National Academies Press: OpenBook

Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System (2021)

Chapter: Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information

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Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25932.
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Page 191
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25932.
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Page 192
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25932.
×
Page 193
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25932.
×
Page 194
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25932.
×
Page 195
Suggested Citation:"Appendix A: Committee Biographical Information." National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2021. Accelerating Decarbonization of the U.S. Energy System. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/25932.
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Page 196

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A Committee Biographical Information STEPHEN W. PACALA, Chair, is the Frederick D. Petrie Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. Dr. Pacala directs the Carbon Mitigation Initiative, an effort to develop solutions to the greenhouse warming problem. He is also a founder and chair of the board of Climate Central, a nonprofit media organization focusing on climate change. Dr. Pacala chaired the Committee on Carbon Dioxide Removal and Sequestration of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, which released its report in 2018. His research covers a wide variety of ecological and mathematical topics with an emphasis on interactions between greenhouse gases (GHGs), climate, and the biosphere. Dr. Pacala received an undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College in 1978 and a Ph.D. in biology from Stanford University in 1982. He serves on the boards of the Environmental Defense Fund and Hamilton Insurance Group. Among his many honors are the David Starr Jordan Prize and the George Mercer Award of the Ecological Society of America. Dr. Pacala is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. COLIN CUNLIFF is a senior policy analyst in clean energy innovation policy at the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation, a nonpartisan think tank and research organization. Dr. Cunliff previously worked at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) on climate mitigation and energy sector resilience. At DOE, he contributed to the Quadrennial Energy Review: Transforming the Nation’s Electricity System, a national roadmap to modernize the U.S. electricity system. Prior to that, Dr. Cunliff served as the American Institute of Physics (AIP) Congressional Fellow in the office of Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), where he was a staff science adviser on energy, climate, and transportation. He holds a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, Davis, and a bachelor’s of science in physics and mathematics from the University of Texas, Austin. DANIELLE DEANE-RYAN has devoted her career to her passion for forging equitable climate crisis solutions. Ms. Deane-Ryan is an independent consultant serving as a senior advisor to foundations including the Donors of Color Network and the Libra Foundation. Previously, she directed the Inclusive Clean Economy Program at the Nathan Cummings Foundation, supporting collaborations that catalyzed world-leading climate and equity policies. Ms. Deane-Ryan served in the Obama Administration as Senior Advisor for External Affairs and Acting Director for Stakeholder Engagement at the DOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. She is a co-author of the 2019 Clean Energy States Alliance Report Solar with Justice: Strategies for Powering Up Under-Resourced Communities and Growing an Inclusive Solar Market. Prior, Ms. Deane-Ryan was the founding executive director of Green 2.0 and a principal of the Raben Group; launched the New Constituencies for Environmental Program at the Hewlett Foundation; and managed the Commission to Engage African Americans on Energy, Climate Change, and the Environment at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies. Ms. Deane-Ryan is on the boards of the Clean Energy States Alliance and Resource Media. She holds an M.Sc. from the London School of Economics in environment and development and a B.A. from Williams College in political economy with an environmental studies concentration. Williams College awarded its Bicentennial Medal in 2019 to Ms. Deane-Ryan for her contributions to the environmental justice field. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 191

KELLY SIMS GALLAGHER is a professor of energy and environmental policy at the Fletcher School, Tufts University. Dr. Gallagher directs the Climate Policy Lab and the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy at Fletcher. From June 2014 to September 2015, she served in the Obama Administration as a Senior Policy Advisor in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and as Senior China Advisor in the Special Envoy for Climate Change Office at the U.S. State Department. Dr. Gallagher is a member of the board of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. She is a member of the executive committee of the Tyler Prize for Environmental Achievement, she serves on the board of the Energy Foundation, and she is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Broadly, Dr. Gallagher focuses on energy innovation and climate policy. She specializes in how policy spurs the development and deployment of cleaner and more efficient energy technologies, domestically and internationally. Dr. Gallagher is the author of Titans of the Climate (2018); The Global Diffusion of Clean Energy Technologies: Lessons from China (2014); China Shifts Gears: Automakers, Oil, Pollution, and Development (2006); and dozens of other publications. JULIA HAGGERTY is an associate professor of geography in the Department of Earth Sciences at Montana State University (MSU), where she holds a joint appointment in the Montana Institute on Ecosystems. Dr. Haggerty received her B.A. in liberal arts from Colorado College and her Ph.D. in history from the University of Colorado. An award-winning teacher, Dr. Haggerty teaches courses in human, economic, and energy resource geography at MSU. She also leads the Resources and Communities Research Group in studying the ways rural communities respond to shifting economic and policy trajectories, especially as they involve natural resources. Dr. Haggerty has expertise in diverse rural geographies, including those shaped by energy development, extractive industries, ranching and agriculture, and amenity development and conservation. Partnerships and collaboration with diverse stakeholders are central to her approach. Prior to joining MSU, Dr. Haggerty was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Otago in New Zealand (2005–2007) and a policy analyst with Headwaters Economics in Bozeman, Montana (2008–2013). She speaks frequently to public audiences about her research and has served on a number of boards and advisory committees from local to international scales. CHRISTOPHER T. HENDRICKSON is the Hamerschlag University Professor of Engineering Emeritus, director of the Traffic 21 Institute at Carnegie Mellon University, and editor-in-chief of the ASCE Journal of Transportation Engineering Part A (Systems). Dr. Hendrickson’s research, teaching, and consulting are in the general area of engineering planning and management, including transportation systems, design for the environment, system performance, construction project management, finance, and computer applications. Central themes in his work are a systems-wide perspective and a balance of engineering and management considerations. He has co-authored eight books and published numerous articles in the professional literature. Dr. Hendrickson has been the recipient of the Council of University Transportation Centers Lifetime Achievement Award (2020), the ARTBA Steinburg Award (2019), the Faculty Award of the Carnegie Mellon Alumni Association (2009), the Turner Lecture Award of the American Society of Civil Engineers (2002), and the Fenves Systems Research Award from the Institute of Complex Engineering Systems (2002). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Construction (2014), fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (2007), a distinguished member of the American Society of Civil Engineers (2007), chair of the Transportation Research Board Division Committee, and former member of the Transportation Research Board (2004). Dr. Hendrickson earned bachelor’s and M.S. degrees from Stanford University, an M.Phil. degree in economics from Oxford University, and a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). JESSE D. JENKINS is an assistant professor at Princeton University with a joint appointment in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and the Andlinger Center for Energy and the PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 192

Environment. Dr. Jenkins is an energy systems engineer with a focus on the rapidly evolving electricity sector, including the transition to zero-carbon resources, the proliferation of distributed energy resources, and the role of electricity in economy-wide decarbonization. His research focuses on improving and applying optimization-based energy systems models to evaluate low-carbon energy technologies, policy options, and robust decisions under deep uncertainty. Dr. Jenkins completed a Ph.D. in engineering systems and an M.S. in technology and policy at MIT and a B.S. in computer and information science at the University of Oregon. He worked previously as a postdoctoral environmental fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School and the Harvard University Center for the Environment, a researcher at the MIT Energy Initiative, the director of Energy and Climate Policy at the Breakthrough Institute, and a policy and research associate at Renewable Northwest. ROXANNE JOHNSON established and currently directs the Research Department at the BlueGreen Alliance (BGA), a national coalition of labor unions and environmental groups working to build a stronger, fairer economy. In Ms. Johnson’s current role, she leads BGA’s research efforts to understand job creation opportunities in the clean economy. Her team is responsible for conducting manufacturing and policy research in industries such as wind and solar energy, energy efficiency, advanced vehicles, and infrastructure. Her previous work at the Great Plains Institute focused on communicating model results showing potential impacts of energy and transportation policy. Ms. Johnson earned a B.S. in mathematics and environmental studies from Northland College in Ashland, Wisconsin. She also earned an M.S. in science, technology, and environmental policy from the Humphrey School of Public Affairs in Minneapolis, Minnesota. TIMOTHY C. LIEUWEN serves as executive director of the Strategic Energy Institute at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Dr. Lieuwen is also a Regents’ Professor and the David S. Lewis Jr. Chair in the School of Aerospace Engineering. He is also founder and chief technology officer of TurbineLogic, an analytics firm working in the gas turbine industry. Dr. Lieuwen is an international authority on gas turbine technologies, both from a research and development perspective and from a field/operational perspective. He has authored or edited four books, including the textbook Unsteady Combustor Physics. He has authored more than 350 publications and received four patents, all of which are licensed to the gas turbine industry. Dr. Lieuwen is editor-in-chief of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) Progress book series. He is also past chair of the Combustion, Fuels, and Emissions Technical Committee of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and has served as associate editor of Combustion Science and Technology, Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, and AIAA Journal of Propulsion and Power. Dr. Lieuwen is a fellow of ASME and AIAA, and a recipient of the AIAA Lawrence Sperry Award, ASME George Westinghouse Gold Medal, National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award, and various best paper awards. Board positions include appointment by the Secretary of Energy to the National Petroleum Counsel, board of governors of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and board member of the ASME International Gas Turbine Institute. Dr. Lieuwen has also served on a variety of federal review and advisory committees. He holds a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Georgia Tech. He has served on the National Academies Review of NASA Test Flight Capabilities and the Decadal Survey of Aeronautics committees. VIVIAN LOFTNESS is a university professor and former head of the School of Architecture at Carnegie Mellon University. Ms. Loftness is an internationally renowned researcher, author, and educator with more than 30 years of focus on environmental design and sustainability, advanced building systems integration, climate and regionalism in architecture, and design for performance in the workplace of the future. She has served on 10 National Academies panels and on the Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment and has given four congressional testimonies on sustainability. Ms. Loftness is a recipient of the National Educator Honor Award from the American Institute of Architecture Students and the Sacred Tree Award from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). She received her B.S. and M.S. in architecture from MIT and served on the National Boards of the USGBC, American Institute of PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 193

Architects (AIA) Committee on the Environment, Green Building Alliance, Turner Sustainability, and the Global Assurance Group of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development. Ms. Loftness is a registered architect and a fellow of the AIA. CLARK A. MILLER is a professor and director of the Center for Energy and Society at Arizona State University (ASU). Dr. Miller leads sustainability research for the Quantum Energy and Sustainable Solar Technologies Engineering Research Center. He also serves as a member of the steering committee of LightWorks, ASU’s university-wide sustainable energy initiative. Dr. Miller’s current research focuses on the human and social dimensions of energy transitions, including the social value of distributed renewable energy systems, strategies for addressing poverty and inequality through energy innovation, the organization of urban and regional energy transitions, and the design and governance of solar energy futures. He is an author or editor of eight books: The Weight of Light (2019); Designing Knowledge (2018); The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies (2016); The Practices of Global Ethics (2015); Science and Democracy (2015); Nanotechnology, the Brain, and the Future (2013); Arizona’s Energy Future (2011); and Changing the Atmosphere (2001). Dr. Miller has published extensively in the fields of energy policy, science and technology policy, the role of science in democratic governance and international relations, the governance of emerging technologies, and the design of knowledge systems for improved decision making. He holds a Ph.D. in electrical engineering from Cornell University. WILLIAM A. PIZER is the Susan B. King Professor and senior associate dean for faculty and research at the Sanford School of Public Policy and faculty fellow at the Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, both at Duke University. Dr. Pizer is also a university fellow at Resources for the Future and a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. His current research examines how we value the future benefits of climate change mitigation, how environmental regulation and climate policy can affect production costs and competitiveness, and how the design of market-based environmental policies can address the needs of different stakeholders. Dr. Pizer has been actively involved in the creation of an environmental program at Duke Kunshan University in China, a collaborative venture between Duke University, Wuhan University, and the city of Kunshan. Before coming to Duke, he was Deputy Assistant Secretary for Environment and Energy at the U.S. Department of the Treasury from 2008 to 2011, overseeing Treasury’s role in the domestic and international environment and energy agenda of the United States. Prior to that, he was a researcher at Resources for the Future for more than a decade. Dr. Pizer has written more than 50 peer-reviewed publications, books, and articles, and holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. in economics from Harvard University and a B.S. in physics from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. VARUN RAI is an associate professor in the LBJ School of Public Affairs and in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Texas, Austin, where he directs the Energy Systems Transformation Research Group (also known as the “Rai Group”). Dr. Rai’s interdisciplinary research— delving into issues at the interface of energy systems, complex systems, decision science, and public policy—focuses on studying how the interactions between the underlying social, behavioral, economic, technological, and institutional components of the energy system impact the diffusion of energy technologies. Over the past 15 years, his research has applied various analytical lenses to the study of technologies and policies in carbon capture and sequestration, fuel cells, oil and gas, plug-in hybrid vehicles, and solar photovoltaics. Dr. Rai has presented at several important forums, including the U.S. Senate Briefings, Global Intelligent Utility Network Coalition, and Global Economic Symposium, and his research group’s work has been discussed in the New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, and Bloomberg News, among other venues. He was a Global Economic Fellow in 2009 and holds the Elspeth Rostow Centennial Fellowship at the LBJ School. From 2013 to 2015, Dr. Rai was a commissioner for the vertically integrated electric utility Austin Energy. In 2016, the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management awarded him the David N. Kershaw Award and Prize, which “was established to honor persons who, at under the age of 40, have made a distinguished contribution to PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 194

the field of public policy analysis and management.” He received the Eyes of Texas Excellence Award, also in 2016, for making “noteworthy contributions to the UT community.” Dr. Rai has been the associate dean for research at the LBJ School since 2017. He received his Ph.D. and M.S. in mechanical engineering from Stanford University and a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur. ED RIGHTOR is the director of the Industrial Program at the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE). In this role, Dr. Rightor develops and leads the strategic vision for the industrial sector, shapes the research and policy agenda, and convenes stakeholders to accelerate energy efficiency and reductions of GHGs. Prior to joining ACEEE, Dr. Rightor held several leadership roles at Dow Chemical during his 30-year career. Through 2017, he served as the director of strategic projects in Dow’s Environmental Technology Center. In this role, he worked with Dow businesses, operations, and corporate groups to reduce air emissions, waste, freshwater intake, and energy use. Dr. Rightor also served as the facilitator of Dow’s Corporate Water Strategy Team, led teams to establish and pursue Dow’s 2025 Sustainability Goals, including the first-ever water goal. Working across global industrial associations, he spearheaded a roadmap for the chemical industry on paths to reduce energy and GHG emissions. In prior roles, Dr. Rightor developed GHG and energy reduction options across Dow’s global operations and pursued project funding and implementation. Earlier, he started a new market-facing business in the energy sector, led cross-functional teams to optimize processes (six sigma), pioneered technology that led to new materials development, and led teams to troubleshoot production challenges. Dr. Rightor earned a doctorate in chemistry from Michigan State University and a bachelor’s of science in chemistry from Marietta College. ESTHER TAKEUCHI is a professor at Stony Brook University and a chief scientist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory. Dr. Takeuchi is an energy storage expert who led efforts to invent and refine the lifesaving lithium/silver vanadium oxide (Li/SVO) battery technology, utilized in the majority of today’s implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). Dr. Takeuchi’s work was conducted during 22 years at Greatbatch, Inc., a major supplier of pacemaker and ICD batteries. ICD batteries have high energy density with the ability to support intermittent high-power pulses. In addition, they have a long life, are safe, and are durable. In Dr. Takeuchi’s innovation, the cathodes employ two metals, silver and vanadium, rather than just one, allowing for more energy. In addition, the Li/SVO chemistry lets the ICD monitor the level of discharge, allowing it to predict end of service in a reliable manner. Today, more than 300,000 ICDs are implanted every year. Dr. Takeuchi received her B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and her Ph.D. from the Ohio State University. She joined Greatbatch in 1984, and in 2007, she joined the State University of New York, Buffalo. Dr. Takeuchi is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, has received more than 140 U.S. patents, and is the recipient of the 2008 National Medal of Technology and Innovation. SUSAN F. TIERNEY, a senior advisor at Analysis Group, is an expert on energy economics, regulation, and policy, particularly in the electric and gas industries. Dr. Tierney consults to businesses, government agencies, foundations, tribes, environmental groups, and other organizations on energy markets, economic and environmental regulation and strategy, and climate-related energy policies. She has participated as an expert in civil litigation cases, regulatory proceedings before state and federal agencies, and business consulting engagements. Previously, Dr. Tierney served as the Assistant Secretary for Policy at DOE, and was the Secretary for Environmental Affairs in Massachusetts, Commissioner at the Massachusetts Department of Public Utilities, and Executive Director of the Massachusetts Energy Facilities Siting Council. She co-authored the energy chapter of the National Climate Assessment, and serves on the boards of ClimateWorks Foundation, Barr Foundation, Energy Foundation, Resources for the Future, and World Resources Institute. Dr. Tierney taught at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT and at the University of California, Irvine, and has lectured at Harvard University, University of Chicago, Yale University, New York University, Tufts University, Northwestern University, and University of PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 195

Michigan. She earned her Ph.D. and M.A. in regional planning at Cornell University and her B.A. at Scripps College. JENNIFER WILCOX is the Presidential Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering and Energy Policy at the University of Pennsylvania (UPenn) and leads the World Resources Institute (WRI) Carbon Removal Plan as a senior fellow. Dr. Wilcox joined UPenn and WRI following appointment as the James H. Manning Chaired Professor of Chemical Engineering at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. Having grown up in rural Maine, Dr. Wilcox has a profound respect and appreciation of nature, which permeates her work as she focuses on minimizing negative impacts of humankind on our natural environment. Dr. Wilcox’s research takes aim at the nexus of energy and the environment, developing both mitigation and adaptation strategies to minimize negative climate impacts associated with society’s dependence on fossil fuels. This work carefully examines the role of carbon management and opportunities therein that could assist in preventing 2°C warming by 2100. Carbon management includes a mix of technologies spanning the direct removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to its capture from industrial, utility-scale exhaust streams, followed by utilization or reliable storage of carbon dioxide on a time scale and magnitude that will have a positive impact on our current climate change crisis. Funding for Dr. Wilcox’s research is primarily sourced through NSF, DOE, and the private sector. She has served on a number of committees including at the National Academies and the American Physical Society to assess carbon capture methods and impacts on climate. Dr. Wilcox is the author of the first textbook on carbon capture, published in March 2012. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 196

Next: Appendix B: Disclosure of Unavoidable Conflicts of Interest »
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The world is transforming its energy system from one dominated by fossil fuel combustion to one with net-zero emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the primary anthropogenic greenhouse gas. This energy transition is critical to mitigating climate change, protecting human health, and revitalizing the U.S. economy. To help policymakers, businesses, communities, and the public better understand what a net-zero transition would mean for the United States, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine convened a committee of experts to investigate how the U.S. could best decarbonize its transportation, electricity, buildings, and industrial sectors.

This report, Accelerating Decarbonization of the United States Energy System, identifies key technological and socio-economic goals that must be achieved to put the United States on the path to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The report presents a policy blueprint outlining critical near-term actions for the first decade (2021-2030) of this 30-year effort, including ways to support communities that will be most impacted by the transition.

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