National Academies Press: OpenBook

Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium (2019)

Chapter: Quantum Computers: Are We There Yet? - Grace Metcalfe and Jerry Chow

« Previous: QUANTUM COMPUTERS: ARE WE THERE YET?
Suggested Citation:"Quantum Computers: Are We There Yet? - Grace Metcalfe and Jerry Chow." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×

Quantum Computers: Are We There Yet?

GRACE METCALFE
Air Force Office of Scientific Research

JERRY CHOW
IBM

In recent years there has been a dramatic increase worldwide in scientific research as well as financial investment to develop a quantum computer, a device that theoretically could solve specific problems much faster than on any classical computing system, where such efforts are impractical.

Despite a few well-known quantum algorithms, such as Shor’s factoring algorithm and Grover’s search algorithm, there is a limited set of known specific problems for which a quantum computer is advantageous. A few quantum computational operations have been experimentally performed on a small number of quantum bits, units of quantum information analogous to the classical logical bits 0 and 1. There are still several fundamental scientific challenges to overcome in scaling up these small quantum systems to large-scale quantum computers that could not only demonstrate a quantum speed-up for known problems but also help discover new quantum algorithms.

The first speaker, Sara Gamble (Army Research Office), introduced the concept of quantum computing and reviewed some possible applications. As a program manager, she used her broad perspective to provide an overview of the different approaches to achieving such a computational device. Next, Shelby Kimmel (Middlebury College) discussed quantum algorithms and the power of quantum systems to process information. Sarah Sheldon (IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center) then delved into logical quantum computing, a method of quantum computation based on logic gates similar to classical digital circuits. With her experience in developing the IBM Quantum Experience, Dr. Sheldon also explored cloud-based quantum computing. Finally, Norman Yao (University of California, Berkeley) explained simulation of quantum phenomena that are too difficult to study otherwise.

Suggested Citation:"Quantum Computers: Are We There Yet? - Grace Metcalfe and Jerry Chow." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×

This page intentionally left blank.

Suggested Citation:"Quantum Computers: Are We There Yet? - Grace Metcalfe and Jerry Chow." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×
Page 3
Suggested Citation:"Quantum Computers: Are We There Yet? - Grace Metcalfe and Jerry Chow." National Academy of Engineering. 2019. Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25333.
×
Page 4
Next: Quantum Computing: What It Is, Why We Want It, and How We're Trying to Get It - Sara Gamble »
Frontiers of Engineering: Reports on Leading-Edge Engineering from the 2018 Symposium Get This Book
×
Buy Paperback | $45.00 Buy Ebook | $36.99
MyNAP members save 10% online.
Login or Register to save!
Download Free PDF

This volume presents papers on the topics covered at the National Academy of Engineering's 2018 US Frontiers of Engineering Symposium. Every year the symposium brings together 100 outstanding young leaders in engineering to share their cutting-edge research and innovations in selected areas. The 2018 symposium was held September 5-7 and hosted by MIT Lincoln Laboratory in Lexington, Massachusetts. The intent of this book is to convey the excitement of this unique meeting and to highlight innovative developments in engineering research and technical work.

  1. ×

    Welcome to OpenBook!

    You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website.

    Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features?

    No Thanks Take a Tour »
  2. ×

    Show this book's table of contents, where you can jump to any chapter by name.

    « Back Next »
  3. ×

    ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one.

    « Back Next »
  4. ×

    Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.

    « Back Next »
  5. ×

    Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text.

    « Back Next »
  6. ×

    To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter.

    « Back Next »
  7. ×

    Share a link to this book page on your preferred social network or via email.

    « Back Next »
  8. ×

    View our suggested citation for this chapter.

    « Back Next »
  9. ×

    Ready to take your reading offline? Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available.

    « Back Next »
Stay Connected!