National Academies Press: OpenBook
« Previous: 7 Closing Remarks
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

References

Burtless, G. 2013. The impact of population aging and delayed retirement on workforce productivity. http://crr.bc.edu/working-papers/the-impact-of-population-aging-and-delayed-retirement-on-workforce-productivity (accessed December 19, 2017).

CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 2015. CDC: 53 million adults in the U.S. live with a disability. https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2015/p0730-us-disability.html (accessed December 18, 2017).

Chasteen, A. L., S. Bhattacharyya, M. Horhota, R. Tam, and L. Hasher. 2005. How feelings of stereotype threat influence older adults’ memory performance. Experimental Aging Research 31(3):235–260.

Colella, A., and A. Varma. 1999. Disability–job fit stereotypes and the evaluation of persons with disabilities at work. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 9(2):79–95.

Devine, P. G., P. S. Forscher, W. T. L. Cox, A. Kaatz, J. Sheridan, and M. Carnes. 2017. A gender bias habit-breaking intervention led to increased hiring of female faculty in STEMM departments. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 73:211–215.

Donovan, T. and C. Tolbert. 2013. Do popular votes on rights create animosity toward minorities? Political Research Quarterly 66(4):910–922.

Dychtwald, K., T. Erickson, and B. Morrison. 2004. It’s time to retire. Harvard Business Review 82(3):48–57.

Fiske, S. T., A. J. C. Cuddy, P. Glick, and J. Xu. 2002. A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: Competence and warmth respectively follow from perceived status and competition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 82(6):878–902.

Goleman, D. 1987. “Useful” modes of thinking contribute to the power of prejudice. New York Times, May 12. http://www.nytimes.com/1987/05/12/science/useful-modes-of-thinking-contribute-to-the-power-of-prejudice.html?pagewanted=all (accessed December 21, 2017).

Hatzenbuehler, M. L., and K. A. McLaughlin. 2014. Structural stigma and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis reactivity in lesbian, gay, and bisexual young adults. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 47(1):39–47.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

Hatzenbuehler, M. L., K. M. Keyes, and D. S. Hasin. 2009. State-level policies and psychiatric morbidity in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations. American Journal of Public Health 99(12):2275–2281.

Hatzenbuehler, M. L., K. A. McLaughlin, K. M. Keyes, and D. S. Hasin. 2010. The impact of institutional discrimination on psychiatric disorders in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: A prospective study. American Journal of Public Health 100(3):452–459.

Hausdorff, J. M., B. R. Levy, and J. Y. Wei. 1999. The power of ageism on physical function of older persons: Reversibility of age-related gait changes. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 47:1346–1349.

Hess, T. M., C. Auman, S. J. Colcombe, and T. A. Rahhal. 2002. The impact of stereotype threat on age differences in memory performance. Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 58(1):3–11.

Illich, I. 2007. Storytelling or myth-making? https://procinwarn.com/counterfeit/storytelling.htm (accessed December 21, 2017).

IOM (Institute of Medicine). 1997. Enabling America: Assessing the role of rehabilitation science and engineering. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

IOM. 2007. The future of disability in America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Kang, S. K., and A. L. Chasteen. 2009. The moderating role of age-group identification and perceived threat on stereotype threat among older adults. International Journal of Aging and Human Development 69(3):201–220.

Kreitzer, R. J., A. J. Hamilton, and C. J. Tolbert. 2014. Does policy adoption change opinions on minority rights? The effects of legalizing same-sex marriage. Political Research Quarterly 67(4):795–808.

Kunze, F., S. Boehm, and H. Bruch. 2013. Age, resistance to change, and job performance. Journal of Managerial Psychology 28:741–760.

Lahey, J. N. 2008. Age, women, and hiring. Journal of Human Resources 43(1):30–56.

Levy, B. R. 1996. Improving memory in old age through implicit self-stereotyping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 71(6):1092–1107.

Levy, B. R. 2003. Mind matters: Cognitive and physical effects of aging self-stereotypes. Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 58(4):203–211.

Levy, B. R. 2009. Stereotype embodiment: A psychosocial approach to aging. Current Directions in Psychological Science 18(6):332–336.

Levy, B. R., and M. R. Banaji. 2004. Implicit ageism. In Ageism: Stereotyping and prejudice against older persons, edited by T. D. Nelson. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Pp. 49–76.

Levy, B. R., and E. Leifheit-Limson. 2009. The stereotype-matching effect: Greater influence on functioning when age stereotypes correspond to outcomes. Psychology and Aging 24(1):230–233.

Levy, B. R., O. Ashman, and I. Dror. 1999–2000. To be or not to be: The effects of aging self-stereotypes on the will-to-live. Omega: Journal of Death and Dying 40(3):409–420.

Levy, B. R., J. M. Hausdorff, R. Hencke, and J. Y. Wei. 2000. Reducing cardiovascular stress with positive self-stereotypes of aging. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 55(4):205–213.

Levy, B. R., M. D. Slade, and S. V. Kasl. 2002. Longitudinal benefit of positive self-perceptions of aging on functional health. Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 57(5):409–417.

Levy, B. R., M. D. Slade, and T. M. Gill. 2006. Hearing decline predicted by elders’ stereotypes. Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 61(2):82–87.

Levy, B. R., A. B. Zonderman, M. D. Slade, and L. Ferrucci. 2009. Age stereotypes held earlier in life predict cardiovascular events in later life. Psychological Science 20:296–298.

Levy, B. R., M. D. Slade, T. E. Murphy, and T. M. Gill. 2012. Association between positive age stereotypes and recovery from disability in older persons. JAMA 308(19):1972–1973.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

Levy, B. R., C. Pilver, P. H. Chung, and M. D. Slade. 2014. Subliminal strengthening: Improving older individuals’ physical function over time with an implicit-age-stereotype intervention. Psychological Science 25(12):2127–2135.

Levy, B. R., L. Ferrucci, A. B. Zonderman, M. D. Slade, J. Troncoso, and S. M. Resnick. 2016. A culture–brain link: Negative age stereotypes predict Alzheimer’s disease biomarkers. Psychology and Aging 31(1):82–88.

Link, B., and M. L. Hatzenbuehler. 2016. Stigma as an unrecognized determinant of population health: Research and policy implications. Journal of Health Politics 41(4):653–673.

Louvet, E. 2007. Social judgment toward job applicants with disabilities: Perception of personal qualities and competences. Rehabilitation Psychology 52(3):297–303.

Mason, S. E., E. A. Darnell, and K. Prifti. 2010. Stereotypes and representations of aging in the media. Journal of Instructional Psychology 37(2):189–190.

McEvoy, G. M. and W. F. Cascio. 1989. Cumulative evidence of the relationship between employee age and job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology 74(1):11–17.

Miller, D. W., T. S. Leyell, and J. Mazachek. 2004. Stereotypes of the elderly in U.S. television commercials from the 1950s to the 1990s. International Journal of Aging and Human Development 58(4):315–340.

Miller, P. N., D. W. Miller, and E. M. McKibbin. 1999. Stereotypes of the elderly in magazine advertisements, 1956–1996. International Journal of Aging and Human Development 49(4):319–337.

Nario-Redmond, M. R. 2010. Cultural stereotypes of disabled and non-disabled men and women: Consensus for global category representations and diagnostic domains. British Journal of Social Psychology 49(3):471–488.

National Council on Disability. 2007. Implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act: Challenges, best practices, and new opportunities for success. Washington, DC: National Council on Disability.

Ng, R., H. G. Allore, M. Trentalange, J. K. Monin, and B. R. Levy. 2015. Increasing negativity of age stereotypes across 200 years: Evidence from a database of 400 million words. PLOS ONE. February 12. 10(2):e0117086. Available at http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0117086 (accessed December 20, 2017).

Ng, T. W. H., and D. C. Feldman. 2013. A meta-analysis of the relationships of age and tenure with innovation-related behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology 86(4):585–616.

North, M. S., and S. T. Fiske. 2012. An inconvenienced youth? Ageism and its potential intergenerational roots. Psychological Bulletin 138(5):982–997.

North, M. S., and S. T. Fiske. 2016. Resource scarcity and prescriptive attitudes generate subtle, intergenerational older-worker exclusion. Journal of Social Issues 72(1):122–145.

North, M., and H. Hershfield. 2014. Four ways to adapt to an aging workforce. Harvard Business Review, April 8. https://hbr.org/2014/04/four-ways-to-adapt-to-an-aging-workforce (accessed December 19, 2017).

Pachankis, J. E. 2007. The psychological implications of concealing a stigma: A cognitive-affective-behavioral model. Psychological Bulletin 133(2):328–345.

Pachankis, J. E., M. L. Hatzenbuehler, F. Hickson, P. Weatherburn, R. C. Berg, U. Marcus, and A. J. Schmidt. 2016. Hidden from health: Structural stigma, sexual orientation concealment, and HIV across 38 countries in the European MSM Internet Survey. AIDS 29(10):1239–1246.

Pacheco, J. 2013. Attitudinal policy feedback and public opinion: the impact of smoking bans on attitudes towards smokers, secondhand smoke, and antismoking policies. Public Opinion Quarterly 77(3):714–734.

Palmore, E. 2001. The ageism survey: First findings. The Gerontologist 41(5):572–575.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×

Parshar, D. and N. Devanathan. 2006. Still not in vogue: The portrayal of disability in magazine advertising. Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling 37(1):13–20.

Pitt-Catsouphes, M., M. A. Smyer, C. Matz-Costa, and K. Kane. 2007. Phase II of the National Study of Business Strategy and Workforce Development. http://www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/research_sites/agingandwork/pdf/publications/RH04_NationalStudy.pdf (accessed December 19, 2017).

Reid, A. E., J. F. Dovidio, D. Ballester, and B. T. Johnson. 2014. HIV prevention interventions to reduce sexual risk for African Americans: The influence of community-level stigma and psychological processes. Social Science & Medicine 103(Suppl C):118–125.

Safronova, V., J. Nikas, and N. V. Osipova. 2017. What it’s truly like to be a fashion model. New York Times, September 5. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/05/fashion/models-racism-sexual-harassment-body-issues-new-york-fashion-week.html (accessed December 20, 2017).

Schwartz, D., E. Blue, M. McDonald, G. Giuliani, G. Weber, H. Seirup, S. Rose, D. Elkis-Albuhoff, J. Rosenfeld, and A. Perkins. 2010. Dispelling stereotypes: Promoting disability equality through film. Disability & Society 25(7):841–848.

Sweetland, J., A. Volmert, and M. O’Neil. 2017. Finding the frame: An empirical approach to reframing aging and ageism. http://frameworksinstitute.org/assets/files/aging_elder_abuse/aging_research_report_final_2017.pdf (accessed February 23, 2018).

United Nations. 2006. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities: Article 1—Purpose. https://www.un.org/development/desa/disabilities/convention-on-the-rights-of-persons-with-disabilities/article-1-purpose.html (accessed November 28, 2017).

Wang, K., Silverman, A., Gwinn, J. D., and Dovidio, J. F. 2015. Independent or ungrateful? Consequences of confronting patronizing help for people with disabilities. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations 18(4):489–503.

Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page 69
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page 70
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page 71
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25029.
×
Page 72
Next: Appendix A: Workshop Agenda »
Aging and Disability: Beyond Stereotypes to Inclusion: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $48.00 Buy Ebook | $38.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

Many different groups of people are subject to stereotypes. Positive stereotypes (e.g., “older and wiser”) may provide a benefit to the relevant groups. However, negative stereotypes of aging and of disability continue to persist and, in some cases, remain socially acceptable. Research has shown that when exposed to negative images of aging, older persons demonstrate poor physical and cognitive performance and function, while those who are exposed to positive images of aging (or who have positive self-perceptions of aging) demonstrate better performance and function. Furthermore, an individual’s expectations about and perceptions of aging can predict future health outcomes. To better understand how stereotypes affect older adults and individuals with disabilities, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, with support from AARP, convened a public workshop on October 10, 2017. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!