National Academies Press: OpenBook

Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery (2019)

Chapter: Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A - Survey Questionnaire." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25540.
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80 A P P E N D I X A Survey Questionnaire Dear AASHTO Committee on Construction Members: The Transportation Research Board (TRB) is preparing a synthesis on Emerging Technologies in Construction Delivery. This is being done for the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), under the sponsorship of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), in cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The scope of this research is to investigate the following five specific emerging technologies for transportation construction delivery: • Visualization and modeling technologies for constructability, communication, and documentation during construction; • Interconnected technologies for construction vehicles, equipment, and handheld tools at construction project sites; • Safety technologies used during construction for DOT and contractor workers and the traveling public; • Instrumentation during construction to evaluate short-term or locked-in boundary conditions or member forces in specialty projects; and • Uses of unmanned aircraft systems for construction monitoring, documentation, survey and inventory. The objectives of this questionnaire are to (1) identify emerging technologies currently implemented and used by DOTs to deliver construction projects, (2) document strengths and weaknesses of emerging technologies, (3) identify opportunities to improve construction delivery with the use of technologies, (4) identify barriers that DOTs have experienced in applying emerging technologies to construction delivery and document how and why DOTs are using specific emerging technologies, and (5) report on how DOTs apply emerging technologies to highway construction projects. Your expertise and experience are critical to the success of this important project. Your individual privacy will be maintained in all published and written data resulting from this study. We thank you in advance for your time and thoughtful consideration. The final report of this project will be provided to your agency. If you are not the appropriate person at the DOT to complete this questionnaire, please forward it to the correct person.

Survey Questionnaire 81 1. To view and print the entire questionnaire, click on the following link and print using "control p." NCHRP Synthesis Topic 49-02: Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery 2. To save your partial answers and complete the questionnaire later, click on the "Save and Continue Later" link at the top of your screen. A link to the incomplete questionnaire will be emailed to you from SurveyGizmo. To return to the questionnaire later, open the email from SurveyGizmo and click on the link. We suggest using the "Save and Continue Later" feature if there will be more than 15 minutes of inactivity while the survey is opened, as some firewalls may terminate because of inactivity. 3. To pass a partially completed questionnaire to a colleague, click on the "Save and Continue Later" link on the top of your screen. A link to the incomplete questionnaire will be emailed to you from SurveyGizmo." Open the e-mail from SurveyGizmo and forward it to a colleague. 4. To view and print your answers before submitting the survey, click forward to the page following Question 33. Print using "control p." 5. To submit the survey, click on "Submit" on the last page. Thank you very much for your time and expertise. Chris Harper, PhD Department of Construction Management Louisiana State University GENERAL INFORMATION 1. Please provide the following contact information: QUESTIONNAIRE INSTRUCTIONS First Name: Last Name: Phone Number: e-mail: Agency in which you are employed: Current position: Please complete and submit this survey by April 15, 2018. We estimate that it will take approximately 15-20 minutes to complete. If you have any questions, please contact our principal investigator Dr. Chris Harper by phone: 225-578-0131 or e-mail: charper@lsu.edu. In addition, any supporting materials can be sent directly to Dr. Chris Harper by e-mail or at the postal address shown at the end of this page.

82 Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery 4. Has your agency implemented the use of the following emerging technologies during construction of highway projects? Type of Technologies Yes No Considering Its Use, but Not Yet Implemented Don’t Know Visualization and modeling technologies Interconnected technologies Safety technologies Instrumentation and sensors Unmanned aircraft systems Other (please specify): ________________ 5. What types of construction projects benefit from the use of the following technologies at your agency (Please mark all that apply)? Project Type V is ua liz at io n & M od el in g T ec hn ol og ie s In te rc on ne ct ed T ec hn ol og ie s Sa fe ty T ec hn ol og ie s In st ru m en ta ti on an d Se ns or s U nm an ne d A ir cr af t Sy st em s Paving Bridges Non-bridge structures Utility location/relocation Drainage Earthwork/grading Other (please specify): __________________ VISUALIZATION AND MODELING TECHNOLOGIES 6. Which of the following visualization and modeling technologies have been used to deliver highway construction projects at your agency (Please mark all that apply)? Visualization and Modeling Technologies Virtual reality Augmented reality Virtual prototyping Wearable visualization devices Civil integrated management (CIM) 2. Approximately how many capital highway construction projects does your agency deliver annually on average? ______________________________ 3. Approximately what is the total capital cost for delivering highway projects annually on average? _________________________________

Survey Questionnaire 83 Other (please specify): ______________________________________ 7. How are visualization and modeling technologies used to deliver highway construction projects at your agency (please mark all that apply)? Constructability analysis and reviews Documentation of as-built plans and models Fabrication of structural components Fabrication of nonstructural components Simulation of bridge construction Simulation of non-bridge construction Monitoring construction progress Utility locations and conflicts Verification of work completed for payment Evaluation and monitoring planned activities Virtual design and construction Quality control / quality assurance Inspections Other (please specify): _______________________________________________ 8. How frequently are visualization and modeling technologies used for highway construction delivery at your agency? None Some specific projects (please provide examples): ____________________________) All projects Not sure Other (please specify): ________________________________________________ 9. What are some lessons learned in implementing the use of visualization and modeling technologies for construction delivery at your agency? INTERCONNECTED TECHNOLOGIES 10. Which of the following interconnected technologies have been used on highway construction projects at your agency (please select all that apply)? Interconnected Technologies Agency vehicles (e.g., fleet vehicles, pickup trucks) Delivery vehicles (e.g., concrete mixer trucks, dump trucks, material delivery vehicles) 3-D/4-D/5-D building information modeling (BIM) 3-D/4-D/5-D bridge information modeling (BrIM) 3-D printing LiDAR

84 Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery Paving equipment (e.g., compactors, asphalt pavers, concrete pavers, planers) Handheld tools (e.g., saws, drills, jackhammers) Other (please specify): _________________________________________________________ 11. How are interconnected technologies used for delivery of highway construction projects at your agency (please select all that apply)? Location of vehicles Location of equipment/tools Accident avoidance Maintenance of vehicles/equipment/tools Performance monitoring of vehicles/equipment/tools Inventory management Asset management Mobility tracking Other (please specify): ____________________________________ 12. How frequently are interconnected technologies used for highway construction delivery at your agency? None Some specific projects (please provide examples): ____________________________) All projects Not sure Other (please specify): _____________________________________ 13. What are some lessons learned that you can think of in implementing the use of interconnected technologies for construction delivery at your agency? SAFETY TECHNOLOGIES FOR WORKERS AND MOTORISTS 14. Which of the following safety technologies have been used on highway construction projects at your agency (please select all that apply)? Safety Technologies Proximity warning alarms Wearable technology-enhanced personal protection equipment (PPE) Work zone intrusion alarms Mobile dynamic message signs Stationary dynamic message signs Haul vehicles (e.g., dump trucks, cranes, loaders) Earthwork equipment (e.g., dozers, backhoes, graders, scrapers, excavators)

Survey Questionnaire 85 Dynamic lane merging Automated cone placement and retrieval Health monitoring equipment Vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communications Other (please specify): _________________________________________________________ 15. How are safety technologies used for delivery of highway construction projects at your agency (please select all that apply)? Accident avoidance Intrusion detection Real-time information for motorists Removing workers from harm’s way Enhanced protection for workers Quality control / quality assurance Incident tracking and data collection Traffic control/management in the work zone Other (please specify): _______________________________________________ 16. How frequently are safety technologies used for highway construction delivery at your agency? None Some specific projects (please provide examples): ____________________________) All projects Not sure Other (please specify): _______________________________________________ 17. What are some lessons learned in implementing the use of safety technologies for construction delivery at your agency? INSTRUMENTATION TECHNOLOGIES DURING CONSTRUCTION 18. Which of the following instrumentation technologies have been used for highway construction projects at your agency (Please select all that apply)? Instrumentation Technologies for Construction Audio/video/closed circuit television (CCTV) Radio frequency identification (RFID) Remote sensing (e.g., LiDAR) Variable speed zones

86 Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery Sensors for measuring/monitoring structural integrity (e.g., gauges for stress, strain, deformation, seismic/vibration, current/voltage) Sensors for measuring/monitoring environmental conditions (e.g., heat, temperature, light, presence of toxins) Sensors for measuring specifications (e.g., compaction, depth, penetration) Infrared sensors (e.g., motion detectors, object detection) Other (please specify): ____________________________________________________ 19. How are instrumentation technologies used for delivery of highway construction projects at your agency (please select all that apply)? Recording placement of work for as-built purposes Monitoring progress of work (e.g., time-lapse audio and video) Evaluating boundary conditions of structural members (Note: Boundary conditions define the support conditions of structural members and its surrounding environment) Evaluating forces of structural members Monitoring of highway assets Verifying design during construction Location of construction materials Location of utilities Identifying optimal conditions for placement of work (e.g., compaction, paving) Quality control / quality assurance Inspections Other (please specify): _________________________________________ 20. How frequently are instrumentation technologies used for highway construction delivery at your agency? None Some specific projects (please provide examples): ____________________________) All projects Not sure Other (please specify): _____________________________________ 21. What are some lessons learned in implementing the use of instrumentation technologies for construction delivery at your agency? UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 22. How are UASs used for delivery of highway construction projects at your agency (please select all that apply)? Construction progress monitoring Construction documentation Construction surveying

Survey Questionnaire 87 Site mapping Inventory of materials/equipment Geographic information systems (GIS) Remove workers from hazardous situations Construction site security Asset management Safety management / safety inspections Quality control / quality assurance Inspections Traffic control and surveillance Other (please specify): _____________________________________________ 23. How frequently are UASs used for highway construction delivery at your agency? None Some specific projects (please provide examples): ____________________________) All projects Not sure Other (please specify): _____________________________________ 24. What are some lessons learned in implementing the use of UASs for construction delivery at your agency? FINAL THOUGHTS 25. Which of the project stakeholders use the following technologies during construction of highway projects (please select all that apply)? Stakeholder V is ua liz at io n & M od el in g T ec hn ol og ie s In te rc on ne ct ed T ec hn ol og ie s Sa fe ty T ec hn ol og ie s In st ru m en ta ti on an d Se ns or s U nm an ne d A ir cr af t Sy st em s DOTs Contractors Construction managers Program managers Contractors Vendors Manufacturers Fabricators Other (please specify): _______________

88 Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery 26. Does your agency use any of the following technologies to help meet workforce needs during construction of highway projects (Note: Meeting workforce needs relates to the ability of your agency to leverage the use of specific construction technologies to offset a lack of human resources available)? Type of Technology Yes No Don’t Know Visualization and modeling Interconnected technologies Safety technologies Instrumentation and sensors Unmanned aircraft systems Other (please Specify): _____________________________________ 27. Does your agency have a manual or document(s) that specifically describes the use of the following technologies on highway construction projects? Type of Technology Yes No Don’t Know Visualization and modeling technologies Interconnected technologies Safety technologies Instrumentation Unmanned aircraft systems Other (please specify): _____________________________________ For each technology you answered “yes,” please e-mail the documents to Dr. Harper at charper@lsu.edu or provide a web link: ______________________________________ 28. Are you willing to discuss your emerging technologies practices for construction delivery of highway projects with the research team in a structured interview? Yes No If the answer is “no,” can you please direct us to someone else in your agency? Contact name: Phone number: e-mail:

Survey Questionnaire 89 29. Does your agency use any other emerging technologies in highway construction project delivery not related to the technologies specifically discussed in this questionnaire? If yes, please explain: 30. Do you have any other information or final thoughts that you would like to share with the research team that might add value to this study?

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The uses and levels of maturity of five advanced technology areas visualization and modeling, interconnected technologies, safety technologies, instrumentation and sensors, and unmanned aircraft systems in transportation highway construction projects are documented in TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Synthesis 534: Emerging Technologies for Construction Delivery. The synthesis also investigates the implementation barriers and success factors for these technology areas and discusses the lessons learned as noted by state DOTs in their effort to study, test, and implement a new construction technology.

As the highway construction industry infuses more technologies into the process of project delivery, state DOTs have an opportunity to realize improved project performance regarding cost, schedule, and quality.

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Every Day Counts (EDC) initiatives promote the use of various advanced and emerging technologies (e.g., automated machine guidance, unmanned aircraft systems, building information modeling, handheld instruments and devices, and work zone intrusion detection systems).

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