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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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APPROACHES TO THE

Development of Character

Proceedings of a Workshop

Alexandra Beatty, Rapporteur

Board on Testing and Assessment

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001

This activity was supported by Grant No. 7717 from the S.D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45557-2
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45557-X
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24684

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Copyright 2017 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2017). Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi: 10.17226/24684

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.national-academies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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Reports document the evidence-based consensus of an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and committee deliberations. Reports are peer reviewed and are approved by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

Proceedings chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other convening event. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and have not been endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit nationalacademies.org/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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COMMITTEE ON DEFINING AND MEASURING CHARACTER AND CHARACTER EDUCATION: A WORKSHOP

DEBORAH VANDELL (Chair), School of Education, University of California, Irvine

CATHERINE BRADSHAW, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia

LUCY FRIEDMAN, The After-School Corporation, New York

ELLEN GANNET, National Institute on Out-of-School Time, Wellesley College

STEPHANIE JONES, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Harvard University

RICHARD M. LERNER, Institute for Applied Research in Youth Development, Tufts University

VELMA McBRIDE MURRY, Peabody College of Education and Human Development, Vanderbilt University

JENNIFER BROWN URBAN, College of Education and Human Services, Montclair State University

ALEXANDRA BEATTY, Study Director

PATRICIA MORISON, Acting Board Director, Board on Testing and Assessment

KELLY ARRINGTON, Senior Program Assistant

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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BOARD ON TESTING AND ASSESSMENT

DAVID J. FRANCIS (Chair), Texas Institute for Measurement, Evaluation, and Statistics, University of Houston

MARK DYNARSKI, Pemberton Research, LLC, East Windsor, New Jersey

JOAN HERMAN, National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, University of California, Los Angeles

SHARON LEWIS, Council of Great City Schools, Washington, DC

BRIAN STECHER, Pardee RAND Graduate School, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California

JOHN ROBERT WARREN, Department of Sociology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

PATRICIA MORISON, Acting Director

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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Acknowledgments

This Proceedings of a Workshop has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published Proceedings of a Workshop as sound as possible and to ensure that the Proceedings of a Workshop meets institutional standards for clarity, objectivity, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this Proceedings of a Workshop: Catherine Bradshaw, Research and Faculty Development, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia; Ellen S. Gannett, National Institute on Out-of-School Time, Wellesley Centers for Women, Wellesley College; and Patrick H. Tolan, Youth-Nex, Center to Promote Effective Youth Development, Curry School of Education, University of Virginia.

Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they did not see the final draft of the Proceedings of a Workshop before its release. The review of this Proceedings of a Workshop was overseen by Christopher Cross, Cross & Joftus, Danville, California.

He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this Proceedings of a Workshop was carried out in accordance with institutional procedures and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content of this Proceedings of a Workshop rests entirely with the rapporteur and the institution.

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Approaches to the Development of Character: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24684.
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The development of character is a valued objective for many kinds of educational programs that take place both in and outside of school. Educators and administrators who develop and run programs that seek to develop character recognize that the established approaches for doing so have much in common, and they are eager to learn about promising practices used in other settings, evidence of effectiveness, and ways to measure the effectiveness of their own approaches.

In July 2016, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine held a workshop to review research and practice relevant to the development of character, with a particular focus on ideas that can support the adults who develop and run out-of-school programs. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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