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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

TRAINING THE FUTURE
CHILD HEALTH CARE
WORKFORCE

to Improve the Behavioral Health of
Children, Youth, and Families

PROCEEDINGS OF A WORKSHOP

Steve Olson and Sarah M. Tracey, Rapporteurs

Forum on Promoting Children’s Cognitive,
Affective, and Behavioral Health

Board on Children, Youth, and Families

Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Health and Medicine Division

images

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS
Washington, DC
www.nap.edu

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

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This activity was supported by contracts between the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Pediatrics (unnumbered award); the American Board of Pediatrics (unnumbered award); the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (HHSP23337021); Autism Speaks (unnumbered award); the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (200-2011-38807, TO #42); the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation (20150118); the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (74234); the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (HHSP23337029); and the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2013-MU-MU-0002). Additional support came from the American Psychological Association, the Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America, Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice, the Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, the Society for Child and Family Policy and Practice, the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, and the Society of Pediatric Psychology. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project.

International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-46461-1
International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-46461-7
Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/24877

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Copyright 2017 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.

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Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. (2017). Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve Behavioral Health Outcomes for Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: https://doi.org/10.17226/24877.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

Image

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technology. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president.

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Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

Image

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based consensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task.

Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a workshop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies.

For information about other products and activities of the National Academies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

PLANNING COMMITTEE FOR THE WORKSHOP ON TRAINING THE FUTURE CHILD HEALTH CARE WORKFORCE TO IMPROVE BEHAVIORAL HEALTH OUTCOMES FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH, AND FAMILIES

THOMAS F. BOAT (Cochair), University of Cincinnati College of Medicine (dean emeritus) and Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center

LAUREL K. LESLIE (Cochair), American Board of Pediatrics and Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine

HAROLYN M.E. BELCHER, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Kennedy Krieger Institute

GREGORY FRITZ, Bradley Hasbro Children’s Research Center

BIANCA K. FROGNER, University of Washington

ELIZABETH HAWKINS-WALSH, Catholic University of America

KIMBERLY EATON HOAGWOOD, Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology; American Psychological Association; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine

MARSHALL “BUZZ” LAND, JR., American Board of Pediatrics and University of Vermont

MARY ANN McCABE, Society for Child and Family Policy and Practice; Society of Pediatric Psychology; Department of Pediatrics, George Washington University School of Medicine; Department of Applied Developmental Psychology, George Mason University

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

FORUM ON PROMOTING CHILDREN’S COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE, AND BEHAVIORAL HEALTH

WILLIAM R. BEARDSLEE (Cochair), Baer Prevention Initiatives; Department of Psychiatry (chairman emeritus), Boston Children’s Hospital; Department of Child Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School

C. HENDRICKS BROWN (Cochair), Departments of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences, and Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University

KAREEMAH ABDULLAH, National Community Anti-Drug Coalition Institute and Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America

DARA BLACHMAN-DEMNER, Crime, Violence, and Victimization Research Division, National Institute of Justice

THOMAS F. BOAT, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine (dean emeritus) and Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center

FELESIA R. BOWEN, Center for Urban Youth School of Nursing, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey

DAVID A. BRENT, Department of Psychiatry, Pediatrics, and Epidemiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine

LAUREN CALDWELL, Children, Youth and Families Office, Public Interest Directorate, American Psychological Association

ALEXA EGGLESTON, Conrad N. Hilton Foundation

COSTELLA GREEN, Division of Community Programs, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

RICK HARWOOD, National Association of State Alcohol and Drug Abuse Directors

J. DAVID HAWKINS, School of Social Work, University of Washington

KIMBERLY EATON HOAGWOOD, Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology; American Psychological Association; Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine

COLLEEN HORTON, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, University of Texas at Austin

JENNIFER KAMINSKI, Division of Human Development and Disability, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

KELLY J. KELLEHER, Center for Innovation in Pediatric Practice, Health Services Research and Community Health and Services Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

UMA KOTAGAL, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati, and James M. Anderson Center for Health Systems Excellence, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center

LAUREL K. LESLIE, American Board of Pediatrics; Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Tufts University School of Medicine

MARY ANN McCABE, Society for Child and Family Policy and Practice; Society of Pediatric Psychology; Department of Pediatrics, George Washington University School of Medicine; Department of Applied Developmental Psychology, George Mason University

JENNIFER NG’ANDU, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

LAWRENCE A. PALINKAS, Department of Social Policy and Health and Behavior, Health and Society Research Cluster, University of Southern California School of Social Work

MARY JANE ROTHERAM-BORUS, Child Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Global Center for Children and Families, Center for HIV Identification, Prevention, and Treatment Services, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles

JOYCE K. SEBIAN, Center for Mental Health Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

PAT SHEA, Office of Technical Assistance, National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors

ANDY SHIH, Scientific Affairs, Autism Speaks

JOSÉ SZAPOCZNIK, Department of Public Health Sciences, Miami Clinical Translational Science Institute, Center for Family Studies, University of Miami

VERA FRANCIS “FAN” TAIT, Department of Child Health and Wellness, American Academy of Pediatrics

JENNIFER TYSON, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice

DEBORAH KLEIN WALKER, Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice and Abt Associates

Forum Staff

WENDY KEENAN, Forum Director

SARAH M. TRACEY, Associate Program Officer

EMILY BACKES, Associate Program Officer (August 2016–February 2017)

ANTHONY JANIFER, Senior Program Assistant

SYLVIA NCHA, Intern, George Washington University (March–May 2017)

Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

Board on Children, Youth, and Families Staff

NATACHA BLAIN, Director

LISA ALSTON, Financial Officer

PAMELLA ATAYI, Program Coordinator

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

Reviewers

This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process.

We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Eric Holmboe, Milestone Development and Evaluation, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education; Christen Johnson, Student National Medical Association, Dublin, Ohio; Bernadette Melnyk, College of Nursing, Ohio State University; José Szapocznik, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine; and Lawrence Wissow, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University.

Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by Patrick H. Deleon, F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine and the Graduate School of Nursing, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences. He was responsible for making certain that an independent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Responsibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteurs and the National Academies.

Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×
Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Page xiii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Training the Future Child Health Care Workforce to Improve the Behavioral Health of Children, Youth, and Families: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24877.
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Increasing numbers of evidence-based interventions have proven effective in preventing and treating behavioral disorders in children. However, the adoption of these interventions in the health care system and other systems that affect the lives of children has been slow. Moreover, with few exceptions, current training in many fields that involve the behavioral health of children falls short of meeting the needs that exist. In general, this training fails to recognize that behavioral health disorders are among the largest challenges in child health and that changing cognitive, affective, and behavioral health outcomes for children will require new and more integrated forms of care at a population level in the United States.

To examine the need for workforce development across the range of health care professions working with children and families, as well as to identify innovative training models and levers to enhance training, the Forum on Promoting Children’s Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health held a workshop in November 2016. Workshop panelists and participants discussed the needs for workforce development across the range of health care professions working with children, youth, and families, and identified innovative training models and levers for change to enhance training. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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