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NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited (2016)

Chapter: Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
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D

Committee Member Biographies

TODD J. MOSHER, Co-Chair, is the vice president of engineering for Syncroness, where he leads the Syncroness product development engineering organization in developing medical, aviation, and other commercial products. Dr. Mosher has 25 years of experience as an engineering professional working in industry and serving as a professor at two universities. He has directed the design of both human spaceflight and robotic spacecraft projects. Previously, Dr. Mosher was the senior director of strategic opportunities for Sierra Nevada Corporation’s (SNC’s) Space Exploration Systems business area within the Space Systems Group. In that role he led the formation of strategic partnerships with Lockheed Martin, United Launch Alliance, Draper Laboratory, Aerojet Rocketdyne, the Walt Disney Corporation, and Lucasfilm. He directed the proposal efforts for the next phase of the NASA Commercial Crew Program and NASA’s next Commercial Resupply Services contracts with possible values of over $5 billion. Dr. Mosher successfully led the three previous NASA crew proposals, valued at over $350 million. Prior to that role, Dr. Mosher was the director of design and development for the Dream Chaser program, managing the design team for all of the major subsystems and a staff of over 100 SNC engineers and contractors while keeping design and development milestones on schedule and within budget. He has been recognized as one of The Denver Post’s Colorado Top Thinkers (2012) and received the University of Colorado’s Kalpana Chawla Outstanding Recent Alumni award (2012). At SNC, he was awarded the Explorer’s Cup Management Team Award (2012), the SNC Director of the Year (2011), and the STAR Award for Technical Excellence (2010). Dr. Mosher holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Colorado, an M.S. in systems engineering from the University of Alabama in Huntsville, and a B.S. in aerospace engineering from San Diego State University. He has served on multiple studies of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, including the Entry, Descent, and Landing area lead for the last Academies’ study of the NASA technology portfolio.

LISELOTTE J. SCHIOLER, Co-Chair, is the founder of Schioler Consulting. She retired in early 2016 from the National Institute of Aerospace (NIA), where she was responsible for the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and non-NASA Langley Research Center government agency programs. She has over 30 years of experience in fundamental research, as well as program and proposal development, proposal consulting, and program management. Prior to her employment at NIA, she worked for the federal government as a researcher in high-temperature structural ceramics (U.S. Army) and as a program manager for ceramics/high-temperature materials (USAF Office of Scientific Research and the National Science Foundation), as well as at a large aerospace company, a small high-tech business, and running her own consulting company. She has participated on several advisory commit-

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×

tees, including for the Department of Energy (DOE) and NASA, and was a member of the steering committee for the 2012 NRC review of NASA’s Draft Space Technology Roadmaps. Dr. Schioler is a fellow of the American Ceramic Society. She holds a Sc.D. in ceramic science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

ARDEN L. BEMENT, JR. (NAE) is the David Ross Distinguished Professor of Nuclear Engineering Emeritus at Purdue University. He has held academic appointments in materials science and engineering and nuclear engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and in materials engineering, electrical and computer engineering, and nuclear engineering, at Krannert School of Management (courtesy), industrial engineering (courtesy) and technology leadership and innovation (courtesy) at Purdue University. His government experience includes director, Office of Materials Science, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); deputy undersecretary for research and advanced technology, Department of Defense; director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Department of Commerce; director of the National Science Foundation and member of its National Science Board. His previous space science and technology experience includes vice president for science and technology, TRW (1980-1992), and member of the Technology Advisory Committee and Space Station Subcommittee for NASA (under Administrator Daniel Goldin). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He recently (2011-2015) participated in the following NRC studies: Performance Metrics for the Global Nuclear Detection Architecture (chair), Globalization of S&T: Opportunities and Challenges for the Department of Defense (co-chair), and Aligning the Governance Structure of the NNSA Laboratories to Meet 21st Century National Security Challenges (member).

JOHN C. BROCK is an independent aerospace technology consultant. He is retired from Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, where he was director of technology strategy and planning. Before TRW’s acquisition by Northrop Grumman, Dr. Brock was chief technologist of its space and technology sector and a senior scientist with expertise in optoelectronics, high-energy lasers, space systems and technologies, and technology planning and roadmapping. Before joining TRW in 1980, Dr. Brock was a NASA-Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) NRC fellow studying atmospheric photochemistry. He served as member of the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board and chaired that board’s study on the operational utility of small satellites. He also served on the Defense Science Board’s Advisory Group on Electron Devices, the Air Force Tactical Applications Center’s Space Advisory Group, and the advisory boards of numerous university optoelectronic centers of excellence. He is an associate fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA), received the Air Force Exemplary Civilian Service Medal in 2008, and was a TRW/Northrop Grumman senior technical fellow from 1995 until his retirement. Dr. Brock earned a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Washington and a Ph.D. in chemical physics from the University of California, Berkeley. He has participated in one NRC study as a member of the Committee on NASA’s Strategic Direction.

JAMES L. BURCH is vice president of the division of space science and engineering at the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas. He is an expert in the design and use of space plasma physics instruments. He has served as principal investigator on the IMAGE, Rosetta, Dynamics Explorer 1, and ATLAS-1 space science missions, and he is principal investigator of the instrument suite science team for the NASA Magnetospheric Multiscale mission. He received a B.S. in physics from St. Mary’s University, a Ph.D. in space science from Rice University, and an M.S.A. in R&D management from George Washington University. He has an extensive history with the NRC, having served as a chair for the Committee on Distributed Arrays of Small Instruments for Research and Monitoring in Solar-Terrestrial Physics: A Workshop, the Committee on Exploration of the Outer Heliosphere: A Workshop, and the Committee on Solar and Space Physics, and as a member on the Committee on the Scientific Context for the Exploration of the Moon, the Committee for the Review of NASA Science Mission Directorate Science Plan, the Committee on the Assessment of the Role of Solar and Space Physics in NASA’s Space Exploration Initiative, and the Space Studies Board’s Committee on Solar and Space Physics: A Community Assessment and Strategy for the Future, its Panel on Solar-Wind-Magnetosphere Interactions, and its Committee on Solar and Space Physics, and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research’s (AFOSR’s) Atmospheric Sciences Review Panel.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×

STEPHEN GOREVAN is the chairman and cofounder of Honeybee Robotics Spacecraft Mechanisms Corporation of New York. Honeybee Robotics is a NASA and DOD supplier of advanced robotics research and development engineering as well as a supplier of spacecraft subsystems. Honeybee has produced devices such as the Phoenix Lander Soil Acquisition Device, the Mars Exploration Rover Rock Abrasion Tool, and the Dust Removal Tool and Sample Manipulation System aboard the Curiosity Rover. Mr. Gorevan has guided Honeybee to act as a close industry R&D companion to the planetary science community as well focusing on the development of sampling acquisition and containment systems for future missions to comets, asteroids, the Moon, Mars, Venus, and the outer planets. Mr. Gorevan has also guided Honeybee to support DARPA in the use of robotics for on-orbit servicing operations. Mr. Gorevan has a B.A. in music from New York University and a B.S. in mechanical engineering from the City College of New York. He previously served as a member of the NRC Steering Committee for Workshops on Issues of Technology Development for Human and Robotic Exploration and Development of Space.

CHARLES L. ISBELL, JR., is the senior associate dean of computing at Georgia Institute of Technology. He conducts research on artificial intelligence. In particular, he focuses on applying statistical machine learning to building autonomous agents that must live and interact with large numbers of other intelligent agents, some of whom may be human. Lately, Dr. Isbell has turned his energies toward adaptive modeling, especially activity discovery (as distinct from activity recognition); scalable coordination; and development environments that support the rapid prototyping of adaptive agents. As a result, he has begun developing adaptive programming languages, worrying about issues of software engineering, and trying to understand what it means to bring machine learning tools to nonexpert authors, designers, and developers. Dr. Isbell was a National Academy of Sciences Kavli Fellow for 3 years and earned both the NSF CAREER and the DARPA CSSG awards for young investigators. He has had best papers at international conferences on autonomous agents and machine learning. He has served on the organizing committees for ICML, NIPS, RoboCup, Tapia, and the NAS Frontiers of Science Symposia, among others, and organized meetings at a number of conferences. Dr. Isbell holds a Ph.D. in computer science from MIT. He has not previously served as a member of an NRC study committee.

H. JAY MELOSH (NAS) is a distinguished professor of Earth and atmospheric sciences, physics, and aerospace engineering at Purdue University. Dr. Melosh’s previous positions include professor of planetary sciences at the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona; associate professor of planetary science at Caltech; and associate professor of geophysics at the State University of New York. He has made many important contributions to Earth and planetary sciences, including definitive studies of the collisional origin of the Moon and the process of impact cratering. His other major contributions include acoustic fluidization, dynamic topography, and planetary tectonics. He is active in astrobiological studies relating chiefly to microorganism exchange between the terrestrial planets. Dr. Melosh is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He received an A.B. in physics from Princeton University and a Ph.D. in physics and geology from Caltech. Dr. Melosh has served on the Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration and on both the Steering Committee and the Mitigation Panel for the Review of Near-Earth Object Surveys and Hazard Mitigation Strategies. He also served on the steering committee of the NRC study on NASA space technology roadmaps and priorities.

DAVID P. MILLER is a professor of space science and robotics in the School of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering at the University of Oklahoma with additional appointments in the School of Computer Science and the bioengineering programs at the University of Oklahoma and the College of Teachers at the International Space University. While at JPL, Dr. Miller led the design and prototyping of the lab’s small rover program, which eventually led to the Sojourner rover on the Mars Pathfinder Mission. He was one of the founders of ISRobotics, which became iRobot, and was a cofounder of KIPR, a robotics outreach nonprofit. Dr. Miller’s research interests include planetary robot mobility, the interplay between mechanics and intelligence, and the development of assistive technologies related to human mobility and technology education. His space robotics work has been recognized with numerous NASA certificates of recognition, NASA group achievement awards, a NASA space act board award, the JPL Lew Allen Award, and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal. His outreach work resulted in receiving

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×

the Ames Research Center Dave Lavery Technology Award. He earned his Ph.D. in computer science from Yale University. He served as a member of the 2011-2012 NRC study on NASA technology roadmaps.

DANIEL O’SHAUGHNESSY is a member of the principal professional staff at the Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Laboratory. At JHU/APL, Mr. O’Shaughnessy most recently served as the mission systems engineer for the MESSENGER mission to Mercury. In this role, he was responsible for all technical matters related to the project, including the health, safety, and operability of the spacecraft, ground systems, operations, and science planning. He successfully oversaw two mission extensions culminating in a novel mission termination phase that allowed observation of Mercury at unprecedented altitudes using unconventional propellants, enabling entirely new and unique science investigations of the planet. His interests include practical use of autonomy in space vehicles as well as using modeling and simulation to reduce the operational cost and complexity of space missions. Previously, Mr. O’Shaughnessy served as MESSENGER’s guidance and control team lead, where he pioneered the flight use of solar sailing for planetary flyby risk reduction. He has also led APL efforts to develop an autonomous aerobraking capability, helping to demonstrate through simulation that aerobraking mission costs can be reduced substantially. For his work on solar sailing he was the inaugural recipient of the Heinlein Award for Space Technology. He earned his M.S. in mechanical and aerospace engineering from the University of Missouri in 2000. He has served on the Naval Research Advisory Committee, assessing the state of autonomous technologies and their potential benefits for the Navy, and is currently a member of the OSIRIS-REx project’s standing review board.

TORREY RADCLIFFE is the associate director of the Space Architecture Department at the Aerospace Corporation. Dr. Radcliffe leads conceptual design studies and independent analysis of space systems at the architecture and vehicle level for national security and civil space agencies. While supporting all types of space systems, his main areas of interest are launch vehicles and human spaceflight. While Dr. Radcliffe has worked at Aerospace for his whole career, he also served as a lecturer at UCLA for a number of years. He also currently serves at the co-chair for the Management, Systems Engineering, and Cost track for the IEEE Aerospace Conference. He earned his Ph.D. in aeronautics and astronautics from MIT. He has no previous NRC committee experience.

JOHN R. ROGACKI is associate director of the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC). Since March 2015, he has been detailed to the Doolittle Institute in Ft. Walton Beach, Florida, as deputy director. He has an extensive background in space transportation technology, air and space propulsion and power, air vehicles, and materials. He also has experience with robotics, assistive technologies, natural language processing, and technology transfer. Prior to joining IHMC, Dr. Rogacki served as director of the University of Florida’s Research and Engineering Education Facility (REEF), a unique educational facility in northwest Florida supporting U.S. Air Force research and education needs through graduate degree programs in mechanical, aerospace, electrical, computer, industrial, and systems engineering. Dr. Rogacki’s has also served as the NASA’s deputy associate administrator for space transportation technology (in charge of the Space Launch Initiative); program director for the Orbital Space Plane and Next Generation Launch Technology Programs; co-chair of the NASA/DOD Integrated High-Payoff Rocket Propulsion Technology (IHPRPT) program; director of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center’s Space Transportation Directorate; director of the propulsion directorate for the Air Force Research Laboratory; director of the USAF Phillips Laboratory Propulsion Directorate; and deputy director of the Flight Dynamics Directorate of the USAF Wright Laboratory. An accomplished pilot, Dr. Rogacki has logged more than 3,300 flying hours as pilot, instructor pilot, and flight examiner in aircraft ranging from motorized gliders to heavy bombers. He has served as primary NASA liaison for the National Aerospace Initiative; co-chair of the DOD Future Propulsion Technology Advisory Group; co-chair of the DOD Ground and Sea Vehicles Technology Area Readiness Assessment Panel; member of the National High Cycle Fatigue Coordinating Committee; and senior NASA representative to the Joint Aeronautical Commanders Group. Dr. Rogacki also served as associate professor of engineering mechanics and chief of the materials division at the USAF Academy. In 2005 he graduated from the Senior Executives Program in National and International Security at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. In addition, he is a recent graduate of Leadership Florida. Dr. Rogacki earned a Ph.D. and

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×

an M.S. in mechanical engineering from the University of Washington and a B.S. in engineering mechanics from the USAF Academy. He previously chaired the NRC NASA Technology Roadmap: Propulsion and Power Panel.

JULIE A. SHAH is an associate professor in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at MIT and leads the Interactive Robotics Group of the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. Dr. Shah received her S.B. (2004) and S.M. (2006) from the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics at MIT and her Ph.D. (2010) in autonomous systems from MIT. Before joining the faculty she worked at Boeing Research and Technology on robotics applications for aerospace manufacturing. She has developed innovative methods for enabling fluid human–robot teamwork in time-critical, safety-critical domains, ranging from manufacturing to surgery to space exploration. Her group draws on expertise in artificial intelligence, human factors, and systems engineering to develop interactive robots that emulate the qualities of effective human team members to improve the efficiency of human–robot teamwork. In 2014 Dr. Shah was recognized with an NSF CAREER award for her work on “human-aware autonomy for team-oriented environments,” and by the MIT Technology Review TR35 list as one of the world’s top innovators under the age of 35. Her work on industrial human–robot collaboration was also recognized by Technology Review as one of the 10 Breakthrough Technologies of 2013, and she has received international recognition in the form of best paper awards and nominations from the International Conference on Automated Planning and Scheduling, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, the IEEE/ACM International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, the International Symposium on Robotics, and the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Dr. Shah served on the NAE 2013 Panel on Information Sciences at the Army Research Laboratory.

ALAN M. TITLE is a senior fellow at the Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center in Palo Alto, California. He is a leading expert in the development of advanced solar astronomy instruments and sensors. He has played a major role in making all heliophysics data available to the community without restriction in as close to real time as possible. He has been either the principal investigator or responsible scientist for the development of seven space science missions—the Solar H-alpha telescopes on Skylab (NASA), SOUP on Spacelab 2 (NASA), MDI on SOHO (ESA), TRACE (NASA), the Focal Plane Package on Hinode (JAXA), HMI on SDO (NASA), AIA on SDO (NASA), and IRIS (NASA). He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the International Academy of Astronautics, and a fellow of the American Geophysical Union. He has received the Hale Prize of the American Astronomical Society (AAS), the NASA Public Service and Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medals, and the George Goddard Award of the SPIE, and he was selected to be a member of the Silicon Valley Hall of Fame. He is a former member of the NRC’s Space Studies Board (SSB) and has served on the steering committee of two decadal surveys and on advisory committees for NASA, NSF, national laboratories, and universities. He is a current member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board and the Committee on Achieving Science Goals with CubeSats.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×
Page 93
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×
Page 94
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×
Page 95
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×
Page 96
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Committee Member Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23582.
×
Page 97
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Historically, the United States has been a world leader in aerospace endeavors in both the government and commercial sectors. A key factor in aerospace leadership is continuous development of advanced technology, which is critical to U.S. ambitions in space, including a human mission to Mars. To continue to achieve progress, NASA is currently executing a series of aeronautics and space technology programs using a roadmapping process to identify technology needs and improve the management of its technology development portfolio.

NASA created a set of 14 draft technology roadmaps in 2010 to guide the development of space technologies. In 2015, NASA issued a revised set of roadmaps. A significant new aspect of the update has been the effort to assess the relevance of the technologies by listing the enabling and enhancing technologies for specific design reference missions (DRMs) from the Human Exploration and Operations Mission Directorate and the Science Mission Directorate. NASA Space Technology Roadmaps and Priorities Revisited prioritizes new technologies in the 2015 roadmaps and recommends a methodology for conducting independent reviews of future updates to NASA’s space technology roadmaps, which are expected to occur every 4 years.

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