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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25816.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25816.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25816.
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Suggested Citation:"References." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2020. Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25816.
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Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

73 Advanced Traffic Management Systems Committee and Advanced Public Transportation Systems Committee. (2002). An Overview of Transit Signal Priority. Technical report, Intelligent Transportation Society of America. Albright, E., and Figliozzi, M. (2012). Factors Influencing Effectiveness of Transit Signal Priority and Late- Bus Recovery at Signalized-Intersection Level. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2311. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 186–194. Al-Sahili, K., and Taylor, W. (1996). Evaluation of Bus Priority Signal Strategies in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Transportation Research Record, No. 1554. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 74–79. Altun, S. Z., and Furth, P. G. (2009). Scheduling Buses to Take Advantage of Transit Signal Priority. Transpor­ tation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2111. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 50–59. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Institute of Transportation Engineers, and National Electrical Manufacturers Association. (2014). NTCIP 1211: National Transportation Commu­ nications for ITS Protocol—Object Definitions for Signal Control and Prioritization (SCP). Retrieved from https://www.ntcip.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/NTCIP1211-v0224j.pdf. Accessed Nov. 6, 2019. American Bus Benchmarking Group (ABBG). (2019) American Bus Benchmarking Group [Website]. Retrieved from https://americanbusbenchmarking.org/?page_id=11. Accessed April 26, 2019. Anderson, P., and Daganzo, C. F. (2020). Effect of Transit Signal Priority on Bus Service Reliability. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 132:2–14. Argote-Cabanero, J., Daganzo, C. F., and Lynn, J. W. (2015). Dynamic Control of Complex Transit Systems. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 81:146–160. Balke, K. N., Dudek, C. L., and Urbanik, T. (2000). Development and Evaluation of Intelligent Bus Priority Concept. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 1727. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 12–19. Bartholdi, J. J., III, and Eisenstein, D. D. (2012). A self-Coordinating Bus Route to Resist Bus Bunching. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 46(4):481–491. Bowen, G., Bretherton, R., Landles, J., and Cook, D. (1994). Active Bus Priority in SCOOT. In 7th Inter­ national Conference on Road Traffic Monitoring and Control, pp. 73–76. The Institution of Engineering and Technology. Brampton Transit. (2019). All about Brampton Transit. Retrieved from http://www.brampton.ca/EN/residents/ transit/About-Us/Pages/Welcome.aspx. Accessed July 28, 2019. Bunch, J. A. (2018). Planning Level US 29 BRT Transit Signal Priority Analysis. Technical report, Montgomery County DOT. Calgary Transit. (2019). Statistics for 2018. Retrieved from https://www.calgarytransit.com/about-us/facts-and- figures/statistics. Accessed July 28, 2019. Capelle, D. G., Wagner, F., and Stahr, J. (1976). Demonstrating the Effective Use of the Urban Corridor. Transit Journal, 2(4):41–52. Casey, R. F. (1999). Advanced Public Transportation Systems Deployment in the United States. Technical report, Research and Special Projects Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation. Chow, A. H., and Li, S. (2017). Modelling and Managing Bus Service Regularity with Influence of Prevailing Traffic. Transportmetrica B: Transport Dynamics, 7(1):82–106. Chow, A. H., Li, S., and Zhong, R. (2017). Multi-Objective Optimal Control Formulations for Bus Service Reliability with Traffic Signals. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 103:248–268. References

74 Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice Christofa, E., and Skabardonis, A. (2011). Traffic Signal Optimization with Application of Transit Signal Priority to an Isolated Intersection. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2259. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 192–201. Collura, J., Chang, J., Willhaus, E. W., and Gifford, J. (2001). Traffic Signal Preemption and Priority: Technologies, Past Deployments, and System Requirements. In Proceedings of the ITS America Eleventh Annual Meeting and Exposition, Miami Beach, Fla. Daganzo, C. F. (2009). A Headway-Based Approach to Eliminate Bus Bunching: Systematic Analysis and Comparisons. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 43(10):913–921. Daganzo, C. F. (2017). Unpublished research notes. VIA Analytics. Daganzo, C. F., and Pilachowski, J. (2011). Reducing Bunching with Bus-to-Bus Cooperation. 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In 12th IEE International Conference on Road Transport Information and Control, pp. 287–294, London, UK. The Institution of Engineering and Technology. Hounsell, N., Shrestha, B., Head, J., Palmer, S., and Bowen, T. (2008). The Way Ahead for London’s Bus Priority at Traffic Signals. IET Intelligent Transport Systems, 2(3):193–200. Hounsell, N., and Wu, J. (1995). Public Transport Priority in Real-Time Traffic Control Systems. In Applications of Advanced Technologies in Transportation Engineering, pp. 71–75. American Society of Civil Engineers. Hu, J., Park, B. B., and Lee, Y.-J. (2015). Coordinated Transit Signal Priority Supporting Transit Progression under Connected Vehicle Technology. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 55:393–408. Hu, J., Park, B., and Parkany, A. E. (2014). Transit Signal Priority with Connected Vehicle Technology. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2418. 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References 75 Kamdar, V. (2004). Evaluating the Transit Signal Priority Impacts along the U.S. 1 Corridor in Northern Virginia. Master’s thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Falls Church, Va. Kittelson & Associates, Inc. (2007). TCRP Report 118: Bus Rapid Transit Practitioner’s Guide. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. Kittelson & Associates, Inc., Parsons Brinckerhoff, Inc., KFH Group, Inc., Texas A&M Transportation Institute, Houston, and Arup. (2013). TCRP Report 165: Transit Capacity and Quality of Service Manual, 3rd ed. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C. Liu, Z., Yan, Y., Qu, X., and Zhang, Y. (2013). Bus Stop-Skipping Scheme with Random Travel Time. Trans­ portation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies, 35:46–56. Lin, Y., Yang, X., Zou, N., and Franz, M. (2015). Transit Signal Priority Control at Signalized Intersections: A Comprehensive Review. 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76 Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice Sun, A., and Hickman, M. (2005). The Real–Time Stop–Skipping Problem. Journal of Intelligent Transportation Systems, 9(2):91–109. Sunkari, S. R., Beasley, P. S., Urbanik, T., and Fambro, D. B. (1995). Model to Evaluate the Impacts of Bus Priority on Signalized Intersections. Transportation Research Record, No. 1494. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 117–123. Tindale-Oliver & Associates. (2014). Transit Signal Priority Implementation Guidance. Technical report, Florida Department of Transportation. Toronto Transit Commission. (2019). Operating Statistics—2017. Retrieved from https://beta.ttc.ca/en/ transparency-and-accountability/operating-statistics—2017/conventional-system#.XT4j_ehKjZs. Accessed July 28, 2019. Urbanik, T., and Holder, R. (1977). Evaluation of Priority Techniques for High Occupancy Vehicles on Arterial Streets. Technical report, Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University. Urbanik, T., Tanaka, A., Lozner, B., Lindstrom, E., Lee, K., Quayle, S., Beaird, S., Tsoi, S., Ryus, P., Gettman, D., Sunkari, S., Balke, K., and Bullock, D. (2015). NCHRP Report 812: Signal Timing Manual, 2nd ed. Transpor- tation Research Board, Washington, D.C. Wattleworth, J. A., Courage, K. G., and Wallace, C. E. (1977). Evaluation of Bus-Priority Strategies on Northwest Seventh Avenue in Miami-Abridgment. Transportation Research Record, No. 626. TRB, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., pp. 32–35. Wu, J., and Hounsell, N. (1998). Bus Priority Using Pre-Signals. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 32(8):563–583. Xuan, Y., Argote, J., and Daganzo, C. F. (2011). Dynamic Bus Holding Strategies for Schedule Reliability: Optimal Linear Control and Performance Analysis. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 45(10):1831–1845. Zlatkovic, M., Stevanovic, A., and Martin, P. T. (2012). Development and Evaluation of Algorithm for Resolution of Conflicting Transit Signal Priority Requests. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2311. Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, Washington, D.C., pp. 167–175.

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Public transit buses face many operational challenges—especially when operating on the same streets and roads as other vehicles. Buses can be slowed by traffic congestion and get repeatedly caught at traffic lights, slowing buses down and delaying both passengers on board and passengers waiting at stops farther along the route.

The TRB Transit Cooperative Research Program's TCRP Synthesis 149: Transit Signal Priority: Current State of the Practice documents the current practice of TSP, which is an important tool that increases bus speeds and reliability, thereby improving transit system efficiency and effectiveness.

Twenty-eight (61%) of the 46 surveyed transit agencies had active TSP deployments, and 13 transit agencies (28%) either are in predeployment testing or have plans to pursue TSP in the future.

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