National Academies Press: OpenBook
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

The Value of
SOCIAL, BEHAVIORAL,
and ECONOMIC SCIENCES
to National Priorities

images

A Report for
THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Committee on the Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

A Consensus Study Report of

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, D.C.
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 2000

This activity was supported by Contract No. 10002825 from the National Science Foundation and the Sponsor Award No. SES-1560294. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-45992-1
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-45992-3
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24790

Additional copies of this publication are available for sale from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu.

Copyright 2017 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

Printed in the United States of America

Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2017). The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24790.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

images

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. C. D. Mote, Jr., is president.

The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president.

The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Academies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding contributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine.

Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

images

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

COMMITTEE ON THE VALUE OF SOCIAL, BEHAVIORAL, AND ECONOMIC SCIENCES TO NATIONAL PRIORITIES

ALAN I. LESHNER (NAM)* (Chair), American Association for the Advancement of Science (emeritus), Washington, DC

JOHN S. CARROLL, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

IVY ESTABROOKE, Utah Science Technology and Research Agency, Salt Lake City

RALPH M. GARRUTO (NAS)*, Department of Anthropology, State University of New York, Binghamton

KATHLEEN MULLAN HARRIS (NAS)*, Department of Sociology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

RON HASKINS, Economic Studies and Center on Children and Families, The Brookings Institution, Washington, DC

EDWARD H. KAPLAN (NAE/NAM)*, School of Management, Yale University

RONALD D. LEE (NAS)*, Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley

ROBERT MOFFITT, Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University

DUNCAN WATTS, Microsoft Corporation, New York, New York

YANNIS C. YORTSOS (NAE)*, Viterbi School of Engineering, University of Southern California

MELISSA WELCH-ROSS, Study Director

NATALIE NIELSEN, Senior Program Officer

HOLLY RHODES, Program Officer

DIXIE GORDON, Information Officer

* NAE, National Academy of Engineering; NAM, National Academy of Medicine; NAS, National Academy of Sciences member.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The committee thanks the project sponsor, the National Science Foundation (NSF), for its support. We particularly thank NSF staff Suzanne Iacono for her efforts in launching this project, and Fay Lomax Cook and Joan Ferrini-Mundy for providing information to the committee both in a public session at the committee’s first meeting and as requested during the study process.

At the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, the committee is extremely grateful for the great leadership, dedication, and competence of the project staff, most notably study director Melissa Welch-Ross, program officer Holly Rhodes, and senior program officer Natalie Nielsen. Their efforts were central to accomplishing our mission. The committee also thanks Sara Frueh and Eugenia Grohman for their helpful assistance with editing and Dixie Gordon and Kelly Arrington for their able handling of administrative matters and meeting logistics.

This Consensus Study Report was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published report as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process.

The committee thanks the following individuals for their review of this report:

Allison Astorino-Courtois, Chief Analytics Officer and Executive Vice President, NSI, Inc., Lakeway, TX; May R. Berenbaum (NAS)*, Swanlund Professor of Entomology, Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign; Sandra H. Berry, Senior Behavioral Scientist, Senior Director Survey Research Group, and Chair, Human Subjects Protection Committee, RAND Corporation; Brandon L. Garrett, Justice Thurgood Marshall Distinguished Professor of Law, University of Virginia School of Law; Jim Geringer, former Wyoming Governor, Director, Esri, Cheyenne, WY; Jon M. Kleinberg (NAS/NAE)*, Tisch University Professor, Department of Computer Science, Cornell University; Richard G. Kronick (NAM)*, Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego; Bernice A. Pescosolido, Distinguished Professor, Department of Sociology, Indiana University; James M. Poterba (NAS)*, Mitsui Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Richard J. Shavelson, Margaret Jacks Professor of Education and I. James Quillen Dean (emeritus), Stanford University; Jonathan S. Skinner (NAM)*, Department of Economics, Dartmouth College; Harold R. Varian, Chief Economist, Google, Inc., Mountain View, CA; and David H. Wegman, Professor (emeritus), Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts, Lowell, and Adjunct Professor, Harvard School of Public Health.

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations of this report nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this report was overseen by Charles E. Phelps (NAM)*, University Professor and Provost (emeritus), University of Rochester, and Paul R. Gray (NAE)*, Executive Vice Chancellor and Provost (emeritus), University of California, Berkeley. They were responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this report was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the authoring committee and the National Academies.

Alan I. Leshner, Chair
Committee on the Value of Social,
Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities

___________________

* NAE, National Academy of Engineering; NAM, National Academy of Medicine; NAS, National Academy of Sciences member.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R1
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R2
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R3
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R4
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R5
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R6
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R7
Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R8
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R9
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24790.
×
Page R10
Next: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY »
The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities: A Report for the National Science Foundation Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $50.00 Buy Ebook | $40.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Nearly every major challenge the United States faces—from alleviating unemployment to protecting itself from terrorism—requires understanding the causes and consequences of people’s behavior. Even societal challenges that at first glance appear to be issues only of medicine or engineering or computer science have social and behavioral components. Having a fundamental understanding of how people and societies behave, why they respond the way they do, what they find important, what they believe or value, and what and how they think about others is critical for the country’s well-being in today’s shrinking global world. The diverse disciplines of the social, behavioral, and economic (SBE) sciences ―anthropology, archaeology, demography, economics, geography, linguistics, neuroscience, political science, psychology, sociology, and statistics―all produce fundamental knowledge, methods, and tools that provide a greater understanding of people and how they live.

The Value of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences to National Priorities evaluates whether the federal government should fund SBE research at the National Science Foundation (NSF), and, specifically, whether SBE research furthers the mission of the NSF to advance national priorities in the areas of health, prosperity and welfare, national defense, and progress in science; advances the missions of other federal agencies; and advances business and industry, and to provide examples of such research. This report identifies priorities for NSF investment in the SBE sciences and important considerations for the NSF for strategic planning.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!