genome Sequence,â events/1989_10_18.php. National Human Genome Research Institute, October âA Brief History of Genetic Modification,â gmeducation. âSan Francisco Passes Landmark Earthquake Retrofit 20, 2004, http://www.genome.gov/12513430. org, http://www.gmeducation.org/faqs/p149248-a- A Cleaner World Law,â SPUR, April 24, 2013, http://www.spur.org/ brief-history-of-genetic-modification.html. âWinner: The Revolution Will Be Prosthetized,â blog/2013-04-24/san-francisco-passes-landmark- âAcid Rain Imperils Adirondacks Fish,â New York Times, earthquake-retrofit-law. Spectrum, IEEE, January 1, 2009, http://spectrum.ieee. July 7, 1988, http://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/07/ âRecombinant DNA: Example Using Insulin,â Explore org/robotics/medical-robots/winner-the-revolution- nyregion/acid-rain-imperils-adirondacks-fish.html. More, http://www.iptv.org/exploremore/ge/what/ âBase Isolation: Origins and Development,â National will-be-prosthetized. insulin.cfm. Information Service for Earthquake Engineering, âHow Much Energy Does a Person Use in a Year?â U.S. http://nisee.berkeley.edu/lessons/kelly.html. âTowards an EMG Controlled Prosthetic Hand Energy Information Administration, http://www.eia. âGenomes,â Genome News Network, http://www. Using a 3-D Electromagnetic Positioning gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=85&t=1. genomenewsnetwork.org/resources/whats_a_ âWilliam Henry Robinson, Citation on the Award of System,â 2007, http://www.articles-abstracts. genome/Chp1_1_1.shtml#genome1. Life Membership, April 2008,â New Zealand Society com/article.php?id=498706&author=Yu_Su_ âEnergy Intensity,â U.S. Energy Information for Earthquake Engineering Inc., http://www.nzsee. http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Education/ Fisher_M_H_Wolczowski_A_Bell_G_D_Burn_D_J_ Administration, December 2013, http://www.eia.gov/ org.nz/membership/distinguished-members/william- AllAbouttheHumanGenomeProject/ Gao_R_X&title=Towards_an_EMG_Controlled_ forecasts/aeo/er/early_intensity.cfm. henry-robinson/. GuidetoYourGenome07_vs2.pdf. Prosthetic_Hand_Using_a_3_D_Electromagnetic_ âProgress Cleaning the Air and Improving Peopleâs Positioning_System. Robert K. Reitherman, Earthquakes and Engineers: An âAn Introduction to DNA and Chromosomes,â Health,â U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, http:// International History (Reston, VA: American Society of Huntingtonâs Outreach Project for Education at âTissue Engineering,â Nature Biotechnology 18, IT56â www.epa.gov/air/caa/progress.html#clean. Civil Engineers, 2012), 380â83. Stanford (HOPES), https://www.stanford.edu/group/ IT58 (2000) http://www.nature.com/nbt/journal/v18/ âLow-Temperature Combustion Enables Cleaner, hopes/cgi-bin/wordpress/2011/02/an-introduction-to- n10s/full/nbt1000_IT56.html. âSeismic Design Hailed for Averting Hospital Damage,â More Efficient Engines,â Sandia National Laboratories, dna-and-chromosomes-text-and-audio/#what-are- Los Angeles Times, March 24, 1994, http://articles. âTissue Engineering: How to Build a Heart,â Nature, August 2013, https://share.sandia.gov/news/resources/ complementary-strands-making-the-double-helix. latimes.com/1994-03-24/news/mn-37881_1_base- July 3, 2013, http://www.nature.com/news/tissue- news_releases/ltc_diesel/#.UurHvCiChLU. isolation. âThe Human Genome Project Completion: Frequently engineering-how-to-build-a-heart-1.13327. Tier 3 Motor Vehicle Emission and Fuel Standards, Asked Questions,â National Human Genome Research âCity Hall Getting Latest Quake Upgrade,â Los Congressional Research Service 7-5700 R43497, April Institute, http://www.genome.gov/11006943. Angeles Times, March 22, 1995, http://articles.latimes. 28, 2014, http://nationalaglawcenter.org/wp-content/ com/1995-03-22/local/me-45619_1_base-isolation. âThe Human Genome Project,â Genetics Home uploads/asset/crs/R43497.pdf. âA Tested, Inexpensive Way to Protect Buildings from Reference, http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/handbook/ 2014: A Healthier, Cleaner, âNew-Car Average Fuel Economy Rose to 24.8 MPG hgp?show=all. Earthquakes,â NOVA Next, http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/ More Connected World in 2013,â Green Car Reports, January 9, 2014, http:// nova/next/tech/rubber-bearings-seismic-protection/. Human Genome Project Information Archive, www.greencarreports.com/news/1089565_new-car- 1990â2003, http://web.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/ Introduction average-fuel-economy-rose-to-24-8-mpg-in-2013. âLargest High-Rise Seismic Sensor Network in CA Human_Genome/index.shtml. ICT Facts and Figures 2014, http://www.itu.int/en/ installed in One Rincon Hill,â The San Francisco Appeal, âSouth Coast Air Basin Smog Trend,â South Coast Air May 30, 2012, http://sfappeal.com/2012/05/largest- âA History of the Human Genome Project,â Science, ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx. Quality Management District, http://www.aqmd.gov/ high-rise-seismic-sensor-network-in-ca-installed-in- 291, no. 5507 (February 16, 2001), 1195, http://www. docs/default-source/air-quality/historical-data-by- one-rincon-hill/. sciencemag.org/content/291/5507/1195. year/ozone-trend-chart-from-historical-data-by-year. Tiny Powerhouses, Global Reach pdf. âSeismic Analysis Using Finite Elements,â International âThe Human Genetic CodeâThe Human Genome Association of the Engineering Modeling, Analysis and Project and Beyond,â Center for Genetics Education, â60 Years of the Transistor: 1947â2007,â http://www. â2014 Most and Least Efficient Vehicles,â U.S. Simulation Community (NAFEMS), http://www.nafems. http://www.genetics.edu.au/Publications-and- intel.com/cn/technology/timeline.pdf. Department of Energy, http://www.fueleconomy.gov/ org/events/nafems/2008/seismic_dec/. Resources/Genetics-Fact-Sheets/FactSheet24. âUltrafast Deep UV Lithography with Excimer Lasers,â feg/best-worst.shtml. âUC Berkeley Shaking Table,â Pacific Earthquake âScientists Complete the First Draft of Human DNA Electron Device Letters, IEEE 3, no. 3 (March 1982), âCross Country Rally: By the Numbers,â Tesla Motors, Engineering Research Center, http://peer.berkeley.edu/ Blueprint,â Human Genome Project, The Guardian.com, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?reload February 2014, http://www.teslamotors.com/blog/ laboratories/shaking_table.html. June 26, 2000, http://www.theguardian.com/science/ =true&arnumber=1482581. cross-country-rally-numbers. human-genome-project. âMagnetic Field of Dreams,â Businessweek, âFull-on testing at full-scale earthquake testing âBuilding Energy Efficiency Program,â California facility,â ElectronicsWeekly.com, http://www. âMachines and the Human Genome Project,â Lawrence April 17, 1994, http://www.businessweek.com/ Energy Commission, http://www.energy.ca.gov/ electronicsweekly.com/made-by-monkeys/test/full- Berkley National Laboratory, Spring 1992, http://www. stories/1994-04-17/magnetic-field-of-dreams. title24/. on-testing-at-full-scale-2012-06/. lbl.gov/Science-Articles/Archive/human-genome- âCreators of Lithium-Ion Battery and Pioneers of âCalifornia Energy Consumption,â U.S. Department mapping-sequencing.html. Innovative Education Model Win Engineeringâs âProgress Toward a Safer Future Since the 1989 Loma of Energy, http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/states/ Prieta Earthquake,â U.S. Geological Service (Fact Sheet âComputers and the Human Genome Project,â http:// Highest Honors,â National Academy of Engineering, consumption.cfm/state=CA. 151 created November 3,1999, updated May 6, 2005), www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~eroberts/courses/soco/ January 2014, http://www.nae.edu/Projects/ MediaRoom/20095/69135/106261.aspx. âHow a Company Found a Business in Measuring http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/1999/fs151-99/. projects/2000-01/computers-and-the-hgp/. Leaking Methane,â ClimateWire, August 2, 2013, http:// âWhat a Cell Phone Can Do for a Nigerian Farmer: www.eenews.net/stories/1059985507. Quail,â Radio Netherlands Worldwide, February 12, 2013, http://www.rnw.nl/africa/article/what-a-cell- phone-can-do-a-nigerian-farmer-quail. 58 MAKING A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE
âProfessor Ferdinand Porsche Created the First âGas Pains,â Conservation, June 2013, âFatality Analysis Reporting System,â National A World of Embedded Intelligence Functional Hybrid Car,â Porsche Press Release, April http:conservationmagazine.org/2013/06/gas-pains/. Highway Safety Traffic Administration, 20, 2011, http://press.porsche.com/news/release. http://www-fars.nhtsa.dot.gov/Main/index.aspx. âAuto Correct: Has the Self-Driving Car At Last php?id=642. Arrived?â The New Yorker, November 2013, http:// www.newyorker.com/reporting/2013/11/25/131125fa_ Renewable Energy âCars of Futures Past,â Hemmings Daily, August fact_bilger?currentPage=all. âSick Water? The Central Role of Waste-Water 15, 2013, http://blog.hemmings.com/index. âThe 10 Biggest Turbines in the World,â Wind Power Management in Sustainable Development.â United Dr. Leah H. Jamieson, John A. Edwardson Dean of php/2013/08/15/cars-of-futures-past-1901-lohner- Monthly, http://www.windpowermonthly.com/10- Nations Environment Programme, UN-HABITAT, 2010, Engineering and Ransburg Distinguished Professor porsche-semper-vivus-and-mixte/. biggest-turbines. http://www.unep.org/pdf/SickWater_screen.pdf. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue âFrom Model T to Prius: 13 Big Moments in Fuel âWind Topped All New U.S. Generation Capacity University, interview by John A. Carey, May 2014. âHow the Worldâs Oceans Could Be Running Out of Efficiency History,â Christian Science Monitor, in 2012, Ahead of Gas and Coal,â Greentech Media, Fish,â BBC, September 2012, http://www.bbc.com/ âRay Kurzweil: This is Your Future,â CNN, December March 7, 2012, http://www.csmonitor.com/ February 7, 2013, http://www.greentechmedia.com/ future/story/20120920-are-we-running-out-of-fish. 2013, http://edition.cnn.com/2013/12/10/business/ray- Innovation/2012/0307/From-Model-T-to-Prius-13-big- articles/read/Wind-Topped-All-New-U.S.-Generation- moments-in-fuel-efficiency-history. kurzweil-future-of-human-life/. Capacity-in-2012-Ahead-of-Gas-and-Coal. âToyota Prius Chronological History,â http://www. Dr. W. Daniel Hillis, chairman and cofounder Applied âAre We on the Cusp of a Solar Energy Boom?â The toyoland.com/prius/chronology.html. Minds, LLC, interview with John A. Carey, February Week, May 21, 2013, http://theweek.com/article/ index/244437/are-we-on-the-cusp-of-a-solar-energy- Looking to the Future 2014. âLight Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly boom. Introduction Sales Updates,â Argonne National Laboratory, Transportation R and D Center, http://www. âPhotovoltaic (PV) Pricing Trends: Historical, Recent, âBad Predictions,â Things People Said, Expanding Our Connections transportation.anl.gov/technology_analysis/edrive_ and Near-Term Projections,â U.S. Department of http://www.rinkworks.com/said/predictions.shtml. vehicle_monthly_sales.html. Energy, November 2012, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/ Charles O. Holliday Jr., retired chairman of the board fy13osti/56776.pdf. âPredictions of the Future from the Past,â PandoDaily, and CEO, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, âHybrid and Plug-In Electric Vehicles,â U.S. January 2014, http://pando.com/2014/01/03/ interview with John A. Carey, December 2013. Department of Energy, October 2011, http:// Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, âEnergy predictions-of-the-future-from-the-past/. greaterindiana.brandrenew.net/wp-content/ Infrastructure Update,â December 2013, http:// âDigital Life in 2025,â Pew Research Center, March uploads/2012/01/Hybrid-and-EV.pdf. www.ferc.gov/legal/staff-reports/2013/dec-energy- âVisit to the Worldâs Fair of 2014,â New York 2014, http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/03/11/digital- infrastructure.pdf. Times, August 1964, http://www.nytimes.com/ life-in-2025/. âGas Prices Hit Highest Average Ever in 2012,â books/97/03/23/lifetimes/asi-v-fair.html. CNN Money, December 31, 2012, http://money.cnn. âShort-Term Energy Outlook,â U.S. Energy Information âSupersize Me: GE Takes 3D Printing to Massive com/2012/12/31/news/economy/gas-prices/. Administration, July 8, 2014, http://www.eia.gov/ Gas Turbines,â GE Reports, July 2013, http://www. forecasts/steo/report/electricity.cfm. gereports.com/post/74545205358/supersize-me-ge- âEnergy Department Releases Updated eGallon Prices Brought to You by Engineering takes-3d-printing-to- massive-gas. as Electric Vehicle Sales Double,â Energy.gov, July 19, âHow Much Gasoline Does the United States âGrand Challenges for Engineering,â National 2013, http://energy.gov/articles/energy-department- Consume?â U.S. Energy Information Administration, Academy of Engineering, 2008, http://www. releases-updated-egallon-prices-electric-vehicle- http://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=23&t=10. engineeringchallenges.org/cms/challenges.aspx. Making Energy Sustainable sales-double. âDenmark, Portugal, and Spain Leading the World âAlan Kay: Educator and computing pioneer,â TED âClimate Change: Evidence & Causes,â The Royal âDan Abraham,â Argonne National Laboratory, in Wind Power,â Earth Policy Institute, May 2014, Speaker, http://www.ted.com/speakers/alan_kay. Society and the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, February 5, 2012, http://www.anl.gov/articles/dan- http://www.earth-policy.org/data_highlights/2014/ 2014, https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_ abraham. highlights46. Content/policy/projects/climate-evidence-causes/ New Materials, New Possibilities climate-change-evidence-causes.pdf. An Unexpected Change in the Energy A Healthier World âGrapheneâThe Perfect Atomic Lattice,â The Nobel âNational Climate Assessment,â http://nca2014. Landscape: The Shale Gas Boom Prize in Physics 2010, Information for the Public, globalchange.gov. Paul Citron, retired, vice president, Technology Policy http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/ Gregory Zuckerman, The Frackers: The Outrageous and Academic Relations, Medtronic, interviewed by âU.S. Quest for 5X Battery Boost Seeks âGame- laureates/2010/popular-physicsprize2010.pdf. Inside Story of the New Billionaire Wildcatters (New John A. Carey, December 2013. Changingâ Tech,â Computerworld, 2013, http://www. York: Portfolio/Penguin, 2013). âBend It, Charge It, Dunk It: Graphene, the Material computerworld.com/s/article/9244074/U.S._quest_ âHow Medtronic Made the Worldâs Smallest of Tomorrow,â New York Times, April 2014, http:// for_5X_battery_boost_seeks_game_changing_tech. âU.S. Expected to Be Largest Producer of Petroleum Pacemaker,â Cardiovascular, December 2013, bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/04/13/bend-it- and Natural Gas Hydrocarbons in 2013,â U.S. Energy http://www.qmed.com/mpmn/medtechpulse/how- âWelcome to Open Source Aerogel,â http://www. charge-it-dunk-it-graphene-the-material-of- Information Administration, October 4, 2013, http:// medtronic-made-worlds-smallest-pacemaker. aerogel.org. tomorrow/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_php=true&_ www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=13251. type=blogs&emc=eta1&_r=1&. Dr. John C. Wall, vice president and chief technical âOutpatient Glycemic Control with a Bionic Pancreas Coal Data Browser, U.S. Energy Information in Type 1 Diabetes,â New England Journal of Medicine, officer, Cummins, interview with John A. Carey, âStan Williams,â HP Fellows, http://www.hpl.hp.com/ Administration, http://www.eia.gov/coal/data. June 15, 2014, http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/ February 2014. about/honors/HPfellows/williams.html. cfm#consumption. NEJMoa1314474#t=article. Dr. Julia M. Phillips, vice president and chief âPhysics: âPutting the Weirdness to Work,ââ âU.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Fall 10 Percent Since âLife Expectancy: Data by Country,â World Health technology officer, Sandia National Laboratories, Businessweek, March 2004, http://www.businessweek. 2005: EPA,â Reuters, April 15, 2014, http://www. Organization, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node. interview with John A. Carey, January 2014. com/stories/2004-03-14/physics-putting-the- reuters.com/article/2014/04/15/us-usa-climate- main.688?lang=en. weirdness-to-work. âSolar Energy Conversion,â Nocera Lab, http://nocera. carbon-idUSBREA3E1XD20140415. harvard.edu/SolarEnergyConversion. âMortality Rate,â The World Bank, http://data. Dr. Venkatesh Narayanamurti, Benjamin Peirce âNational Climate Assessment,â U.S. Global Change worldbank.org/indicator/SH.DYN.MORT. Professor of Technology and Public Policy Harvard Research Program, 2014, http://nca2014.globalchange. School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, interview gov. âDeclining Mortality from Smoking in the United States,â Nicotine & Tobacco Research, July 2007, by John A. Carey, February 2014. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17577808. ENGINEERING IDEAS INTO REALITY 59
âCheap Hydrogen from Sunlight and Water,â â10 Projections for the Global Population in 2050,â Technology Review, 2013, http://www Pew Research Center, http://www.pewresearch.org/ PHOTO CREDITS technologyreview.com/news/521671/cheap- fact-tank/2014/02/03/10-projections-for-the-global- hydrogen-from-sunlight-and-water/. population-in-2050/. Page 1, (top left) Victor R. Boswell, Jr./National Geographic/Getty Images, (top right) Toria/Shutterstock, (bottom left) diversepixel/Shutterstock, (bottom right) wellphoto/ âDOE Energy Innovation Hubs,â U.S. Department of âPlanning the City of the Future,â News Briefing, AAAS Shutterstock; page 2, Courtesy University of Maryland; page 4, Songquan Deng/ Energy, http://science.energy.gov/bes/research/ Annual Meeting, 2014, http://www.eurekalert.org/ Shutterstock; page 5, (left) Â© CORBIS, (right) Creative Commons Share-alike; page 6, doe-energy-innovation-hubs/. aaasnewsroom/2014/watchbriefing.php?page=26. (top left) Creative Commons Share-alike, (top right) Courtesy of the Computer History Dr. Cherry Murray, dean of the Harvard School of âIs There a Limit to How Tall Buildings Can Get?â Museum, (bottom left) Elle1/Shutterstock; page 7, (top right) AP Photo/IBM, (middle left) Engineering and Applied Sciences, and John A. and Atlantic CityLab, 2012, http://www.citylab.com/ Courtesy Texas Instruments, (middle right) Official U.S. Navy Photograph/NHHC, (bottom Elizabeth S. Armstrong Professor of Engineering and design/2012/08/there-limit-how-tall-buildings-can- left) Â© Mark Richards/Courtesy of the Computer History Museum, (bottom right) Creative Applied Sciences, interview with John A. Carey, May get/2963/. Commons Share-alike; page 8, (bottom left) Rauner Library, Dartmouth College, (middle) 2014. Courtesy of the Computer History Museum, (top right) Courtesy of the Computer History Charles O. Holliday, Jr., December 2013. âGlobal Coal Risk Assessment,â World Resources Museum, (bottom right) Courtesy of the Computer History Museum; page 9, PeterPhoto123/ âLivable Cities of the Future,â National Academy of Shutterstock; page 10, (left) Dmitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock, (right) Monkey Business Institute, 2012, http://pdf.wri.org/global_coal_risk_ Engineering, National Academies Press, 2014. https:// Images/Shutterstock, (background) X=etra/Shtterstock; page 11, (left) NASA, (right) NASA; assessment.pdf. www.nae.edu/113563.aspx. page 12, (top) NASA, (bottom)NOAA; page 13, (top) Ivan Sholakov/Shutterstock, (bottom Dr. Robert H. Socolow, professor of mechanical and NYC Special Initiative for Rebuilding and Resiliency, left) USAF, (bottom right) Imperial War Museum, London; page 14, tumblr; page 15, (top) aerospace engineering, Princeton Environmental http://www.nyc.gov/html/sirr/html/home/home.shtml. Landov Media, (bottom) AP Photo/Mark Duncan; page 16, (top) Photonics Media/Courtesy Institute, Princeton University, interview with John A. Carey, February 2014. of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, (bottom) Â© Bettman/CORBIS; page 17, (top) Dr. Wanda M. Austin, president and CEO, The Aerospace Corporation, interview with John A. Carey, Reproduced with permission of Medtronic, Inc., (bottom left) University of Buffalo, (bottom May 2014. right) Â© Diego Goldberg/Sygma/CORBIS ; page 18, SSokolov/Shutterstock; page 19, (top) Feeding the Worldâs Billions Photo by Ben Schneiderman/Courtesy of the Computer History Museum, (bottom) Courtesy Dr. Robert H. Socolow, February 2014. of the Computer History Museum; page 20, (left) Raytheon BBN Technologies, (right) Dr. J. Craig Venter, chairman and president, J. Craig Venter Institute, interview with John A. Carey, âSteven Pinker TED Speaker Personal Profile,â TED, Copyright NCSA/UIUC, image by Donna Cox and Robert Patterson; page 21, Courtesy of February 2014. http://www.ted.com/speakers/steven_pinker. the Computer History Museum; page 22, (left) CERN, (right) CERN; page 23, (bottom left) NASA, (top right) Library of Congress; page 24, (top left) National Science and Technology Dr. Cherry Murray, May 2014. âNASAâs Kepler Discovers First Earth-Size Planet In Medals Foundation, (top right) Â© Science Photo Library/Science Photo Library/Corbis, The âHabitable Zoneâ of Another Star,â NASA, April 17, (bottom) Ken Schulze/Shutterstock; page 25, National Renewable Energy Laboratory; A Healthier Future 2014, http://www.nasa.gov/ames/kepler/nasas-kepler- discovers-first-earth-size-planet-in-the-habitable- page 26, (left) Â© Grant Smith/CORBIS, (right) Creative Commons Share-alike; page 27, Â© Dr. Robert Samuel Lander, David H. Koch Institute zone-of-another-star/#.U8_8VoBdXes. Karen Kasmauski/CORBIS; page 28, (top left) National Human Genome Research Institute, Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, (top right) J. Craig Venter Institute, (bottom left) Organogenesis, Inc., (bottom right) Tony interview with John A. Carey, December 2013. âKuiper Belt and Oort Cloud,â NASA, Solar System Taylor Stock/Shutterstock; page 29, PHOTOCREO Michal Bednarek/Shutterstock; page 30, Exploration, http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/ (left) Tim McNerney/Intel Museum/Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share âKarl Deisseroth, MD, PhD,â Howard Hughes Medical profile.cfm?Object=KBOs&Display=OverviewLong. Alike 3.0 License, (right) ChrisVanLennepPhoto/Shutterstock; page 31, Creative Commons Institute, http://www.hhmi.org/scientists/karl- âThe FOCAL Mission: To the Sunâs Gravity Lens,â Share-alike; page 32, (bottom left) Wikipedia/Creative Commons Share-alike, (bottom deisseroth. Centauri Dreams, August 18, 2006, http://www. middle) Oakridge National Laboratory, (bottom right) Bloom Design/Shutterstock, (top Dr. W. Daniel Hillis, February 2014. centauri-dreams.org/?p=785. left) Photo by Andrey Shcherbina, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, (top right) Denys Paul Citron, December 2013. âWhat is Gravitational Lensing?â The Canada France Prykhodov/Shutterstock; page 33, (left top) Straight 8 Photography/Shutterstock, (left Hawaiâi Telescope Lensing Survey (CFHTLenS), http:// bottom) Andrey_Popov/Shutterstock, (right) Nolte Lourens/Shutterstock; page 34, (top Dr. J. Craig Venter, February 2014. left) MNStudio/Shutterstock, (top right) Dennis Donohue/Shutterstock, (bottom) Photo by www.cfhtlens.org/public/what-gravitational-lensing. Dino Vournas/Sandia National Laboratories; page 35, (top) Tesla Motors, (bottom) Tesla Cities, Limits, and New Frontiers âThe Seventy-Billion-Mile Telescope,â http://www. Motors; page 36, (top left) Creative Commons Share-alike, (top right) Courtesy of Toyota, newyorker.com/online/blogs/elements/2013/06/ (bottom) Wikipedia/Creative Commons Share-alike; page 37, (left) Creative Commons âWorld Population Projected to Reach 9.6 Billion gravitational-lens-sun-space-exploration-maccone. Share-alike, (right) U.S. Energy Information Administration; page 38, U.S. Energy Information by 2050,â United Nations Department of Economic html. and Social Affairs, 2013, https://www.un.org/en/ Administration; page 39, Sandia Labs/Flickr Photo album; page 40, (top) Creative Commons development/desa/news/population/un-report-world- âThe Solar Wind,â NASA, http://solarscience.msfc.nasa. Share-alike, (bottom) Sonquan Deng/Shutterstock; page 41, (left)Monkey Business Images/ population-projected-to-reach-9-6-billion-by-2050. gov/SolarWind.shtml. Shutterstock, (middle) Picsfive/Shutterstock, (right) Reproduced with permission of html. âInterstellar Journey: Shrinking the Probe,â Centauri Medtronic, Inc.; page 42, (left) JHU/APL, (right) Maksim Vivtsaruk/Shutterstock; page Dreams, July 14, 2014, http://www.centauri-dreams. 43, (top left) Sura Nualpradid/Shutterstock, (top right) Maksim Vivtsaruk/Shutterstock, âWorld Population Prospects,â United Nations, 2013, (bottom) otiki/Shutterstock; page 44, Sarah Holmlund/Shutterstock; page 46, (left top) http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/Documentation/pdf/ org/?p=31049. Wikipedia/Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, (left bottom) AP Photo/Jon Super, WPP2012_HIGHLIGHTS.pdf. âSpace Exploration for Everyone,â http:// (right) HP Labs; page 47, (top left) Slavoljub Pantelic/Shutterstock, (top right) DARPA/ pocketspacecraft.com/. US Government, (middle right) Photo by PHC(NAO) Chris Desmond COMNAVCRUITCOM, Dr. David Messerschmitt, Roger A. Strauch Professor (bottom) Wikipedia/Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License; page 48, Babich Alexander/ Emeritus of Electrical Engineering and Computer Shutterstock; page 49, (top left) KT Crabb Photography, (middle) KT Crabb Photography, Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, interview (top right) Peshkova/Shutterstock, (bottom left) Creative Commons Share-alike; page 50, with Roberta Conlan, July 2014. (left) Sandy Huffaker for The New York Times/Redux, (right) Creative Commons Share- alike; page 51, (top) Vladimir Wrangel/Shutterstock, (bottom left) Monica Wisniewska/ Shutterstock, (bottom right) Bork/Shutterstock; page 52, IndustryAndTravel/Shutterstock; page 53, (left) Sergey Nivens/Shutterstock, (right) shaziafolio/Shutterstock; page 54, leungchopan/Shutterstock; page 55, (top) Adrian Mann/Centauri Dreams, (bottom) NASA/ Marshall Space Flight Center. 60 MAKING A WORLD OF DIFFERENCE