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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Page viii Cite
Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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Suggested Citation:"Front Matter." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25536.
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MANAGEMENT MODELS FOR FUTURE SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEODETIC FACILITIES AND CAPABILITIES Sammantha Magsino, Rapporteur Board on Earth Sciences and Resources Division on Earth and Life Studies

THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES PRESS 500 Fifth Street, NW Washington, DC 20001 This activity was supported by the National Science Foundation Contract No. 10003945. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of any organization or agency that provided support for the project. International Standard Book Number-13: 978-0-309-49619-3 International Standard Book Number-10: 0-309-49619-5 Digital Object Identifier: https://doi.org/10.17226/25536 Additional copies of this publication are available from the National Academies Press, 500 Fifth Street, NW, Keck 360, Washington, DC 20001; (800) 624-6242 or (202) 334-3313; http://www.nap.edu. Copyright 2019 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America Suggested citation: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities: Proceedings of a Workshop. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/25536.

The National Academy of Sciences was established in 1863 by an Act of Congress, signed by President Lincoln, as a private, nongovernmental institution to advise the nation on issues related to science and technol- ogy. Members are elected by their peers for outstanding contributions to research. Dr. Marcia McNutt is president. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to bring the practices of engineering to advising the nation. Members are elected by their peers for extraordinary contributions to engineering. Dr. John L. Anderson is president. The National Academy of Medicine (formerly the Institute of Medicine) was established in 1970 under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences to advise the nation on medical and health issues. Members are elected by their peers for distinguished contributions to medicine and health. Dr. Victor J. Dzau is president. The three Academies work together as the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to provide independent, objective analysis and advice to the nation and conduct other activities to solve complex problems and inform public policy decisions. The National Acad- emies also encourage education and research, recognize outstanding con- tributions to knowledge, and increase public understanding in matters of science, engineering, and medicine. Learn more about the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine at www.nationalacademies.org.

Consensus Study Reports published by the National Academies of Sci- ences, Engineering, and Medicine document the evidence-based con- sensus on the study’s statement of task by an authoring committee of experts. Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommen- dations based on information gathered by the committee and the com- mittee’s deliberations. Each report has been subjected to a rigorous and independent peer-review process and it represents the position of the National Academies on the statement of task. Proceedings published by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineer- ing, and Medicine chronicle the presentations and discussions at a work- shop, symposium, or other event convened by the National Academies. The statements and opinions contained in proceedings are those of the participants and are not endorsed by other participants, the planning committee, or the National Academies. For information about other products and activities of the National Acad- emies, please visit www.nationalacademies.org/about/whatwedo.

PLANNING COMMITTEE ON CATALYZING OPPORTUNITIES FOR RESEARCH IN THE EARTH SCIENCES (CORES): WORKSHOP ON MANAGEMENT MODELS FOR FUTURE SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEODETIC FACILITIES DOUG HOLLETT, Chair, Melroy & Hollett Technology Partners, LLC, Arlington, Virginia GREG C. BEROZA, Stanford University, California TIM H. DIXON, University of South Florida, Tampa HOLLY GIVEN, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California GENE HUBBARD, RiVidium, Inc., Manassas, Virginia NETTIE LA BELLE-HAMER, University of Alaska Fairbanks Staff SAMMANTHA MAGSINO, Study Director RAYMOND (REMY) CHAPPETTA, Senior Program Assistant DEBORAH GLICKSON, Senior Program Officer ERIC EDKIN, Program Coordinator ELIZABETH EIDE, Senior Board Director v

BOARD ON EARTH SCIENCES AND RESOURCES ISABEL P. MONTAÑEZ, Chair, University of California, Davis ESTELLA A. ATEKWANA, University of Delaware, Newark BRENDA B. BOWEN, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City CHRISTOPHER (SCOTT) CAMERON, Geological Consulting, LLC, Houston, Texas NELIA W. DUNBAR, New Mexico Bureau of Geology & Mineral Resources, Socorro RODNEY C. EWING (NAE), Stanford University, California CAROL P. HARDEN, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville ROBERT L. KLEINBERG (NAE), Institute for Sustainable Energy, Boston University, Massachusetts THORNE LAY (NAS), University of California, Santa Cruz ZELMA MAINE-JACKSON, Washington State Department of Ecology, Richland MICHAEL MANGA (NAS), University of California, Berkeley MARTIN W. MCCANN, Stanford University, California JEFFREY N. RUBIN, Tualatin Valley Fire & Rescue, Tigard, Oregon JAMES A. SLUTZ, National Petroleum Council, Washington, District of Columbia SHAOWEN WANG, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ELIZABETH J. WILSON, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire Staff ELIZABETH A. EIDE, Senior Board Director ANNE M. LINN, Scholar DEBORAH GLICKSON, Senior Program Officer SAMMANTHA L. MAGSINO, Senior Program Officer NICHOLAS D. ROGERS, Finance Business Partner COURTNEY R. DEVANE, Administrative Coordinator ERIC J. EDKIN, Program Coordinator RAYMOND (REMY) CHAPPETTA, Senior Program Assistant vi

Acknowledgments This Proceedings of a Workshop was reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise. The purpose of this independent re- view is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in making each published proceedings as sound as possible and to ensure that it meets the institutional standards for quality, objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the process. We thank the following individuals for their review of this proceedings: Jon Alberts, University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System Gregory Beroza, Stanford University Florian Haslinger, Swiss Seismological Service Susan Owen, Jet Propulsion Laboratory Lory Mitchell Wingate, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research Although the reviewers listed above provided many constructive comments and sug- gestions, they were not asked to endorse the content of the proceedings nor did they see the final draft before its release. The review of this proceedings was overseen by George Hornberger, Vanderbilt University. He was responsible for making certain that an inde- pendent examination of this proceedings was carried out in accordance with the standards of the National Academies and that all review comments were carefully considered. Respon- sibility for the final content rests entirely with the rapporteur and the National Academies. vii

Contents 1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................1 Interpreting the Statement of Task, 3 Sponsor Expectations, 3 Workshop Organization, 4 Organization of This Proceedings, 4 2 CURRENT, EMERGING, AND FRONTIER CAPABILITIES OF SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEODETIC FACILITIES............................................5 Description of the 2015 Community Workshop, 5 Description of Current, Emergent, and Frontier Capabilities, 6 Moderated Questions and Answers, 8 3 MANAGEMENT OF CURRENT DIVISION OF EARTH SCIENCES–SPONSORED SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEODETIC FACILITIES............................................................................................. 11 Management of Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS), 12 UNAVCO Management of the Geodetic Facility for the Advancement of Geoscience (GAGE), 16 Moderated Discussion with IRIS and UNAVCO Management and Boards of Directors, 19 4 OTHER FACILITY MANAGEMENT MODELS...................................................... 23 Management of the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP), 23 Management of the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON), 26 Management of NASA’s Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS), 30 Moderated Discussion with Facility Managers, 33 5 ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MANAGEMENT MODELS FOR ACCOMMODATING SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEODETIC FACILITY CAPABILITIES........................................................................................... 37 Summary of Breakout Group 1 Discussion Themes, 38 Summary of Breakout Group 2 Discussion Themes, 38 Summary of Breakout Group 3 Discussion Themes, 39 Summary of Breakout Group 4 Discussion Themes, 40 ix

x Management Models for Future Seismological and Geodetic Facilities and Capabilities 6 GENERAL COMMENT PERIOD.............................................................................. 43 7 MANAGEMENT MODELS FOR FUTURE SEISMOLOGICAL AND GEODETIC FACILITIES................................................ 45 Management Structures for Independent Seismological and Geodetic Capabilities, 45 M . anagement Structures for Centralized Seismological and Geodetic Capabilities, 50 Plenary Discussion, 53 8 OBSERVATIONS REGARDING MANAGING FACILITY CAPABILITIES AND POTENTIAL USES FOR THIS PROCEEDINGS.......................................... 57 Instrumentation, 57 User Support Services, 57 Data Management, 58 Education and Outreach, 59 Potential Uses for This Workshop Proceedings, 59 APPENDIXES A Workshop Planning Committee Member Biographies, 61 B Workshop Agenda, 65 C Workshop Presenter and Panelist Biographies, 73 D Workshop Participant List, 77 E Transcript from Workshop General Comment Period, 79

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Modern geoscience research informs many important decisions and projects, such as geological disaster preparation, natural resource extraction, and global development. This critical research relies on technology and collaboration at state-of-the-art seismological and geodetic facilities. Currently, these facilities provide a wide variety of observation systems that support scientists' understanding of Earth and its changing environmental systems. As emerging technologies develop rapidly, seismological and geodetic facilities have new capabilities and more complex management and research communication systems. This requires a reevaluation of management structures and best practices within these facilities.

The National Academies convened a 1.5-day workshop to discuss management models of theoretical seismological and geodetic facilities of the future. Initial discussions built upon a 2015 Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology community workshop report, which identified current and future capabilities of these research facilities. Management models from other types of scientific facilities were used as a springboard for further discussions about management and decision-making models that could be applied to seismological and geodetic facilities. Workshop participants also emphasized the importance of distributing capabilities among multiple facilities. Lastly, this workshop explored complex management topics in these facilities including instrumentation, user support services, data management, education and outreach, and workforce development capabilities. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

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