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Reflecting Sunlight: Recommendations for Solar Geoengineering Research and Research Governance (2021)

Chapter: Appendix B: Speakers from the Committee Meetings & Webinars

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speakers from the Committee Meetings & Webinars." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Reflecting Sunlight: Recommendations for Solar Geoengineering Research and Research Governance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25762.
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Page 291
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speakers from the Committee Meetings & Webinars." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Reflecting Sunlight: Recommendations for Solar Geoengineering Research and Research Governance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25762.
×
Page 292
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speakers from the Committee Meetings & Webinars." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Reflecting Sunlight: Recommendations for Solar Geoengineering Research and Research Governance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25762.
×
Page 293
Suggested Citation:"Appendix B: Speakers from the Committee Meetings & Webinars." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Reflecting Sunlight: Recommendations for Solar Geoengineering Research and Research Governance. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25762.
×
Page 294

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APPENDIX B Speakers from the Committee Meetings & Webinars MEETING 1: WASHINGTON, DC; APRIL 30-MAY 1, 2019 Lili Fuhr, Heinrich Böll Foundation Steve Hamburg, Environmental Defense Fund Anna-Maria Hubert, University of Calgary David Keith, Harvard University Ben Kravitz, Indiana University David Morrow, Forum for Climate Engineering Assessment, American University Daniel Sarewitz, Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes, Arizona State University Michael Stoever, Office of U.S. Rep. Jerry McNerney (CA-09) Pablo Suarez, Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre Janos Pasztor, Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative Kelly Wanser, SilverLining Kyle Whyte, Michigan State University WEBINAR 1: JULY 22, 2019 Melanie Nakagawa, Princeville Capital Pete Ogden, United Nations Foundation Franz Xaver Perrez, Switzerland’s Federal Office and University of Bern School of Law Nigel Purvis, Climate Advisers RESEARCH WORKSHOP AND MEETING 2: BOULDER, CO; AUGUST 7–9, 2019 Waleed Abdalati, University of Colorado, Boulder Rob Bellamy, University of Manchester Colin Carlson, Georgetown University David Fahey, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/Earth System Research Laboratories Jane Flegal, Arizona State University 291 PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

APPENDIX B Sean Garner, Palo Alto Research Center Cheryl Harrison, University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley Frank Keutsch, Harvard University Ulrike Lohmann, ETH Zurich Allison McComiskey, Brookhaven National Laboratory Karen Parkhill, University of York Steve Platnick, National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Space Flight Center Phil Rasch, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Alan Robock, Rutgers University Isla Simpson, National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Brian Soden, University of Miami Jack Stilgoe, University College London Simone Tilmes, NCAR Gernot Wagner, New York University Rob Wood, University of Washington GOVERNANCE WORKSHOP AND MEETING 3: STANFORD, CA; SEPTEMBER 10–12, 2019 Louise Bedsworth, California Strategic Growth Council Daniel Bodansky, Arizona State University Holly Buck, University of California, Los Angeles Wylie Carr, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Alta Charo, University of Wisconsin, School of Law Drew Endy, Stanford University Stephen Gardiner, University of Washington Gary Gardner, GreenFaith Tracy Hester, University of Houston Law Center Joshua Horton, Harvard University Sheila Jasanoff, Harvard Kennedy School, Sikina Jinnah, University of California, Santa Cruz Deneb Karentz, University of San Francisco Robert Lempert, RAND Corporation Lisa Levin, Scripps Institution of Oceanography Andy Parker, Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative, Ted Parson, University of California, Los Angeles School of Law Jonathan Pershing, William and Flora Hewlett Foundation Nick Pidgeon, Cardiff University 292 PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

Appendix B Steve Rayner, University of Oxford Stuart Russell, University of California, Berkeley David Santillo, Greenpeace International Alex Wellerstein, Stevens Institute of Technology WEBINAR 2: SEPTEMBER 26, 2019 Daniel Harrison, Australia Marine Cloud Brightening for the Great Barrier Reef Jan McDonald, Australian Forum for Climate Intervention Governance Jeffrey McGee, Australian Forum for Climate Intervention Governance WEBINAR 3: SEPTEMBER 27, 2019 John Moore, Beijing Normal University, College of Global Change and Earth System Science WEBINAR 4: DECEMBER 16, 2019 Paula Caballero, Lands for Life Program, Rare Arunabha Ghosh, Council on Energy, Environment and Water Youba Sokona, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 293 PREPUBLICATION COPY—Uncorrected Proofs

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Next: Appendix C: Scenarios Developed By The Committee for the Decision Maker Needs' Webinars »
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Climate change is creating impacts that are widespread and severe for individuals, communities, economies, and ecosystems around the world. While efforts to reduce emissions and adapt to climate impacts are the first line of defense, researchers are exploring other options to reduce warming. Solar geoengineering strategies are designed to cool Earth either by adding small reflective particles to the upper atmosphere, by increasing reflective cloud cover in the lower atmosphere, or by thinning high-altitude clouds that can absorb heat. While such strategies have the potential to reduce global temperatures, they could also introduce an array of unknown or negative consequences.

This report concludes that a strategic investment in research is needed to enhance policymakers' understanding of climate response options. The United States should develop a transdisciplinary research program, in collaboration with other nations, to advance understanding of solar geoengineering's technical feasibility and effectiveness, possible impacts on society and the environment, and social dimensions such as public perceptions, political and economic dynamics, and ethical and equity considerations. The program should operate under robust research governance that includes such elements as a research code of conduct, a public registry for research, permitting systems for outdoor experiments, guidance on intellectual property, and inclusive public and stakeholder engagement processes.

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