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Suggested Citation:"E--Related Funding Programs." National Research Council. 2015. Opportunities for the Gulf Research Program: Community Resilience and Health: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21691.
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E

Related Funding Programs

ORGANIZATION SOURCE FUNDING
Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill Trust, managed by the Gulf Coast Claims Facility (GCCF) BP $20 billion, $5 billion per year paid by BP
GoMRI (Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative) BP $500 million to be disbursed over 10 years
GRHOP (Gulf Region Health Outreach Program) BP as part of the Deepwater Horizon Medical Benefits Class Action Settlement $105 million to be paid over 5 years
NAS (National Academy of Sciences) Gulf Research Program BP ($350 million) and Transocean ($150 million) $500 million received from 2013 to 2018, and disbursed over 30 years
NAWCF (North American Wetlands Conservation Fund) managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the North American Wetlands Conservation Council (NAWCC), and the Migratory Bird Conservation Commission (MBCC) BP fine for violations of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act $100 million received from 2014 to 2019, and disbursed: $20 million within 60 days of sentencing (on January 29, 2013), $20 million within 1 year, $20 million within 2 years, $12 million within 3 years, $12 million within 4 years, and $16 million within 5 years
NFWF (National Fish and Wildlife Foundation) BP ($2.394 billion) and Transocean ($150 million) from criminal settlements $2.544 billion received from 2013 to 2018 and disbursed over 5 years
NIEHS (National Institute of Environmental Health Studies) DWH Research Consortium NIH $25.2 million over 5 years to the following universities and their community partners: University of Florida; Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans; Tulane University; and The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston
NRDA (National Resource Damage Assessment)   BP
OSLTF (Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund) managed by the U.S. Coast Guard National Pollution Funds Center   MOEX ($45 million from civil penalties); Transocean ($100 million from criminal penalties, $200 million from civil penalties); BP ($1.15 billion from criminal penalties)
RTF (Restoration Trust Fund) created by the RESTORE Act and managed by the Department of the Treasury   Transocean ($800 million) and BP (amount TBD) for civil Clean Water Act liabilities

SOURCES: Environmental Law Institute and Tulane Institute on Water Resources Law and Policy (2014); The BP Claims Fund website (accessed May 2014); Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative website (accessed May 2014); National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences website (accessed May 2014); and Louisiana Public Health Institute Primary Care Capacity Project, Gulf Region Health Outreach Program website (accessed May 2014).

Suggested Citation:"E--Related Funding Programs." National Research Council. 2015. Opportunities for the Gulf Research Program: Community Resilience and Health: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21691.
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PURPOSE SPECIFIC ALLOCATIONS
Compensate for natural resource damages, state and local response costs, and individual financial damage.  
Fund research projects and consortia to understand, respond to, and mitigate the impacts of petroleum pollution and related stressors of the marine and coastal ecosystems, with an emphasis on the Gulf of Mexico.  
Inform residents of the Gulf region about their own health and facilitate access, now and in the future, to skilled frontline health care providers supported by networks of specialists knowledgeable in addressing physical, behavioral, and mental health needs. $50 million to the Primary Care Capacity Project; $36 million to the Mental and Behavioral Health Capacity Project; $4 million to the Community Health Workers Training Project; and $15 million to the Environmental Health Capacity and Literacy Project
Establish a new research program focused on human health and environmental protection in the Gulf of Mexico and on the U.S. outer continental shelf, including issues relating to offshore oil drilling and hydrocarbon production and transportation. For work in three program areas: oil system safety, human health, and environmental resources using three approaches: research and development, education and training, and environmental monitoring. Allocation among program areas and approaches were not specified.
Fund wetlands restoration and conservation projects located in states bordering the Gulf of Mexico or otherwise designated to benefit migratory bird species and other wildlife and habitat affected by the oil spill.  
Remedy harm and eliminate or reduce the risk of future harm to Gulf Coast natural resources that were adversely affected by the DWH explosion and oil spill. $1.272 billion for barrier island and river diversion projects in LA; $356 million for natural resource projects in each of AL, FL, and MS; $203 million for projects in TX.
Create community–university partnerships to examine the long-term impact from the oil spill on the health of Gulf Coast residents and communities. This NIEHS research initiative and other related programs help communities and institutions in the Gulf and around the country understand how to be prepared for disasters and limit negative health effects related to disasters.  
Restore natural resources impacted by the spill to the condition they would have been in had the spill not occurred. NOAA and the Department of the Interior (DOI) will each receive $100 million for projects to restore federal trust resources. The trustees for each Gulf State will receive $100 million; $300 million will be used for restoration projects that the state trustees suggest, and that NOAA and DOI select.
Fund federal agencies to administer the Oil Pollution Act (OPA), respond to future oil spills, and support research and development. $50 million for the Emergency Fund, used for spill response and to initiate natural resource damage assessments. The rest is for the Principal Fund used to compensate those harmed by an oil spill when responsible parties cannot pay and, when appropriated by Congress to cover the costs of administering provisions of the OPA.
Varies with the process, but generally for restoration and protection of the natural resources, ecosystems, and economies of the Gulf Coast. 35% of the fund goes directly to the five Gulf States in equal shares; 30% goes to a regional Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Council; 30% goes to the five Gulf States based on a formula that considers their respective disturbance from the DWH oil spill; 2.5% will support a NOAA-led Gulf Coast Ecosystem Restoration Science, Observation, Monitoring, and Technology program; 2.5% will sustain a competitive grant program to establish Centers of Excellence to conduct Gulf Coast research.
Suggested Citation:"E--Related Funding Programs." National Research Council. 2015. Opportunities for the Gulf Research Program: Community Resilience and Health: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21691.
×
Page 74
Suggested Citation:"E--Related Funding Programs." National Research Council. 2015. Opportunities for the Gulf Research Program: Community Resilience and Health: Summary of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/21691.
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Page 75
Opportunities for the Gulf Research Program: Community Resilience and Health: Summary of a Workshop Get This Book
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There are many connections between human communities and their surrounding environments that influence community resilience and health in the Gulf of Mexico. The impacts of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on Gulf communities and ecosystems - coupled with the region's preexisting health challenges and environmental stressors - illustrate the need to better understand these connections. In the future, natural and man-made disasters, climate change impacts, and other environmental stressors will present complex challenges to the physical, mental, and social well-being of communities in the Gulf. Understanding the interrelationships among health, ecological, and economic impacts of disasters and other environmental stressors will be crucial to addressing these challenges.

Opportunities for the Gulf Research Program: Community Resilience and Health summarizes a Gulf Research Program workshop held on September 22-23, 2014, in New Orleans, Louisiana. The workshop examined opportunities to improve the health, well-being, and resilience of communities in the Gulf region through discussions with about 50 participants with diverse expertise and experience. These discussions identified perceived needs, challenges, and opportunities that align with the Gulf Research Program's mission and goals - particularly its goal to improve understanding of the connections between human health and the environment to support the development of health and resilient Gulf communities. This workshop is expected to lead to the development of additional Program activities and opportunities for the research community.

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