National Academies Press: OpenBook

The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States (2018)

Chapter: Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

Appendix D

Literature Search Strategy

Professional research librarians conducted literature searches for this study based on the statement of task and reference interviews with program staff and the committee to identify relevant research. The databases that were searched included Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Titles and abstracts identified in the literature searches were organized into EndNote libraries.

Table D-1 broadly details the scope of each search. The search syntax for each literature search is detailed in the sections below.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

TABLE D-1 Literature Searches

Topic Date Literature Date Range Databases No. of Citations Yielded
Mental Health Outcomes 2/8/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis 2000–Present Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, PsycINFO 142
Short-Term Health Effects 2/8/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis 2000–Present Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed 248
Mental Health Outcomes 3/2/2017 Primary Literature, Editorials 2000–Present Medline, Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO 460
Short-Term Health Effects 3/2/2017 Primary Literature, Editorials 2012–Present Medline, Embase, PubMed, 617
Disparities 3/3/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, Primary Literature, Editorials 2000–Present Medline, Embase, PubMed, Scopus 1,381
Long-Term Health Effects 3/30/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, Primary Literature, Editorials 1970–Present Medline, Embase, PubMed 2,072
Delays 4/19/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, Primary Literature, Editorials 2005–Present Medline, Embase, PubMed Web of Science 1,259
Cancer 6/19/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, Primary Literature, Editorials 2007–Present Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed 1,835
Training 2/20/2017 Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis, Primary Literature, Editorials 2000–Present PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane 1,378
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

MENTAL HEALTH OUTCOMES

Systematic Reviews

Search Strategy: Mental Health Outcomes

Date: 2000–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PubMed, and PsycINFO

Search No. Search Syntax
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion Applicants/ or Abortion, Induced/
2 Mental Disorders/ or Mental Health/
3 Depression/
4 Anxiety/
5 (mental health or distress or relief or depression or counseling).ti,ab.
6 or/2–5
7 Animals/
8 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,ab.
9 or/7–8
10 Abortion, Spontaneous/
11 spontaneous abortion.ti,ab.
12 or/10–11
13 Adolescent/
14 under 18.ti,ab.
15 (adolescent or adolescents or teenager or teen).ti,ab.
16 or/13–15
17 1 and 6
18 17 not 9
19 18 not 12
20 19
21 limit 20 to yr=“2000–Current”
22 limit 21 to (“review” or systematic reviews)
23 22 and 16
24 geographic variation.ti,ab.
25 Regional Medical Programs/
26 Residence Characteristics/
27 Health Services Accessibility/
28 United States/
29 appalachian region/ or great lakes region/ or mid-atlantic region/ or midwestern united states/ or new england/ or northwestern united states/ or pacific states/ or southeastern united states/ or southwestern united states/
30 or/24–29
31 22 and 30
32 Socioeconomic Factors/
33 Poverty/ or Social Class/
34 socioeconomic status.ti,ab.
35 or/32–34
36 22 and 35
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
37 Continental Population Groups/
38 Ethnic Groups/
39 African Americans/
40 asian americans/ or hispanic americans/
41 (race or ethnicity).ti,ab.
42 or/37–41
43 22 and 42
44 22
Embase (Ovid)
1 Abortion Applicants/ or Abortion, Induced/
2 Mental Disorders/ or Mental Health/
3 Depression/
4 Anxiety/
5 (mental health or distress or relief or depression or counseling).ti,ab.
6 or/2–5
7 Animals/
8 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,ab.
9 or/7–8
10 Abortion, Spontaneous/
11 spontaneous abortion.ti,ab.
12 or/10–11
13 Adolescent/
14 under 18.ti,ab.
15 (adolescent or adolescents or teenager or teen).ti,ab.
16 or/13–15
17 1 and 6
18 17 not 9
19 18 not 12
20 19
21 limit 20 to yr=“2000–Current”
22 limit 21 to (“review”)
23 22 and 16
24 geographic variation.ti,ab.
25 Regional Medical Programs/
26 Residence Characteristics/
27 Health Services Accessibility/
28 United States/
29 appalachian region/ or great lakes region/ or mid-atlantic region/ or midwestern united states/ or new england/ or northwestern united states/ or pacific states/ or southeastern united states/ or southwestern united states/
30 or/24–29
31 22 and 30
32 Socioeconomic Factors/
33 Poverty/ or Social Class/
34 socioeconomic status.ti,ab.
35 or/32–34
36 22 and 35
37 Continental Population Groups/
38 Ethnic Groups/
39 African Americans/
40 asian americans/or hispanic americans/
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
41 (race or ethnicity).ti,ab.
42 or/37–41
43 22 and 42
44 22
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Ovid)
1 abortion.ti,ab.
2 mental health.ti,ab.
3 (mental disorder or distress or grief or depression or counseling or anxiety). ti,ab.
4 or/2–3
5 1 and 4

PubMed:

Note: The following search was run to capture e-pub ahead of print, under indexed and recent articles not yet indexed in Medline.

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion [Title/Abstract])

Filters: Review, Systematic Reviews, Publication date from 206/01/01 to 2017/12/31, Humans

PsycINFO (ProQuest):

SU.EXACT(“Induced Abortion”) AND (SU.EXACT(“Anxiety”) OR

SU.EXACT(“Posttraumatic Stress Disorder”) OR SU.EXACT(“Depression

(Emotion)”) OR SU.EXACT(“Post-Traumatic Stress”) OR SU.EXACT(“Major

Depression”) OR SU.EXACT(“Anxiety Disorders”) OR SU.EXACT(“Stress”)

OR SU.EXACT(“Psychological Stress”) OR SU.EXACT(“Mental Disorders”) OR

SU.EXACT(“Grief”) OR anxiety OR stress OR depression OR grief OR “mental disorder” OR “mental health”)

Limits:

Date: After January 1, 2000

Document type: Journal, Journal Article, Peer Reviewed Journal, Peer-reviewed Journal

Methodology: Literature Review, Longitudinal Study, Meta-Analysis, Meta Synthesis, Systematic Review

Population: Human

Primary Literature

Search Strategy: Mental Health Outcomes

Date: 2000–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Primary Literature, Editorials

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, PubMed, and PsycINFO

Search No. Search Syntax
Embase (Ovid)
1 induced abortion/ or (induced adj abortion).ti,kw.
2 mental disease/ or acute stress/ or physical stress/ or posttraumatic stress disorder/ or stress/ or emotional stress/ or acute stress disorder/ or physiological stress/
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
3 mental health/
4 depression/
5 anxiety/
6 grief/
7 (mental health or distress or depression or anxiety or grief or stress or ptsd or post traumatic stress disorder).kw.
8 or/2–7
9 1 and 8
10 spontaneous abortion/
11 (spontaneous adj abortion).kw.
12 or/10–11
13 9 not 12
14 animal/
15 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).kw.
16 or/14–15
17 13 not 16
18 17
19 limit 18 to yr=“2000–Current”
20 limit 19 to (editorial or letter or note)
21 limit 19 to (article or conference abstract or conference paper or conference proceeding or “conference review” or journal or report or short survey or trade journal)
22 21 not 20
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/ or (induced adj abortion).kw,ti.
2 Mental Disorders/ or Mental Health/
3 Depression/
4 Anxiety/ or Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/ or Stress Disorders, Traumatic/ or Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute/ or Stress, Psychological/ or Stress, Physiological/ or Grief/
5 (mental health or distress or depression or anxiety or grief or stress or ptsd or post traumatic stress disorder).kw.
6 or/2–5
7 Animals/
8 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).kw.
9 or/7–8
10 Abortion, Spontaneous/
11 (spontaneous adj abortion).kw.
12 or/10–11
13 1 and 6
14 13 not 9
15 14 not 12
16 15
17 limit 16 to yr=“2000–Current”
18 limit 17 to (comment or editorial or guideline or letter or news)
19 limit 17 to (case reports or classical article or clinical study or clinical trial, all or clinical trial, phase i or clinical trial, phase ii or clinical trial, phase iii or clinical trial, phase iv or clinical trial or comparative study or controlled clinical trial or evaluation studies or historical article or journal article or meta analysis or multicenter study or observational study or pragmatic
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
clinical trial or randomized controlled trial or technical report or twin study or validation studies)
20 19 not 18

PsycINFO (ProQuest):

(SU.EXACT(“Induced Abortion”)) AND (SU.EXACT(“Anxiety”) OR

SU.EXACT(“Posttraumatic Stress Disorder”) OR SU.EXACT(“Depression

(Emotion)”) OR SU.EXACT(“Post-Traumatic Stress”) OR SU.EXACT(“Major

Depression”) OR SU.EXACT(“Anxiety Disorders”) OR SU.EXACT(“Stress”)

OR SU.EXACT(“Psychological Stress”) OR SU.EXACT(“Mental Disorders”) OR

SU.EXACT(“Grief”))

Limits:

Date: After January 1, 2000

Record type: Comment/Reply OR Editorial OR Letter

Record type: Journal OR Peer Reviewed Journal OR Journal Article OR Peer-reviewed Journal

PubMed:

Note: The following search was run to capture e-pub ahead of print, under indexed and recent articles not yet in Medline.

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion[tw]) AND (mental health[tw] OR“Mental Health”[Mesh])

SHORT-TERM HEALTH EFFECTS

Systematic Reviews

Search Strategy: Short-Term Health Effects

Date: 2000–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, and PubMed

Search No. Search Syntax
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/
2 abortion.ti,ab.
3 1 or 2
4 Mortality/
5 Hospitalization/
6 Emergency Service, Hospital/
7 Blood Transfusion/ or Blood Component Transfusion/
8 Infection/
9 Antibiotic Prophylaxis/
10 Postoperative Complications/
11 (mortality or hospitalization or emergency room or transfusion or infection or prophylactic antibiotics or surgery or abortion complications or short term effects).ti,ab.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
12 or/4–11
13 3 and 12
14 Animals/
15 Mice/
16 Rats/
17 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,ab.
18 or/14–17
19 13 not 18
20 limit 19 to (“review” or systematic reviews)
21 Adolescent/
22 under 18.ti,ab.
23 (adolescent or adolescents or teenager or teen).ti,ab.
24 or/21–23
25 20 and 24
26 Abortion, Spontaneous/
27 spontaneous abortion.ti,ab.
28 or/26-27
29 25 not 28
30 29
31 limit 29 to yr=“2000–Current”
32 geographic variation.ti,ab.
33 Regional Medical Programs/
34 Residence Characteristics/
35 Health Services Accessibility/
36 United States/
37 appalachian region/ or great lakes region/ or mid-atlantic region/ or midwestern united states/ or new england/ or northwestern united states/ or pacific states/ or southeastern united states/ or southwestern united states/
38 or/32–37
39 20 and 38
40 39 not 28
41 40
42 limit 41 to yr=“2000–Current”
43 Socioeconomic Factors/
44 Poverty/ or Social Class/
45 socioeconomic status.ti,ab.
46 or/43–45
47 20 and 46
48 47 not 28
49 48
50 limit 49 to yr=“2000–Current”
51 Continental Population Groups/
52 Ethnic Groups/
53 African Americans/
54 asian americans/ or hispanic americans/
55 (race or ethnicity).ti,ab.
56 or/51–55
57 20 and 56
58 57 not 28
59 58
60 limit 59 to yr=“2000–Current”
61 1 and 12
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
62 61
63 limit 62 to yr=“2000–Current”
64 63 not 18
65 limit 64 to (“review” or systematic reviews)
Embase (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/
2 abortion.ti,ab.
3 1 or 2
4 Mortality/
5 Hospitalization/
6 Emergency Service, Hospital/
7 Blood Transfusion/ or Blood Component Transfusion/
8 Infection/
9 Antibiotic Prophylaxis/
10 Postoperative Complications/
11 (mortality or hospitalization or emergency room or transfusion or infection or prophylactic antibiotics or surgery or abortion complications or short term effects).ti,ab.
12 or/4–11
13 3 and 12
14 Animals/
15 Mice/
16 Rats/
17 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,ab.
18 or/14–17
19 13 not 18
20 limit 19 to (“review”)
21 Adolescent/
22 under 18.ti,ab.
23 (adolescent or adolescents or teenager or teen).ti,ab.
24 or/21–23
25 20 and 24
26 Abortion, Spontaneous/
27 spontaneous abortion.ti,ab.
28 or/26–27
29 25 not 28
30 29
31 limit 29 to yr=“2000–Current”
32 geographic variation.ti,ab.
33 Regional Medical Programs/
34 Residence Characteristics/
35 Health Services Accessibility/
36 United States/
37 appalachian region/ or great lakes region/ or mid-atlantic region/ or midwestern united states/ or new england/ or northwestern united states/ or pacific states/ or southeastern united states/ or southwestern united states/
38 or/32–37
39 20 and 38
40 39 not 28
41 40
42 limit 41 to yr=“2000–Current”
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
43 Socioeconomic Factors/
44 Poverty/ or Social Class/
45 socioeconomic status.ti,ab.
46 or/43–45
47 20 and 46
48 47 not 28
49 48
50 limit 49 to yr=“2000–Current”
51 Continental Population Groups/
52 Ethnic Groups/
53 African Americans/
54 asian americans/ or hispanic americans/
55 (race or ethnicity).ti,ab.
56 or/51–55
57 20 and 56
58 57 not 28
59 58
60 limit 59 to yr=“2000–Current”
61 1 and 12
62 61
63 limit 62 to yr=“2000–Current”
64 63 not 18
65 limit 64 to (“review”)
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Ovid)
1 abortion.ti,ab.
2 short term effects.ti,ab.
3 (mortality or hospitalization or emergency room or transfusion or infection or prophylactic antibiotics or surgery or complications).ti,ab.
4 or/2–3
5 1 and 4

PubMed:

Note: The following search was run to capture e-pub ahead of print, under indexed and recent articles not yet in Medline.

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion [Title/Abstract])

Filters: Review, Systematic Reviews, Publication date from 206/01/01 to 2017/12/31, Humans

Primary Literature

Search Strategy: Short-Term Effects

Date: 2012–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Primary Literature, Editorials

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, and PubMed

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
Search No. Search Syntax
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/ or (induced adj abortion).kw,ti. or Abortion, Induced/ co [Complications]
2 Mortality/
3 Hospitalization/
4 Emergency Service, Hospital/
5 Blood Transfusion/ or Blood Component Transfusion/
6 Infection/
7 Antibiotic Prophylaxis/
8 Postoperative Complications/ or Pain/
9 (mortality or hospitalization or emergency room or transfusion or infection or antibiotics or surgery or pain or complications).kw.
10 or/2–9
11 1 and 10
12 Abortion, Spontaneous/ or (spontaneous adj abortion).kw.
13 11 not 12
14 Animals/ or (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).kw.
15 13 not 14
16 15
17 limit 16 to yr=“2012–Current”
18 limit 17 to (comment or editorial or guideline or letter or news)
19 limit 17 to (case reports or classical article or clinical study or clinical trial, all or clinical trial, phase i or clinical trial, phase ii or clinical trial, phase iii or clinical trial, phase iv or clinical trial or comparative study or controlled clinical trial or evaluation studies or historical article or journal article or meta analysis or multicenter study or observational study or pragmatic clinical trial or randomized controlled trial or technical report or twin study or validation studies)
20 19 not 18
Embase (Ovid)
1 induced abortion/ or (induced adj abortion).ti,kw.
2 mortality/
3 hospitalization/
4 emergency ward/
5 emergency health service/
6 blood transfusion/
7 intrauterine infection/ or infection/
8 pain/
9 pain/co [Complication]
10 antibiotic agent/
11 postoperative complication/
12 (mortality or hospitalization or emergency room or transfusion or infection or antibiotics or surgery or pain or complications).kw.
13 or/2–12
14 1 and 13
15 spontaneous abortion/
16 (spontaneous adj abortion).kw.
17 or/15–16
18 14 not 17
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
19 animal/
20 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).kw.
21 or/19–20
22 18 not 21
23 22
24 limit 23 to yr=“2012–Current”
25 limit 24 to (editorial or letter or note)
26 limit 24 to (article or conference abstract or conference paper or conference proceeding or “conference review” or journal or report or short survey or trade journal)
27 26 not 25

PubMed:

(“Abortion, Induced/adverse effects”[Mesh] OR “Abortion, Induced/ complications”[Mesh])

Limit: 2012–Current

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion[Title/Textword]) AND (complications [Title/ Textword] OR “Postoperative Complications”[Mesh])

Limit: 2015–Current

DISPARITIES

Systematic Reviews and Primary Literature

Search Strategy: Disparities

Date: 2000–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Primary Literature, Editorials, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus

Search No. Search Syntax
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/ or (induced adj abortion).kw,ti.
2 Abortion, Spontaneous/
3 (spontaneous adj abortion).kw.
4 or/2–3
5 1 not 4
6 Health Services Accessibility/
7 Health Status Disparities/ or Socioeconomic Factors/ or Healthcare Disparities/
8 disparit*.kw,ti.
9 (geographic adj variation).ti,kw.
10 Poverty Areas/ or Poverty/
11 poverty.ti,kw.
12 Continental Population Groups/
13 Ethnic Groups/
14 (race or ethnicity).kw,ti.
15 Gender Identity/
16 gender.kw,ti.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
17 disability.ti,kw.
18 Rural Health/ or Rural Health Services/
19 Urban Health/ or Urban Health Services/
20 (urban or rural).ti,kw.
21 or/6–20
22 5 and 21
23 22
24 limit 23 to yr=“2000–Current”
25 United States/
26 United States.ti,kw.
27 or/25–26
28 24 and 27
29 limit 28 to (comment or editorial or guideline or letter or news)
30 28 not 29
31 Texas/
32 texas.kw,ti.
33 or/31–32
34 24 and 33
35 24 not (28 or 34)
36 limit 35 to (comment or editorial or guideline or letter or news)
37 35 not 36
Embase (Ovid)
1 induced abortion/ or (induced adj abortion).ti,kw.
2 spontaneous abortion/
3 (spontaneous adj abortion).ti,kw.
4 or/2–3
5 1 not 4
6 health disparity/
7 health care disparity/
8 social status/
9 disparit*.kw,ti.
10 (geographic adj variation).ti,kw.
11 poverty/
12 poverty.ti,kw.
13 race difference/ or race/
14 ethnic group/ or ethnicity/ or “ethnic or racial aspects”/
15 (race or ethnicity).kw,ti.
16 gender identity/
17 gender.kw,ti.
18 disability/
19 disability.ti,kw.
20 rural area/ or urban area/ or urban rural difference/ or urban population/ or rural population/
21 (urban or rural).ti,kw.
22 or/6–21
23 5 and 22
24 23
25 limit 24 to yr=“2000–Current”
26 United States/
27 united states.ti,kw.
28 or/26–27
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
29 25 and 28
30 limit 29 to (editorial or letter or note)
31 29 not 30
32 limit 25 to (editorial or letter or note)
33 32 not 30
34 25 not 31

Scopus:

Title, Abstract, Keyword searches from 2000–Present:

“abortion disparities”

“induced abortion” AND (“geographic variation” OR “urban” OR “rural”)

“induced abortion” AND (inequality OR inequalities)

“induced abortion” AND delay

“induced abortion” AND “socioeconomic status”

“abortion” AND “health disparities”

PubMed:

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR “induced abortion”[tw]) AND (“Health Status Disparities”[Mesh] AND “Healthcare Disparities”[Mesh] OR “disparity”[tw] OR “disparities”[tw])

LONG-TERM HEALTH EFFECTS

Systematic Reviews and Primary Literature

Search Strategy: Long-Term Health Effects

Date: 1970–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Primary Literature, Editorials, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, and PubMed

Search No. Search Syntax
Embase and Medline (Ovid)
1 Birth Weight/
2 Breast Neoplasms/
3 Fetal Death/
4 Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture/
5 Infant, Low Birth Weight/
6 Infant, Newborn/co [Complications]
7 Infant, Premature/
8 Infant, Small for Gestational Age/
9 Infant, Very Low Birth Weight/
10 Infertility, Female/co [Complications]
11 Obstetric Labor Complications/et [Etiology]
12 Obstetric Labor, Premature/
13 Placenta Previa/et [Etiology]
14 [Placenta/ab [Abnormalities]]
15 Pre-Eclampsia/co [Complications]
16 Pregnancy Complications/
17 Pregnancy Outcome/
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
18 Pregnancy, Ectopic/
19 Pregnancy, High-Risk/
20 Pregnancy, Prolonged/
21 Premature Birth/
22 Uterine Cervical Incompetence/co [Complications]
23 Uterine Hemorrhage/co [Complications]
24 *Abortion, Induced/
25 (induced adj abortion).ti,kw.
26 24 or 25
27 Animals/
28 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,kw.
29 or/27–28
30 (infertility or “cancer risk” or “intrauterine growth” or “future pregnancy” or “fetal growth” or “preterm birth” or premature or “ectopic pregnancy”) ti,kw.
31 or/1–23
32 30 or 31
33 26 and 32
34 33 not 29
35 34
36 limit 35 to yr=“1970–Current”
37 limit 36 to (meta analysis or “systematic review”)
38 limit 36 to (editorial or note)
39 36 not (37 or 38)

PubMed:

((“Abortion, Induced/adverse effects”[Majr] OR abortion [title]) NOT spontaneous [title]) AND (Birth Weight [Mesh] OR Breast Neoplasms [Mesh] OR Fetal Death [Mesh] OR Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture [Mesh] OR Infant, Low Birth Weight [Mesh] OR Infant, Newborn [Mesh] OR Infant, Premature [Mesh] OR Infant, Small for Gestational Age [Mesh] OR Infant, Very Low Birth Weight [Mesh] OR Infertility, Female/complications [Mesh] OR Obstetric Labor Complications/ etiology*[Mesh] OR Obstetric Labor, Premature [Mesh] OR Placenta Previa/etiology [Mesh] OR Placenta/abnormalities [Mesh] OR Pre-Eclampsia/complications [Mesh] OR Pregnancy Complications [Mesh] OR Pregnancy Outcome[Mesh] OR Pregnancy, Ectopic[Mesh] OR Pregnancy, High-Risk[Mesh] OR Pregnancy, Prolonged[Mesh] OR Premature Birth[Mesh] OR Uterine Cervical Incompetence/complications[Mesh] OR Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology[Mesh])

Limit: 1970–Present

Limit: Humans

DELAYS

Systematic Reviews and Primary Literature

Search Strategy: Delays

Date: 2005–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Primary Literature, Editorials, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, and PubMed

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
Search No. Search Syntax
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/ or (induced adj abortion).ab,ti.
2 Animals/
3 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,ab.
4 or/2–3
5 Abortion, Spontaneous/
6 (spontaneous adj abortion).ti,ab.
7 or/5–6
8 1 not 4
9 8 not 7
10 Health Services Accessibility/
11 Health Facility Closure/
12 Time Factors/
13 Supreme Court Decisions/
14 Texas/
15 Waiting Lists/
16 “waiting periods”.ti,ab.
17 “financial issues”.ti,ab.
18 “nearest facility”.ti,ab.
19 “clinic closure”.ti,ab.
20 (distance or restriction or delay or barrier).ti,ab.
21 or/10–20
22 9 and 21
23 22
24 limit 23 to yr=“2005–Current”
25 limit 24 to (meta analysis or “review” or systematic reviews)
26 limit 24 to (comment or editorial or letter)
27 24 not (25 or 26)
Search No. Search Syntax
Embase (Ovid)
1 *Abortion, Induced/
2 (induced adj abortion).ti,ab.
3 1 or 2
4 Animals/
5 (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).ti,ab.
6 or/4–5
7 spontaneous abortion/
8 (spontaneous adj abortion).ti,ab.
9 or/7–8
10 3 not 6
11 10 not 9
12 health care delivery/
13 health care facility/
14 time factor/
15 Texas/
16 hospital admission/
17 “waiting list”.ti,ab.
18 “waiting period”.ti,ab.
19 “financial issues”.ti,ab.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
20 “nearest facility”.ti,ab.
21 “clinic closure”.ti,ab.
22 “supreme court decision”.ti,ab.
23 (distance or restriction or delay or barrier).ti,ab.
24 or/12–23
25 11 and 24
26 25
27 limit 26 to yr=“2005–Current”
28 limit 27 to (meta analysis or “systematic review”)
29 limit 27 to (editorial or letter or note)
30 27 not (28 or 29)

PubMed:

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR “abortion”[tw]) AND (“waiting period” OR “waiting list” OR “financial issue” OR “nearest facility” OR “clinic closure” OR “Supreme Court decision” OR distance* OR restriction* OR delay* or barrier*) NOT (spontaneous)

Limit: 2005–Current

Database Searched and Time Period Covered:

PubMed: 1/1/2000–4/5/2017

Language:

English

Search Strategy:

“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion, legal[mh] OR abortion*[tiab] OR abortion*[ot]

AND

time factors[mh] OR wait OR waiting OR ban OR bans OR banned OR banning OR barrier* OR deterrent* OR deter OR deterring OR deters OR deterred OR requirement* OR restrict* OR consent* OR difficulty OR difficulties OR limitation* OR confidential* OR privacy OR delay* OR travel* OR distance*

AND

experienc* OR perception* OR perceiv* OR implication* OR impact* OR perspective* OR influen* OR knowledge OR consequence*

AND

AL[Affiliation] OR AK[Affiliation] OR AZ[Affiliation] OR AR[Affiliation] OR

CA[Affiliation] OR CO[Affiliation] OR CT[Affiliation] OR DE[Affiliation] OR

FL[Affiliation] OR GA[Affiliation] OR HI[Affiliation] OR ID[Affiliation] OR

IL[Affiliation] OR IN[Affiliation] OR IA[Affiliation] OR KS[Affiliation] OR

KY[Affiliation] OR LA[Affiliation] OR ME[Affiliation] OR MD[Affiliation] OR

MA[Affiliation] OR MI[Affiliation] OR MN[Affiliation] OR MS[Affiliation] OR

MO[Affiliation] OR MT[Affiliation] OR NE[Affiliation] OR NV[Affiliation] OR

NH[Affiliation] OR NJ[Affiliation] OR NM[Affiliation] OR NY[Affiliation] OR

NC[Affiliation] OR ND[Affiliation] OR OH[Affiliation] OR OK[Affiliation] OR

OR[Affiliation] OR PA[Affiliation] OR RI[Affiliation] OR SC[Affiliation] OR

SD[Affiliation] OR TN[Affiliation] OR TX[Affiliation] OR UT[Affiliation] OR

VT[Affiliation] OR VA[Affiliation] OR WA[Affiliation] OR WV[Affiliation] OR

WI[Affiliation] OR WY[Affiliation] OR USA[AFFILIATION] OR (Alabama[Affiliation]

OR Alaska[Affiliation] OR Arizona[Affiliation] OR Arkansas[Affiliation] OR

California[Affiliation] OR Colorado[Affiliation] OR Connecticut[Affiliation]

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

OR Delaware[Affiliation] OR Florida[Affiliation] OR Georgia[Affiliation]

OR Hawaii[Affiliation] OR Idaho[Affiliation] OR Illinois[Affiliation]

OR Indiana[Affiliation] OR Iowa[Affiliation] OR Kansas[Affiliation] OR

Kentucky[Affiliation] OR Louisiana[Affiliation] OR Maine[Affiliation] OR

Maryland[Affiliation] OR Massachusetts[Affiliation] OR Michigan[Affiliation] OR

Minnesota[Affiliation] OR Mississippi[Affiliation] OR Missouri[Affiliation] OR

Montana[Affiliation] OR Nebraska[Affiliation] OR Nevada[Affiliation] OR New

Hampshire[Affiliation] OR New Jersey[Affiliation] OR New Mexico[Affiliation] OR

New York[Affiliation] OR North Carolina[Affiliation] OR North Dakota[Affiliation]

OR Ohio[Affiliation] OR Oklahoma[Affiliation] OR Oregon[Affiliation] OR

Pennsylvania[Affiliation] OR Rhode Island[Affiliation] OR South Carolina[Affiliation]

OR South Dakota[Affiliation] OR Tennessee[Affiliation] OR Texas[Affiliation]

OR Utah[Affiliation] OR Vermont[Affiliation] OR Virginia[Affiliation] OR

Washington[Affiliation] OR West Virginia[Affiliation] OR Wisconsin[Affiliation] OR

Wyoming[Affiliation] OR united states[Affiliation]

Database Searched and Time Period Covered:

Web of Science: 1/1/2000–4/5/2017

Language:

English

Search Strategy: (Note: “TS” = Topic Search)

ts= (abortion*)

AND

ts=(time OR times OR wait OR waiting OR ban OR bans OR banned OR banning

OR barrier* OR deterrent* OR deter OR deterring OR deters OR deterred OR

requirement* OR restrict* OR consent* OR difficulty OR difficulties OR limitation*

OR confidential* OR privacy OR delay* OR travel* OR distance*)

AND

ts=(experienc* OR perception* OR perceiv* OR implication* OR impact* OR

perspective* OR influen* OR knowledge OR consequence*)

AND

COUNTRIES/TERRITORIES: (USA)

NOT

RESEARCH AREAS: (DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY OR EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY OR CELL BIOLOGY OR MARINE FRESHWATER BIOLOGY OR FORESTRY OR FOOD SCIENCE TECHNOLOGY OR ENTOMOLOGY OR ENGINEERING OR ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES ECOLOGY OR ACOUSTICS OR VETERINARY SCIENCES OR WATER RESOURCES OR TROPICAL MEDICINE OR TRANSPLANTATION OR PLANT SCIENCES OR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION OR SPORT SCIENCES OR RHEUMATOLOGY OR ZOOLOGY OR PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGY OR AGRICULTURE OR DERMATOLOGY OR PARASITOLOGY OR ALLERGY)

NOT

WEB OF SCIENCE CATEGORIES: (ENDOCRINOLOGY METABOLISM OR GASTROENTEROLOGY HEPATOLOGY OR VIROLOGY OR PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE OR ONCOLOGY OR CARDIAC CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS OR BIOCHEMICAL RESEARCH METHODS OR ANESTHESIOLOGY OR UROLOGY NEPHROLOGY OR HEMATOLOGY OR RADIOLOGY NUCLEAR MEDICINE MEDICAL IMAGING OR IMMUNOLOGY OR BIOTECHNOLOGY

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY OR GENETICS HEREDITY OR COMPUTER SCIENCE SOFTWARE ENGINEERING OR COMPUTER SCIENCE INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS OR COMPUTER SCIENCE INFORMATION SYSTEMS OR BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY)

Database Searched and Time Period Covered:

Embase: 1/1/2000–5/10/2017

Language:

English

Search Strategy:

“induced abortion”/exp OR abortion*:ab OR abortion*:ti

AND

ban:ti OR bans:ab OR bans:ti OR banned:ab OR banned:ti OR banning:ab OR

banning:ti OR barrier*:ab OR barrier*:ti OR deter*:ab OR deter*:ti OR requir*:ab

OR requir*:ti OR restrict*:ab OR restrict:ti OR consent*:ab OR consent*:ti OR

difficult*:ab OR difficult*:ti OR limitation*:ab OR limitation*:ti OR confidential*:ab

OR confidential*:ti OR privacy:ab OR privacy:ti OR distance*:ab OR distance*:ti OR

travel*:ab OR travel*:ti OR ‘time factor’/exp OR time:ab OR time:ti OR delay*:ab

OR delay*:ti OR wait*:ab OR wait*:ti

AND

experienc*:ab OR experience*:ti OR perception*:ab OR perception*:ti OR

perceiv*:ab OR perceiv*:ti OR implication*:ab OR implication*:ti OR impact*:ab OR

impact*:ti OR perspective*:ab OR perspective*:ti OR influen*:ab OR influen*:ti OR

knowledge:ab OR knowledge:ti OR consequence*:ab OR consequence*:ti

AND

[humans]/lim

CANCER

Systematic Reviews and Primary Literature

Search Strategy: Cancer

Date: 2007–Present

Countries: United States and International

Population: Human

Document Types: Primary Literature, Editorials, Systematic Reviews, Meta-Analysis

Databases Searched: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, and PubMed

Search No. Search Syntax
Medline (Ovid)
1 Abortion, Induced/ or (induced adj abortion).ti,ab,kw.
2 abortion.ti,ab,kw.
3 (reproductive adj factors).ti,ab,kw.
4 (reproductive adj events).ti,ab,kw.
5 or/1–4
6 Neoplasms/ep [Epidemiology]
7 Neoplasms/
8 cancer.ti,ab,kw.
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
9 or/6–8
10 5 and 9
11 Animals/ or (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).kw.
12 10 not 11
13 12
14 limit 13 to yr=“2007–Current”
15 limit 14 to (meta analysis or “review” or systematic reviews)
16 limit 14 to (comment or editorial or letter)
17 14 not (15 or 16)
Embase (Ovid)
1 induced abortion/
2 (induced adj abortion).ti,ab,kw.
3 abortion.ti,ab,kw.
4 (reproductive adj factors).ti,ab,kw.
5 (reproductive adj events).ti,ab,kw.
6 or/1–4
7 malignant neoplasm/ep [Epidemiology]
8 malignant neoplasm/
9 cancer.ti,ab,kw.
10 or/7–9
11 6 and 10
12 Animals/ or (animal or animals or mice or mouse or rat or rats).kw.
13 11 not 12
14 13
15 limit 14 to yr=“2007–Current”
16 limit 15 to (meta analysis or “systematic review”)
17 limit 15 to (editorial or erratum or letter or note)
18 15 not (16 or 17)
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Ovid)
1 abortion.ti,ab,kw.
2 (reproductive adj events).ti,ab,kw.
3 (reproductive adj factors).ti,ab,kw.
4 cancer.ti,ab,kw.
5 1 and 4

PubMed:

(“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion[Title/Abstract] OR “reproductive events”[Title/Abstract] OR “reproductive factors”[Title/Abstract] OR abortion[tw] OR “reproductive events”[tw] OR “reproductive factors”[tw]) AND (“Neoplasms”[Mesh] OR “Neoplasms/epidemiology”[Mesh] OR cancer[Title/Abstract] OR cancer[tw])

Date: 2007–Present

Limit: Humans

TRAINING

Systematic Reviews and Primary Literature

Database Searched and Time Period Covered:

PubMed: 1/1/2000–2/20/2017

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

Language:

English

Search Strategy:

“Abortion, Induced”[Mesh] OR abortion*[tiab] OR abortion*[ot]

AND

training OR trained OR competen* OR requirement* OR “Patient Safety”[Mesh] OR “Professional Competence”[Mesh] OR safe[tiab] OR safety[tiab] OR unsafe

AND

AL[Affiliation] OR AK[Affiliation] OR AZ[Affiliation] OR AR[Affiliation] OR

CA[Affiliation] OR CO[Affiliation] OR CT[Affiliation] OR DE[Affiliation] OR

FL[Affiliation] OR GA[Affiliation] OR HI[Affiliation] OR ID[Affiliation] OR

IL[Affiliation] OR IN[Affiliation] OR IA[Affiliation] OR KS[Affiliation] OR

KY[Affiliation] OR LA[Affiliation] OR ME[Affiliation] OR MD[Affiliation] OR

MA[Affiliation] OR MI[Affiliation] OR MN[Affiliation] OR MS[Affiliation] OR

MO[Affiliation] OR MT[Affiliation] OR NE[Affiliation] OR NV[Affiliation] OR

NH[Affiliation] OR NJ[Affiliation] OR NM[Affiliation] OR NY[Affiliation] OR

NC[Affiliation] OR ND[Affiliation] OR OH[Affiliation] OR OK[Affiliation] OR

OR[Affiliation] OR PA[Affiliation] OR RI[Affiliation] OR SC[Affiliation] OR

SD[Affiliation] OR TN[Affiliation] OR TX[Affiliation] OR UT[Affiliation] OR

VT[Affiliation] OR VA[Affiliation] OR WA[Affiliation] OR WV[Affiliation] OR

WI[Affiliation] OR WY[Affiliation] OR USA[AFFILIATION] OR (Alabama[Affiliation]

OR Alaska[Affiliation] OR Arizona[Affiliation] OR Arkansas[Affiliation] OR

California[Affiliation] OR Colorado[Affiliation] OR Connecticut[Affiliation]

OR Delaware[Affiliation] OR Florida[Affiliation] OR Georgia[Affiliation]

OR Hawaii[Affiliation] OR Idaho[Affiliation] OR Illinois[Affiliation]

OR Indiana[Affiliation] OR Iowa[Affiliation] OR Kansas[Affiliation] OR

Kentucky[Affiliation] OR Louisiana[Affiliation] OR Maine[Affiliation] OR

Maryland[Affiliation] OR Massachusetts[Affiliation] OR Michigan[Affiliation] OR

Minnesota[Affiliation] OR Mississippi[Affiliation] OR Missouri[Affiliation] OR

Montana[Affiliation] OR Nebraska[Affiliation] OR Nevada[Affiliation] OR New

Hampshire[Affiliation] OR New Jersey[Affiliation] OR New Mexico[Affiliation] OR

New York[Affiliation] OR North Carolina[Affiliation] OR North Dakota[Affiliation]

OR Ohio[Affiliation] OR Oklahoma[Affiliation] OR Oregon[Affiliation] OR

Pennsylvania[Affiliation] OR Rhode Island[Affiliation] OR South Carolina[Affiliation]

OR South Dakota[Affiliation] OR Tennessee[Affiliation] OR Texas[Affiliation]

OR Utah[Affiliation] OR Vermont[Affiliation] OR Virginia[Affiliation] OR

Washington[Affiliation] OR West Virginia[Affiliation] OR Wisconsin[Affiliation] OR

Wyoming[Affiliation] OR united states[Affiliation])

Database Searched and Time Period Covered:

CINAHL: 1/1/2000–1/30/2017

Language:

English

Search Strategy:

MH “Abortion, Induced+”) OR abortion*

AND

TI (training OR trained OR competen* OR requirement*) OR AB (training OR trained OR competen* OR requirement*) OR MW (training OR trained OR competen* OR requirement*)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×

Database Searched and Time Period Covered:

Cochrane: 1/1/2000–1/30/2017

Language:

English

Search Strategy:

MeSH descriptor: [Abortion, Induced] explode all trees OR abortion:ti,ab,kw (Word variations have been searched)

AND

training or trained or competen* or requirement*:ti,ab,kw (Word variations have been searched)

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Literature Search Strategy." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/24950.
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The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States Get This Book
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Abortion is a legal medical procedure that has been provided to millions of American women. Since the Institute of Medicine first reviewed the health implications of national legalized abortion in 1975, there has been a plethora of related scientific research, including well-designed randomized clinical trials, systematic reviews, and epidemiological studies examining abortion care. This research has focused on examining the relative safety of abortion methods and the appropriateness of methods for different clinical circumstances. With this growing body of research, earlier abortion methods have been refined, discontinued, and new approaches have been developed.

The Safety and Quality of Abortion Care in the United States offers a comprehensive review of the current state of the science related to the provision of safe, high-quality abortion services in the United States. This report considers 8 research questions and presents conclusions, including gaps in research.

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