National Academies Press: OpenBook

A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-World War II Housing (2012)

Chapter: Appendix C - Glossary of Terms and List of Abbreviations

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C - Glossary of Terms and List of Abbreviations." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2012. A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-World War II Housing. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/22709.
Page 135

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135 Glossary of terms used in the report Character-defining features—Prominent or distinctive aspects, qualities, or characteristics of an architectural style or form that contribute sig- nificantly to its physical character. Generally, the character-defining features represent the physical manifestation of the significant ele- ments of the property. Features may include materials, engineering design, and structural and decorative details. Contributing Resource—Refers to buildings, structures, objects, or sites within a historic district that were built within the period of signifi- cance and possess historic integrity. Determination of Eligibility—See intensive-level survey. Documentation—Refers to the process of compiling the results of the identification and evaluation processes and may include a historic context, survey results, and eligibility evaluations. Elevation—Refers to the sides and rear of a building. Facade—Refers to the front of a building. Form—Refers to the overall massing, layout, and shape of a building. Field Survey Documentation—The process of collecting information and photographs for a property as part of the field survey. Identification—Refers to the process of conducting field survey, includ- ing surveying properties in the field and analyzing the survey data. Intensive-level survey—Builds upon the efforts of the reconnaissance- level survey and includes historic research. Additional descriptive information may also be prepared. This level of survey and evalua- tion often leads to a National Register eligibility recommendation, also referred to as a determination of eligibility. National Register Evaluation—Refers to the process of applying the National Register Criteria to a property to assess eligibility. Noncontributing Resource—Refers to buildings, structures, objects, or sites within a historic district that have been substantially altered or were constructed after the period of significance. Phase I survey—See reconnaissance-level survey. Phase II survey—See intensive-level survey. Project sponsor—Considered the lead agency responsible for fulfilling the obligation of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (contained in the Code of Federal Regulations at 36 CFR Part 800). Reconnaissance-level survey—Documentation of resources with photo- graphs, brief descriptions, mapping, and limited historic research. Style—Refers to the decorative details and materials that are applied to exemplify a particular architectural style. Subdivision—Planned residential developments and also the process of dividing a parcel of land into smaller units that serve as buildable lots. Survey—See reconnaissance-level survey and intensive-level survey. Abbreviated terms in the report AASHTO American Association of State and Highway Transportation Officials AIA American Institute of Architects ALCOA Aluminum Company of America APE Area of Potential Effects ASPO American Society of Planning Officials CMU Concrete Masonry Unit DOT Department of Transportation Fannie Mae Federal National Mortgage Association FHA Federal Housing Administration FHWA Federal Highway Administration FRP Fiber reinforced plastic GIS Geographic Information Systems GM General Motors GNP Gross National Product IBM International Business Machines MPD Multiple Property Document NAHB National Association of Home Builders NAREB National Association of Real Estate Boards NCSHPO National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers NHA National Housing Agency NPS National Park Service PVC Polyvinyl Chloride RFC Reconstruction Finance Corporation SHPO State Historic Preservation Office SMSA Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas TRB Transportation Research Board ULI Urban Land Institute USGS United States Geological Survey VA Veteran’s Administration VAF Vernacular Architecture Forum A P P E N D I X C Glossary of Terms and List of Abbreviations

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TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 723: A Model for Identifying and Evaluating the Historic Significance of Post-World War II Housing provides an approach to the identification and evaluation of postwar housing resources that can be used within the framework of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act.

The report includes a methodology for identification and evaluation of the National Register eligibility and non-eligibility of single-family housing built between 1946 and 1975. The report also includes a national context to understand the development of postwar housing and to help guide the evaluation of postwar residential types.

TR News 292: May-June 2014 includes an article about the report.

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