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Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. The Effects of Incarceration and Reentry on Community Health and Well-Being: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25471.
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Page 75
Suggested Citation:"Appendix D: Statement of Task." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. The Effects of Incarceration and Reentry on Community Health and Well-Being: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25471.
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Page 76

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Appendix D Statement of Task STATEMENT OF TASK An ad hoc committee will plan and conduct a 1-day public workshop on the effects of incarceration on people and communities of color. The committee will define the specific topics to be discussed, develop the agenda, suggest invited speakers, and moderate workshop discussions. Workshop topics may include mental health and substance use disorders associated with incarceration, the lower life expectancy relating to incar- ceration in communities of color, and the effect on communities of large numbers of residents being imprisoned. Special populations to consider may be the older incarcerated population, female inmates, youth involved in the juvenile justice system, and the family members of the incarcerated and formerly incarcerated. Continuity of care across institutions, from jail or prison to release into the community, may also be addressed. An individually authored proceedings of the presentations and dis- cussions at the workshop will be prepared by a designated rapporteur in accordance with institutional guidelines. WORKSHOP DESCRIPTION It is well known that incarceration rates, particularly for certain sub- populations such as African American men, have dramatically increased over the past several decades. This increase in the number of individuals incarcerated has had a major effect on health care costs and outcomes, especially in communities of color. In particular, jail and prison popula- 75 PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

76 THE EFFECTS OF INCARCERATION AND REENTRY tions have high rates of chronic illness, mental health issues, and sub- stance use issues. The Roundtable on the Promotion of Health Equity will host a 1-day workshop about how experience in jail or prison affects health outcomes for both individuals of color and communities of color. The intent is to build on the previous work of the Committee on Law and Justice regard- ing health and incarceration. This workshop may include mental health and substance use disorders associated with incarceration, the lower life expectancy relating to incarceration in communities of color, and the effect on communities of large numbers of residents being imprisoned. Audiences will include members of the roundtable, members of the Committee on Law and Justice, staff from federal agencies, criminal jus- tice system professionals, staff from philanthropic organizations, and members of the interested public. PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

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The high rate of incarceration in the United States contributes significantly to the nation’s health inequities, extending beyond those who are imprisoned to families, communities, and the entire society. Since the 1970s, there has been a seven-fold increase in incarceration. This increase and the effects of the post-incarceration reentry disproportionately affect low-income families and communities of color. It is critical to examine the criminal justice system through a new lens and explore opportunities for meaningful improvements that will promote health equity in the United States.

The National Academies convened a workshop on June 6, 2018 to investigate the connection between incarceration and health inequities to better understand the distributive impact of incarceration on low-income families and communities of color. Topics of discussion focused on the experience of incarceration and reentry, mass incarceration as a public health issue, women’s health in jails and prisons, the effects of reentry on the individual and the community, and promising practices and models for reentry. The programs and models that are described in this publication are all Philadelphia-based because Philadelphia has one of the highest rates of incarceration of any major American city. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions of the workshop.

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