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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
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Appendix D

Speaker and Moderator Biographies
1

Tilak Agerwala (moderator) was vice president of Systems at International Business Machines (IBM) Research. He was responsible for developing the next-generation systems hardware and software technologies for IBM’s Blue Gene Supercomputers, mainframe and Unix computers, storage systems, and data center networking. Dr. Agerwala joined IBM at the T.J. Watson Research Center and has held executive positions at IBM in research, advanced development, marketing, and business development. His research interests are in the area of high-performance computer architectures and systems. Dr. Agerwala received the W. Wallace McDowell Award from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) in 1998 for “outstanding contributions to the development of high performance computers.” He is a founding member of the IBM Academy of Technology. He is a fellow of the IEEE. He received his B.Tech. in electrical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India, and his Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland.

Ghassem Asrar is the director of the Joint Global Change Research Institute of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory located at the University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland. Prior to this position, he served as the director of the World Climate Research Program in Geneva from 2008 to 2013, and was the deputy administrator for Natural Resources and Agricultural Systems with Agricultural Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture from 2006 to 2008. He was with NASA from 1987 to 2005.

Roger-Mark De Souza is the president and CEO of Sister Cities International. He previously led efforts to engage international and U.S. partners on key diplomatic, development, and security issues as director of programs on global sustainability and resilience for the congressionally established Woodrow Wilson Center. Roger-Mark also served as vice president of Research at PAI, a global health organization, and as Director of Foundation and Corporate Relations for the Sierra Club (the oldest and largest grassroots environmental membership organization

___________________

1 Listed in alphabetical order.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

in the United States), where he managed a highly successful corporate and foundation fundraising campaign through its 65 volunteer chapters. Prior to his experience at PAI and the Sierra Club, he worked at the Population Reference Bureau and the World Resources Institute, where he designed and implemented projects in the United States, Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.

Ruxandra Draghia (moderator/presenter) is currently the vice president for Public Health and Scientific Affairs at the Merck Global Vaccines group in the United States. Her position at Merck focuses on developing strategies for the company’s global vaccination and public health programs. She started her career as a researcher and a medical doctor holding positions in Romania, France, and the United States. She later took a position as the deputy director general at the European Commission, where she worked on issues related to health research and innovation. Dr. Draghia is also the cofounder and vice president of two research startups.

Lorna Jean Edmonds (moderator) is the vice provost for Global Affairs and International Studies at Ohio University. She also serves as the director of the Center for International Studies and as a professor of health sciences and professions. Dr. Edmonds joined Ohio University in 2013 after having worked in four of Canada’s research-intensive universities. She served as the University of Toronto’s assistant vice president, International Relations; executive advisor, Research, University of Ottawa; executive director, International Research and Advancement, Western University; and director, Research Services and the director, International Center for the Advancement of Community Based Rehabilitation, Queen’s University. Dr. Edmonds’ expertise in higher education strategy, research performance, public/private-sector collaboration, and globalization is based upon more than 20 years of experience in academia, government relations, and international development. She has extensive international experience, working with universities, governments, industry and research funding and development agencies, and banks in more than 60 countries in Asia, the Americas, Europe, and Africa.

Nick Feamster is a professor in the Computer Science Department at Princeton University and the deputy director of the Princeton University Center for Information Technology Policy. Before joining the faculty at Princeton, he was a professor in the School of Computer Science at Georgia Tech. His research focuses on many aspects of computer networking and networked systems, with a focus on network operations, network security, and censorship-resistant communication systems. In December 2008, he received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers for his contributions to cybersecurity, notably spam filtering. He is an Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Fellow.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

Brad Fenwick is a senior vice president with Elsevier, where he is charged with forging noncommercial partnerships and productive collaborations with and between universities, research centers, industry, governments, and funding bodies to enhance higher education and academic research productivity and success. He has received numerous awards and recognitions for his research and leadership, holds several patents, founded a biotechnology company, and consults globally with companies, universities, and governments.

Simson Garfinkel is the senior computer scientist for Confidentiality and Data Access at the U.S. Census Bureau and the chair of the Bureau’s Disclosure Review Board. He has published research articles in the areas of computer security, digital forensics, and privacy and is a fellow of the ACM. He holds a Ph.D. in computer science from MIT.

Dario Gil is a leading technologist and senior executive at IBM. As vice president of AI and IBM Q, Dr. Gil is responsible for IBM’s artificial intelligence research efforts and for IBM’s commercial quantum computing program (IBM Q). Prior to his current position Dr. Gil was the vice president of Science and Solutions, directing a global organization of 1,500 researchers across 12 laboratories with a broad portfolio of activities spanning the physical sciences, the mathematical sciences, and industry solutions based on AI, the Internet of Things (IoT), blockchain and quantum technologies. His research results have appeared in over 20 international journals and conferences and he is the author of numerous patents.

Melvin Greer is chief data scientist for the Public Sector at Intel Corporation. He is responsible for building Intel’s data science platform through graph analytics, machine learning, and cognitive computing to accelerate transformation of data into a strategic asset for public-sector and commercial enterprises. His systems and software engineering experience has resulted in patented inventions in cloud computing, synthetic biology, and IoT biosensors for edge analytics. He functions as a principal investigator in advanced research studies, including nanotechnology, additive manufacturing, and gamification. He significantly advanced the body of knowledge in basic research and critical, highly advanced engineering and scientific disciplines.

Stuart Haber serves as chief scientist for Auditchain. As a young cryptographer at Bell Communications Research in 1990, Stuart co-invented the blockchain technique for ensuring the integrity of digital records. He was cofounder with Scott Stornetta of Surety, which was spun off from Bellcore in 1993. Surety offers digital time-stamping services and is the first commercial deployment of a blockchain. His work in cryptographic time stamping was later adopted by Satoshi Nakamoto as the basis for the creation of Bitcoin. He has spent his 30-year career at startups and at large established companies such as Hewlett Packard Enterprise, HP Labs, and Bellcore.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

John Markoff is a journalist best known for his decades of work as a technology reporter at The New York Times. Markoff was one of a team of reporters who won the 2013 Pulitzer Prize for Explanatory Reporting for a series of 10 articles on the business practices of Apple and other technology companies. He is the author of What the Doormouse Said and Machines of Loving Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots. He is currently a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University, where he is working on the impact of artificial intelligence and robotics on aging populations in the advanced world.

Cheikh Mbow is the executive director of START. He is a regional expert on disturbances of savanna vegetative systems, particularly the impact of bush fires and other land cover changes in rural areas. He has experience with above-ground in situ carbon stock assessments, vegetation inventory for use in carbon models, and the monitoring of vegetative communities. He has been on the academic and research faculty at Cheikh Anta Diop University and Michigan State University and has worked as a senior scientist at the World Agroforestry Centre and a member of the Science Committee of Future Earth.

Jake Metcalf is a technology ethicist focused on ethical research and design practices in data analytics, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. He is a researcher at the Data & Society Research Institute, where he is currently working on the PERVADE Team, a National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded, large multisite study of how stakeholders are responding to the changing ethical conditions of scientific research. He also works as a consultant for technology companies seeking to develop rigorous ethical design and review practices. His consulting firm, Ethical Resolve, has worked with major social media companies, startups, and science and engineering professional organizations to develop trainings, workflows, audits, and codes of ethics.

Barbara Mittleman (co-chair and moderator) is a physician/scientist who has served multiple roles including founding director of the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) Program on Public-Private Partnership; clinical vice president of Nodlaity, Inc., a platform biotechnology company; and co-chair of the GUIRR International Research Collaborations Group (I-Group).

Madeleine Murtagh holds a chair in sociology and bioethics in the Policy Ethics and Life Sciences research centre of Newcastle University in the United Kingdom. Madeleine brings social science and bioethics perspectives to data generation, governance, utilization, and translation, developing methods to support transdisciplinary and multistakeholder engagement to facilitate the transformation of data into policy and practice. Her early research examined how people interact with and make decisions about using new health treatments and technologies, later expanding to consider practices of (open) data science in health (particularly in

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

longitudinal cohort studies and biobanks) and health data ethics. Madeleine conducts social studies of sociotechnical and normative practices in health and health-research data sharing and governance and develops new forms of governance that centrally involve citizens and research participants in ethical and governance decision making. This work is carried out in the context of transdisciplinary and intersectoral research teams, often in interventionist, collaborative ethnographic studies.

Joe Pelton is an award-winning author and editor of more than 40 books and more than 300 articles in the field of space systems. He is also the director emeritus of the Space and Advanced Communications Research Institute at George Washington University. The Institute, which he headed from 2005 to 2010, conducted state-of-the-art research on advanced satellite system concepts and space systems.

Eric Perakslis is a research, informatics, technology, and research and development (R&D) leader with more than 19 years of direct experience in information technology, informatics, research, health care, government regulation, biotechnology, and pharmaceuticals discovery and development. Erik served as senior vice president and CIO at Johnson and Johnson Pharma R&D before becoming CIO and Chief Scientist of Informatics at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2011. He is currently Senior Vice President of R&D Informatics at Takeda Pharmaceuticals International Inc. in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Arturo Pizano (co-chair and moderator) is manager of university collaboration for Siemens Corporation, Corporate Research and Technology. In this capacity, he is responsible for establishing and maintaining relationships with U.S. universities of strategic importance to Siemens’ Research & Development organization across the globe. Prior to his current position, he was a part of the internal audit organization of Siemens as a member of the Operational Audit team. He joined Siemens Corporate Research in 1993 as a member of the technical staff in the Imaging and Visualization Department. He became program manager in multimedia communications and collaboration and later head of the multimedia and video technology department. Prior to joining Siemens he worked as a staff scientist in the Software Research Center of Ricoh Corporation in Santa Clara, California. Dr. Pizano holds a B.Sc. in actuarial science from the National Autonomous University of Mexico and an M.Sc. and Ph.D. in computer science from the University of California, Los Angeles.

Nancy Potok serves as chief atatistician of the United States and is responsible for providing coordination, guidance, and oversight for U.S. federal statistical agencies and activities. Nancy is the former deputy director and chief operating officer of the U.S. Census Bureau.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

Andreas Rechkemmer (moderator) is the American Humane Endowed chair at the Graduate School of Social Work at the University of Denver. Prior to his appointment at the University of Denver, Dr. Rechkemmer held senior positions with the United Nations, including that of executive director of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change at the United Nations University. He also served as chief science and policy advisor of the Global Risk Forum in Davos, Switzerland. His previous academic appointments and affiliations include the University of Cologne, Free University of Berlin, Beijing Normal University, Colorado State University, and the United Nations University. Rechkemmer’s research interests include global sustainable development and social-ecological justice; holistic and interdisciplinary perspectives on resilience, including human individuals and communities, as well as ecosystems and the broader environment; the emerging “One Health” paradigm connecting the health and well-being of humans with that of animals and the environment; and the interface of sustainability, social development, and human security. He was principal investigator of various funded projects and managed grants from major science funders, including the NSF, the Research Council of Norway, and the federal government of Germany. Rechkemmer has authored, co-authored, and edited several books as well as numerous articles and chapters. He is the editor of UNEO – Towards an International Environment Organization (2005) and serves as the chief editor of the United Nations and Global Change book series. He was awarded the Scheffel Prize for excellence in writing in 1985. Dr. Rechkemmer received his Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 2004 in international relations, political science.

Mark Seiden (moderator) is director of Information Security at 1010data and Security Advisor at the Internet Archive.

Jim Shultz is the director of the Center for Disaster and Extreme Event Preparedness and voluntary associate professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences at the University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine. Jim is first-authoring a seminal textbook entitled Public Health: An Introduction to the Science and Practice of Population Health and serves as chief editor for the Oxford Handbook of Complex Disaster Risks. He is conducting research and publishing on themes of disaster behavioral health, climate change impacts on public health, and complex disaster risks and resilience.

Susan Sauer Sloan (moderator/staff) joined the Academies in 2008 as Director of the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. Before assuming the role, Susan served a 6-month appointment as executive in residence at the Center for the Advancement of Scholarship on Engineering Education of the National Academy of Engineering and, for the 6 years prior, as chief executive officer of the Global Wireless Education Consortium, a university-industry membership organization committed to the development and incorporation of current wireless technology curricula in academic institutions worldwide. Earlier in her

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

career, Susan worked as corporate/foundation relations consultant to the National Science Foundation’s Division of Undergraduate Education, as associate director of the Master of Health Science in Health Policy program at the Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, as director of communications for Sigma-Tau Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and as senior program associate for the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Susan got her start in Washington, DC, working as a staff assistant to Representative Timothy E. Wirth (D-CO), U.S. House of Representatives.

Shelley Stall is the director of Data Programs at the American Geophysical Union (AGU). Shelley has more than two decades of experience working in high-volume, complex data management environments. She has helped organizations in not-for-profit, commercial, defense, and federal civilian communities address implementation of regulation, interoperability, worldwide data governance, metadata management, master data management, and organizational change management. Since coming to AGU, Shelley has worked extensively with the Earth and space science repository community and AGU members and their organizations on data management.

Kristin Tolle is a director and principal program management lead in the Algorithms and Data Science Product Team at Microsoft, which is part of the Artificial Intelligence (AI) Platform team. In this role she is focused on pushing the envelope in using a variety of AI tools and services in the cloud to build better models and better business applications. Since joining Microsoft in 2000, Kristin has acquired numerous patents and spent more the 12 years working in Microsoft Research. During her time in research she successfully managed several critical research software development projects such as the Microsoft Translator Hub and the Environmental Science Services Toolkit.

Sanjay Tripathi is vice president of Growth Initiatives and Strategic Partnerships at Watson IoT. He leads creating Horizon 2 Businesses within IBM’s Watson Internet of Things Business Unit. Sanjay previously worked in IBM Research with worldwide responsibility for commercializing emerging technologies in cloud, cognitive, education, and security and was responsible for IBM’s $900 million Data Protection business with divisions in Tel Aviv, Tokyo, and Tucson.

Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Speaker and Moderator Biographies." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2018. Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25214.
×
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Data Matters: Ethics, Data, and International Research Collaboration in a Changing World: Proceedings of a Workshop Get This Book
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In an increasingly interconnected world, perhaps it should come as no surprise that international collaboration in science and technology research is growing at a remarkable rate. As science and technology capabilities grow around the world, U.S.-based organizations are finding that international collaborations and partnerships provide unique opportunities to enhance research and training.

International research agreements can serve many purposes, but data are always involved in these collaborations. The kinds of data in play within international research agreements varies widely and may range from financial and consumer data, to Earth and space data, to population behavior and health data, to specific project-generated data—this is just a narrow set of examples of research data but illustrates the breadth of possibilities. The uses of these data are various and require accounting for the effects of data access, use, and sharing on many different parties. Cultural, legal, policy, and technical concerns are also important determinants of what can be done in the realms of maintaining privacy, confidentiality, and security, and ethics is a lens through which the issues of data, data sharing, and research agreements can be viewed as well.

A workshop held on March 14-16, 2018, in Washington, DC explored the changing opportunities and risks of data management and use across disciplinary domains. The third workshop in a series, participants gathered to examine advisory principles for consideration when developing international research agreements, in the pursuit of highlighting promising practices for sustaining and enabling international research collaborations at the highest ethical level possible. The intent of the workshop was to explore, through an ethical lens, the changing opportunities and risks associated with data management and use across disciplinary domains—all within the context of international research agreements. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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