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B Acronyms 3D three-dimensional a-Si amorphous silicon Al-Li aluminumâlithium AMRDEC Aviation and Missile Research, Development, and Engineering Center ANVEL Autonomous Navigation Virtual Environment Laboratory APNT assured positioning, navigation, and timing ARDEC Armament Research, Development, and Engineering Center ARL Army Research Laboratory ARO Army Research Office ASA (ALT) Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology AWG arrayed waveguide gratings BCP block copolymer BNC bacterial nanocellulose BP black phosphorus BST barium strontium titanate CERDEC CommunicationâElectronics Research, Development, and Engineering Center CFD computational fluid dynamics CNR carbon nanoribbon CO carbon monoxide 119
120 APPENDIX B DE discrete element DEM discrete element method DFT density functional theory DIC digital image correlation DNA deoxyribonucleic acid DNN deep neural network DNS direct numerical simulation DoD Department of Defense DSC differential scanning calorimetry EBIC Electron Beam-Induced Current ECBC Edgewood Chemical Biological Center EH energy harvesting EO electro-optical FE finite element FEA finite element analysis FEM finite element method FPA focal plane array FSW friction stir welding FVL future vertical lift GPS Global Positioning System H2 hydrogen HEL high-energy laser HEL-JTO High-Energy Laser-Joint Technology Office HERMES Harvesting Energy to Reduce the Metabolic Expenditure of Soldiers HMS hierarchical multiscale simulation HNIW hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane HPC high-performance computing HSL homoserine lactones ILIR In-House Laboratory Independent Research IR infrared LaRC Langley Research Center LC liquid crystal Li-ion lithium ion MBE molecular beam epitaxy MIMO multiple-input and multiple-output MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MOF metal oxide framework MoS2 molybdenum disulfide multi-SLAM multi-robot simultaneous localization and mapping
APPENDIX B 121 NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration NMP n-methylpyrrolidone NSRDEC Natick Soldier Research, Development, and Engineering Center O2 oxygen PAN polyacrylonitrile PAO Poly-Î±-Olefin PI principal investigator PIV particle image velocimetry PNNL Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PS polystyrene Pt platinum PVDF polyvinylidene fluoride PVP polyvinylpyrrolidone QCM-D quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring QE Quantum Expresso QS quorum sensing R&D research and development RANS Reynolds-averaged NavierâStokes Rb rubidium RCAS Rotorcraft Comprehensive Analysis System RDEC Research, Development, and Engineering Center RDECOM Research, Development, and Engineering Command Re rhenium RF radio frequency RO reverse osmosis RPAC Research Program Review and Analysis Committee RRC Report Review Committee RTID real-time tracking, identification, and discrimination SAD selective area diffraction Si silicon SiO2 silicon dioxide SMART Science, Mathematics and Research for Transformation SMDC Space and Missile Defense Command Technical Center Ta tantalum TARDEC Tank Automotive Research, Development, and Engineering Center TE transfer entropy TEM transmission electron microscopy TiO2 titanium dioxide TPIV thermal particle image velocimetry
122 APPENDIX B UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UGV unmanned ground vehicle UHMWPE ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene UML University of Massachusetts, Lowell USMA United States Military Academy UV-vis ultravioletâvisible ZnTe zinc telluride ZrO2 zirconium dioxide