Donald M. Berwick, M.D. (Co-Chair), is president emeritus and senior fellow at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, as well as former administrator of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. With a background as a pediatrician, Dr. Berwick has served on the faculty of Harvard Medical School and Harvard School of Public Health, and on the staffs of Boston’s Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Additionally, he has served as vice chair of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force; the first “independent member” of the American Hospital Association Board of Trustees; a member of the Board on Global Health Board at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; and chair of the National Advisory Council of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. He served two terms on the Institute of Medicine’s Governing Council and served on President Clinton’s Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry. Dr. Berwick is acknowledged as a leading authority on health care quality and improvement and has received numerous prestigious awards for his contributions. In 2005, he was appointed Honorary Knight Commander of the British Empire by Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II, as a result of his work with the British National Health Service. Furthermore, he is an elected member of the American Philosophical Society. He has authored or co-authored more than 160 scientific articles and 6 books. Dr. Berwick received his B.A. from Harvard College and both his M.D. from Harvard Medical School and his M.P.P. from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 1972. He
currently serves as a lecturer in the Department of Health Care Policy at Harvard Medical School.
Sania Nishtar, SI, F.R.C.P., Ph.D. (Co-Chair), is a Pakistani physician and former federal minister of the Government of Pakistan. She has strong civil society credentials as founder of Heartfile in Pakistan. Born in Peshawar, Dr. Nishtar graduated from Khyber Medical College with 16 distinctions, setting a college record. She holds a Fellowship of the Royal College of Physicians of London and a Ph.D. from King’s College London. Dr. Nishtar has been involved with many international agencies in various capacities and is described by the World Health Organization (WHO) as “a widely respected global health expert.” She was founding chair of the United Nations Secretary-General’s Independent Accountability Panel for the Global Strategy on Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health and has served as co-chair of the WHO Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity. She has also served as board member of the WHO Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. She is currently co-chair of the World Economic Forum’s (WEF’s) Global Future Council on Health and Healthcare and is also a trustee member of WEF’s Health Global Challenge initiative. She is also a member of the Lancet and Rockefeller Foundation Commission on Planetary Health and the Lancet and Harvard Commission on Pain and Palliative Care. In addition, Dr. Nishtar is a member of the Steering Committee of the Emerging Markets Symposium, an initiative of the Green Templeton College, Oxford University. She has published extensively internationally and is the author of six books. She is a regular keynote speaker at international events and is the recipient of many national and international awards, including the Pakistani civil award Sitara-i-Imtiaz (star achiever) and the Global Innovation Award. Dr. Nishtar has been included in the list of the top 20 women in science in the Muslim world. In 2017, she was one of the three shortlisted nominees for director-general of WHO.
Ann Aerts, M.D., M.P.H., is based in Switzerland and serves as head of the Novartis Foundation, an organization committed to ensuring quality health care in low- and middle-income countries. Her overseas career began in 1991 as a district health officer in Angola and as an emergency physician in Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, East Timor, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Rwanda, and Sudan. Dr. Aerts is the former franchise medical director critical care for Novartis Pharma in Basel and therapeutic area head cardiovascular and metabolism in Novartis Pharma Belgium. Prior to joining Novartis, she served as director of the Lung and Tuberculosis Association in Belgium from 2002 to 2006 and as head of the Health Services Department of the International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC) in Geneva and health coordinator of the ICRC in numerous countries. Dr. Aerts holds a degree in medicine and a master’s in public health from the University of Leuven, Belgium, as well as a degree in tropical medicine from the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp, Belgium. Her global health work has earned her numerous awards and recognition, including a nomination by PharmaVOICE as one of the 100 Most Inspiring People in the life science industry in 2014. In addition to the publications she has authored and the studies she has conducted, she is a member of various boards, such as the Global Health Group Advisory Board of the University of California, San Francisco, NetFWD of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Advisory Board, and a member of the International Telecommunication Union/United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development and of the Governing Council of the Technology Bank for the Least Developed Countries.
Mohammed K. Ali, M.D., M.B.A., M.Sc., is associate professor in the Hubert Department of Global Health and Department of Epidemiology at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health. He is a physician scientist and has expertise in epidemiology, health services research, and implementation sciences. His research interests focus on diabetes, global health, and cardiovascular disease. He helped design and leads several large National Institutes of Health-funded studies in South Asia: a large three-city cohort study, two large pragmatic trials of quality improvement, a study evaluating the implementation of workplace wellness programs, and a large quasi-experimental study to transform and strengthen chronic disease management in rural areas in India. Dr. Ali was responsible for co-leading the expert group on diabetes complications for the Global Burden of Disease Study and is associate director of the Georgia Center for Diabetes Translation Research. He consults for the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where he helps manage a program that uses natural experiment designs to evaluate diabetes prevention and control policies in the United States. He also serves as a scientific advisor for the National Diabetes Prevention Program. Dr. Ali’s work and teaching have earned him numerous honors, including the Consortium of Universities for Global Health Velji Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2013, election to the Delta-Omega Public Health Honor Society in 2013, and the Pfizer-Association of Schools and Programs of Public Health Early Career Teaching Award in 2013, and he was named a fellow of the American Heart Association in 2014. He received his M.D. from the University of Cape Town in 2003, his M.Sc. in cardiovascular medicine and M.Sc. in global health sciences from the University of Oxford in 2007, and his M.B.A. from Emory University in 2012.
Pascale Carayon, Ph.D., is Procter & Gamble Bascom professor in total quality in the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering and director of the Center for Quality & Productivity Improvement, an interdisciplinary research center, at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. She leads the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety (SEIPS) and is founding director of the Wisconsin Institute for Healthcare Systems Engineering at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. In 1984, Dr. Carayon received her engineering diploma from the École Centrale de Paris, France, and she received her Ph.D. in industrial engineering from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1988. Her research interests focus on human factors and systems engineering in health care and patient safety. She has developed human factors and systems engineering methods and the SEIPS model to improve patient safety and health information technologies in complex health care settings. Her research has been funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, numerous foundations, and private industry. She has produced more than 140 journal publications and received numerous awards and honors. She is the chair of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s Board on Human-Systems Integration, a recipient of the 2007 College of Engineering Ragnar E. Onstad Service to Society Award, recipient of the 2012 International Ergonomics Association Triennial Distinguished Service Award, and recipient of the 2015 John M. Eisenberg Patient Safety and Quality Award for Individual Achievement. She is a fellow of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and of the International Ergonomics Association. In 2015 and 2016, Dr. Carayon was named by Becker’s Hospital Review as one of 50 experts leading the field of patient safety. She is the editor of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care and Patient Safety and was a member of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care.
Margaret Amanua Chinbuah, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.B.Ch.B., is based in Ghana and currently serves as a newborn care technical advisor for PATH, an organization leading global health innovations especially as applied to women and children. Dr. Chinbuah has worked as a medical officer providing clinical care in Ghana and has been responsible for managing several implementation studies supporting various programs, including the Child Health program and the National HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and Tuberculosis programs. She is directly responsible for the technical component of the Making Every Baby Count Initiative. In her role as newborn care advisor, she is deeply involved with the development of policies and guidelines that impact the mother and child, such as guidelines for kangaroo mother care in Ghana, child health guidelines, and sick newborn monitoring charts. Dr. Chinbuah
received her medical degree from the University of Ghana Medical School and a master’s of public health from the School of Public Health, University of Ghana. She obtained a master’s of health science, specialization in epidemiology, from Erasmus University in Rotterdam, Netherlands, and a Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Dr. Chinbuah is fluent in English, is a member of the Ghana College of Surgeons and Physicians, the National Newborn Subcommittee, the National Child Health Committee, and the Chlorhexidine Study group, among others. She has co-authored several publications, made many presentations at national and global conferences, and served as a resource person for various national task teams.
Mario Roberto Dal Poz, Ph.D., M.D., M.S., is a Brazilian-based physician and researcher who is a full professor at the Social Medicine Institute of the Rio de Janeiro State University and editor-in-chief of the Human Resources for Health journal. He formerly worked as coordinator of the Human Resources for Health department at the World Health Organization. Dr. Dal Poz was invited to deliver a Regency Lecture on the “Global Response to the Health Workforce Crisis” at the Global Center for Health Economics and Policy Research of the University of California in 2008 and was awarded the Oswald Cruz Gold Merit Medal from the Brazilian president for his contributions to public health. He has published numerous books, as well as articles and commentaries in leading medical journals such as The Lancet, PLoS, and Health Affairs. Dr. Dal Poz obtained his medical degree in 1975 from Rio de Janeiro State University, followed by a master’s in social medicine in 1981 and a doctorate in public health in 1996 from the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation. He receives research grants from the National Research Council and the Research Foundation of Rio de Janeiro.
Ashish Jha, M.D., M.P.H., is the K.T. Li Professor of Global Health at Harvard University and director of the Harvard Global Health Institute. He is a practicing general internist and a professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Jha received his M.D. from Harvard Medical School and then trained in internal medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. He completed his general medicine fellowship at Brigham and Women’s Hospital at Harvard Medical School and received his M.P.H. from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. His research focuses on improving the quality and costs of health care systems, with a specialized focus on the impact of policies. Dr. Jha has published more than 200 papers in prestigious journals and produces a personal blog focused on using statistical data research to improve health care quality. He is a member of the National Academy of Medicine.
Sheila Leatherman, CBE, Hon FRCP, is a professor at the Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina. She conducts research and policy analysis internationally focusing on quality of care, health systems reform, and methodologies for evaluating the performance of health care systems. In the international field of health care quality and health systems strengthening, she has advised on and assisted in the development of national programs and strategies in countries such as Afghanistan, Canada, Ethiopia, Mexico, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Sudan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Ms. Leatherman is the lead advisor for the 5-year World Health Organization National Quality Policy and Strategy initiative supporting low- and middle-income countries in designing and implementing national quality strategies (2015–2019). She is both a principal investigator and advisor for research and implementation projects in multiple countries, and she contributes to multiple humanitarian and global health international nongovernmental organizations, including serving as the quality advisor for Doctors Without Borders/OCP. In 2002 she was elected to the National Academy of Medicine and in 2006 she was made an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians. In 2007, she was awarded the honor of Commander of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II for her work over the past decade in the National Health Service. Ms. Leatherman has authored numerous articles and books. Her broad background in health care management in U.S. state and federal health agencies includes the role of chief executive of a health maintenance organization and a senior executive of UnitedHealth Group, where she founded and directed a research center.
Tianjing Li, M.D., Ph.D., M.H.S., serves as assistant professor of epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHBSPH) and as associate director for the U.S. Cochrane Center, 1 of 14 centers around the world that facilitate the work of the Cochrane Collaboration. The aim of Dr. Li’s research is to develop, evaluate, and disseminate efficient methods for comparing health care interventions and to provide sound evidence for decision making. The focus areas of her research include methodologies for systematic reviews, network meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials, comparative effectiveness research, and patient-centered outcomes research. Dr. Li’s accomplishments and research efforts earned her the inaugural Society for Research Synthesis Methodology Early Career Award in 2016. She serves as editor-in-chief for the journal Trials and associate editor for the journal Ophthalmology. She has received grant support from the National Eye Institute, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, Food and Drug Administration, and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Dr. Li continues to teach graduate-level courses at the JHBSPH on clinical trials, systematic review, epidemiology, and biostatistics, as well as advanced doctoral seminars and courses in grant writing.
Vincent Okungu, Ph.D., M.P.H., M.A., is a health economist, researcher, and lecturer. His research interests include health care financing and policy, costing studies and economic evaluation, health equity analysis, and the economics of noncommunicable diseases. His key research outputs include modeling the cost of universal health coverage in Kenya, health financing strategies for the informal sector, fiscal space analysis, access barriers, and policy communication, among others. He currently heads the research unit at PharmAccess Foundation (Kenya) and is a visiting research fellow at the African Population & Health Research Centre. Dr. Okungu has been heavily involved in international, national, and county health policy design and program interventions and evaluation. Working with a number of local and international organizations, he has played leading roles in key health systems design and strengthening interventions. These include sustainable financing for HIV/AIDS; sustainable health financing for informal-sector populations; and health system leadership and governance, including budget analysis, public expenditure review, program-based budget, and resource allocation. He has also designed health financing and monitoring and evaluation curricula for the Ministry of Health, Kenya, where he serves as a technical committee member on capacity building. Dr. Okungu is a case writer in social entrepreneurship in health and teaches this subject as a visiting scholar at Duke University.
Neeraj Sood, Ph.D., is professor and vice dean for research at the University of Southern California (USC) Sol Price School of Public Policy. He is also a faculty member at the USC Schaeffer Center and research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He serves on the editorial board of the Journal of Health Economics, Health Services Research and Forum for Health Economics and Policy, and is on the board of directors of the American Society of Health Economists. His prior work has focused on the economics of innovation, HIV/AIDS, health care financing, and global health. His research has been published in several peer-reviewed journals and books, including leading journals in economics, medicine, and health policy. He has testified frequently on health policy issues, and his work has also been featured in several media outlets, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, U.S. News & World Report, and Scientific American. Dr. Sood was the finalist for the 16th and 21st Annual National Institute for Health Care Management Foundation Health Care Research Award, recognizing outstanding research in health policy. He was also the 2009 recipient of the Eugene Garfield Economic Impact Prize, recognizing outstanding research demonstrating how medical research impacts the economy. Prior to joining USC, Dr. Sood was a senior economist at the RAND Corporation and professor at the Pardee RAND Graduate School.
Jeanette Vega, Ph.D., M.D., M.P.H., has been based in Santiago, Chile, as general director of the National Chilean Public Health Insurance Agency since March 2014. With 20 years of experience in international health, her expertise lies in the social determinants of health, health equity, and health systems. Dr. Vega began her career as a medical doctor practicing family medicine and holds a master’s degree in public health from the Universidad de Chile and a Ph.D. in public health from the University of Illinois at Chicago. Since obtaining her degrees, she has served in prominent public health leadership roles, such as vice minister of health in Chile; director of the Center of Public Health Policy at the Universidad del Desarrollo; and director at the World Health Organization in Geneva, where she headed the organization’s health equity agenda. In 2012, Dr. Vega joined The Rockefeller Foundation to lead its health-related work, including its Transforming Health Systems Initiative.
Marcel Yotebieng, Ph.D., M.D., M.P.H., has worked in multiple countries in sub-Saharan Africa as clinician, public health practitioner, and researcher. He has served as principal investigator on multiple grants funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) (two RO1s), the Gates Foundation, and the World Health Organization (WHO). He has also served as co-investigator on large cooperative agreements (UO1 or U2) from NIH and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This funding has allowed him and his collaborators to build strong research infrastructures in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including a centrally located office with more than 20 full-time staff, cars, and freezers, all supporting ongoing data collection in 106 health facilities across the entire province of Kinshasa. His work has informed national and international guidelines on tuberculosis management and treatment of HIV in children. Results from one of his recently completed trials have led to calls for WHO to revisit its policy of almost three decades on breastfeeding promotion. His expertise is well recognized at both the national and international levels. He has served as a member of the scientific committee that advises the National TB Program in the DRC on guidelines since 2011. He has been invited to chair a discussion section at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections and to participate on panel discussions at other regional and international meetings. As lead for the pediatric work for the Central Africa International Epidemiologic Database to Evaluate AIDS, he has been a key member of the Collaborative Initiative for Pediatric HIV Education and Research Cohort Collaboration since its inception. Recently, he was invited to join the Global Burden of Disease Network, and more important, he was nominated by NIH to serve on the ad hoc committee that conducted the present study.