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Page 68
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25582.
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Page 69
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25582.
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Page 69
Page 70
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25582.
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Page 70
Page 71
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25582.
×
Page 71
Page 72
Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2019. Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25582.
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Page 72

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68 AASHTO LRFD. 1994. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 1st edition, Washington, D.C. AASHTO LRFD. 2017. AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, 8th edition, Washington, D.C. Abdelrahman, A. A. 1995. Serviceability of Concrete Beams Prestressed by Fiber Reinforced Plastic Tendons, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada. Abdelrahman, A. A., and S. H. Rizkalla. 1997. Serviceability of Concrete Beams Prestressed by Carbon. ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 94, No. 4. pp. 447–457. Abdelrahman, A. A., G. Tadros, and S. H. Rizkalla. 1995. Test Model for First Canadian Smart Highway Bridge. ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 92, No. 4, pp. 451–458. ACI Committee 318. 2014. ACI 318-14: Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan. ACI Committee 440. 2015. ACI 440.1R-15: Guide for the Design and Construction of Structural Concrete Reinforced with Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bars. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan. ACI Committee 440. 2008. ACI 440.2R-08: Guide for the Design and Construction of Externally Bonded FRP Systems for Strengthening Concrete Structures. American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan. ACI Committee 440. 2011. ACI 440.4R-04: Prestressing Concrete Structures with FRP Tendons (Reapproved 2011). American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan. Adachi, Y., M. Hayashida, H. Sakai, M. Mashima, and T. Miyagawa. 1997. Strengthening of Prestressed Con- crete Segmental T-Beam Bridge using FRP External Prestressing Systems. Proceedings of Non-Metallic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures, Sapporo, Japan, pp. 695–702. Arockiasamy, M., M. Zhuang, and K. Sandepudi. 1995. Durability Studies on Prestressed Concrete Beams with CFRP Tendons. Non-Metallic (FRP) Reinforcement for Concrete Structures: Proceedings of the Second International RILEM Symposium, Ghent, Belgium, Vol. 29, pp. 456. ASTM D7290. 2017. Standard Practice for Evaluating Material Property Characteristic Values for Polymeric Composites for Civil Engineering Structural Application, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, Pennsylvania. Au, F. T. K., K. H. E. Chan, A. K. H. Kwan, and J. S. Du. 2009. Flexural Ductility of Prestressed Concrete Beams with Unbonded Tendons. Computers and Concrete, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 451–472. Aziz, M. A., G. Abdel-Sayed, F. Ghrib, N. F. Grace, and M. K. Madugula. 2005. Analysis of Concrete Beams Prestressed and Post-Tensioned with Externally Unbonded Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Tendons. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 32, No. 6, pp. 1138–1151. Balázs, G. L., and A. Borosnyói. 2004. Prestressing with CFRP Tendons. Proceeding of High Performance Materials in Bridges, pp. 349–358. Benmokrane, B., A. H. Ali, H. M. Mohamed, M. Robert, and A. ElSafty. 2015. Durability Performance and Service Life of CFCC® Tendons Exposed to Elevated Temperature and Alkaline Environment. Journal of Composites for Construction, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 349–358. Braimah, A., M. F. Green, and T. I. Campbell. 2006. Fatigue Behaviour of Concrete Beams Post-Tensioned with Unbonded Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer Tendons. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 9, pp. 1140–1155. BridgeTech, Inc., Tennessee Technological University, Mertz, D. 2007. NCHRP Report 592: Simplified Live Load Distribution Factor Equations. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. Bryan, P. E., and M. F. Green. 1996. Low Temperature Behaviour of CFRP Prestressed Concrete Beams. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 464–470. Burke, C. R., and C. W. Dolan. 2001. Flexural Design of Prestressed Concrete Beams using FRP Tendons. PCI Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2, pp. 76–87. References

References 69 Canadian Standards Association. 2014. CAN/CSA S6-06: Canadian Highway Bridge Design Code. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Standards Association. 2017. CAN/CSA S806-12: Design and Construction of Building Components with Fibre-Reinforced Polymers. Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Cervenka Consulting. 2013. ATENA [Software]. Prague, Czech Republic. www.cervenka.cz. Currier, J. B. 1995. Deformation of Prestressed Concrete Beams with FRP Tendons. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Dejke, V. 2001. Durability of FRP Reinforcement in Concrete: Literature Review and Experiments. Dolan, C. W., and D. Swanson. 2002. Development of Flexural Capacity of a FRP Prestressed Beam with Vertically Distributed Tendons. Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 1–6. Dolan, C. W., H. R. Hamilton, C. E. Bakis, and A. Nanni. 2000. Design Recommendations for Concrete Structures Prestressed with FRP Tendons. Report DTFH61-96-C-00019, Department of Civil and Architectural Engineering, University of Wyoming. Dolan, C. W. 1991. Kevlar Reinforced Prestressing for Bridge Decks, Transportation Research Record, No. 1290, pp. 68–76. http://onlinepubs.trb.org/Onlinepubs/trr/1991/1290vol1/1290-008.pdf. Du, J. S., and F. T. K. Au. 2009. Estimation of Ultimate Stress in External FRP Tendons. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers—Structures and Buildings, Vol. 162, No. 4, pp. 213–220. Du, X. L., Z. H. Wang, and J. B. Liu. 2011. Flexural Capacity of Concrete Beams Prestressed with Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Tendons. Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 168, pp. 1353–1362. Elbadry, M. M., H. Abdalla, and A. Ghali. 2000. Effects of Temperature on the Behaviour of Fiber Reinforced Polymer Reinforced Concrete Members: Experimental Studies. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 27, No. 5, pp. 993–1004. Elrefai, A., J. S. West, and K. Soudki. 2007. 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Abdel-Sayed. 1998. Behavior of Externally Draped CFRP Tendons in Prestressed Concrete Bridges. PCI Journal, Vol. 43, No. 5, pp. 88–101. Grace, N. F. 2000. Transfer Length of CFRP/CFCC Strands for Double-T Girders. PCI Journal, Vol. 45, No. 5, pp. 110–126. Grace, N. F., T. Enomoto, S. Sachidanandan, S. Puravankara. 2006. Use of CFRP/CFCC Reinforcement in Prestressed Concrete Box-Beam Bridges. ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 103, pp. 123–132. Grace, N. F., T. Enomoto, A. Abdela-Mohti, and Y. Tokal. 2008. Flexural Behavior of Precast Concrete Box Beams Post-Tensioned with Unbonded, Carbon-Fiber-Composite Cables. PCI Journal, Vol. 53, No. 4, pp. 62–82. Grace, N. F., T. Enomoto, P. Baah, and M. Bebawy. 2012. Flexural Behavior of CFRP Precast Prestressed Decked Bulb T-Beams. Journal of Composites for Construction, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 225–234. Grace, N. F., E. Jensen, V. Matsagar, and P. Penjendra. 2013. Performance of an AASHTO Beam Bridge Prestressed with CFRP Tendons. 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70 Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems Grace, N. F., S. B. Singh, M. M. Shinouda, and S. S. Mathew. 2005. Concrete Beams Prestressed with CFRP. Concrete International, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 60–64. Grace, N. F., B. M. Tang, and G. A. Sayed. 2001. New Approach to Multi-Span CFRP Continuous Prestressed Bridges, Proceedings on International Conference on FRP Composites in Civil Engineering, Hong Kong, China, pp. 1177–1184. Hancox, N. L., and R. M. Mayer. 1994. Design Data for Reinforced Plastics: A Guide for Engineers and Designers. Chapman and Hall, London. Harajli, M. H., and M. Y. Kanj 1992. Ultimate Flexural Strength of Concrete Members Prestressed with Unbonded Tendons. Structural Journal, Vol. 88, No. 6, pp. 663–674. Harajli, M. H. 2006. On the Stress in Unbonded Tendons at Ultimate: Critical Assessment and Proposed Changes. ACI Structural Journal, Vol. 103, No. 6, pp. 803–812. Harajli, M. H. 2011. 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Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) is becoming a recognized alternative to traditional construction materials in a wide range of civil engineering applications. An example of such applications is the use of CFRP cables or bars as prestressing tendons for concrete bridge girders, especially in aggressive environments where steel prestressing strands are susceptible to corrosion.

Despite their promise, CFRP prestressing tendons have not frequently been used for bridge construction in the United States; their use has been hampered by the lack of recognized design specifications.

NCHRP (National Cooperative Highway Research Program) Research Report 907: Design of Concrete Bridge Beams Prestressed with CFRP Systems proposes guidelines and presents research findings that are expected to advance and facilitate the use of CFRP systems in bridge applications. In addition, five design examples that illustrate the step-by-step use of the proposed guide specifications are provided.

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