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Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light (2018)

Chapter: Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
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C
Supplemental Information on the International Community

APPENDIX C1 USER COMMUNITY SEARCH

Search Terms

TS=((Gemini AND High Power laser) OR (Vulcan AND laser) OR (NOVA AND High power lasers) OR (high power laser AND titan) OR (high power laser AND gekko xii) OR (high power laser AND z-petawatt) OR (high power laser AND texas petawatt laser) OR (high power laser AND PHELIX) OR (high power laser AND orion) OR (high power laser AND omega EP) OR (high power laser AND PETAL or LMJ or Laser Mega Joule) OR (high power laser AND LFEX) OR (high power laser AND NIF arc) OR (high power laser AND (SG-ii-u OR Divine Light OR Shenguang)) OR (high power laser AND (APOLLON OR ELI)) OR (high Power Laser AND (PENELOPE OR POLARIS)) OR (High power laser AND NIF AND National Ignition Facility) OR (high power laser AND (laser mega Joule OR (LMJ and CEA))) OR (high power laser AND UFL-2M) OR (laser AND TARANIS) OR (High power laser AND (ICAN OR IZEST)) OR (high power laser AND (ELI-L3 OR HAPLS)) OR (Petawatt laser AND VEGA) OR (High Power laser AND CETAL) OR (High Power Lasers AND J-Karen) OR (High Power Lasers AND (DRACO OR Pulsar PW)) OR (High Power Lasers AND (PULSER i OR Pulser ii)) OR (PW Laser AND BELLA) OR (High Power Lasers AND Diocles) OR (High Power Lasers AND laserix) OR (High Power Lasers AND SCAPA) OR (High Power Lasers AND ALLS) OR (High Power Lasers AND XL-iii) OR (High Power Lasers AND SIOM) OR ((High energy density laser) OR (High intensity laser

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×

acceleration) OR (High intensity laser plasma)OR (High intensity laser generated) OR (High intensity short pulse)))

The search was carried out using the Web of Science and its built-in analytics tools. The collected data was then exported and organized into the graphs and plots shown within the review. The search terms used are the high power laser systems combined with AND terms to extract only the papers related to the pettawatt-class laser systems; for example, a search for “Vulcan” returns 2,141 publications, but this contains many papers using Vulcan to describe carbon, whereas “Vulcan AND laser” returns only 160 publications. The search is extended for all laser systems using OR statements. If a publication mentions more than one laser system, the record is only counted once using the OR statement to combine search terms. However, when searching for the laser systems by name, many publications were not identified and so the search was extended to include terms to describe the common experiments conducted on these systems such as high intensity laser acceleration, high intensity laser plasma, etc. It is expected that there are more publications than are captured within this; however, it is believed that this search should represent a fair reflection of the publications in the field of pettawatt laser science. Finally, the initial search was completed in October 2016.

There are 96 countries who published work on high power laser from the 1970s to now; however, several of these should be combined, i.e., Northern Ireland, Wales, Scotland, and England should ideally be represented as a single country (UK). A more accurate total of countries publishing work on high power lasers is 91.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×

TABLE C.1 Top 20 Organizations Publishing in the Area of High-Intensity Laser Science

Organizations Records % of 21,576
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATL LAB 762 3.532
RUSSIAN ACAD SCI 707 3.277
CHINESE ACAD SCI 666 3.087
OSAKA UNIV 515 2.387
CEA 413 1.914
ECOLE POLYTECH 343 1.59
UNIV MICHIGAN 324 1.502
UNIV ROCHESTER 305 1.414
UNIV LONDON IMPERIAL COLL SCI TECHNOL MED 292 1.353
RUTHERFORD APPLETON LAB 290 1.344
QUEENS UNIV BELFAST 256 1.187
LOS ALAMOS NATL LAB 252 1.168
UNIV CALIF BERKELEY 247 1.145
UNIV TOKYO 215 0.996
USN 196 0.908
UNIV OXFORD 191 0.885
UNIV JENA 186 0.862
MOSCOW MV LOMONOSOV STATE UNIV 179 0.83
MIT 174 0.806
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×

TABLE C.2 Top 15 Organizations-Enhanced*

Organizations-Enhanced Records % of 21,576
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE 1677 7.773
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE CNRS 1046 4.848
CEA 1022 4.737
RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 999 4.63
LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY 945 4.38
CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 824 3.819
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SYSTEM 768 3.56
UNIVERSITE PARIS SACLAY COMUE 666 3.087
OSAKA UNIVERSITY 516 2.392
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE 514 2.382
MAX PLANCK SOCIETY 487 2.257
STFC RUTHERFORD APPLETON LABORATORY 391 1.812
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 355 1.645
PIERRE MARIE CURIE UNIVERSITY PARIS 6 355 1.645
CZECH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 334 1.548

*Combined with other results which appear to be same institute, i.e., change of name or same postcode given.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×
Page 263
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×
Page 264
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×
Page 265
Suggested Citation:"Appendix C: Supplemental Information on the International Community." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers: Reaching for the Brightest Light. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24939.
×
Page 266
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The laser has revolutionized many areas of science and society, providing bright and versatile light sources that transform the ways we investigate science and enables trillions of dollars of commerce. Now a second laser revolution is underway with pulsed petawatt-class lasers (1 petawatt: 1 million billion watts) that deliver nearly 100 times the total world’s power concentrated into a pulse that lasts less than one-trillionth of a second. Such light sources create unique, extreme laboratory conditions that can accelerate and collide intense beams of elementary particles, drive nuclear reactions, heat matter to conditions found in stars, or even create matter out of the empty vacuum.

These powerful lasers came largely from U.S. engineering, and the science and technology opportunities they enable were discussed in several previous National Academies’ reports. Based on these advances, the principal research funding agencies in Europe and Asia began in the last decade to invest heavily in new facilities that will employ these high-intensity lasers for fundamental and applied science. No similar programs exist in the United States. Opportunities in Intense Ultrafast Lasers assesses the opportunities and recommends a path forward for possible U.S. investments in this area of science.

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