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107 A P P E N D I X C Guides, Tools, and Funding Programs for Renewable Energy The following section presents a summary of ACRP reports, technical guides, publicly accessible tools, and funding programs related to renewable energy. ACRP Reports ACRP reports that address airport renewable energy projects include the following: Table C-1. ACRP reports that address airport renewable energy projects. Report Date Topics ACRP Research Report 205: Revolving Funds for Sustainability Projects at Airports 2019 Innovative funding for sustainability projects, including renewable energy ACRP Research Report 197: Guidebook for Developing a Comprehensive Renewable Resources Strategy 2019 Integrating renewable resources and energy into airport planning processes ACRP Report 151: Developing a Business Case for Renewable Energy at Airports 2016 Financial and nonfinancial benefits of renewable energy to the airport business ACRP Report 141: Renewable Energy as an Airport Revenue Source 2015 Examples of revenue and cost savings projects from airport renewable energy ACRP Report 108: Guidebook for Energy Facilities Compatibility with Airports and Airspace 2014 Overview of airspace issues with energy projects on and near airports ACRP Report 56: Handbook for Considering Practical Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies for Airports 2012 Checklist of various strategies for reducing GHGs, including renewable energy
108 Airport Renewable Energy Projects Inventory and Case Examples ACRP Report 38: Understanding Airspace, Objects and Their Effects on Airports 2010 General presentation of airspace, its importance, and potential impacts and consequences ACRP Synthesis 100: Airport Greenhouse Gas Reduction Efforts 2019 Status of GHG reduction efforts since the release of ACRP Report 56: Handbook for Considering Practical Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Strategies at Airports in 2012 ACRP Synthesis 91: Microgrids and Their Application for Airports and Public Transit 2018 Summary of microgrids and issues for consideration at airports and for public transit ACRP Synthesis 28: Investigating Safety Impacts of Energy Technologies on Airports and Aviation 2011 Airspace and renewable energy structures that could result in impacts ACRP Synthesis 24: Strategies and Financing Opportunities for Airport Environmental Programs 2011 Includes renewable energy as a potential source of revenue for financing airport environmental projects ACRP Synthesis 21: Airport Energy Efficiency and Cost Reduction 2010 Importance of energy efficiency and opportunities for implementing renewable energy ACRP Synthesis 19: Airport Revenue Diversification 2010 Diverse range of options available to airports for increasing revenue, including developing underused land for renewable energy
Guides, Tools, and Funding Programs for Renewable Energy 109 Technical Guides Technical guides useful to airport renewable energy projects include the following: Table C-2. Technical guides for airport renewable energy projects. Guide Author Date Topics FAA Solar Guide: Technical Guidance for Selected Solar Technologies on Airports FAA 2010, 2018 Solar technology, siting, funding, FAAâs roles and responsibilities Renewable Energy for Aviation: Practical Applications to Achieve ICAO 2017 Overview of siting and financing of projects along with case studies from airports around the world Carbon Reductions and Cost Savings Interim Policy, FAA Review of Solar Energy Power Projects on Federally Obligated Airports FAA 2013 Methodology for assessing glare, standards for evaluating impacts Interim Guidance on Land Uses within a Runway Protection Zone FAA 2012 Identifies uses that may be allowed in an RPZ, including above-ground utility infrastructure and solar panel installations FAA Report on the Sustainable Master Plan Pilot Program and Lessons Learned FAA 2012 Airport experience developing sustainability plans that include renewable energy Advisory Circular, 150/5370- 17: Airside Use of Heated Pavement Systems FAA 2011 Guide on use of geothermal systems for heating airside pavements such as the apron Interim Guidance on the Airport Sustainable Master Plan Pilot Program FAA 2010 Guidelines for airports on the development of sustainability plans, including renewable energy
110 Airport Renewable Energy Projects Inventory and Case Examples Solar Glare Hazard Analysis Tool (SGHAT) DOE, offered by ForgeSolar Modeling glare and presenting results relevant to FAA Solar Policy https://www.forgesolar.com/ Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE, managed by NC State University Catalog of incentive programs for renewable energy and energy efficiency organized by the state https://www.dsireusa.org/ PVWatts DOE, NREL Assesses the electricity- generation capability of specific solar projects on the basis of geographic location and user input design attributes https://pvwatts.nrel.gov/ Airport Microgrid Toolkit ACRP A toolkit designed to help airports collect and organize information necessary to evaluate options for developing a microgrid http://www.trb.org/ACRP/ACR P.aspx Levelized Cost of Energy calculator DOE, NREL Assesses long-term costs of different energy- generation technologies https://www.nrel.gov/analysis/ tech-lcoe.html Tools Table C-3 lists tools that can be used by airports to assess renewable energy projects. Table C-3. Tools for evaluating airport renewable energy projects. Tool Developer Topics URL Renewable resource maps and data DOE, NREL Resource maps for biomass, geothermal, hydrogen, marine hydrokinetic, solar, wind https://www.nrel.gov/gis/
Guides, Tools, and Funding Programs for Renewable Energy 111 Voluntary Airport Low Emissions (VALE) FAA Available to airports in areas of poor air quality (designated by EPA as nonattainment or maintenance); gate electrification, alternatively fueled vehicles, renewable generation when power is consumed on site Boise Airport (ID) for a solar thermal system; Indianapolis International Airport (IN) for a solar thermal system; South Bend Airport (IN) for a geothermal heating and cooling system; Portland Jetport (ME) for a geothermal heating and cooling system Energy efficiency (Section 512) FAA Energy audits, energy efficiency infrastructure, renewable energy FY2017: Drake Field (AR); Portland Jetport (ME); Gulfport (MS); Charleston Yeager Airport (WV) Airport Improvement Program (AIP) FAA Sustainability management plans, energy management plans, components of large capital projects FY2017: sustainability plans for Outagamie County (WI), Dayton (OH), northeastern Florida Utility energy efficiency rebates Utilities in response to state energy policy Rebates for energy efficiency projects including geothermal heat pumps CID geothermal heating and cooling project State renewable electricity and thermal Utilities in response to state energy policy Check eligibility for applicable state in DSIRE Ketchikan Airport received Alaska Energy Authority grants for biomass boiler Funding Table C-4 lists the primary programs that have been accessed for funding renewable energy initiatives. Table C-4. Funding programs for airport renewable energy projects. Program Administrator Eligible Projects Recipients